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Sept. 23, 1896. 




NO. 1. 







It will pay you to visit the popular shoe store ot 


- If you want anything in the line of 


Such as Brown Cordovan, Enamel and Was Calf in heavy 
winter shoes. Also, the finest French Patent Leather Calf 
Shoes can be bought at our store. 

161 Main St., Northampton, Mass. 



mors, youths' rnd boys* 



96 Main Street, 

Northampton, Mass. 


FaraitaFe and Carpet 


A complete line of goods suited to the students' wants. 




All Goods STRICTLY CASH and at 




STUDENTS can buy at fair prices 




Custom Made Clothing. 

Suits as low as 812. Trousers as low as 83.50. 
Overcoats as low as 810. 



Boots, Shoes! Rubbers 






Meats and Provisions, 

South side Cutler's Block, 

I have the ammunition to fit 
you with. On your way to the 
Post Office stop and look at my 
stock of 

Hats, Caps, Gloves, 



COI-iILjEO-E outpittee, 




NO. 1 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97, Business Manager. 

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr., '98. As'st Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 


GEORCE HENRY WRIGHT, '98. Alumni Notes. 

WARREN ELMER HINDS. '99. Library Notes. 


Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

The editors take pleasure in announcing that the 
Life is now entirely free from debt. Great credit is 
due the business manager, for it is largely owing to 
his energetic methods that the paper is now in good 
financial standing. This matter of making good the 
deficiencies of preceding boards has been a most un- 
fortunate chapter in the history of the paper and we 
sincerely hope that no such difficulty may be encoun- 
tered by those who may have charge of the Life in 
the future. In order that there may be no retrograde 
movement it is necessary that each alumnus, each 
undergraduate, and each member of our faculty send 
in his subscription as promptly-as possible. 

The election of the new members of the editorial 
board takes place at the close of the winter term. 

Heretofore the time of competition for these posi- 
tions has been limited to a few weeks immediately 
preceding the time of election. There are many 
reasons why such a plan is disadvantageous, one of 
the principal ones being that the hurried nature of the 
work renders it almost necessarily of poor quality. 
We desire to give notice that a change will be made 
in the methods of selection, and that competition for 
positions on the Life board begins now. The vacan- 
cies that will be available to new men are as follows : 
two men from ninety-eight, one man from ninety-nine, 
and two men from nineteen hundred. No man will 
be considered as a candidate who does not contribute 
at least three well written articles. The selection of 
new members will be based solely upon the merits of 
the articles presented. 

The fall term opened on September third, from 
two to three weeks earlier than the majority of the 
colleges throughout the country. On returning it was 
pleasing to note that several much needed improve- 
ments had been made during the vacation. The 
papering of walls and ceilings has been carried out with 
regard to appropriateness and artistic effect. The paper- 
ing and the liberal application of varnish causes the 
rooms to present a very bright and attractive appear- 
ance. It is to be hoped that the work of improvement 
may not stop here, and that several evils that have long 
needed correction may soon be remedied. The fresh- 
man class is of fair size and contains much good 
material, men who bid fair to bring honor to the col- 
lege. It is a significant fact that only a very few of 
the members of nineteen hundred entered without 
conditions in mathematics. While we do not propose 
to criticise the character of the entrance examina- 
tions, the question cannot but arise in our minds, " Is 
it for the best interest of this college to make the 
entrance examination in mathematics proportionally 


twice as hard as the entrance examinations in 
other subjects?" Experiments in the future may 
determine this point, yet such experiments are likely 
to prove costly. 

Although the Football season of '96 has dawned 
upon the horizon, at Aggie, the game bids fair to remain 
buried under an intellectual avalanche which has 
recently overspread the College. It seems that the 
faculty have forbidden every member in college 
holding a condition from participating in the game.and 
have placed a special embargo upon the athletes in 
the Freshman class. In the future the men must be 
able to work out the different movements on the field 
by means of sines and cosins, and only an adept at 
Trigonometry need try for any team in time to come. 
Such is the evident intention of the faculty. Although 
the policy of the movement might be questioned, in 
view of the very limited number of men available for 
football under the circumstances, the Captain and Man- 
ager, in connection with the directors of the Association 
have decided not to place a football team on the field 
this fall. It is perhaps discouraging to many to feel 
that the campus will no more resound v/ith the enthu- 
astic shouts of a well trained, athletic race of men ; 
that the brave wearers of the College white and 
maroon will no more stand forth battling grandly for 
the support of old Aggie, yet, under the circumstances 
it is undoubtably best to relegate our former glory to 
the past, and issue in the present, in a Renaiasance 
greater and far more valuable than the scientific in- 
vestigations of Sir Isaac Newton. 


" Deep wisdom — swelled head- 
Brain fever — he's dead — 

A Senior." 
" False fair one — hope fled — 
Heart broken — he's dead — 

A Junior." 
" Went skating — 'tis said — 
Floor hit him — he's dead — 

A Sophomore. 
"Milk famine — not fed — 
Starvation — he's dead — 

A Freshman." 

— The Pennant. 



Every evil has its cause. A thing is evil because 
it fails to retain its perfection. Nothing can be evil 
of itself for every being as such is good ; therefore 
evil must have a cause. Vice and virtue are habits 
of the soul and each is acquired and increased by 
exercise. Virtuous habits incline a man to do good 
just as vicious habits incline a man to do evil. In 
whatever light we view moral evil we come again and 
again to the important truth that the voluntary depra- 
vity of the human will is the cause of all crime 
and if we would lessen crime in the world we must 
strengthen the will or remove it from all temptations. 

This fact being made clear, in tracing the origin of 
crime we instinctively turn to the family and the home. 

If the parentage and home of a child can be kept 
pure we may hope for much because it is probable 
that the child will enter the world free from inherent 
tendencies to crime, but if the springs are poisoned 
the streams that flow from those springs will not be 
free from the taint. To reform a man who has come 
into the world with the criminal blood of his parents 
in his veins and who has received his earliest impress- 
sons from the vilest surroundings, and who has been 
left to grow up neglected is very difficult and by many 
is believed to be impossible. There is no work more 
difficult than the task of straightening a warped nature 
and recasting a human character. 

The criminal is not only the transgressor of the law 
and consequently the enemy of society, but he is 
often an out cast, hapless child the possible victim of 
weakness inherited from former generations. The 
mental and moral infirmities render the unfortunate 
offender deficient and deformed ; deficient in will 
power and deformed because without a clear and posi- 
tive perception of what is right. 

A careful analysis of our prison records shows that 
the criminal classes are largely made up of the chil-. 
dren of idle, worthless parents. Hereditary pauperism 
and crime can never be lessened till the homes of 
the people are made safe and pure. 

The records also show the existence of two well de- 
fined classes of criminals, the instinctive criminal and 
the passionate criminal. Now the acts of an instinctive 


criminal are wrong when voluntary, but often it is im- 
possible to distinguish the deliberate intent to do 
wrong of the criminal, from the unconscious impulse 
of the lunatic. The passionate criminal is driven to 
crime by circumstances and sudden temptations 
rather than by inherent tendency. His wrongdoing 
is not frequent and never long premeditated. Few 
instinctive criminals are reformed in the sense that 
they can be set free without grave fears of relapse ; 
in spite of spiritual help and moral support they 
will remain weak in the presence of temptations. 

Of the passionate criminals, all or nearly all, could 
be restored to their proper rectitude if properly treated. 

The increase of crime indicates that there is some- 
thing wrong in society when the instincitive class in- 
creases and flourishes in spite of our progress and 

Experience has shown that in order to prevent crime 
and to reform criminals there must be a complete 
change in the methods of juvenile delinquents. 

Punishments may make the guilty tremble, but 
kindness, moral discipline and Divine help alone can 
make them better. Educate the child and educate 
the criminal we are told and you will preserve the one 
and reclaim the other ; but in spite of our advanced 
systems of education crime has risen like a flood and, 
unrestrained, is rolling its billows over our land. In- 
tellectual culture is no security against temptation ; 
ignorance and crime do not always go hand in hand. 
Education to be truly good must be intellectual, moral 
and religious. 

Besides vicious parentage and defective training 
there are three chief causes of crime. 

There are Godlessness, avarice, and the unrestrained 
traffic in intoxicated drinks. The first we see mani- 
fested every day in our novels, magazines and news- 
papers and like so many grains of poison is sure to 
be fatal if but allowed to act. 

A second cause of crime is avarice, the inordinate 
desire for wealth and the ambition to secure it at any 

" Seek money before all else? " is the golden rule 
of the nineteenth century. It corrupts the courses of 
trade ; destroys honesty Of legislation and the execu- 
tion of justice and turns political power into fraud and 
robbery. Many an honest, upright man has been 
pulled down and his moral courage broken by being 

robbed of his wages through the greed of society. 

A third cause, the traffic in intoxicating drink, is a 
scandal and a shame, and unless brought under by the 
power of the people, for they alone possess the neces- 
sary power to subdue it, the ruin of our homes and of 
our social institutions is not far distant. 

Still another cause of crime is the heartless indiff- 
erence of society toward our outcast, half starved 
children. For some trivial offence a child is arrested 
and sent to the reformatory. Here he is started in 
the pathway of crime. Unless utterly and hope- 
lessly depraved, a child should be spared the disgrace 
of being sent to some, at least, of our reformatories 
as at present conducted, for the moment a child 
enters such an institution the indelible brand of crim- 
inal is stamped upon him and the memory of that dis- 
grace will be with him to his dying day. 

The principal objection to the present management 
of reformatories is found in the fact that in most of 
these two classes of children are thrown together for 
it is impossible to distinguish between those not yet 
morally corrupt and those who are schooled in crime 
far beyond their years. That evil communications 
corrupt good manners is well exemplified here, and 
many of our jails and prisons are hot beds of vice and 

How to bring about a decrease of crime and the 
the proper treatment of the criminal are questions 
that call for the exercise of the greatest wisdom and 
and the broadest charity. First of all we must pur- 
ify the home making its surroundings and atmosphere 
as when it it first came from the hand of God. Then- 
society should erect those safeguards that shall pro- 
tect the weak and prevent their fall. Last of all the man- 
agement of our reformatory institutions must be com- 
mitted to men and women who are strong in faith and 
are animated by the spirit of Christian charity. When 
we have perfected these conditions we shall have pro- 
gressed far in the solution of one of our most diffic- 
ult social problems. C. I. G. 


Hushed are the tones of priestly voice, 

The organ's notes, with sweetness long drawn out, 

Have winged their flight to Heaven ; 

And the tread of many feet 

Wending their way from cloister walls. 

In lingering echoes has died away, 

aggie Life. 

The calm of holy peace 

Pervades the sanctuary. 

The air seems quivering with sound of uttered prayers 

And sobs of human woe are echoing in the scented 

The swallows, messengers of God. 
Wing their v/ay through dizzy arches overhead, 
And clouds of incense float in airy waves, 
While candles shed their ghostly light on all around. 
The Virgin, clad in robes of purple, 
Clasps the Holy Babe with mother love ; 
Above the altar, nailed to the cross, 
Hangs the body of the Crucified; 
With hand uplifted and melting eye, he stands, 
And fain would cry ; — 

"Come unto me ye weary, and I will give you rest." 
O'er all, the glory of the setting sun. 
Transformed. by painted windows 
Hallows all its shrines upon with beauteous radiance. 
But hark, what is that sound? 
Can it be some troubled spirit, 
Wandering from its stony couch, 
Or sorrowing angel weeping o'er the sacred shrine? 
Nay, follow the course of yon golden ray, 
Behold, it casts a sacred halo 
Round the head of one kneeling at the altar rail, 
A boyish form, clad in robes of churchly office, 
His golden head bowed in childish anguish 
Before the Virgin's chiseled form. 
"O, Blessed Virgin, Holy Mother," 
Cries the tearful voice, 
"Have pity on thy orphan child!" 
But the statue's eyes are cold, 
And the smiling lips are dumb. 
Again is heard that wailing cry, — 
"0 Mother of Jesus, have pity on thy child." 
The swallows tv/itter in their airy flight, 
The shadows deepen into twilight gloom, 
But thesilent statue gives no sign. 
Sob after sob rends the slender form, 
Till at length, with last despairing hope, 
He turns with streaming eyes. 
Before the Risen Christ. 
Again in sweetest accents, 
Pleads the sad young voice, — 
"Jesus, Son of Mary, Hear me, I implore, 
Take thy lost, thy orphan lamb, 
Lead him by thy gentle hand, 

To thy pastures, rich and green, to thy heavenly fold." 
The stricken child, with reverent look, 
Gazes on the features of his Lord, 
And as he looks, beholdl 

The sculptured eyes melt with loving tenderness, 
The stony mouth is wreathed in gentle smiles, 
While on his awed and reverential ears, 
The Saviour's voice, in accents sweet and low, 
Falls in glorious harmony divine, — 

"I am the way, the truth, the life, 

Come unto me and I will give you rest," 

The last ray of the setting sun, 

Formed a halo o'er the Saviour's head, and vanished ; 

While from the chanting choir 

Marching in with stately tread, 

Rolled to the sculptured roof above, 

The De Profundis : the echoes ringing back the wcrds 

Like angel voices, — 

"Out of the depths have I called unto thee. 

O Lord, hear my voice!" 

The singers ceased their melody, 

The chimes rung bright and free, 

While the soul of the child 

In his Saviour's arms, 

Had gained eternal rest. 

— F. E. de L. 


First Lieutenant W. M. Wright of the Second 
Infantry has been appointed Professor of Military 
Science here for the ensuing four years. Lieut. 
Wright is a man of soldierly bearing and has already 
won the confidence and respect of the cadets under his 

We take pleasure in publishing a brief summary of 
the Lieutenant's military career : 

His appointment to the Military Academy was 
received while at Yale College. He entered West 
Point June, 1882 and resigned January, 1883. Ap- 
pointed 2d Lieut. 2d U. S. Infantry, January 19, 
1885, and joined at Columbus Barracks, Ohio, early 
in February of that year. Left Columbus for Van- 
couver Barracks, Washington, in May and served at 
Fort Sherman, Idaho, Fort Spokane, Washington, and 
at Lake Chelan, Foster Creek and Osooyoos, W. T. 
Took station at Fort Omaha, Neb., in 1887 and 
remained orderly there until August, 1888. From 
there was ordered to the U. S. Infantry and Cavalry 
School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, graduating in 
June, 1891. Returned to Fort Omaha in fall of '91 
and was made Regimental Adjutant in May, 1892. 
Tour as Adjutant expired in May, 1896, and was 
there on leave until ordered as Professor of Military 
Science and Tactics at Mass. Agricultural College in 
August, 1896. 

" Did you ever," said the fair young thing, 
As they gazed at the starlit heavens ; 

" Did you ever stand on a rocky bluff? — " You're right," 
Said he, "I have stood on a pair of sevens." -Bowdoin Orient. 


The first reunion of the class of ninety-four was 
held on Tuesday evening, June 15th, in Pacific hall. 
The class was well represented by about half its mem- 
bers. It was greatly regretted that the time of the 
reunion should have conflicted with that of the 
Senior promenade, but the committee was unable 
to make any different arrangement. After the ban- 
quet, toasts were responded to by several members of 
the class and letters read from others who were 
unable to be present. Informal speaking by each of 
those present followed the toasts. C. F. Walker 
acted as toastmaster. All necessary business was 
transacted, including the formal award of the class 
cup to Chas. P. Lounsbury, in consideration of his 
son, James Anderson, and the election of the next 
reunion committee. C. F. Walker was re-elected 
secretary. Barr of Northampton catered. 

— G. F. Keenan '99 will not return to college this 

— You haven't paid your reading room tax, yet ; 
there are others. 

— The Aggie Life board was photographed at 
Northampton last week by Schillare. 

— We see "Gold Bugs" and " Gold Hats " but 
where are the signs of " Free Silver " advocates ? 

— H. F. Allen '97 is mail-carrier for the term, and 
J. W. Allen '97 is bell-ringer for the year. 

— Lieut. W. M. Wright, 2d Infantry, has entered 
upon his new duties as Commandant of the M. A. C. 
cadets. » 

— W. E. Hinds '99 is assistant to J. L. Bartlett '97, 
who has charge of the work of the Meteorological 
department conducted in the top of the tower. 

— On Friday evening. Sept. 11, the Y. M. C. A. 
tendered its annual reception to the entering class. 
Quite a good number were present and a pleasant 
time was participated in by all. 

— Prof. S. T Maynard attended a meeting of the 
Massachusetts Fruit Growers' Association at Con- 
cord, Mass., Sept. 11. Nearly 100 members were 
present, and a very enjoyable time was reported. 

— Subscribe for Aggie Life. 

— We have the promise of a sidewalk across the 
ravine bridge that leads to the boarding-house. We 
hope we may not be disappointed, though we are 
aware of the fact, that " Good things come slow." 

— The entire stock of Allen Bros, was sold at 
auction, Thursday and Friday evenings, Sept. 3 and 
4, John Marshall Barry, college auctioneer, officiat- 
ing. There will probably be no emporium in college 
this year. 

— At a meeting of the directors of the Reading- 
room association held Monday, Sept. 14, the follow- 
ing officers were elected for the term : Pres., L. F. 
Clark '97 ; vice-pres., C. F. Palmer '97; sec. and 
treas., J. S. Eaton '98. 

— The work on the laboratory of the Hatch Experi- 
ment Station is progressing rapidly, and the extensive 
addition will probably be sufficiently completed as to 
allow of its being used early this winter. This addi- 
tion will greatly facilitate the work of the station. 

— Prof. Cooley has moved into the house occupied 
of late by Prof. Brooks, and will take charge of the 
work of the latter during his absence abroad. Prof. 
Brooks has become settled at Halle, Germany, and 
has joined the famous agricultural school of that 
place. Germany is noted all over the world for its 
agricultural organizations. 

— The Junior class has elected the following 
officers for the ensuing term: Pres., J. P. Nickerson ; 
vice-pres., J. S. Eaton; sec. and treas., G. H. 
Wright ; class captain, R. D. Warden ; reading-room 
director, J. S. Eaton ; historian, W. S. Fisher ; base- 
ball captain, J. S. Eaton ; foot-ball captain, C. G. 
Clark ; tennis director, J. S. Eaton. 

— The officers of the boarding club are as follows : 
Pres. and manager, R. D. Warden '98 ; vice-pres't, 
J. L. Bartlett '97 ; sec. and treas., J. P. Nickerson 
'98 ; other directors, C, A. Peters '97, M. H. Pingree 
'99, F. H. Turner '99 ; J. C. Burrington. Messrs. 
Bartlett, Pingree and Peters are to serve as an 
auditing committee. 

— Bulletin No. 41 of the Hatch Experiment Station 
of the Massachusetts Agricultural College consists of 
an interesting report upon the use of Tuberculin. This 
article is a monograph written by Prof. Bang of 


Copenhagen, Denmark, and translated by Prof. 
Wellington of the Mass. Agri. College. The subject 
is " The Application of Tuberculin in The Suppression 
of Bovine Tuberculosis," 

— Officers of the Freshman class are as follows : 
Pres., A. L. March; vice-pres., C. A. Crowell, Jr.; 
sec. and treas., W. R. Crowell ; foot ball capt, A. D. 
Gile ; hist., C. A. Crowell, Jr. ; base ball capt., F. G. 
Stanley ; base ball dir., F. G. Stanley ; foot ball mang., 
W. R. Crowell ; polo capt., J. W. Kellogg; reading- 
room dir., H. Baker; athletic dir., W. R. Crowell; 
tennis dir., W. B. Rogers. 

— Last year Latin was found to be the " bug- bear " 
to the entering class, and it was thought best to drop 
it from the examinations, This year the Mathemati- 
cal department has put a high check on the entering 
class and consequently many have been found 
" deficient in mathematics," and so were either 
obliged to return home, or allowed to enter with con- 
ditions. Which is the lesser evil ? 

— At a mass meeting of the college held in the 
chapel Friday evening, Sept. 4, the reports from the 
various associations were given and accepted. Dis- 
cussion concerning the college pin followed. It was 
agreed that the pin was satisfactory as a permanent 
thing, and notice was given that G. H. Wright, '98 
would take orders for them. Students and alumni 
who wish pins can procure them from Mr. Wright. 

— The repairing of the cold storage at the Plant 
House has but recently been completed, and the 
room is in much better condition to serve the purpose 
for which it was built. The walls of the room, which 
were originally of wood, have been torn down and 
rebuilt with brick, thus making the room less subject 
to the change of the outside temperature, and the 
fruit is better protected from the ravages of rats, mice 
and so forth. 

— Last Thursday a Fire Drill took the place of the 
regular drill. Company A took charge of the hose- 
cart, Company B of the ladders, and Company C of 
the fire-buckets. The hose was laid and used only to 
prove that a new line would be necessary for efficient 
service, and the ladders and buckets were sadly in 
need of repair. All necessary repairs will be made 
as soon as possible, so that in case of fire the students 
will have proper implements for its extinction. 

— The U. S. department of Agriculture has 
recently begun the work of making a catalogue of the 
Agricultural works which are found in the libraries of 
all the Agricultural colleges in the Union. The first 
college that is to contribute to this catalogue is the 
M. A. C, and President Goodell is at present quite 
busily engaged in this work. Our library is one of the 
best of its kind to be found at a like institution in the 
United States, and there are probably none better. 

— The following are the officers of the Senior class : 
Pres., G. D. Leavens; vice-pres., J. A. Emrich ; 
treas., P. H. Smith ; sec, L. F. Clark*; class captain, 
J. L. Bartlett ; base ball directors, L. L. Cheney, J. 
A. Emrich; football directors, J. W. Allen, H. F. 
Allen; tennis directors, G. A. Drew, J. A. Emrich ; 
athletic directors, H.J. Armstrong, C.A.Peters; 
reading-room directors, L. F. Clark, C. F. Palmer ; 
polo-directors, J. A. Emrich, L. L.Cheney; polo 
captain, J. A. Emrich. 

— The Sophomore class has elected the following 
officers for the term: Pres., W. H. Armstrong; vice- 
pres., M. H. Pingree ; sec, S. E. Smith ; treas., W. 
E. Hinds; class captain, F. H. Turner; sergeant-at- 
arms, M. H. Pingree; historian, E .M. Wright; foot 
ball director, F. H. Turner; foot ball captain, D. A. 
Beaman ; foot ball manager, W. A. Hooker ; rope- 
pull captain. M. H. Pingree; tennis director, C. M. 
Walker; reading room director, H. S. Courtney; 
athletic director, J. R. Dutcher. 

Following is a list of the men that have joined the 
college societies since college opened : Phi Sigma 
Kappa, graduate, R. H. Smith, '92 ; undergraduates, 
C. A. Crowell, Jr., W. R. Crowell, J. W. Kellogg, J. 
Lewis, A. L. March, A. W. Morrill, G. F. Parmenter, 
C. E. Risley, A.M. West, H. L.Crane; College 
Shakespearean Club, H. W. Dana, H. Baker, A. A. 
Harmon, E. T. Hull, M. H. Munson, A. Monahan ; D. 
G. K., J. E. Halligan, J. M. Ovalle, A. Saunders ; Q. 
T. V., W. B. Rogers. F. G. Stanley. 

Professors Paige, Stone and Babson have returned 
from abroad, and have resumed the work in their 
respective departments. Prof. Paige has been 
abroad for the past year making scientific investiga- 
tions concerning Veterinary Science, his position 
being filled during his absence by Prof. Lehnert, who 
is now practicing in South Framingham. Prof. Stone 


las been studying the fungi connected with the busi- 
ness of grape growing, and Prof. Babson has been 

making a tour for the purpose of instruction and 

— About nine o'clock Monday evening, Sept. 14th, 
when the college dormitories were beginning to assume 
their nightly quietness, there was noticed out East on 
'Mt. Pleasant, a large bright blaze. Scarcely had the 
; great tongues of fire began shooting up into the sky 
when an alarm was rung in down town, and soon the 
Fire Department was seen hurrying to the scene of 
the fire. The M. A. C. Chapel bell was rung and in 
a short time the college hose-cart was also on the road. 
The fire proved to be a huge brush fire, set by 
unknown parties. 

— Now that the reading room has been fixed up, 
and filled with standard newspapers, magazines and 
college publications, let each man in college feel it a 
duty and a pleasure to help keep it in the best possible 
condition. Of late years it has been the practice of 
some of the students to clip from the periodicals, 
and carry off magazines with no evident intention of 
returning them. The directors have been considering 
the advisability of putting more chairs in the room, 
and it has been decided that if any person is found 
damaging or mutilating the papers that the name of 
such person will become subject to some form of 
exposure, but we sincerely hope no such cases will be 
brought to attention. 

— The Woman's Congress will hold meetings at 
Boston, Mass., during October and a part of Novem- 
ber. The first week will be devoted to discussions 
upon Agricultural subjects. There will be in attend- 
ance many prominent men and women about the 
country, who will contribute to the programme many 
interesting subjects. Among those who are expected 
to be present and speak are ; the Secretary and Assis- 
tant Secretary of Agriculture, Committee on Education, 
Director of Experiment Stations at Washington, Dr. 
Atwater of Wesleyan and Pres. Goodell. Dr. Atwater 
will speak upon the subject of Foods, and the other 
speakers will have subjects relating to colleges. Pres't 
Goodell's subject is, " The Agricultural Colleges and 
their Aims." These meetings will be very interesting 
as are all of the meetings of The Woman's Congress. 

lotes a act Con^rnervtf, 

Li Hung Chang the leading Chinese statesman of 
to-day and by far the most progressive among his 
countrymen has just terminated a brief visit to the 
United States. Although he came in the guise of a 
private tourist, he was received by the president of 
the United States and other leading citizens as the 
representative of a great and important empire. Dur- 
ing his stay his interest in the financial and educa- 
tional problems of the country was most evident, and 
it is hoped, that together with his knowledge gained 
of German and English institutions and methods, he 
will also add some useful facts gleaned from his 
observations of America and American advancement. 
In the near future we may look for the fruits of his 
journey by more cordial relations and better trade 
facilities between the Chinese Empire and the Chris- 
tian world. 


It reads almost like an incredible story that there 
are 50000 children in New York City who cannot 
gain admission to the school-room owing to the fact 
of an insufficiency or lack of school houses. Such a 
condition of affairs deserves the serious attention that 
is devoted to other and less worthy subjects. The 
problem of good citizenship of the future will be 
solved largely by the gifts of Christian education. 

The prominence in state and national campaigns 
this fall of college graduates as successful nominees 
for office calls down the time worn adage of "horned 
cattle versus the farmer." Even the worthy Horace 
Greeley might have good reason with the array of 
college bred lights before him to doubt the verity of 
his own assertion. 

* * 

The rumored alliance between Italy and England 
for the correction of the Turkish abuses in Armenia, 
savors of a better spirit then the past two years of 
seeming indifference. London newspapers offer sug- 
gestive hints in carefully worded editorials of what 
might be achieved by the union of England and 



United States on this question. The United States 
has not waited to be reminded of the days of human- 
ity by her Anglo Saxon relation. Sympathy in our 
country for suffering Armenia has been both timely 
and tangible. However the present situation in Tur- 
key presents a possibility in the near future of a radi- 
cal change in the government and this means, if indi- 
cations can be credited, justice toward the Armenians. 
# # 


In one of our weeklies it has been rumored that a 
prominent scientist of New York has discovered the 
element argentrumi which has for a long time been 
predicted by the periodic system. Its properties are 
found intermediate between gold and silver and the 
metal was discovered by treating silver in such a way 
as to form an heretofore unknown aggregation. This 
fact is very interesting to the scientific world and if 
we can believe the author, we may soon have a 
method for making gold. 

It is said that Kaffir corn is rapidly displacing 
Indian corn in Western Kansas. It is valuable both 
for forage and grain. Its success in Asia Minor and 
in Africa led to its introduction into this country in 
1891. The new corn has demonstrated its superior 
qualities. Last year 184,198 acres were grown, 
valued at over a million and a half dollars. If it will 
grow in arid regions where Indian corn fails, or is 
liable to fail, it will bring prosperity where of late 
years there have been discouragement and suffering. 

It is said that Prof. Lewis Collins, secretary of the 
Tree Planting and Fountain Society of Brooklyn, has 
discovered an insect whose sole visible occupation is 
the destruction of the tussock moth, the caterpillar of 
which is so destructive to the shade-trees of parks and 
cities, This parasite fly works on the chrysalis of the 
moth when the latter is wrapped in its cocoon, mak- 
ing ready to hatch out as a caterpillar. If this is 
true such a fly will be welcomed. 

The teacher asked, " And what is space ? ' 

The trembling student said : 
" I cannot tell at present, 

But I have it in my head." 


The annual reception of the College Young Men's 
Christian Association to the members of the fresh- 
man class was held in Stone chapel, Friday evening. 
Sept. 11. The committee consisted of Armstrong 
'97, Fisher '98, and Turner '99. All students of the 
College, the faculty and alumni were invited, and a 
large proportion of the student body was present. 
Refreshments were served as usual and the occasion 
was one of pleasure to all Much taste was shown in 
the decorations of the chapel which were furnished 
by the Botanic department. The association 
wishes to extend its thanks to the members of the 
faculty, the ladies and all others who assisted in mak- 
ing it a success. 


Memoirs of Robert E. Lee. His Military and Personal 
History. By A. L. Long. Mr. Long served en 
General Lee's personal staff during one of the most 
critical periods of the war and was an eye witness to 
many of his most important campaigns. This book 
begins with a short history of the Lee family, then 
follows the movements of Robert Edward Lee through 
his early life and his service in the Mexican war in 
which he gave evidence of the noble character and 
the wonderful powers of leadership which made him 
one of the foremost generals in the Civil war. 
Many of his letters are printed and among these is a 
touching one addressed to his son who at that time 
was a student in Harvard. The book was presented 
by Herbert S. Carruth 75. 

Greenland Icefields and Life in the North Atlantic. 
By G. Frederick Wright D.D., LL. D., F. G. S. A. 
and Warren Upham A. M., F. G. S. A. This is one 
of the best books published on Greenland and life in 
the Arctic regions. The causes and conditions of the 
Ice Age are also treated in an interesting manner. 

International Bimetalism. By Francis A. Walker, 
Ph. D. LL, D. Everyone is concerned and interested 
in the great political question of the day. Shall the 
currency of the United States be based on gold and 
silver or on gold alone? During the last academic 
term Dr. Walker delivered a course of lectures be- 
fore the fellows of Harvard University upon bimet- 
alism. He treats the subject from the international 


^standpoint, giving also the history of bimetalism in 
other countries. These lectures he has collected into 
this book which is worthy of careful perusal. 

The Silver Situation in the United States. By F. W. 
Taussig LD B., Ph. D Although entitled "The Sil- 
ver Situation," this is really an argument for the 
golden side of the question. This is the third edition 
which is revised and enlarged to bring it up to date. 

McCleary on Silver and Gold, Wages and Prices. 
This is an extract from his speech in the House of 
Representatives. He touches upon many different 
phases of the financial question and sums it all up in 
favor of gold. 

Cape of Good Hope. Department of Agriculture. 
Report of the Government Entomologist. Chas. P. 
Lounsbury. This is the first report of one of our 

j alumni who has taken a prominent position under the 
English government. He is one of the sons of whom 
Aggie is proud. 

The Alumni editor desires to thank all who have so 
kindly assisted that department by their news con- 

78. — Arthur A. Brigham, who was recently called 
to the chair of agriculture at the Rhode Island Agri- 
cultural College, entered upon his duties at the begin- 
ning of the present collegiate year. Prof. Brigham 
was for several years professor of agriculture at the 
Sapporo Agricultural College of Japan and has of late 
studied extensively in Germany. 

82. — Charles S. Plumb, director of the Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station of Indiana, visited the Col- 
lege during July. 

'82. — Dr. Winthrop E. Stone, vice-president of 
Purdue University, was in Amherst during a part of 
the summer. The U. S. Dept. of Agriculture has 
recently issued a bulletin written by Dr. Stone on 
Dietary Studies. 

'86. — Dr. Winfield Ayres has removed to 112 
West 94th Street, New York City. 

'90. — F. J. Smith, formerly assistant in the Col- 
lege Laboratory, is now chemist for the State Board 
of Agriculture, Gypsy Moth Department. 

'91. — Walter C. Paige, for two years secretary of 
the Y. M. C. A. of Salem, Ore., has entered upon his 
duties in a similar position at Henderson, Ky. Under 
Mr. Paige's direction, the Association at Salem 
greatly increased in membership, and broadened its 
scope of work. 

'92. — R. H. Smith has joined the Phi Sigma Kappa 

'92. — G. Everett Taylor, of George E. Taylor & 
Son, owners of Shinglebrook Stock Farm at Shel- 
burne, Mass., won in an exhibition of stock at the Bay 
State Fair, a large number of premiums including 
seven first prizes. 

'92. — Henry M. Thomson married at Amherst to 
Miss Delia Augusta Gilbert on Friday, August 14, 

'94.— C. H. Higgins, D. V. S., sailed September 
8th on a steamer for Jamaica. 

'94.— Address of T. F. Keith is No. 477 Main St., 
Fitchburg, Mass. 

'94. — Louis M. Barker, Transitman on Revere 
Beach Relocation ; Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn 
Railroad. Address, Box 117, Station R, Boston, 

'94. — A. H. Cutter was appointed Supervisor of the 
Medical Department of the Boston City Hospital July 
11. Aggie Life extends to Mr. Cutter her best 

'95. — F. C. Tobey, Professor of Mathematics and 
Science and Commandant of cadets at West Jersey 
Academy, Bridgeton, N. J. 

'96. — B. K. Jones has charge of the feeding ex- 
periments at the Hatch Barn. Address, Amherst, 

The address of all people employed by the Gypsy 
Moth Department is now No. 17 Russell Street, 
Maiden, instead of Stanwood Hall. 

The Junior wrote home to his father: 

" Dear Dad: 
It costs a great deal to live here ; 
Please send some more money." 

Soon got a check, 
A check on his college career. 






You must be on your good behavior this evening, 
George, for the minister is to take dinner with us," 
said a Hayattsville lady to her worser half, as he got 
home from his office in the city last Thursday, said 
the Washington Star. 

••What have you for dinner?" queried the hus- 

" Well, I know he is fond of fish, so I bought quite 
a string of small river fish, and several larger ones 
from the dam." 

"I'm not much at doing the honors when we have 
a minister at the table," said George, " but I guess 
we can get through with it all right." 

Half an hour later they were seated at the table 
and a blessing had been asked by the minister. A 
little nervously the head of the house began dishing 
out the vegetables, and, turning to the guest said : 

" Will you have some of the little river fish, or 
would you prefer some of the dam big fish ? " 

The warning kick from under the table from his 
wife was unnecessary. He knew he had blundered 
and cold beads of perspiration started out on his fore- 

"1 mean," — trying to repair the error — "will you 
try some of the dam river fish or some of the big 

Worse, and more of it ! His daughter slyly pulled 
his coat tail to bring him to his senses. 

" That is, would you like some of the river fish or 
some of the other dam fish? " 

The deep carnation spreading over the good lady's 
face didn't mend matters a bit, and with a gasp he 
plunged once more. 

" Ahem ! Which of the dam fish do you. prefer 
anyhow. " — Exchange. 

" For rne one hope in life I trace," 

A Senior said, ''Tis this : 
That 1 may sometime find the place 

Where ignorance is bliss." 

— Ex. 

The students of the University of California 
recently took a day off and themselves put the univer- 
sity grounds in order. About $3000 was thus saved 
to the institution. — Exchange. 

A Statiscian has learned that the annual aggregate 
circulation of the papers of the world is calculated to ' 
be 12,000,000,000 copies. To grasp any idea of this 
magnitude we may state that it would cover no fewer 
than 10.450 square miles of surface; that it is printed 
on 781,250 tons of paper, and further, that if the 
number (12.000,000,000) represented, instead of 
copies, seconds, it would take 333 years for them to 
elapse. In lieu of this arrangement, we might press 
and pile them vertically upward to gradually reach our 
highest mountains. Topping all these, and even the 
highest of the Alps would reach the magnificent alti- 
tude of 490, or, in round numbers 500 miles. Calcu- 
lating that the average man spends five minutes 
reading his paper in the day (this is a very low esti- 
mate), we find that the people of the world altogether 
occupy time equivalent to 100,000 years reading the 
newspapers. — Commercial. 

The Legislature of Virginia has enacted a law for- 
bidding the sale of liquors to the students of the 
University of Virginia. The students are very indig- 
nant at what they consider a needless and insulting 

Tom — " They want me to run in the coming games 
with Princeton." 

Jack— -What in? " 

Tom — " In the usual thing — running pants, jerseys 
etc." — Ex. 

When you write a merry jest, 

Cut it short ; 
It will be too long at best — 

Cut it short ; 
Life is brief and full of care ; 
Editors don't like to swear ; 
Treat your poem like your hair — 

Cut it short. 

You can ride a horse to water, 

Bui you cannot make him drink; 
You can " ride " your little " Pony," 

And you cannot make him think. 

— Ex. 

She was walking with my rival, 

As they chanced to homeward roam, 

It was from my garret window 
I was seeing Nellie home. 






All those who have not already obtained a copy of 
-he '97 INDEX, had better order it at ouce, before the 
upply is exhausted. Price $1.00. Address : 

Business Manager, '97 Index, 

Amherst, Mass. 

'Tis wrong for any maid to be 

Abroad at night, alone ; 
A chaperon she needs till she 

Can call some chap 'er own. 

— The Student Record. 

The conscientious Freshmen work 

To get their lessons tough. 
The Juniors flunk, the Sophomores shirk. 

The Seniors, ah ! they bluff. 

— Ex. 

Barge to and from all Trains. 



Passenger to center 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie, 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie 40 " 

3 ot more passengers to Aggie each, 15 " 

Passenger anil trunk 25 <■ 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 

Walking's Too Slow 

Who wants to spend half the day going 
and coming! Let the swiftness of a 

Stearns Wheel 

— The Yellow Fellow — 

save time for you. It is known as the fast, easy- 
running, much-talked-about Stearns. It is the 
lightest, strongest, speediest of them all. Beauti- 
fully finished in orange, or black if you prefer it 

E. C. Stearns & Co., Makers, Syracuse, N. Y. 
San Francisco, Cah Toronto, Ont. 



Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09. 8.16, A. M., 2.31 p. m.. Sundays 
6.09 A. m. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 A. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. m. 

For Worcester 6.09, 3.16 a.m.. 2.31 p.m. Sundays at 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2.26, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 a. m. and 2.31 p. m. connect ot Ware with north hound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09, 
8.16 a. m.. and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton at 7.55, 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15,4.40,5.14,7 28, 8.40 p. m. Sundays, 
10.45 a. m., 5 19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00. 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.15, 4.20, 6,00. 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a. m., 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., going 
south leave Amherst at 7.55, 10.20, A m., 12.05, 1.15,4 40. 
5.14, 7.30, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 10.45, a. m., 5.19. 8.30 p. m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north leave Amherst at 10.20 a. m., 1.15, 7.30 h. m. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at 6.44 a. m.. 12 16, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.08, 11.50 a. m., 8.42 p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 

11.00 A. M.. 8.00 P. M. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. m. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. M. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 A. m. 
to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. m., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
1 1 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 




13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St., 

Northampton, Mass. 

travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped en - 
velope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 

a Who can think 
of Borne Blmple 
thing to patent? 
Protect your Ideas; they may bring you wealth. 
Write JOHN WKDDEKBURN & CO.. Patent Attor- 
neys, Washington, D. C, for their gl.800 prize offer 
and list of two hundred inventions wanted. 

The New York Journal recently of- 
fered ten bicycles to the ten winners 
in a guessing contest, leaving the 
choice of machine to each. 


Nine immediately, and 
one after he had looked 
at others. The Journal 
therefore bought TEN 
Columbias at $f00 each. 

On even terms a Columbia will be chosen 

TEN times out of TEN. 


1896 Art Catalogue for two 2-cent stamps. 






Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97, Business Manager. 

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY. Jr., '98, As'st Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 


GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT. '98, Alumni Notes. 

WARREN ELMER HINDS. '99, Library Notes. 


Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

tVS,?tHVt* ^ \MJ*t*S\l«. % **\Mt*S. 

The editors desire to call the attention of the 
under-classmen to the competition for positions on the 
Life Board. The conditions of the contest were 
stated in the last issue, and they will be strictly ad- 
hered to. Wake up, Sophomores and Freshmen, 
and try to do something for your respective classes ! 

The recent fire at Mount Holyoke College destroyed 
the main building of that institution. While the work 
of the college will be continued, such a loss cannot but 
prove a serious injury to the prosperity of Mt. Holyoke 
for some time to come. * We feel sure that all the 
colleges in this vicinity sympathize with their neigh- 
bor in distress. Mt. Holyoke stands high among the 
American colleges for young women, and this misfor- 

tune on the eve of their greatest prosperity is to us a 
matter of sincere regret. 

We wish to call the attention of the students to the 
excellence of our college library, for we feel that by 
many it is not appreciated. The library contains over 
17,000 volumes, of which 3164 volumes concern 
agriculture. This agricultural library, if not the best, 
is certainly one of the best in the country ; and it 
reflects great credit on our president, who is also the 
librarian, that this agricultural library of ours has been 
used as a standard by the authorities at Washington 
in purchasing books for the library of the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture. There are over 940 vol- 
umes on horticulture ; and of titles (not volumes, for 
one title often includes several volumes) there are of 
Chemistry, 304, Botany, 762, Entomology, 491, 
Political Economy, 450, Electricity, 236, Mathema- 
tics and Physics, 219, and others in like proportion. 
The students here as a whole seem blind to the rich 
treasures in our library. It is time they realized its 
worth, for probably never again in their lives will they 
have at their command a library possessing the value 
of this, 

It is intended to publish in succeeding issues a 
series of articles concerning the Senior elective 
courses at this institution. We believe that those 
outside the college do not realize the valuable courses 
here offered ; and it is hoped that these articles may 
be read by such people, and that an appreciation of 
the advantages to be obtained here will lead to larger 
entering classes. We bespeak the aid of the pro- 
fessors in charge of the various departments in this 

Notwithstanding that the foot-ball directors had 
decided not to put a team in the field at Aggie this 



year, it is now assured that we shall have one. An 
enthusiastic mass meeting was held Monday, Sept. 21, 
and it was decided that to let foot-ball drop this fall 
would be disastrous to the game at Aggie. Even if 
we do not have very many games, the practice will 
serve to develop the material in the under classes and 
assure us a good team another year. We have some 
very good material in college now and under the able 
coaching of Prof. Smith we feel sure that before the 
season is over we shall see some good games on the 
campus. Every one who can do so should come out 
so that there will always be enough men in the field to 
form two elevens. This not only makes it interesting, 
but it creates more rivalry for the positions. No one 
is at any time sure of a place, so that everybody has 
an opportunity to make the team at some time during 
the season. The Manager has arranged games with 
strong teams, and it now remains for those who do not 
play to give the team the support which they deserve, 
in order that Aggie may win her share of victories on 
the gridiron this fall. 


The night was cold, 

Outside the wind shivered and roared 
The suffering mercury fell 

"Tis cold enough," the student said, 

"To freeze the fires of H — ." 

Then he shook down his fire and threw on coal. 

And fixed the dampers right, 
Then went to bed, was soon asleep, 

And slept till morning's light. 

He leaped out of bed in his light attire, 

And hastily grabbed his clothes 
And made for the room where the stove was kept, 

Already nearly froze. 

But in vain for warmth and comfort he sought, 

In vain he stormed about 
For the room was as cold as the polar seas 

And the blamed old fire was out. 

The air was blue for a minute or two, 

His words I'll not repeat, 
But he's moved away from the faithless stoves 

To a room where he has steam heat. 


By H. J. Armstrong, M. A. C, '97. 

For one hundred and twenty years this natioij has 
escaped all the dangers that have threatened itl and 
to-day it stands as one of the foremost powers if' the 
world. We, as citizens of this great nation, have 
much to be proud of, for, in spite of the momentous 
questions that now confront us, in spite of evils that 
already exist, we have in many things reached a 
higher degree of perfection than any other power. 

The privileges that we enjoy to-day, and about 
which we think little, have been purchased at a great 
cost. No one can estimate what we owe to the per- 
severance, the fortitude, and the noble self-sacrifice 
of our fore-fathers. 

In our past history there have been questions which 
could be settled only by war ; questions that involved 
our independence or threatened to break asunder those 
ties that bind us together as one nation. When war 
came it found men of courage and men of action to 
grapple with its problems. 

Such men were our ancestors. We love to read 
the history that is full of their deeds : we admire their 
bravery and courage, we praise their wisdom and fore- 
sight, we honor their memory. The spirit which they 
showed, we say, was patriotism, true patriotism. 

There is an idea prevailing to-day that patriotism is 
a thing of the past, something that has been intimately 
connected with war and its kindred disturbances. Evi- 
dence of this is seen in the time-honored custom of 
public speaking on such holidays as the Fourth of 
July, Memorial Day, or Patriots Day. When these 
anniversaries recur it is the custom to have, among 
other celebrations, a meeting of the people in some 
public place, and there to listen to speeches and ora- 
tions by prominent men on subjects pertaining to the 
heroes and wars of our beloved country. The speak- 
ers, for the most part, are men who have served their 
country in war and have been on many a battle field. 
It may be that their earnest words are emphasized by 
an empty sleeve or a scar which we can see as we 
hear them tell of the horrors of war, the heroism of 
their comrades, or the lingering death in southern 
prisons. What further proof of their patriotism do we 



w; mi when we have heard them tell of their love for 
thi.e old flag and the trials and privations they have 
undergone that it might wave to-day over every state 
in the Union? 

it sometimes happens, however, that it is not possi- 
ble' to secure a war veteran to speak to us on these 
public holidays. The persons who have the celebra- 
tion in charge, (rather than not observe the occasion) 
engage some one else to speak. Too often the place 
is not filled as it should be. The speaker may be 
some political aspirant who was, perchance, a mem- 
ber of the "Home Guards" during the war or perhaps 
he paid a substitute to take his place at the front when 
the nation's life was in danger. But that does not 
trouble him now, for to-day he goes about as "Colonel 
So-and-so, of the late war." He knows little about 
war and still less about true patriotism, but neverthe- 
less he holds forth on subjects relating to both. He 
tells of the "Glory of war" and entreats the younger 
generation to be ready to fight for their country as 
their fathers did, and thus to show their patriotism. 

Besides giving a wrong idea of patriotism, such a 
speech is far from elevating to the minds of young 
people, who do not stop to think of the terrible conse- 
quences of war. But let us see what patriotism is. 
The dictionary definition of the word is "Love of 
country" and a patriot is "One who loves and defends 
his country." 

There is no chance to-day for men to distinguish 
themselves by defending their country, no chance to 
become as famous as General Grant or Sherman or 
Hooker, no chance for men to give their lives for 
their native land. Is there, then, no way in which we 
may show our love of country? Yes, there is such a 
thing as patriotism in time of peace, — a patriotism 
that is just as real and of just as much importance as 
that which our fathers showed when they took up arms 
in their country's defence. The dangers which 
threaten our nation to-day call for men as brave and 
courageous as those who have given their lives for 
their country. 

The patriotism which we ought to show to-day is 
not a new kind of patriotism.: it has existed in time of 
war. Look back a quarter of a century to the time 
when our nation was engaged in civil strife. Was it 
the soldier in the army who was the most patriotic, 
the soldier who endured so many hardships, who 

looked death in the face in so many hard-fought bat- 
tles ? It may be. But let us look at another side. 
Remember the President of the United States, the 
members of his cabinet, and many other civil officers 
who, in the midst of the chaos, in the midst of per- 
plexing problems and wearisome cares, stood firm 
through it all ! Their courage and perseverance and 
loyalty were put to the severest test. Surely, they 
too were patriotic. 

Men who hold office to-day have the chance to dis- 
play much of the same spirit that these men showed. 
There are times when men are called upon to uphold 
some principle that has stood the test of years, times 
when truth and honor must be preserved. Then it is 
that we may show our patriotism, and by our influence, 
by our vote, or by any other means in our power, do 
what we can to make our nation a nation where right 
prevails and truth and honor are respected. Let us, 
then be as ready to serve our country in peace as in 
war, to serve it with our talents instead of our lives, as 
ready to maintain peace and order as were our 
fathers, — this, surely, is patriotism, true American 


"All out. Where's the barge ? Where's ' Armie ' ? 
They're coming." These remarks were heard Friday, 
Sept. 25, just before the noisy sophomores in company 
with Dr. Stone, had started on their mountain trip. 

The road lay through North Amherst, the City, 
Leverett, and at last ended in the elevated region of 
Shutesbury. Here the sophomores visited a country 
school and thoughtfully watched the little children of 
the wondering natives doing their little sums and les- 
sons. They also visited some choice patches of fruit 
along the way (apple trees, melon patches, etc.) 

At noon the students gathered round a large bon- 
fire and roasted ears of corn, and smoked herring, told 
tales, and, in fact, thoroughly enjoyed themselves. 
From their camp fire could be seen the distant peaks 
of Greylock, Monadnock, Mt. Tom, and Warner, ren- 
dered more distinct by a fine field glass brought over 
from Germany by Dr. Stone. 

The afternoon was spent in gathering botanical 
specimens and playing games of foot ball and base ball 
to the amusement of the inhabitants. The return trip 
was safely made and the class voted the doctor its 
hearty thanks for the day's pleasure, e. m. w. 




An inspection of the institutions of the country 
where officers of the army are detailed as instructors 
in military science has developed some surprising 
defects in the system owing to the opposition pre- 
sented by faculties in many instances to the introduc- 
tion of a military course for the students. 

Several officers have reported that they have expe- 
rienced great difficulty in perfecting the corps and in 
applying the ethics of warfare, owing to hostility of the 
professors, and frequently their objection to allotting 
the necessary time for proper instruction. Secretary 
Lamont, in order to find out just what schools are not 
earnestly in favor of a military course, and which 
should not have the benefit of an army officer's 
instruction, has recently sent an inspector out, whose 
report is now before the department for action. This 
report indicates a situation which may call for the 
relief of a number of officers from institutions and a 
withdrawal of the privilege granted by the Government. 

Major Sanger, who submits the report, expresses 
the opinion that the time has arrived in the history of 
military instruction when adequate remedies should be 
applied, or the rule of exclusion strictly enforced by 
the recall of officers. To stimulate college pride and 
competition, he proposes the idea of classification of 
all institutions to which officers have been or may 
hereafter be ordered. The classification suggested by 
him is : 

First Class — All institutions, by whatever name, 
conducted on a strictly military basis, these to be 
known officially as military academies. 

Second Class — All agricultural colleges. 

Third, Fourth, and Fifth Classes — All other insti- 

He proposes the arrangement of an order of merit, 
as determined by the inspectors and the annual reports 
of the military professors, on the basis of the West 
Point Academy. Relative to the detailing of military 
professors, the recommendation is made that when 
application is received at the War Department from a 
college for an original detail of an army officer, the 
institution shall be visited by an inspector for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining its character and condition, num- 
ber of students and facilities for instruction. 

Speaking of organization and administration, the 

report says that to insure instruction in infantry rYlrill 
the battalion should have at least four companies, an 
adjutant, and sergeant-major. If there is a suffici ent 
number of cadets a quartermaster, quarts rmaster- 
sergeant, and band may be added. Music of some 
sort is said to be indispensable, and can almost always 
be had with little effort. As far as practicable the 
administration of the battalion and companies should 
conform to the practice of the army. That is, the 
cadet officers and non-commissioned officers should 
be held responsible for instruction, discipline, and the 
care of the arms and accoutrements. Thus they 
would relieve the military instructor of many details of 
his duty. 

Whatever the system enforced may be, it seems to 
be the general view of college professors that cadets 
who stand well in the military department are more 
attentive to their other duties than those who do not 
receive military instruction. — N. Y. Sun. 

•99—1900 ROPE PULL. 

On Wednesday afternoon Sept. 23, a goodly num- 
ber of students gathered on the campus to witness the 
usual Sophomore — Freshman rope-pull. The Fresh- 
man team weighed about 100 lbs. more than the 
Sophomore team, while the latter winning the toss, 
had the choice of ground which was very slight. 

After the usual delay the men on the team took 
their places and Prof. Lull acting as referee, evened 
up the rope and gave the order to " drop ". The 
time agreed upon for the contest was two minutes. 
During the first few seconds the Sophmores, by a 
few well ordered "heaves" gained from their opp- 
onents over a foot of rope. Soon however weight be- 
gan to tell and they gradually lost to the end. The 
Freshman were on the losing side until a few seconds 
before time was called when the final heaves brought 
them into well earned victory with a length of only 
1 1-2 inches. Had the Sophomores received less 
advise from the excited spectators, and more 
space to handle themselves in, their chances of vic- 
tory would probably have been better. The contest 
nevertheless proved to be exciting.and was undoubtedly 
the closest rope-pull ever seen on the Aggie campus. 
Both teams did credit to their respective classes, as 
well as to themselves. 




Corporal, D. A. Beaman. 

Commandant, Lieut. W. M. Wright, U. S. Army. 

A. A. Boutelle. 

" Privates, 


H. R. Atkins, 

Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant, G. D. 


J. C. Burrington, 

Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster, J. L 


C. D. Colburn, 

Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Fire Marshal, 

H. E. Crane, 

H.J. Armstrong. 

J. A. Davis, 

A. D. Gile, 


J. E. Halligan, 

Cadet Sergeant- Major, A. Montgomery, Jr. 

J. M. Ovallle, 

Cadet Quartermaster Sergeant, J. P. Nickerson. 

G. F. Parmenter, 

Cadet Color Sergeant, J. S. Eaton. 

C. E. Risley, 


B. H. Smith, 

Company A. 

S. E. Smith, 

Cadet Captain, J. M. Barry. 

E. H. Sharpe, 

1st Lieutenant, C. I. Goessmann. 

F. G. Stanley, 

" 2d " G. A. Drew. 

E. B. Saunders, 

" 1st Sergeant, L. L. Cheney. 

A. M. West. 

" Sergeant, R. D. Warden. 

Company C. 

C. G. Clark. 

Cadet Captain, P. H. Smith. 

" Corporal, E. M. Wright, 

1st Lieutenant, C. A. Peters. 

G. C. Hubbard. 

" 2d " C. A. Norton. 


1st Sergeant, L. F. Clark. 

C. M. Adams, 

'• Sergeant, G. H. Wright. 

H. Baker, 

C. N. Baxter. 

W. E. Chapin, 

Corporal, F. H. Turner. 

H. S. Courtney, 

J. R. Dutcher. 

W. R. Crowell, Jr., 


W. A. Dye, 

W. H. Armstrong, 

W. E. Hinds, 

H. S. Ashley, 

W. A. Hooker, 

Y. H. Canto, 

J. W. Kellogg, 

J. C. Chapman, 

H. E. Maynard, 

H. W. Dana, 

A. W. Morrill, 

A. A. Harmon, 

M. H. Pingree, 

E. T. Hull, 

W. B. Rogers, 

C. L. Humphrey, 

C. E. Stacy, 

N. J. Hunting, 

H. A. Thompson. 

M. B. Landers, 
J. Lewis, 

Company B. 

A. L. March, 

Cadet Captain, J. A. Emrich. 

F. E. Merriman, 

" 1st Lieutenant, J. W. Allen. 

A. Monahan, 

" 2d " H. F. Allen. 

M. H. Munson, 

1st Sergeant, C. F. Palmer. 

C. W. Smith, 

" Sergeant, W. S. Fisher. 

H. E. Walker. 

" . A. Adjemian. 

Cadet Drummer, C. M. Walker. 



^ollegf f^o-tfs- 

— " Line up ". 

— What position are you playing for ? 
— Crehore '95 visited friends at college Sept. 20. 
— C. M. Adams '00 has joined the Q. T. V. frater- 

— C. F, Palmer '97 spent a few days at home last 

— C. A. Peters '97 spent a part of last week at 

— Get a Lincoln Fountain Pen. Allen takes orders 
for them. 

— The Seniors have been learning flag signalling 
during the past week. 

— New figures have appeared on the walks since 
the rope-pull was lost and won. 

— First foot-ball game on the campus this afternoon, 
All out to cheer the team on to victory. 

— For convenience of reference the organization of 
the battalion is printed in this issue in full. 

— The class of 1900 went to Northampton Friday 
afternoon, Oct. 2, and were photographed by Schillare. 
— The Senior Mathematical division has been hav- 
ing practical work in the raising of the road across the 

— The Freshmen's uniforms have arrived and they 
now present a much more military appearance on drill 
than formerly. 

— The Senior division in Agriculture in company 
with Prof. Cooley attended the Greenfield Fair Thurs- 
day. Sept. 24. 

— The Press Club has organized with John Marsh- 
all Barry '97 for president, and C. A. Peters '97 for 

— The drill hour has been changed from 4.30 to 
3.30 on Monday and Thursday in order to facilitate 
foot-ball practice. 

— All college exercises were suspended Wednesday 
Sept. 30 in order that the students might attend the 
Hampshire Fair. 

— Company B. having become proficient in Artil- 
lery Drill, is now drilling in the Bayonet exercises, 
while Co. A is now taking Artillery Drill. 

— A. C. True, assistant Director of the Office of 
Exp. Stations at Washington, inspected the various 
departments of station work at M. A. C. Saturday 
Sept. 26. 

— The members of the Senior divisions in Horti- 
culture and Landscape Gardening acted as judges of 
fruit, vegetables and flowers at the Hampshire 
County Fair. 

— The Dramatic Club has elected the following 
officers; Pres., C. I. Goessmann ; vice-pres,, C. A. 
Norton ; sec, L. L. Cheney ; bus. man., J. M. Barry ; 
stage manager, G, D. Leavens. 

— The following men have been elected to serve on 
the '99 Index Board : W. E. Hinds, M. H. Pingree, 
W. H. Armstrong, E. M, Wright, F. H. Turner, J, 
R. Dutcher, S. E. Smith, D. A. Beaman. 

— The Freshmen, who since the beginning of the 
term, have been drilled in the setting up exercises, the 
marchings and the steps, have now drawn rifles and 
are being instructed in the manual of arms. 

— The recent fire at Mount Holyoke College 
whereby it suffered the loss of its main building, was 
plainly visible from Aggie and was anxiously watched 
by those who had friends or relatives rooming in the 

— At a recent meeting of the Whist Club the foll- 
owing officers were elected: Pres., J. M. Barry; vice- 
pres., J. A. Emrich ; sec,, J. W. Allen ; treas., L. L. 
Cheney; directors, H. S. Courtney, J. R. Dutcher, E. 
H. Sharpe. 

— The officers of the Democratic Club have been 
elected as follows : Pres., John M. Barry '97; vice- 
pres., P. H, Smith '97 ; sec, C. G. Clark' 98 ; treas., 
C. A. Peters '97 ; directors, C. M. Adams '00 : M. B. 
Landers '00. 

— The Republican Club has organized and elected 
officers as follows ; Pres. J. A. Emrich '97 ; vice-pres, 
G. A. Drew '97; sec, J. L. Bartlett '97 ; treas., A. 
Montgomery '98; directors, L. L. Cheney '97, G. H, 
Wright '98, J. A. Davis '99, G. F. Parmenter '00. 

— John Marshall Barry '97 took a flying trip to 
Boston, Friday Sept. 25 for the purpose of attending 
the Democratic State Convention on Saturday Sept. 
26 and incidentally, of hearing the speeches of Candi- 
date Bryan on the common and in Music Hall. 



— The mone_\ question is the greatest question of 
the day. Politicians and statesmen all over the coun- 
try do nothing but talk on it ; the newspapers are full 
of it. Some want gold, some want silver ; but our 
Business Manager will take either, so walk right up 
and pay your Aggie Life subscription in whichever 
coin you prefer. No time like the present. 

— The Sophomores have accepted the challenge 
of the Freshmen to play foot-ball on the campus 
Wednesday afternoon, Sept. 14. Sophomores, you 
have good material in your class, and if you will get 
out and get in some good hard practcice you may be 
able to redeem yourselves. In consideration of the 
rope-pull we belive you deserve this game. 

— The Horticultural Dept. is making the experi- 
ment of shipping apples to Europe in half-barrel cases. 
These cases are built on the general plan of orange 
boxes but are of heavier material and greater strength 
The apples are each one wrapped in tissue paper 
and carefully packed into the boxes. It is expected 
that this will prove a very profitable method of mark- 
eting fine fruit. 

The following committees have been chosen by the 
Senior class for commencement: Photograph com., 
Goessmann, Bartlett.H. F. Allen; Cane com., Peters, 
Drew, Smith ; Senior Prom com., Norton, Cheney, 
J. W. Allen; Cap and Gown com., Armstrong, Pal- 
mer, Clark ; Cup com., Clark, Cheney, Bartlett ; Class 
Day com., Armstrong, Emrich, Drew; Flower Bed 
com., Barry, Drew, Bartlett ; Senior Supper com., 
Barry, Leavens, Goessmann, Peters, J. W. Allen ; 
Printing Com., Peters, Smith Armstrong; Music 
com., Emrich, Norton, Cheney. 

— The candidates for the college eleven are pract- 
icing daily aVid under the efficient coaching of Prof. 
Smith and Lieut, Wright are rapidly improving in 
their work. Every one who has a suit should make it 
a point to be out to practice every day, as games will 
soon begin and much practice is yet needed before 
the team will be in good training. The presence of a 
second eleven on the field every day is a very impor- 
tant consideration in the working of a winning team 
and every one who even pretends to be a foot ball 
player should come out and do his part to help give 
the varsity good practice. 

lotes and ^ommervtf. 

The United States is about to add another university 
title to her record, for in the immediate future Prince- 
ton, which is now a college, will take upon herself the 
responsibilities of a University charter. 

A noticeable fact in the various line-ups of college 
and university elevens this year is the number of new 
men that are being trained. The majority of the col- 
leges and universities of the country have in the past 
lost a greater portion of old time players and in order 
to fill vacancies new talent must be substituted. Yale 
and Princeton are noticeable for this fact while 
many of the smaller colleges have been obliged to 
put new and inexperienced elevens on the field. 
* * 

The London Spectator has been considering the 
bicycle as a social factor and declares the wheel has 
worked a revolution in country life. Dinners are 
losing their popularity and lunches are taking their 
place, as the full dress is a drawback for a bicycle 
rider. Formerly the country was quiet and secluded 
but the spread of the bicycles has made informal visits 
common, and people are more neighborly than before. 

Mr. Gordon, a nephew of the late General Gordon, 
presented Li Hung Chang when he was in London 
with a bull pup of irreproachable character and con- 
siderable value, just by way of keeping up a family 
friendship with the great Chinaman. In due time 
came the acknowledgement of the gift which wound 
up with these words, "While his excellency Li Hung 
Chang himself does not eat that sort of animal, the 
members of his suite found it excellent for breakfast." 
Poor dog 1 

The annual exhibition of plants and of flowers by 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society at Horticul- 
tural Hall opened yesterday and closed to-night. 
There is no more beautiful display of the choicest and 



fairest gems of nature and the floriculturist's art than 
this, in the whole year. 

Turkey owes $750,000,000 to very influential 
citizens of various Eureopean nations. The size and 
the judicious distributions of this debt are considera- 
tions that must not be over looked in studying the 
long delay in the inevitable departure of Turkey from 

When an American plant for a locomotive factory 
is shipped to Russia it means a good deal. Russia is 
outgrowing any other European country and the new 
Czar is pushing its growth. The young man may 
turn out the greatest of Czars and under him it is 
easily possible that Russia may build thrice as many 
miles of railroad as it ever built in its history 
before him. 

Statistics recently collected by a well known trade 
journal exhibit in a very striking way the parallel 
growth of the United States and the leading countries 
of Europe in trade and population. Impressed by the 
magnitude of our own growth we believe for a time it 
was unique. But this theory is no longer tenable. 
Although this country has grov/n faster than any one 
of the eight leading countries of Europe, nearly all 
show great increases both in wealth and population. 
Taking the United States, Great Britian, France, 
Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Belgium, Russia 
and Holland in a single group, they show an increase 
in population between 1860 and 1890 of over 180,- 
000,000, of which 32,000,000 belong in the United 
States. This represents for us almost 100% of 
growth, and it is the highest percentage in the group, 
although Russia, with a lower percentage, shows a 
growth of 36, 000,000, Germany increased over a third, 
Austria and Hungary over a fourth, Italy a fifth, Great 
Britian not quite a fourth, France remained almost 
stationary. The percentage increase for the entire 
group is fifty four and a fourth for population, and two 
twenty two for trade during the last four decades. 
Our own trade increase in that time is well above 

the average, being from $513,000,000 to $1,600,- 
000,000 or more than 200%, Russia surpassed this 
percentage, but still remained behind us in the total 
volume of trade, Germany's percentage of trade 
increased more than double that of England. It is hard 
to over-estimate the significance of such figures. 
They show a growth both in population and wealth that 
is without precedent in history. 


An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, 
Canada, and the British Possessions, by Nathaniel Lord 
Britton Ph. D. and Hon. Addison Brown. 

This work which will be published in three vol- 
umes is the first complete illustrated flora published 
in this country, and it describes and illustrates eyery 
species that is a native of Northern North America. 
In all, over four thousand species are considered. 
The illustrations are complete and good, showing the 
most characteristic parts of each species and also 
giving the scale on which the drawings are made. 
Everything is classified and arranged systematically 
so that by aid of the index which gives both the 
common English and the Latin names any species 
can be readily found. Altogether it is oneof the best 
works yet published on the flora of this country. 

With the Fathers, Studies in the United States, by 
John Bach McMaster : This is a collection of 
essays which the author has published from time to 
time in some of the leading papers and magizines of ■ 
the country. Among the historical questions are : 
" The Framers and the Framing of the Constitution;" 
and: "The Struggle for Territory." Among the 
more recent questions are : " A Century's Struggle 
for Silver, " " Is Sound Finance Possible under Pop- 
ular Government?" and "The Monroe Doctrine." 
There are in all thirteen chapters each of which is 
very interesting and instructive. 

The Monroe Doctrine. A Concise History of its 
Origin and growth, by George F. Tucker: In this 
book is given a complete history of the causes which 
led to President Monroe's famous declaration, and of 
many occasions on which its principl es have been ap- 
plied. It gives also some of the arguments against 
and in favor of it. 


2 5 

The Monroe Doctrine. By John E. Russell This 
is very short and was written by Mr. Russell for the 
New York Times in the Spring of 1895. Mr Russell 
looks upon this subject in a different way from most 

The Origin, Meaning, and Application of the Monroe 
Doctrine, by John Bach McMaster. This is the most 
recent book on this subject and is very interesting. 
All writers ascribe the origin of the ideas and princi- 
ples laid down in the Monroe Doctrine to Mr. Canning 
who at that time held the office now held by Lord 

71. — S. H. Richmond, with Cutier Dade Co. 
(Perriae Grant) Florida. 

74. — E. H. Libby, president of Lewiston Water 
Power Co. Address Lewiston, Idaho. 

76. — John Bellamy, book-keeper for H. H. Hunt, 
builder and contractor. Address Webster St., West 
Newton, Mass. 

Ex-77, — The address of Lieut. W. M. Dickinson 
is Columbus Barracks, Columbus, Ohio. 

'82. — B. A. Kinney, superintendent Minneapolis 
Paper Box Co., Cor. 3rd St. and 5th Ave. North 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

'82. — Dana E. Perkins, civil engineer and surveyor. 
Address No. 5 Elm St., Somerville, Mass. 

'86.— C. F. W. Felt, chief engineer of the Gulf 
Colorado & Santa Fe Railway Company. Head- 
quarters at Galveston, Texas. 

'87. — C. H. Watson, represents the wool dep't at 
Philadelphia for Swift and Company, Chicago, 111. 
Address No. 100 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

'89. — A. L. Miles, student of dentistry. Address 
No. 11 Gleenwood Ave., Cambridgsport, Mass. 

'90. — D. W. Dickinson has been recently 
appointed an instructor at the Harvard Denta! School. 

'90. — J, S. Loring, wholesale and retail milk con- 
tractor, Worcester, Mass. 

'90. — John Loring — Elizabeth Bragdon Schofield, 
married Monday, July twentieth, 1896. 

'92. — Charles S. Graham, married at Lowell, Sept. 
16, to Miss Annie Jane Blanchard. 

'92. — William Fletcher has recently opened a milk 
route from Chelmsford into Lowell under the name of 
Fletcher and Fulton. 

'92. — Cyrus M. Hubbard will travel the coming 
season for the Crocker Fertilizer and Chemical Com- 
pany of Buffalo, N. Y. 

'93. — F. H. Henderson, in the employ of French 
and Bryant, civil engineers, No. 334 Washington, St., 
Brookline, Mass. Residence 334 Cross St , Maiden, 

'93. — F. S. Hoyt, principal of High School at New 
Milford, Ct. Mr. Hoyt has three hundred pupils and 
five assistant teachers under his supervision. 

'93. — H. F. Staples, graduated from the Cleveland 
University of medicine and surgery March 20, 1896. 
Mr. Staples is now doing well in Solon, Ohio. The 
Argus, a paper published at Cleveland speaks in the 
highest terms of Mr. Staples, referring to him as 
"One of the best men who was ever graduated from 
the University." 

'94. — H. M, Fowler, engaged in hotel business. 
Address Mt. Wachusett, Mass. Home address 
South Gardner, Mass. 

'94. — Ira Chas. Greene, to be married at Fitchburg 
to Miss Theresa Wilhelmine Foster, Wednesday 
evening, Oct. 7. 

Ex-'94.— F. W. 
station for "Park's 
ford, Mass. 

'94. — T. F. Keith has been appointed manager of 
the registration and naturalization affairs of the Fitch- 
burg Republican City committee, for the ensuing 
campaign. After Nov. 1 , he will be employed as 
chemist by the Spring Water Bottling Co., 477-479 
Main St., Fitchburg, Mass. 

Ex-'94. — H, J. Mann has returned from Oregon 
where he has been engaged in the fruit growing busi- 
ness since leaving College. He is now with the Bos- 
ton Rubber Shoe Co, at Maiden, Mass. 

'95. — George A. Billings for the past year assistant 
in the department of Foods and Feeding of the Hatch 
experiment station, has taken a position in the Walker 
Gordon Milk Laboratory, Clardon St., Boston. 

'95. — Address of H. D. Hemenway is Williams- 
ville, Mass. 

Park has recently opened a supply 
Chelmsford Cream" at Chelms- 



Ex-'95. — E. H. Henderson in the employ of the 
Metropolitan Park commission, engineering dep't. 
Address No. 344 Cross St., Maiden, Mass. 

Ex-'95. — Guy A. Hubbard has entered the employ 
of the Waltham Watch Co. and is a valuable addition 
to their celebrated military band. 

'96. — A. B. Cook, farmer. Address Petersham. 

'96.— H. T. Edwards with R. E. Edwards, North- 

'96. — A. M. Kramer, ass't cement inspector, dam 
and aqueduct dep't, Metropolitan Water Works, 
Address No. 9 Spruce St., Clinton, Mass. 

'96. — J. L. Marshall. Address Lancaster, Mass. 

'96. — H. W. Moore engaged in market-gardening. 
Address No. 25 Amherst St., Worcester, Mass. 

'96 — C. A. Nutting, farmer. Address No. Leo- 
minster, Mass. 

'96. — W. L. Pentecost, ass't agriculturist, Storrs 
Agr'l exp't. station. Address Mansfield, Conn., P. O. 

'96. — F. H. Read, teacher of book-keeping, pen- 
manship, shorthand and typewriting at the Lyndon 
Institute and Commercial College, Lyndon, Vt. We 
quote the following from the Lyndonville Journal. 
"The Institute Commercial Department. — Mr. Fred 
H. Read, the new principal of the commercial depart- 
ment of Lyndon Institute, like the other new teachers, 
proves himself well qualified for the position he occu- 
pies, and will give his classes excellent work in his 
particular lines. He is not only proficient in ordinary 
business teaching, but his work also includes typewrit- 
ing and shorthand." 

'96, — H. H. Roper, agent for the Boston Co-opera- 
tive Buyers' Association. Address East Hubbardston, 

'96. — F. B. Shaw, farmer. Address So. Amherst, 

'96. — N. Shultis, with Mark Shultis, shipper of 
grain. Address Chamber of Commerce, Boston, 


Oh, talk not of the students' joy 
The rapture in his look expressed ; 

His truest bliss is when he finds, 
A quarter in his cast off vest. 


The Weverwend Awthur Murway Gween, 

They say is verway clevah : 
And sister Wuth could heah him pweach, 

Fohevah and fohevah. 

And I went down to hear him pweach, 

With Wuth and my Annette. 
Upon the bwave, hewoic deaths 

The ancient mawtahs met : 

And as he wepwesented them, 
In all their acts and feachaws, 

The ancient mawtahs, dontcherknow? 
Were doocid clevah cweachaws. 

But, aw deah me ! They don't compah 

In twue heroic bwavewy, 
To a bwave hewo fwiend of mine, 

Young Montmowenci Averwy. 

He earned foah dollahs everwy week, 

And not anothah coppah ; 
But this bwave soul wesolved to dwell 

Pwe-eminently pwoppah. 

So this was all the food each day, 
The bwave young creature had — 

One glaws of milk, a cigawette, 
Foah cwackers and some bwead, 

He lived on foahteen cents a day, 
And cherwished one gweat passion : 

The pwecious pwoject of his soul. 
Of being dwessed in fashion. 

But when he'd earned a suit entiah. 

To his supweme chagwin, 
Just then did shawt-tailed coats go out. 

And long-tailed coats come in. 

But naught could bweak his wigid will, 

And now, I pway you, note, 
That he gave up his glaws of milk 

And bought a long-tailed coat. 

But then the fashion changed once moah, 
And bwought a gwievous plight; 

It changed from twousers that are loose 
To twousers that are tight. 

Then his foah cwackers he gave up, 
He just wenounced their use : 

And changed to twousers that are tight, 
From twousers that are loose. 

And then the narrow-toed style shoes 
To bwoad-toed changed instead, 

Then he pwocured a bwoad-toed pair, 
And gave up eating bwead. 



Barge to and from all Trains. 



Passenger to center 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie 40 " 

3 or more passengers to Aggie each, 15 " 

Passenger and trunk 25 " 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 


I Pi 

All those who have not already obtained a copy of 
the '97 INDEX, had better order it at once, before the 
supply is exhausted. Price $1.00. Address : 

Business Manager, '97 Index, 

Amherst, Mass. 

Just then the bwoad-bwimmed style of hat 

To narwow bwims gave way ; 
And so his twibulations gwew, 

Incweasing everwy day. 

But he pwocured a narwow bwim, 

Of vewy stylish set : 
But, bwave, bwave soul ! he had to dwop 

His pwecious cigawette. 

But now when his whole suit confohmed 

To fashion's wegulation, 
For lack of cwackers, milk and bwead, 

He perished of stahvation. 

Thus in owah of victowy, 

He passed on to his west — 
I weally nevah saw a cawpse 

So fashionably dwessed. 

My teahs above his well dwessed clay 

Fell like the spwingtime wains ; 
My eyes had nevah wested on 

Such pwoppah dwessed wemains. 

The ancient mawtahs — they were gwand 

And glowious in their day : 
But this bwave Montmowenci was 

As gweatand gwand as they. 

— Sfi Walter Foss. 

Walking's Too Slow 

Who wants to spend half the day going 
and coming! Let the swiftness of a 

Stearns Wheel 

— The Yellow Fellow — 

save time for you. It is known as the fast, easy- 
running, much-talked-about Stearns. It is the 
lightest, strongest, speediest of them all. Beauti- 
fully finished in orange, or black if you prefer it 

E. C. Stearns & Co., Makers, Syracuse, N. Y. 
San Francisco, CaL Toronto, Ont. 



Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.16, A. m., 2.31 p. m., Sundays 
6.09 A. m. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 p.m. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.16 a.m.. 2.31 p.m. Sundays at 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2.26, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 a. m. and 2.31 p. m. connect ot Ware with north hound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09, 
8.16 a. m., and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton, at 7.55, 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15,4.40,5.14,7 28, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 
10.45 a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00. 8.50 A. M., 
12.30, 2.15, 4.20, 6,00, 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a. m., 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R. , going 
south leave Amherst at 7.55, 10.20, a m., 12.05, 1.15, 4 40, 
5.14, 7.30, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 10.45, a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. M. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north leave Amherst at 10.20 A. m., 1.15, 7.30 h. m. 
New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at 6.44 a. m.. 12 16, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.03, 11.50 a. m., 8.42 p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 
11.00 a. m., 8.00 p. M. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. m. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. m. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
v/eek except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 a. m. 
to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. m., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
1 1 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 


John ParneSI, 

13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St., 

Northampton, Mass. 

travel for responsible established bouse in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $760, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self -addressed stamped en- 
velope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 

a Who can think 
of some simple 
thing to patent? 
Protect your Ideas; they may bring you wealth. 
Write JOHN WEDDERBURN & CO., Patent Attor- 
neys, Washington, D. C, for their §1,800 prize offer 
and list of two hundred Inventions wanted. 

times out of 

The New York journal recently of- 
fered ten bicycles to the ten winners 
in a guessing contest, leaving the 
choice of machine to each. 




Nine immediately, and 
one after he had looked 
at others. The Journal 
therefore bought TEN 
Columbias at $100 each. 

On even terms a Columbia will be chosen 

TEN times out of TEN* 


1896 Art Catalogue for two 2-cent stamps. 
13. 1«. JBl^JOJ^VJ^TT, Ag^emt. 





teoa I 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the tyiass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY. '97, Business Manager. 

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr.. '98, As'st Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH. '97. Exchange. 


GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT, '98, Alumni Notes. 

WARREN ELMER HINDS. '99. Library Notes. 


Communications should 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute, 
be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

sv^w^t* is. v,s*vj.<i^t x ?i\\nt^. 

We would call the attention of the students to the 
work that has been done and is still being carried on by 
the Natural History Society. The courses of lectures 
have been both interesting and profitable, and it 
is hoped that those of this fall and winter may excel any- 
thing given here-to-fore. While these lectures are 
free to all the members of the college, every student 
in college should make application for membership in 
order that he may enjoy the full privileges of the 

It ought not to be necessary to call attention to the 
fact that the papers and magazines in the reading 
room are placed there for the benefit of all the students 
and not for the purpose of enriching the scrap books and 
picture galleries of a few. The mutilation of the 

periodicals in the reading room is selfish and disgrace- 
ful. The expenses of the reading room are borne by 
the student body, and so strongly is college sentiment 
opposed to such conduct that were the offenders 
detected we believe that they would be dealt within a 
very summary manner. 

Considerable inconvenience has been caused of 
late by the taking of the electric lamps from the halls 
and bath-rooms in the college buildings for use in 
private rooms. In the majority of cases the lamps 
have been taken to replace burned out lamps in the 
study rooms. As a consequence the hall-ways are 
frequently shrouded in darkness at the very time when 
light is most needed. Students desiring to replace 
burned out lamps can have their old lamps 
replaced by new ones free of cost by applying to Mr. 
Wallace, the college electrician. We believe that it 
is ignorance of this fact that has caused the trouble in 
the past, and trust that there will be no necessity for 
complaint in the future. 

During the recent observation tour of the market- 
gardening and landscape gardening divisions of the 
senior class, there were noted several features of 
landscape art that may be well developed here on the 
college grounds. We especially refer to the treatment 
of such natural depressions as our so called 
" Ravine." In some instances such a feature is 
considered so important that artificial hollows have 
been made to satisfy the requirements of the artist- 
No such labor is necessary here, for the " Ravine" of 
itself is beautiful. In no one locality can be found 
such an abundance of wild flowers. From early 
spring when the anemone, bloodroot, and hepatica first 
come forth to the autumnal season of asters and golden 
rod the " Ravine " is of never ceasing interest to the 
botanist. Its sides are well wooded, and the clearing 


AG<jiE L,it'E. 

out of the underbrush and the construction of a few 
walks would make it an extremely delightful place for 
both students and visitors, A series of artificial cas- 
cades and one or two rustic bridges are among the 
possibilities. Our grounds are already among the 
most beautiful in the state, and we may justly feel 
proud of them, yet we should not rest content until we 
feel sure that we have made the most of the natural 
resources at our command. The expense of such an 
undertaking would be but slight, and we trust that it 
may commend itself to the college authorities. 

During the past summer the additions to the Zoo- 
logical Museum have not been so numerous as here- 
to-fore. There has been a slight growth, but the truth 
of the matter is that the room is so crowded that it is 
almost impossible to arrange any more specimens in 
the allotted space. At the time of the burning of the 
" Old South " dormitory many of the specimens were 
injured and not a few dissappeared. The room that 
the museum now occupies contains the remnants of 
the old collection together with the additions made 
since the time of the fire. Very recently a case for 
the large collection of shells has been built and there 
has also been added an Apteryx a valuable specimen 
of a species of birds now nearly extinct. Not until 
about three years ago was any attempt at 
arranging in a systematic manner begun, and it is 
owing to the earnest efforts and hard work of Professor 
Lull that the museum is to-day arranged so that a 
visitor, without the aid of a guide, is enabled to follow 
easily the orders from the lowest to the highest, and to 
find each order and its constituents properly named. 
The museum was never in such excellent condition 
as it is to-day. The room, however, is quite inade- 
quate.and the collection certainly needs at least twice 
the present floor space. There is great need of a 
Museum Building, one that shall contain the Zoolog- 
ical, Agricultural, and Botanical collections. Such a 
building, equipped with laboratories for work in each 
of the departments mentioned would be of immeasur- 
able benefit to the college, more than doubling its 
present facilities for work. We believe that nothing 
would contribute more to the prosperity of the college 
than the erection of such a building. May it not be 
long on the way! 

o n 


(The first of a series of articles on the Senior Elec- 


An elective in English has this year been added to 
those already offered to the Senior class in the Mass. 
Agricultural College. What objects are sought in the 
work in this elective ? What methods of study are 
adopted that these objects may be secured ? 

In general the aim of the work in this elective is 
the same as that proposed in the English of the pre- 
scribed course. This seeks to give, first, such 
instruction as shall assist the student to clearer and 
more effective expression of thought by oral and 
written language ; second, some familiarity with 
American and English literature, thereby helping him 
to secure that cultivation and discipline which such 
familiarity is well fitted to give. Clearer and more 
effective expressions of thought, an enlarged mental 
horizon with the development and cultivation that 
result from the contact of mind with mind, these 
objects the elective in English aims to secure. 

What methods of study are adopted in securing 
these objects ? Such methods as bring the mind of 
the student under the quickening influence of those 
master minds that are still educating the world. 

The first two years of the prescribed course in 
English have given the student some knowledge of 
the principles and practice of rhetoric. During his 
Junior year he has been introduced to the study of 
English Literature; so that his choice of English as 
one of his Senior studies presupposes some knowl- 
edge and appreciation of literary work. This work is 
pursued in accordance with the following outline : 

During the first term of Senior year attention is 
given to writers before the seventeenth century, 
chiefly to Chaucer, Bacon and Milton. Some work 
of the author in hand is studied in the class room, 
courses of reading bearing upon the period of litera- 
ture under consideration are marked out, and essays 
upon subjects suggested by what is being studied are 
read in the class. The principles of literary criticism 
are discussed and the student is constantly encour- 
aged to become acquainted with the author through 
his work. 



The second term of the year is given to plays of 
Shakespeare. The text of the play is studied in the 
class room, and the student is put in the way of avail- 
ing himself of the results of the researches of Shakes- 
pearean scholars. During the third term, writers of 
the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are studied, 
the plan of this work being similar to that followed in 
the first and second terms. 

Only a few writers, it is true, of the many who are 
worthy of his study, can receive the student's atten- 
tion during one year ; but if, learning to study accord- 
ing to a definite plan, he can also learn to appreciate 
what is valuable in literature, he has a never-failing 
resource that may bring satisfaction and pleasure 
after he has passed out from the work of college into 
the work of business or professional life. g. f. m. 


In a small town on the island of Corsica, Napoleon 
Bonaparte was born on the 15th of August, 1769. 
His parents, though of good families, were poor, and 
of his childhood, history tells us little. The greater 
part of his education was obtained, first, from the mil- 
itary school at Brienne, and later from a Parisian 
school, both of which were under French management. 

As a scholar, Napoleon was bright, ambitious and of 
an independent mind. Among his schoolmates, and 
even among his closest friends, he was characterized 
as reticent and morose. These traits are very plainly 
shown throughout his life. The boy, in his case, was 
truly father of the man. 

From his early school-days, Napoleon exhibited a 
remarkable taste for all manner of military manoeu- 
vres. He was especially fond of reading books upon 
military science, and never tired of tracing out upon 
the map the campaigns of Alexander, Xerxes, Hanni- 
bal and other great military commanders who had 
gone to their glory before him. 

As a student at Paris, Napoleon gradually unfolded 
before the officers of that academy his military gen- 
ius. As his special taste and natural ability became 
recognized, he was from time to time promoted. Was 
this mere boy as we may call him satisfied with these 
advancements? No, far from it : that was not his 
nature. Deep in his cold, hard heart, Napoleon had 
determined to make himself great. His ambitions 

only increased with his years ; and he believed as he 
conceitedly thought of his frequent promotions, that 
he saw before him a life of great accomplishments, — 
a crown of glory. To further his own interests, he 
was prepared to resort to fair means if possible; but 
unjust means if necessary. His aspirations, though 
in many ways they were not commendable, were 
indeed high. 

After leaving Paris academy, Napoleon, having dis- 
tinguished himself as a military officer, was transferred 
to the army where he continued to rise in rank. That 
he was aware of his ability as a commander, there 
is no doubt. After he had been in command of large 
bodies of troops for some little time, he was once 
ordered to take charge of a portion of the army of 
the West. This, he felt was too much; and in disap- 
pointment and anger he left the army, and was about 
to leave France, when he was fortunately persuaded by 
his friends to return. From this time on, everything 
went well, and Napoleon at the age of twenty-seven 
was put in command of the army of Italy. Now, there 
was more encouragement ; and the youthful general 
at once earnestly set to work reorganizing the army, 
and drilling his soldiers in readiness for the proposed 
campaigns. Though he was very strict in his disci- 
pline, he was nevertheless a wise and far-seeing com- 
mander, and treated his men with much respect. 

In receiving command of this army, Napoleon prac- 
tically obtained control of all the French troops. He 
was a general who could not feel satisfied until he had 
defeated every army that was opposing him. His 
plan was to engage in battle with the armies of all the 
principal countries of Europe. After he had defeated 
the armies of one country, he would effect a treaty of 
peace, and pass on to the next, The countries thus 
brought into battle by the French were respectively, 
Italy, England, Germany, Austria, Spain aud Russia. 
For about fifteen years, Napoleon continued these 
bloody campaigns, with a heart and conscience undis- 
turbed. His financial condition was kept good by the 
money which he took from the countries over which 
he became victorious. 

Napoleon's success was mainly due to two things ; 
well planned campaigns, and the allegiance of his sol- 
diers, who would follow him to the ends of the earth. 
This man thought of nothing as unconquerable, and 
thus to him everything seemed possible. The Alps 



were in his path ; did these wild rough mountains 
defeat his plans ? No, he built a road over them by 
means of which he conducted one of the most brilliant 
campaigns that history has ever recorded. Each vic- 
tory strengthened his ambition and courage, — each 
defeat, though he did not often suffer one, only served 
to provoke in him a spirit of greater determination and 
audacity. In all, this general fought over sixty battles, 
the most important of which were with England, Ger- 
many and Russia. 

In the latter part of the year 1813, soon after 
Napoleon's return from Moscow, the armies of Eng- 
land, Germany and Russia having united, offered him 
an option of fighting a decisive battle, or signing a 
treaty of peace. Napoleon having every confidence 
in his armies, declined to make peace. He reasoned 
that these allies would not engage him in battle until 
late in the spring at the earliest, and he knew that by 
that time, he could easily unite his armies. The 
enemy however did not wait for spring to come, but 
crossed the Rhine in January, surprised Napoleon and 
before he could collect his scattered troops, he was 
defeated. On the 30th of March, Paris surrendered, 
and Napoleon was sentenced to an exiled life on the 
lonely island of Elba. 

This was indeed a great discouragement. He who 
was about to reach forth his hand to receive the 
laurels for which he had been fighting since a boy, 
was now to be exiled from his country instead. He 
had built up the power of France by the blood that 
was shed by her sons, and now by one careless move 
she had lost it all. For over a dozen years, he had 
been recklessly giving away the lives of her noble 
young men, by the thousands and tens of thousands 
and what had she in return? 

At Fountainebleau, Napoleon bade farewell to the 
citizens of France. Among those gathered about him, 
were thousands of his soldiers who had followed him 
through victory and defeat alike : there was scarcely 
one whose eyes were not moistened with tears of ten- 
derest sympathy and sorrow. 

Napoleon had not been at Elba long however, 
before his proud ambitions began to recover, and he 
determined if possible to return to France, collect his 
scattered army, and make another desperate effort to 
recover his lost throne. After a great deal of hard- 
ship and privation, Napoleon by the aid of a few 

rickety vessels reached France with about one thou- 
sand soldiers. His old soldiers were overjoyed to see 
their leader once more, and soon his handful of men 
were increased to a large army. Need you ask if 
the French soldiers had any confidence in this man, 
and did they respect him ? 

Napoleon now went to work reorganizing and drill- 
ing his armies, for a renewal of the campaign. Up 
to the eve of the battle of Waterloo, however only two 
or three battles were fought, none of which were of 
any special importance. On the evening of June 17th, 
1814, Napoleon, having defeated the united forces of 
the Allies in the battle of Quatre Bras.went into camp 
intending to renew the fight on the following day. In 
the morning began the Battle of Waterloo, one of the 
most decisive battles the world has ever known. The 
French suffered a severe defeat, and Napoleon soon 
afterwards surrendered himself to the British who 
exiled him to St. Helena. 

Many contend that Napoleon should have been re- 
enthroned ; but the English, however, seem to have 
thought best to have him far away from his country, 
and where escape would be impossible. 

Napoleon's life at St. Helena is anything but an 
agreeable study. Though some of his best friends 
were with him, yet how could he enjoy such a sudden 
change in his surroundings ? As a rule the English 
people about him treated him well considering the 
circumstances, but his title of emperor was taken 
away from him, and he was made to greatly humble 
himself before them. Most of his time was spent in 
writing up commentaries on his own wars ; and it was 
then, for the first time in his life that Napoleon found 
time for the study of religion. Disappointed, and 
broken-hearted the greatest general that ever lived, 
died on the 5th of May, 1821. He was buried beneath 
a weeping willow tree on the island; but St Helena 
was not to be his last resting place. He had written 
in his will that "he wished to repose along the banks 
of the Seine amidst the French people he loved" and 
England gave back to France her dead soldier 

c. f. p. 

Blushing Youth, confused — " May I see the pleas- 
ure of having you home ? " Girl, startled — "Yes, I 
don't know." And they twain are happy. — Ex. 




Several members of the Senior horticultural divi- 
sion in company with Professor Maynard took the 
opportunity about a week ago to visit the places of 
prominent horticulturists and obtain an insight into the 
practical side of this vocation. The farm of Hittinger 
Bros, of Belmont was the first place visited and here 
every courtesy that could be asked for was shown 
them. In company with Mr. Hittinger several hours 
were spent looking over the different fruit orchards 
and forcing houses. One could not but be impressed 
at the magnitude of the work that these progressive 
people have successfully undertaken. The orchards 
of apples, pears and plums were of great extent, yet 
notwithstanding this every available space was utilized. 
Currant and gooseberry bushes were planted between 
every row of trees and as near together as cultivation 
would allow. The plan of work is close cultivation 
and liberal application of fertilizer. The forcing houses 
were mostly occupied with lettuce and in these houses 
Mr. Hittinger explained several ingenious devises 
which he himself had invented for ventilating and 
heating the houses. 

The damping off fungus which has been very 
troublesome to many market gardeners was here suc- 
cessfully combatted by the liberal use of sand and care 
in watering. After the party had dined at the family 
mansion, Mr. Hittinger took them to see other promi- 
nent gardeners in that vicinity. Varnum Frost, an 
old authority and successful grower of fruits and vege 
tables, was seen and gave many valuable hints and 

On the morning of the second day the Arnold Arbo- 
retum near Forest Hills was visited. Here was 
afforded an excellent opportunity of seeing the origi- 
nal types of fruits of all descriptions and of realizing 
how much has been done in perfecting apparently use- 
less forms of vegetation into delicious wholesome 
fruits. The party next visited Roger Williams Park 
at Providence, and enjoyed the chance of seeing one 
of the finest pieces of landscape gardening in the 
country. The system of artificial lakes has been 
admirably carried out and the slopes that border these 
waters have been so artistically arranged that the 
scenery is varied and pleasing while none of the nat- 
ural features are destroyed. Large tracts of open 

lawn over which sheep were grazing gave to the scen- 
ery a pleasing aspect. 

The third day of the trip was spent in visiting the 
market gardening farm of Budlong & Son of Provi- 
dence. Here also every courtesy was shown the party. 
This farm occupies over 800 acres on the outskirts of 
the city. Many different crops are grown and each 
covers a vast extent of territory. Over a hundred 
acres are devoted to growing cucumbers for pickles 
all of which are put up by the firm. They were shown 
the pickling process from beginning to end. The large 
establishment that this firm possesses for the manu- 
facture of vinegar is complete in every respect. Here 
were shown the various chemical processes which 
take place in this manufacture from the raw material, 
— corn, coming to the final product — white wine vinegar. 
All by-products are carefully saved and utilized. Some 
idea of the magnitude of the farm can be obtained 
from the fact that in summer this firm employs 800 
laborers and the pay roll exceeds $6000 per week. 
So great is the extent of the glass structures that if 
placed end to end they would measure five miles in 
length. This large establishment shows, to how great 
an extent market gardening can be carried when man- 
aged on business principles. This was the last place 
visited, but it was the one that could least afford to be 


Aggie vs. Northampton Y. M. C. A. 

The first game of the season was lost by the home 
team by the close score of 10 to 6. Unquestionably 
Aggie is weak. Weak in defensive play, and none 
too strong in the offensive, although there was hardly 
a chance to judge of this latter as we so seldom 
gained possession of the ball. Undoubtedly this was 
owing to the great lack of experience of the players, 
not a single one we believe, with the exception of 
Burrington, having played regularly on the 'Varsity 
team. However, owing to the circumstances, the 
team did even better than could be expected. There 
is splendid material, and with thorough coaching and 
more experience, Aggie will surely do herself credit 
before the end of the season. 

The game opened with a kick-off by Aggie. The 
ball was downed on Y. M. C. A's thirty-yard line, 



from whence they slowly forced the ball up the field 
for a touch down, Aggie being unable to stop their 
short quick rushes. Eastman missed goal. 

Aggie again kicked-off, downed the ball on the 
thirty-five yard line and held for four downs. Allen, 
Crowell and Davis were each making gains when, on 
a poor pass, the ball was fumbled and knocked across 
the goal line where Eaton fell uponjt for a touch- 
down. Eaton kicked goal. Score 6 to 4 in Aggie's 
favor. Time was called shortly afterwards. 

In the second half, Y. M. C. A. had the kick-off. 
Canto caught the ball passed it to Eaton who punted 
up the field fifty yards. It is owing probably to this 
play that Aggie lost the game ; had she retained pos- 
session of the ball, considering the success she had 
had formerly, it would have been undoubtedly better 
for her to have taken the offensive than have opened 
herself again to the attack of her heavier opponents ; 
however, Y. M. C. A. got possession of the ball and 
by incessant hammering at the tackles made a touch- 
down from which Eastman kicked goal. The lines- 
man blew his whistle shortly afterwards and the game 
was over. The following was the line up. 

Y. M. C. A. M. A. C. 

Bias, 1. e. r. e. Chapman 

Brookrup, 1. t. r. t. Eaton 

Kingsley, 1. g. r g. Adams 

Nute, c. c. Parmenter 

Parsons, r. g. 1. g. Stanley 

Hallet. r. t. 1. t. Beaman 

Martin, r. e. 1. e. Halligan 

Knowlton, q, b. q. b. Canto, Wright 

Eastman, 1. h. b. r. h. b. Capt. Allen 

Couch, r. h. b. 1. h. b. Davis, Burrington 

Rogers, f. b. f. b. Crowell 

Score— Y. M. C. A. 10, M. A. C. 6. Touch-downs- 
Eastman 2, Eaton. Goals from touch-downs — Eaton, East- 
man. Umpire — Steele. Referee — Smith. Time — 15m 

Aggie Sophomores vs. Freshmen. 

The intense rivalry between these two classes 
found a vent in an exciting foot-ball game last Wed- 
nesday. The freshmen since their success in the 
rope-pull have had an inordinate amount of self- 
conceit which deservedly met with a severe check 
before the game was over. 

The freshmen had the heavier team, and had their 
captain been able to play or had they not been so 
confident there v/ould here have been a different 

story told. As it was, the team played stupidly, and 
showed a misunderstanding of the signals which was 

The Sophomores had a very much poorer team 
than last year, but by continually directing their plays 
at the Freshmen's weak spot they succeeded in mak- 
ing the only touch-down of the game. 

The best playing for the Sophomores was done by 
Beaman, Canto and Chapman ; for the Freshmen, by 
Stanley, who was found at the bottom of every leap 
with his arms securely around his man. Crowell, 
Halligan and Walker also played well. The summary 
was as follows : 

Sophomores. Freshmen. 

Sharp, 1. e. r. e. Rogers 

Turner, 1. t. r. t. Monahan 

W. H. Armstrong. 1. g. r. g. Risley 

Dutcher, c. c. Parmenter 

Pingree. r. g. 1. g, Stanley 

Chapin, r. t. 1. t. Saunders 

Hubbard, r. e. 1. e. Walker 

Canto, q. b. q. b. March 

Chapman, 1. h. b. r. h. b. Adams, (acting caph 

Beaman (capt) r. h. b. 1. h. b. Halligan 

Davis, f. b. f. b. Crowell 

Score — Sophomores 6. Freshmen 0. Umpire — Warden 
'98. Referee — Emrich '97. Linesmen — Profs. Smith and 
'Cooley. Time — two 15-minute halves. 


—Rah, Rah, Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! 

— H. S. Courtney, '99, has left College. 

— Aggie vs. Northampton Y. M. C. A. this p. m. 

— The librarian has another assistant in the person 
of W. R. Crowell, '00. 

— A. H. Kirkland, '94. visited the College a week 
ago Saturday on business. 

— Joseph Shohan of Boston, a Russian, has applied 
for admission to the College. 

— W. A. Eaton. '86, spent Sunday, Oct. 1 1th, with 
hi's brother, J. S. Eaton, '98. 

— M. H. Pingree, '99, spent Sunday, Oct. 11th, 
with friends in Northampton. 

— The members of the Ninety-eight Index board 
are busily at work preparing that College annual for 



— A hot water furnace is being put into the Experi- 
ment station which is in charge of Dr". Lindsey. 

— A. D. Gile. '00. who was laid up awhile ago 
while practicing, has appeared upon the campus again, 
and is doing his usual good work, 

— Messrs. Fisher, '98, and Munson, '00, spent 
Sunday, Oct. 11th, at their respective homes, Nick- 
erson, '98. accompanying Fisher. 

— W. E. Hinds, '99, had charge of the work of the 
Meteorological department conducted by J. L. Bart- 
lett, '97, during the latter's absence a few days since. 

— We are glad to see Professor Lull out on the 
campus again. His efficient coaching is very much 
appreciated as is that received from one or two other 
members of our faculty. 

— Professor Wellington, who has been in New 
York for the past few weeks undergoing medical treat- 
ment, has not as yet returned. His classes are con- 
ducted during his absence by Professor Flint. 

— The first foot ball game of the season was played 
on the campus Saturday afternoon, Oct. 10th, with the 
Northampton Y. M. C. A. Considering the number 
of new men on the Aggie team and the little practice 
they had had, we believe the team made a good 
showing, The score was 10-6 in favor of the visiting 

— Some of the members of the Senior Horticultural 
division, in company wtih Professor Maynard, recently 
made a very profitable trip on which they visited the 
grounds of the prominent fruit growers of the Eastern 
part of the state, as well as those of Mr. Budlong of 
Providence, R. I. The Junior class has decided it 
advisable not to undertake the usual "Junior Trip" 
this year. 

— The Sophomore football victory of October 14th, 
was grandly celebrated late in the evening by that 
class. The campus was brightly illumined with 
colored fire, and in the middle there was built a huge 
bonfire about which the class gave an informal "pow- 
wow," sung songs, and sent off fire-works. The addi- 
tional din was made by firing blank cartridges, giving 
the class yeil, and then for the second time in the 
brief history of this illustrious class, the time-honored 
mortars were disturbed from their rest and persuaded 
to contribute to this ceremonial proclamation of vic- 
tory. The members retired early (in the morning.) 

— The Reading Room Association respectfully 
requests that all text books, note books and other lit- 
erature not belonging to the association be removed 
from the tables and shelves in the room, and asks 
that students will please not leave any more such in 
the room. If these requests are heeded, fewer books 
will be lost and the reading-room will be the better 
for it. 

— It has been customary for several winters past 
to have classes in dancing composed of Aggie men 
only. The classes have been under the instruction of 
Mr. A. X. Petit, who is a most excellent teacher. 
Classes are now forming for the coming winter, and 
all who wish to avail themselves of this favorable 
opportunity should communicate at once with Mr. 

— Awhile ago some of the students rooming in 
South College complained because that during a few 
cold days there was no heat to warm their rooms, 
which were really uncomfortable. Now. we are pretty 
well satisfied with the way our rooms are heated, 
except in the case of cold mornings, when little or no 
heat is on. Could we have just enough to take the 
chill out of our rooms we would appreciate it very 
much. "Don't delay the game." 

— Mews was received here last Sunday of the sud- 
den death of Joseph A, Harwood of Littleton, by a 
stroke of apoplexy, while on the way to the railway 
station. Mr. Harwood had for some time past been 
a loyal trustee of this College, and the absence of his 
face will recall to the memories of his many friends, 
and especially to those of the board of which he was a 
faithful member, the excellent character of he who 
has but recently left them. As a man of business, 
Mr. Harwood was thoroughly competent, and his death 
will be a loss, not only to the College, but to his native 
town of Littleton, of which he was ever a patriotic 

— One of the best class games played here in a 
number of years was witnessed on the campus 
Wednesday afternoon, Oct. 14th, between the Fresh- 
man and Sophomore foot ball teams. The game was 
clean from beginning to end, and the Sophomores 
gained a deserved victory by gradual hard work and 
good playing, making the only touchdown of the game 
towards the end of the first half. During the last half 



both teams did equally as well as in the first ; the 
Sophomores made a strong bid for another touch- 
down but time was called with the ball in their posses- 
sion on 1900's 30-yard line. The halves were 15 
minutes, and the score was 6-0. 

— In our last issue we published a correct account of 
the Sophomore Mountain Day of October 2nd, in 
which the class went to Shutesbury with Dr. Stone 
for the purpose of collecting botany specimens for 
which that locality is noted. A few days, after there 
appeared in the Greenfield Gazette and Courier an 
article concerning this affair which did no credit to 
the class. The actions of the class, which were nothing 
out of the usual custom, were basely misrepresented 
and aside from this, a few statements which may 
properly be termed lies, were also added. We men- 
tion this incident only to suggest that some of our 
Shutesbury friends come to town once in a few years 
at least, to inform themselves as to what is going on 
in the world. 

— At a meeting of the Natural History Society held 
Friday evening, Oct. 16th, it was announced that the 
directors had arranged for a series of lectures to be 
delivered before the society, by professors and students ; 
the first of which is to be given Friday evening, Oct. 
23rd. The society's membership is very good and 
the names of about 40 more students have been pro- 
posed to be voted upon at the next meeting. The 
directors have taken up the work which falls to them 
in a veiy enthusiastic spirit, and all students who are 
wise enough to avail themselves of these free lectures 
will be well repaid. Freshmen, and all other students 
who have not joined the society have only to attend 
one of these lectures to convince themselves as to the 
importance of being enrolled on its membership list. 

" My daughter," and his voice was stern, 

"You must set this matter right ; 
What time did the Sophomore leave, 

Who sent in his card last night ? " 

" His work was pressing, father dear, 

And his love for it was great ; 
He took his leave and went away 

Before a quarter of eight." 

Then a twinkle came to her bright blue eye, 

And her dimple deeper grew. 
" 'Tis surely no sin to tell him that, 

For a quarter of eight is two." 

■ — Lehigh Burr. 

flotes and £ommervfc§. 

At last something is to be done with the murderous 
Turk and the initiative step will be made by the Amer- 
ican government. The United States practice ship, 
Bancroft, whose departure for European waters has 
been the subject of profound mystery, is to play this 
important part in the effort of the great European 
powers to bring about the settlement of the Turkish 
question. The little vessel is to force the Dardan- 
nelles with Minister Terrell standing on her deck and 
if any obstacles are placed in the way by the Turkish 
forts the Mediterranean fleet under Admiral Selfridge, 
now 150 miles away will come to her assistance. 
The British fleet will no doubt be near at hand to back 
up the American commander if occasion requires it. 
No permission has been asked of the "Sublime Porte" 
and no notice will be taken of its protests. The 
European powers are in sympathy and will support our 

* * 


The bitter competition in New York journalism in 
which millioniares are spending money lavishly has 
finally driven out the New York Recorder which has 
turned over its subscribers to the New York Tribune. 
This latter paper will supply them till their su bscrip- 
tions run out and hopes to hold them much longer. 

At a recent mass meeting held by Amherst college 
students, M. H. Tyler, '97, resigned his duty as cap- 
tain of the foot ball eleven. His resignation and 
change of captains so late in the season will seriously 
effect the team and it will be very difficult to find a 
man as able as he was in the discharging of his duty. 

At the California State University tents will be 
erected on the campus to accommodate the classes 
that have outgrown the regular rooms. There are 
1475 students in the regular and special classes at 
Berkley and as the freshman class numbers 481 the 
mathematical, modern languages and many of the 
scientific departments are crowded. 



It would seem that Yale does not desire to play the 
University of Penn. this fall for she refused to accept 
a challenge from the later. If such a game could be 
arranged an exciting struggle might ensue. 

* # 

The Food Exhibit in Mechanics building is a grand 
success. The chief characteristic of the fair is the 
vast number of dishes that are cooked and served 
free. For the price of admission one is able to pro- 
cure a square meal. 

# * 

The present campaign has given rise to a large 
amount of poetry. It may not be strictly poetic but it 
is sometimes to the point. A sample of what a pro- 
hibition genius has composed reads thus : 

"There is a little drinking house 

That every one can close, 
The door that leads into that house 
Is just beneath your nose." 
Not exactly poetic this, but physiologically correct. 

Wellesley college has just received a magnificent 
donation of $100,000 with which she will build a 
chapel building. When will Aggie get her donation? 

It has been the custom in Harvard to allot fellow 
ships to students who actually need them. The uni- 
versity is very rich in prizes of this sort some of which 
are reserved by the terms of their foundation to impe- 
cunious students while many others are not so limited, 
It is stated in the Sun that hereafter these prizes will 
be thrown open to general competition. This Nova- 
tion though doubtless it will apply to a part of the 
scholarships only is decidedly interesting and its results 
will be watched with attention. The good effects 
which may be expected from the change are that it 
will give an additional incentive to all students to 
work and that it will make all the scholarships better 
worth having to men that win them. 

" Do unto others as you would 

That they should do to you — ,: 
A golden rule, but hard as steel 

Unless it's worked by two. 


A Singular Life, by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps. This 
is a very popular book and will be greatly appreciated 
by the lovers of good fiction. It was presented by 
Mr. R. H. Smith, '92. 

Beside the Bonny Brier Bush, by Ian Maciaren. 
This is another very popular novel for which we are 
indebted to Mr. Smith. 

Little Rivers. A Book of E ssays in Profitable Idle- 
ness, by Henry Van Dyke. This is a delightful book 
on nature and contains many very pleasing sketches 
of some of the most beautiful rivers in the world. 

Talks on Writing English, by Arlo Bates. These 
talks were given in the autumn of 1894 as a course in 
Advanced English Composition in the Lowell Free 
Classes. The subject is treated thoroughly and the 
book should be very helpful to the amateur writer. 

Men of Achievement, Inventors, by Philip G. Huburt, 
Jr. This book is one of the " Men of Achievement " 
series published by Chas. Scribners' Sons. It takes 
up the lives and works of such men as Franklin, 
Morse, Edison and others. Many of our greatest 
inventions have not been appreciated by the world till 
long after the hard-working, ingenious inventor has 
passed beyond the reach of its gratitude ; then some- 
one else steps in and reaps the reward of years of 
thought and experiment. 

Edible and Poisonous Mushrooms. What to Eat and 
What to Avoid, by M. E. Cooke, M. A., LL. D. At 
the present time, many people are engaged in the 
study of this class of fungi and great interest is shown 
especially in the edible varieties. It is well-known 
that while many species of mushrooms are valuable 
as food, others are poisonous. Mr. Cooke's book is hand- 
somely illustrated with eighteen colored plates show- 
ing forty species, many of which are edible. 

Our Edible Toadstools and Mushrooms and How to 
Distinguish Them, by W. Hamilton Gibson, This is 
the finest work of its kind published in this country 
and takes up our own native varieties. Thirty edible 
species are described and illustrated by fine colored 
plates. In the back of the book are given many 
recipes for the cooking of mushrooms. 

travel for responsible established bouse in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped en- 
velope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 




71, — S. W. Richmond, editor " Biscayne Bay," 
dealer in general merchandise, surveyor and draugts- 
man on the Perrine Grant at Cutler, Dade Co., Fla. 

74. — A. W. Dickinson given degree of B. Sc. in 
'96 to take effect with the class of 74. 

'86 — Winfield Ayres, physician, Asst. Demonstra- 
tor of Anatomy and asst. to the chair of Genito-uri- 
nary Surgery at Bellevue Hospital Med. Coll. Add- 
ress No. 112 W. 94th St., New York City. 

'89 — The address of C. S. Crocker is No. 10 
Maple St., Pawtucket, R. I. 

•89. — R. P. Sellew, traveling agent for the Cleve- 
land Linseed Oil Co. visited college last week. 

'93._ The address of F. T. Harlow is Marshfield, 

'93. — E. C. Howard, teacher, out of employment. 
Address Wilbraham, Mass. 

•94. _The address of A. C. Curtis is No. 285 
Cumberland St. Brooklyn, N.Y. 

'94. — F. L. Green, Landscape Gardener. Address, 
Southampton, N. Y., P. 0. Box. 266. 

'94. — C. H. Higgins., Veterinary Surgeon. Address 
No. 26 Harbour St. Port Antonio, Jamaica. 

'94. S. F. Howard, student at Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. Permanent Address, Wilbraham, Mass. 
Present address Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, 

'95. — G. A. Billings in the employ of the Walker- 
Gordon Co. No. 2008 Pine St. St. Louis, Mo. 

'95. — H. S. Fairbanks, instructor in Mathematics 
and Physics in St. John's School. Address Sing Sing, 
N. Y. 

'95. — A. F. Burgess, is in town for a short time 
engaged in special work for the Gypsy Moth Depart- 

'95. — W. L. Morse, Civil Engineer of the Old Col- 
ony R. R. System Office at Kneeland St. Station. 

'96. M.E. Sellew, Graduate student in Mechanical 

Engineering with Brown & Sharp M'n'f'g. Co., Provi- 
dence, R. I. Address of Brown & Sharp's M'n'f'g. Co. 
Providence, R. I. 

'96; — F. L. Clapp, in the employ of the Metropoli- 
tan Water Co. Address, No. 197 Boston St., So. 

'96.— S. W. Fletcher, Asst. at the Horticultural 
Dept. of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Address, Amherst, Mass. 


The Harvard Athletic Committee has appointed an 
instructor in baseball. All students who care to may 
learn the game. — Ex. 

Wellesley College has abolished compulsory 
attendance at the college church, and has adopted a 
system of College preachers, like that at Harvard. 
This goes into effect this term. — Ex. 

The minister, it was expected, would spend the 
evening with the family, and Mrs. Williams was most 
anxious that her little boy should appear at his best. 
" Now, Willie," she said, " Dr. Schultz will ask you 
your name, and you must tell him it is ' Willie.' And 
he will ask you how old you are, and then you must 
say: 'Five.' And he will want to know where bad 
little boys go, and you must tell him : ' They go to 
hell.' Do you understand? Not content with a 
repetition once or twice, Mrs. Williams drilled him 
again and again in the answers. 

Dr. Schultz came as expected, and, after a short 
conversation with the hostess, lifted the child on his 
knee and said : Well, my little fellow, can you tell me 
your name ?" Imagine the surprise of the reverend 
doctor when, like a flash came the answer ; Willie. 
Five years old. Go to hell." 

Wanted-An Idea 

Who can think 

of some simple 
thing to patent? 
Protect your ideas; they may bring you wealth. 
Write JOHN WEDDERBURN & CO., Patent Attor- 
neys, Washington, D, C, for their $1,800 prize offer 
and list of two hundred inventions wanted. 


No, 2 Cook's Block, 

first Glass HaiF Gutting and Shaving. 



travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. .Salary $780, payment $15 weekly ami expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self addressed stamped 
envelope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 





Fire and Life Insurance Agents. 



Office, Cook's Block, Amherst, Mass. 






John Parnel 

13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St. 

Northampton, Mass. 

VV travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable §16 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped 
envelope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 

Barge to and from all Trains. 



Passenger to center, 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie, 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie, 40 " 

3 or more passengers to Aggie, each, 15 " 

Passenger and trunk, 25 " 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 

1!^ Walking's Too Slow 

Who wants to spend half the day going 
and coming! Let the swiftness of a 

Stearns Wheel 

— The Yellow Fellow — 

save time for you. It is known as the fast, easy- 
running, much-talked-about Stearns. It is the 
lightest, strongest, speediest of them all. Beauti- 
fully finished in orange, or black if you prefer it 

E. C. Stearns & Co., Makers, Syracuse, N. Y. 
San Francisco, CaL Toronto, Ont. 




Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09. 8.16, a. m., 2.31 p. m., Sundays 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. m. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.16 a.m.. 2.31 p. m. Sundays at 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2 26, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 A. M. and 2.31 p. m. connect ot Ware with north hound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09, 
8.16 a. m., and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton, at 7.55, 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15, 4.40,5.14, 7 28, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 
10.45 a. m., 5 19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00, 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.15, 4.20, 6,00, 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20 a. m., 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., going 
south leave Amherst at 7.55, 10.20, A M., 12.05, 1.15,4 40, 
5.14, 7.30. 8.40 p. m. Sundays 10.45, a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north leave Amherst at 10.20 a. m., 1.15, 7.30 h. m. 

New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at 6.44 a. m.. 12 16, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.08, 11.50 a. m., 8.42 p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 
11.00 a. m., 8.00 p. m. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. m. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. m. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 a. m. 
to 12 M., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. M., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8-45 A. M. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
1 1 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 

The New York Journal recently of- 
fered ten bicycles to the ten winners 
in a guessing contest, leaving the 
choice of machine to each. 


Nine immediately, and 
one after he had looked 
at others. The Journal 
therefore bought TEN 
Columbias at $100 each. 

On even terms a Columbia will be chosen 

TEN times out of TEN* 


1896 Art Catalogue for two 2-cent stamps. 

jb;. i*. x3.i$F>i]?izia}'x-'jr, Agent. 


G *. 







NO. 4 


Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada. 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS. '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97, Business Manager. 

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr.. '98, As'st Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH. '97. Exchange. 


GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT, '98, Alumni Notes. 

WARREN ELMER HINDS. '99. Library Notes. 


Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 


The politics of the freshman class are in a state 
that may well be termed " sadly muddled." The 
class of 1900 seems to be determined to secure noto- 
riety at any cost, but this time we believe they have 
made a mistake. A few days ago while about half 
the class were in recitation, the remaining members, 
who were enjoying a bolt, proceeded to elect officers 
without giving notice or warning that any class meet- 
ing was to be held. Many who were concerned in 
this affair have already regretted their hasty action 
and the division that was "frozen out " naturally feels 
the injustice keenly, The present officers are holding 
their positions against the will of the majority of the 
class. Such proceedings are new at Aggie and are 
extremely unpopular as well. We hope that the 
Freshmen will have spirit enough to see that this 
wrong is righted. 

The success that attended the M. A. C. division in 
the sound money parade in Boston on the evening of 
Nov. 2nd should prove an incentive to our men to do 
better work here on the drill ground. In the parade 
of Monday evening the Aggie men occupied the posi- 
tion of honor at the head of the line, and their steadi- 
ness and fine marching were the objects of attention 
and admiration throughout the march. We would 
urge upon the men the importance of thoroughness in 
the regular drills. There is often present a spirit of 
inattention and carelessness that will do great harm 
unless it is checked. During the years past it has 
been a matter of college pride to have an excellent 
battalion, and it rests with us as to whether or not we 
shall allow our standard to be lowered. Let us not 
forget that in the intercollegiate drill last spring Aggie 
was second only to Boston Tech., easily defeating 
Harvard and Brown. If we hope to send a prize squad 
next spring there must be an immediate improvement 
in the regular drills in order that suitable material for 
such a squad may be developed. 

Is there not some beneficent friend of the College 
who will encourage the study of systemic botany by 
increasing the prize offered at the end of each year 
for the best herbarium of wild flowers entered by a 
member of the graduating class? A person present- 
ing such a collection of plants must go to an expense 
for paper and other materials which greatly exceeds 
the amount of the prize , not to take into considera- 
tion the more important elements of time and labor 
with which a person must necessarily be very liberal. 
Now if some generous person should consider it expe- 
dient to offer fifty dollars for a first, and thirty-five 
dollars for a second, the winners might secure not 
only honor but also something substantial to repay 
them for their outlay. Such a prize would be a much 
greater incentive to students to do good work in this 
subject. The present prizes of fifteen and ten dollars 



are scarcely worth the consideration of those entering 
collections containing eight hundred and eighty to a 
thousand specimens as have been those of the men 
taking the first prizes for the last two or three years. 
The prize of five dollars for the best collection of 
woods from our native forestis far too small to 
encourage the student of forestry to try for it. This 
prize also might well be increased. While we do not 
believe in doing work only for the purpose of obtaining 
this or that prize, we do believe that the offering of 
suitable prizes is beneficial in that it introduces a 
spirit of competition among the contestants, causing 
them to do more and better work. 


(The second of a series of articles on the Senior 

To those who are acquainted with the Senior elec- 
tive courses offered by the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, the department of entomology requires no 
recommendation. The work that this department has 
been doing for the past few years, speaks more of its 
merits than anything that can be said here : but we 
feel quite certain, however, that most of those outside 
of our College walls, and unfortunately many of our 
own students, have an entirely wrong idea concerning 
the nature and object of the work being done in our 
entomological laboratory. 

Of the many classes of students who should make a 
practical use of entomology, those perfecting them- 
selves in the branches of agriculture or horticulture 
should be among the first to seek this training. It is, 
nevertheless, a fact that many of our students who 
are specializing along these very lines unfortunately 
neglect the study of insects simply because, as we are 
led to believe, they consider it a waste of time, or 
intended only for those who expect to become scien- 
tific entomologists. They evidently do not recognize 
its practical application, 

The economic entomologists throughout the country 
are carrying on a vast correspondence with those 
engaged in agricultural pursuits who are suffering 
from the ravages of insects unknown to them. They 
are sending specimens of these insects and calling for 

information concerning them and the best method: 
of preventing their devastations. Would they have 
their sons grow up as ignorant of such matters a: 
themselves, or would they rather see them so edu- 
cated that they would know how to combat these 
insect enemies? 

Before entering into any extended discussion on the 
work of this department, it would be well to first con- 
sider the object it has in view. The course is prim- 
arily intended for those young men who anticipate 
being farmers, market-gardeners, fruit-growers and 
also for those intending to pursue ornamental garden- 
ing or forestry. It is also of especial importance to 
those who contemplate being entomologists or teach- 
ers of biology and any who desire thorough training in 
these sciences. 

The men are required to work on the insects them- 
selves, employing original methods so far as it is prac- 
ticable. In this way, the student is taught the lesson 
of observation which is of the greatest importance to 
successful scientific research. After much careful 
thought and long experience Prof. Fernald has 
arranged the work for the year in the systematic man- 
ner shown below. The table immediately following 
gives the subjects which are lectured upon in their 
natural order : 

1 . External anatomy. 

2. Internal anatomy. 

3. Embryology. 

4. Transformations. 

5. Parthanogenesis. 

6. Dimorphism. 

7. Insect architecture. 

8. The colors of insects. 

9. Luminosity. 

10. Duration of life. 
1 1. Parasitism. 

12. Diseases of insects. 

13. Deformities of insects. 

14. Hybrids. 

15. Hermaphroditism. 

16. Insects fertilizing plants. 

17. Economic entomology. 

18. Bee-keeping. 

19. Number of insects. 

20. Antiquity of insects. 

21. Geographical distribution of insects. 

22. Phylogeny. 

23. The literature of entomology. 



The second table gives an outline of the laboratory 
work which the student carries on in connection with 
the above lectures as follows : 

1. Dissection of a larva. 

2. " " " pupa. 

3. " " an imago. 

4. External anatomy of an Hymenopteron. 

5. " " " a Lepidopteron. 

6. •' " " " Dipteron. 

7. " " " " Coleopteron. 

8. " " " " Hemipteron. 

9. " " " " Orthopteron. 

10. " " " '• Neuropteron. 

1 1. Determine a group of insects in each order. 

12. Prepare a thesis. 

For the first few weeks in the year the course is 
general and all the students take the same laboratory 
work; after this, each one specializes according to the 
following table : 

1. Insects of the green-house. 

2. " " " garden. 

3. orchard. 

4. field. 

5. '■ " •' forest. 

6. " " " domestic animals. 

7. Household pests. 

8. Bee-keeping. 

9. Insecticides. 

10. Apparatus for applying insecticides. 

Lectures continue throughout the course and are 
taken by all. The last subjects taken up are general 
and are, "Insecticides," and "The apparatus for apply- 
ing insecticides." A thesis is required of each stu- 
dent electing the course, and the work upon it is done 
as regular class-work during the year. A copy of 
this thesis is to be deposited with Prof. Fernald before 
or at commencement. 

Having discussed the object that this department 
has in view, and the work planned for the year, let us 
now consider the advantages for study. The entomo- 
logical laboratory is situated in the north end of the 
spacious addition to the insectary built a little over a 
year ago. The laboratory is large, well lighted and 
ventilated, and is heated by a hot water system. 
Each student has a fine ash desk specially designed 
for entomological work, and fitted with such materials 
and apparatus as his work requires. In each desk is 

kept a Bausch and Lomb microscope with all neces- 
sary accessories for the use of the student. 

For reference, the entomological collection and the 
library are in the adjoining rooms and are at all times 
open for the use of the students. The library con- 
tains nearly 400 standard books of reference, exclu- 
sive of a large assortment of entomological bulletins 
and a complete collection of American Agricultural 
bulletins. These books or bulletins are not to be tak- 
en from the building, but the College library dupli- 
cates many of them, and contains in addition a great 
many other standard works. At the College library 
are to be found over 500 titles of entomological works, 
many of which are made up of several volumes, and 
all together comprising one of the best reference libra- 
ries to be found in the country. 

The collection of insects is very large, and classi- 
fied into orders, genera and species. In the zoologi- 
cal museum there is another large collection which in 
a great measure supplements the former collection, 
and to which students can also refer. 

Many other features which space does not allow 
for special mention enter into the course, and valua- 
ble additions are being mad? constantly. Prof. Fer- 
nald has studied carefully into every detail in this 
department and his excellent work has succeeded in 
placing the Senior course in entomology where it is 
to-day second to none in America. c. e. p. 



Article 1. The Board shall have control of the 
athletic interests of the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College and of any funds or income of any funds that 
may be intrusted to them for athletic purposes. 

Article 2. The Board shall have the power to raise 
and collect subscriptions and in other ways to increase 
the athletic funds of the college. 

Article 3. The Board shall have advisory power in 
questions of intercollegiate athletic policy. 

Article 4. The Board shall appoint a resident sec- 
retary and treasurer who shall receive and deposit all 
moneys for athletic purposes, whether gate receipts, 
subscriptions, guarantees, or proceeds from benefit 


&.G<jriK L,Ifk. 

Article 5. All contracts relating to athletic objects 
shall be made by the treasurer or by any authorized 
agent in the name of and with the approval of the 


Article 1. The Board shall be composed of nine 
members, viz., the chief officer respectively of the 
base-ball, foot-ball and athletic clubs, the latter shall 
include all field sports except base-ball and foot-ball ; 
three members of the faculty, and three of the alumni 
of the college, one of whom shall be a resident alum- 
nus who shall also be secretary and treasurer of the 

Article 2. The chief officer of each of the above 
named associations shall become a member of the 
board by virtue of his office and his membership shall 
cease upon the expiration of his term of office. 

Article 3. The President of the College, at the 
commencement of the fall term of each year, shall 
appoint three members of the board from the faculty. 
The President shall have power to fill vacancies occur- 
ring among the faculty members of the board. 

Article 4. The three alumni members shall be 
elected as follows : 

One by the student body at a mass meeting at the 
commencement of the fall term of each year. 

One by the faculty at their first meeting after the 
commencement of the fall term. 

One by the associate alumni at their commencement 

Article 5. The term of office of members of the 
board shall be one year or until their successors are 


The board shall have power to fill all vacancies 
occurring in the boaid not already provided for in 
Article 3, Section II. Members thus appointed shall 
hold office for the unexpired term of their predecessors. 


Article 1 . The board shall have the power to 
frame its by-laws governing time, place and conduct 
of meetings and its proceedure in matters brought 
it for action. 

Article 2. As soon as possible after the com- 
mencement of the fall term, the board shall be called 

together by the senior faculty member for the purpose 
of organizing and electing a secretary and treasurer 
from the alumni members of the board. 

Article 3. Amendments may be made to this con- 
stitution when proposed by two thirds of the board 
members and ratifed at a college mass meeting. 



The officers of the board shall be a President, Vice- 
President, a Secretary and Treasurer, and an execu- 
tive committee consisting of five members, viz., a 
faculty member of the board, the secretary and treas- 
urer of the board, and the undergraduate members of 
the board. 


The election of officers shall be by ballot at the 
first meeting of the board after the commencement of 
the fall term. 

Atticle 2. The officers shall hold terms for one 



At the first meeting of the board after the com- 
mencement of the fall term an auditor shall be elected 
who shall be a member of the board but hold no other 
office in the board, and who shall once in a year audit 
the accounts of the treasurer and report to the board. 


Article 1. The duties of the President shall be to 
call and preside at all meetings of the board. 

Article 2. The duties of the Vice-President shall 
be to perform the duties of the President in his 
absence or disability. 

Article 3. The duties of the Secretary and Treas- 
urer shall be to issue by letter the call for all meetings 
of the board at least seven days before the hour of 
meeting. He shall keep an accurate record of all the 
votes and other doings of the board, in a book provided 
for the purpose, in which shall also be written the 
constitution and by-laws of the board. He shall 
record the place, time, score and expense of all official 
games and contests. He shall notify the chairman of 
each committee chosen by the board of his appoint- 
ment and each individual of any duty assigned him by 
the board. 



He shall also receive and account for all the money 
of the board in whatever way placed in his hands. 
He shall pay out money for all general purposes only 
on the written order of the executive committee. 
He shall pay out money for the expenses of the single 
associaiions only upon the written order of the mana- 
ger of that association, seme other member of the 
executive committee and the treasurer. All of his 
accounts shall be kept in a book prepared for the pur- 
pose, which shall be open for inspection at any time 
to the members of the board. 

Article 4. The duties of the executive committee 
shall be to act upon all questions which shall require 
attention between the meetings of the board. They 
shall submit all such actions for approval to board at 
its next meeting. In all questions of general interest 
the entire committee shall act, the undergraduate 
members, however, having but one vote. On ques- 
tions concerning the affairs of any single association, 
the committee shall consist of the faculty member, 
the treasurer of the board and the manager of the 
association concerned. 


The board shall hold one regular meeting each year 
as provided by the constitution. A special meeting 
may be called at any time by the President and two 
other members provided one week's notice in writing 
be given to each of the members. 


Five members of the board shall constitute a 
quorum for transaction of business provided there be 
at least one representative from the faculty, alumni 
and undergraduates. 


These by-laws may be added to, altered, amended 
or repealed by a two-thirds vote of the members pres- 
ent at any regular meeting, or special meeting called 
for that purpose, provided that the addition, alteration, 
amendment or repeal is left with the secretary and 
notice thereof given to each member one week at 
least before said meeting. 


No person shall be a member of any team who is 
not an accredited member of the college as deter- 
mined by the books of the registrar. 


Article 1 . No manager or other official shall con- 
tract debts to a greater extent than ten dollars ($10) 
without the approval of at least three other members 
of the executive committee. 

Article 2. No manager or other official shall incur 
any expense after all the money subscribed has been 
expended until he has collected and placed in the 
hands of the treasurer new funds sufficient to cover 


Each manager shall make his returns to the treas- 
urer within three days after a home event or on his 
return from a trip. 


The executive committee shall have the control of 
the field aad its appurtenances between meetings of 
the board. They may also appoint a director to have 
immediate charge of the field. 

Mt. Hermon— 20 ; M. A. C. — 4. 

The score which Mt. Hermon rolled up against her 
old opponents was made during the first half. At 8 
o'clock it was uncertain whether Aggie could raise 
eleven men to line up that day, as the men had played 
a hard game only two days before. 

The game was called at 2 o'clock sharp, and quite 
a large crowd of spectators was present. Aggie has 
the kickoff, and Thompson makes the first kickoff of 
the game. Hyde of Mt. Hermon catches it and 
makes a small gain. By continually playing around 
end and through tackle, Mt. Hermon makes her first 
touchdown. Hyde kicks goal. The first half was a 
combination of this sort of thing until two minutes 
before time was called. For just two minutes Aggie 
worked hard, and kept making good gains through 
center, which they supposed would be the weakest 
point. With the ball on 'Hermon's 10-yard line, time 
was called. Score: Mt. Hermon, 16; Aggie, 0. 

The second half was very different. The college 
men began to feel a little more at home, and they 
soon succeeded in making a touchdown. After that 
one touchdown was made by 'Hermon, and during the 
rest of the game the ball went back and forth, 

4 6 


although when time was called, it was in 'Hermon's 
territory, as in the first half. The score : Mt. Her- 
mon, 20 ; Aggie, 4. 

The game was a clean one from beginning to end ; 
and, after the game was over, the opposing men were 
seen all around, shaking hands, and wishing they could 
arrange another game for this season. This was 
something probably never seen before between teams 
of this college and 'Hermon. Hyde and Pett played 
the best game for 'Hermon, while it is hard to say 
who played the best game for Aggie, as every man 
played in fine form. Davis made a great many fine 
tackles at full-back. 

The line-up was as follows : 

Mt. Hermon. 

Cant, r. e., 
Evans, r. t., 
Finch, r. g. , 
Bartlett, c, 
Monroe, 1. g., 
Baldwin, 1. t., 
Fathaway, 1. e., 
Maylott, q. b., 
McKee, r. h. b., 
Pett, Capt. 1. h. b., 
Hyde, f. b., 

Touchdowns, Hyde, 2 
goals, Hyde 2 ; 
referee, Barry of 


1. t. 



1. h. b 
r. h. 

umpire, Yarrow of 
M. A. C. 


1. g., Lull 

c, Parmenter 

g., Thompson 

r. t., Stanley 

r. e., Eaton 

q. b., Wright 

., Crowell, Gile 

b., Capt. Allen 

f. b., Davis 

Pett, Eaton ; 
Mt. Hermon ; 

Agcie vs. Williston. 

The first half of the game Aggie played well, Wil 
liston's line was unable to stand the rushes of the Ag- 
gie backs. Twice Crowell broke through the line and 
had a clear field before him, with the exception of 
Seward, by whom he was downed each time. The 
second half Aggie went to pieces and her opponents 
were able to make their distance each time. 

Aggie won the toss and chose the north goal, there- 
by giving Williston the ball. Seward sent the ball to 
the fifteen-yard line on the kick-off. Then by a series 
of rushes by Allen, Crowell and Gile the ball was 
placed on Williston's ten-yard line, but there it was 
lost on downs. Seward then punted to the forty-yard 
line, but by steady work the ball was placed on the 
five-yard line, from which Gile carried it over for a 
touch-down. Eaton kicked goal. 

Seward again kicked off thirty yards, but Aggie soon 

forced the ball into Williston's territory, where it was 
when time was called, at the end of the first-half. 
Score 6-0, in favor of Aggie. 

In the second half Thompson kicked off forty yards 
for Aggie, but Williston braced up, and by steady 
gains they worked the ball up the field for a touch- 
down. Seward kicked goal. Score 6-6. 

Thompson again kicked off forty-five yards, but by 
steady gains Williston soon made a second touch- 
down, from which Seward kicked goal. Score 12-6, 
in favor of the home team. 

During the remaining few minutes neither side 
gained any decided advantage. Aggie's best gains 
were made through the line, while Williston made 
most of its gains around left end and through left 

For the visitors, Crowell, Chapman and Beaman 
played the best game, while Riddell and Seward did 
the best work for the home team. 

The line up was as follows : 


Chapman, 1. e. 
Beaman, 1. t. 
Stanley, 1. g. 
Parmenter, c. 
Thompson, r. g. 
Cheney, r. t. 
Eaton, r. e. 

Wright, q. b. 

Allen, r. h. b. 
Crowell, 1. h. b. 
Gile, f. b. 

Score — Williston, 12, Aggie 6. 
dell, 2. Goals from touch-downs- 

pire — Mahar. Referee- 
Time, 25 m. halves. 

r. e. Bonney 
r. t. Davis 
r. g. Swain 
c. Strickland 
1. g. Tilden 
1. t. Thomas 
1. e. Pond 
1. h. b. L. Pond 
r. h. b. Riddell 
f. b. Seward 
Touch-downs — Gile. Rid- 
-Eaton, Seward, 2. Um- 
-Emrich. Linesmen — Ely and Wiley. 


On the afternoon of November second a squad of 
fifty M. A. C. students left Amherst for Boston on a 
special car. The squad that was to represent the 
undergraduates of the college in the Intercollegiate 
sound money parade was under the charge of Cadet 
Captain Emrich, Cadet Adjutant Leavens, and 
Cadet Lieutenants Goessmann, J. W. Allen, H. F. 
Allen, and Drew. At seven thirty in the evening the 
detachment was formed on the south side of Common- 
wealth Avenue near Dartmouth Street at the head 



of the procession, The line of march lay through the 
principal streets of Boston, and thousands of people 
were crowded together to watch the sound money 
college men march. All along the line the Aggies 
commanded attention and admiration by their steadi- 
ness and excellent marching. What the delegation 
lacked in quantity it more than equalled in quality. 
and the applause they received was certainly well 
merited. The press of the city was unanimous in its 
praise, and we feel that the sons of Aggie have left a 
most favorable impression behind them. 

(o!le^? flo-fcfj. 

— Guard Mounting. 

— H. S. Courtney '99 has returned to College. 

— Several students went home to vote on Tuesday. 

— Which is the more objectionable, Pelham water 
or sweet cider ? 

— Tennis seems to be as popular as usual at the 
College this fall. 

— Company drill began for the first time this fall 
on Thursday afternoon, October 22nd. 

— Montgomery and Wright of '98, and Crowell 
Brothers of '00, spent Sunday at their homes. 

— G. D. Leavens '97 spent a few days of last week 
at his home in Brooklyn, returning Friday evening. 

— It is expected that the foot ball will play Storrs 
Agricultural College at Mansfield, Conn., Saturday, 
November 7th. 

— Alderman Barry and his wife of Boston visited 
their son John Marshall Barry at the College Tues- 
day, October 20th. 

— The Sophomore class in French is now reading, 
La Princesse De Cleves, and the Freshmen have 
lately begun Madame Therese. 

— The Freshman class declamations for the term 
end on Friday, November 6th, when each member 
will have appeared before the class once. 

— It was announced after the chapel exercises a 
few mornings since, that the College would close on 
Wednesday, December 16th, which is one week pre- 
vious to the date given in the calendar of the last 

— The bust of Hon. Justin S. Morrill that] was 
promised the college last June, has recently arrived 
and is now in the library in a prominent place and 
such it deserves. 

— Prof. F. S. Cooley delivered a very able and 
interesting lecture before the Natural History Society, 
Friday evening, October 30th, on Laws Governing the 
Determination of Sex. 

— John Marshall Barry, '97, who has been given a 
leave of absence, has gone to Boston to stay for an 
indefinite length of time, but we feel quite sure that 
he will return before long. 

— The Sophomore rehearsals with Prof. Babson, 
which were to begin on Tuesday, were postponed until 
the same time Wednesday, because of there being no 
College exercises on that day. 

— The foot ball game that was to have been played 
with the French-American College of Springfield at 
that place last Saturday, was not cancelled until late 
in the week, so no game was played that day. 

— W. E. Chapin, '99, who was so unfortunate as to 
break his leg in a practice game of football on Octo- 
ber 22, is getting along finely under the good care of 
his friends, and will soon be removed to his home in 

— There is to be seen at the upper College green- 
house a small but unusually fine bed of chrysanthe- 
mums this fall. Mr. White seems to be quite a suc- 
cessful florist, and the hot houses are prospering under 
his good care. 

— A few days ago one of the boilers in the base- 
ment of South College was rendered unsafe for use 
by the water in it getting very low, and it is now 
undergoing extensive repairs; meanwhile, the other 
boiler is doing duty. 

— Having defeated Aggie in her first foot ball game 
of the season, Northampton Y. M. C. A. refuses to 
play a promised return game. This trick reminds us 
of the small boy who after winning a few marbles from 
his mates, refuses to play any more, for fear he may 
lose them. 

— The question of Junior electives is again being 
agitated by the Sophomore class. The matter has 
met with the consideration of the faculty, and it is 
understood that the majority of the members are in 
favor of this movement, in a limited degree. 

4 8 


— There has recently been added to the library 
reading-room an enlarged reproduction of a photograph 
of the artillery drill taken last commencement. The 
exposure was made just as one of the pieces was being 
fired, the cloud of smoke and other conditions lending 
to the sight that which made a very pleasing picture. 
The work, which is well done, is one of Prof. Babson's 
productions and was presented by him to the college. 

— The M. A. C. team went to Northfield, a week 
ago Monday and was defeated by Mt. Hermon by a 
score of 20-4. Considering the crippled condition of 
the team, and the weight of her opponents, Aggie put 
up a good game. The best work of the game on both 
sides was done in the second half, when each team 
made one touchdown. Much credit is due Mt. 
Hermon for the gentlemanly way in which the visitors 
were treated. A clean game was played all around 
by both teams. 

— The weeks are passing fast and as yet there has 
been very little competition for the positions on the Life 
board five of which will have to be filled early in 
March. At least three articles must be written and 
handed to the editor-in-chief before any student can 
become a candidate for a position. It is yet early in 
the year, and there is plenty of time ahead, but be 
careful lest "Procrastination " find you at the end of 
the time allotted with less than three contributions to 
the contest. Begin early, and do good work. 

— Last Saturday afternoon when the College was 
busily engaged in making plans to take part in the 
Sound Money parade to take place at Boston, Nov. 
2nd, a telegram was received announcing that the 
parade was declared off. The trip was of course 
given up and the college was again getting settled 
down from the excitement when Monday forenoon 
brought another telegram stating that the parade 
would take place in the evening. A mass meeting 
was soon called and the sentiment was found to be in 
favor of sending a squad. 

— The Clark property on the hill, above the " plant 
house," which was bought by the College sometime 
ago, is being improved by the removal of many of the 
less attractive trees and shrubs. This piece of land 
has a fine location, and when to its natural features 
the skill of the landscape gardener is applied, this part 
of our grounds will be rendered very attractive. A 

better view can be obtained here than is to be enjoyed 
from any other ground owned by the College,, and the 
town can boast of few that are better. 

— The Senior flag signaling has entirely given away 
to signaling by the use of the heliograph, and now on 
every bright drill hour, two parties are detailed from 
the class to manipulate these instruments. Every 
cadet from the class is supposed to be able to signal 
twenty words a minute by the use of either flag or he- 
liograph, and to take as many from either, before his 
proficiency is acknowledged. •' Practice makes per- 
fect " has no exception in signaling ; but if twenty 
words a minute is " slow," few of us can hope to be 
" fast " this term. 

— The sidewalk at the corner of South College has 
within a few days been rendered quite attractive by a 
splendid emblem of victory, wrought by the skillful 
hand of '99's ciass artist, W. H. Armstrong, in con- 
sideration of the Freshman-Sophomore foot ball game 
of October 14th. The object of this attraction, is a 
shield shaped open work painting, the main work of 
which is white with maroon and white streamers, all 
on a black background. Diagonally across the middle 
is a narrow and white band on which is set a large 
white '99. At the top of this painting and on a scroll 
are the letters M. A. C. in German type, at the bot- 
tom, 1896, and on the right the score, 6-0. This is 
the finest thing of its kind that has ever adorned our 
walks, and the College may well be proud of the artist. 

A canvas of the college will be made this week by some 
of Mr. Petit's former pupils in order to ascertain whether a 
sufficient number can be secured to have a good course in 
dancing this season at low rates. Many have already joined. 

Y. M. C. A. TOPICS. 

Regular meetings are held Sundays, 4:00 to 4:45 

p. m.; Thursdays, 7:00 to 7:45 p. m. 

Nov. 5. Christian cooperation. Ex. 18:8-12; Rom. 

Nov. 8. Learning from our mistakes. Acts. 26:9-20. 

Nov. 12. Strength to stand alone. Ps. 27:1; II Tim- 
othy 4:16-17. 

Nov. 15. What is Christ to us? Gal. 3:26,29; 
Col. 1:26, 27. 
A cordial invitation is extended to all. 



'83. — C. W. Minott, Supt. of the Western Division 
Gypsy Moth Dept. State Board of Agriculture. 
Address, No. 17 Russell St., Maiden, Mass. 

'88. — F. F. Noyes, Electrical Engineer, Gate City 
Electric Supply and Construction Co., No. 37 Marietta 
St., Atlanta, Ga. 

'90. — Address of E. Gregory is Asylum Sta., Mass. 

.91. — Henry M. Howard married to Miss Hattie E. 
Stanley at Franklin, Mass., Oct. 22, '96. 

'91. — Address of W. C. Paige is Henderson, Ky. 
(Y. M. C. A,) 

'92. — J. B. Knight, teacher out of employment. 
Address Belchertown, Mass. 

'92. — Homer C. West, in the employ of the 
Waltham Watch Co., Waltham, Mass. 

'93, — H. Franklin Staples, married to Miss Emily 
S. Millburn at Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 29, '96. 

'95. — M. J. Sullivan has been promoted to the 
position of superintendent of the farm of Mr. J.J. 
Glessmer at Littleton, N. H. where Mr. Sullivan has 
been employed the past season. 

'96. — A. S. Kinney is at the Hatch Ex. Sta. 
Address, Amherst, Mass. 

'96. — J. L, Marshall is filling the position of right 
half back on the Fitchburg Athletic Club eleven, one 
of the crack Club teams of New England. 

— At the recent meeting of the United States 
Veterinary Medical Association in Buffalo, Dr. F. H. 
Osgood, '78 of Boston was elected president, and Dr. 
Austin Peters, '81 of Boston was placed on the army 
legislative committee. Dr. J. W. Winchester, 75 of 
Lawrence, read a paper on " Diphtheria in Animals." 

— At the convention of the Association of American 
Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations to be 
held in Washington, Nov. 10th, 11th, and 12th, Dr. 
Lindsey, '83 and E. B. Holland, '92 will read a paper 
on the Galoctans, and E. W. Allen, '85 will read a 
paper on the Dairy. C. S. Plumb, '82 will read a 
paper on the subject of Agricultural Chemistry. 

travel for responsible established bouse in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payment $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self- addressed stamped 
envelope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 


Spring Notes from Tennessee by Bradford Torrey. 
This is a very interesting little book. It takes the 
reader to such historical places as Missionary Ridge, 
Lookout Mountain, Chickamauga, and many others. 
Everyone who loves Nature will enjoy Mr. Torrey's 
descriptions of these places. 

Game Birds of North America, by Frank A. Bates. 
Between the covers of this neat little volume we find 
a series of most interesting notes upon the distribution 
and habits of our game birds from the pen of an 
observant naturalist and sportsman of wide experience. 
The descriptions are clear, terse and definite, the 
letter press excellent, while line cuts in abundance 
indicate the distinguishing characteristics of the 
species whose separation is difficult. This book will 
prove a most valuable addition to the library of the 
sportsman, bird-lover or general naturalist. 

Dictionary of English Literature, A Comprehensive 
Guide to English Authors and their Works, by W. 
Davenport Adams. This will be of great assistance 
to students of English Literature, as they can find here 
the names of all prominent writers and those of 
special interest, the dates of their birth, and the titles 
of their'leading works. Notes of criticism and in 
many cases extracts are given. The titles of the 
chief poems, essays, plays, novels, and works of 
science and philosophy, the nom de plumes assumed 
by authors, familiar quotations and very many of the 
noteworthy characters of poetry and fiction are all 
arranged in alphabetical order. The translations of 
the works of prominent foreign writers is another fea- 
ture of this book. 

The French in America during the War of Independ- 
ence of the United States. A translation from the 
French, by Thomas Balch. It would seem that the 
great services that the French rendered the people of 
this country during the struggle for independence were 
poorly appreciated, for this is the only book published 
in English that gives a full account of our French 
allies. The first volume takes up the causes and 
origin or the war and its principal events up to 1781, 
with a complete account of the French forces up to 
1783. The second volume will contain historical 
notices of the French regiments which came over 
here ; biographical notices of the French volunteers 



who took service under Congress and the principal 
officers on land and sea ; and many interesting details 
and episodes. 

Index Kewensis, by Hooker and Jackson. This is 
a large four volume work containing a complete list 
of the names and authorities of all known flowering 
plants and their countries. Every plant is named 
according to the botanist who first named that species. 
The wide scope of the book makes it very valuable 
for reference. We are indebted for this work to the 
generosity of one of the loyal trustees of this College, 
Mr. J. D. W. French. 

She took my hand in sheltered nooks. 

She took my flowers, candy, books, 

Gloves, anything, I cared to send, 

She took my rival in the end. — Ex. 

The All-American base-ball team for the year end- 
ing in 1896 selected by Caspar Whitney is as follows : 
Pitcher, Wilson of Princeton ; catcher, Murphy of 
Yale ; 1 base, Letton of Yale ; 2 base, Rodman of 
Brown; 3 base, Houghton of Harvard; short-stop, 
Ward of Princeton ; left field, Greenway of Yale ; 
centre field, Bradley of Princeton ; right field, Robin- 
son of Brown : substitutes ; catcher, Dunne of Brown ; 
pitcher, Paine of Harvard ; infield, Fultz of Brown ; 
out-field, Burgess of Harvard. — Ex. 

I sat high in the window seat, 

The street with glass I scanned. 
1 saw May's face and form so neat. 

And — joy ! She waved her hand. 
* * * 

And now my heart is all upbuoyed, 

Just for that damsel's sake ; 
And now, for once, I'm overjoyed 

That May gave me the shake. 


The Daily Democrat, a free-silver daily newspaper, 
started at Frankfort, Ky., as an organ for the silver- 
ites, suspended publication October 15, after forty -four 
issues. The committee of silverites could not furnish 
money further, and the people would not support 
it.— Ex. 

When a man has his hand wrung and his leg 
pulled, gets held up and then thrown down, people 
merely remark that he has been touched. — Ex. 

Father — "Come right out in the back yard, my 
son. I'll make you see stars." 

Son — "Are you going to make an American flag, 

Father — " What do you mean, you young rascal ? " 

Son — " Why, I'm going to provide the stars while 
you furnish the stripes." 

Father (falling on his neck) — "Where did you 
inherit this brilliancy? Off with your coat, son. I 
must save you now or perish in the attempt." 

Strange — What is the political complexion of this 
vicinity ? 

Deacon Wayback — 'Taint very clear, but judging 
from the number of McKinley buttons in the contribu- 
tion box I rather suspect it's republican. — Up-to-Date. 

How strange it is that when at night 

My wife seeks out a spot 
On my warm back for her cold feet, 

Their coldness makes me hot! — Up-to-Date. 

Junior — Who is that meek looking fellow sneaking 
up stairs ? 

Ex-Junior — Oh, that's only the editor-in-chief. 

Junior — Who is that blustering fellow ordering 
everybody about as if he owned the place ? 

Ex-Junior — Sh' ! Hush ! That's the business 
manager. — Ex. 

Kansas has a College Press Association — good 
thing. College Life is the organ. It is a breezy little 
paper, whose spice is much concealed in the abound- 
ing advertisement. — Ex. 

An examination paper from a cooking class inno- 
cently informs the public that French women, in 
cooking, use " their own clarified fat," that a school 
kitchen should have " space enough to allow six or 
eight girls to cook at once," and that a certain dish 
may be " eaten cold twice." 

Who can think 
of some simple 
thing to patent? 

Wanled-An Idea 

Protect your Ideas; they may bring you wealth. 
Write JOHN WEDDERBURN & CO., Patent Attor- 
neys, Washington, D. C, for their $1,800 prize offer 
and list of two hundred Inventions wanted. 


No, 2 Cook's Block, 

first Class Haif Cutting and Shaving. 



travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped en- 
velope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 





Fire and Life Insurance Agents. 

Office, Cook's Block, Amherst, Mass. 




13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St., 

Northampton, Mass. 

travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $7S0, payable §15 "weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped 
envelope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 

Barge to and from all Trains. 



Passenger to center, 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie, 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie, 40 " 

3 or more passengers to Aggie, each, 15 " 

Passenger and trunk, 25 " 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 





g| here's such a Sight, graceful, chic appearance 

in its make-up that the icast susceptible 

maid or matron fails in'love &i first sight" 

Ohere's a stylish something irt every 

line of the hanasorae Steams, which 

backed by its easy running qualities 

and true worth, make it (he vogue 'H<&? 


Ch E'CStearns & Company- makers' Syracuse -M.-Yvo 




8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m. 
m.. 2.31 p. m. Sundays at 


Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09. 8.16, A. M., 2.31 p. M., Sundays 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Boston at 
Sundays 1.30 p. M. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.16 a 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2.25, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 A. m. and 2.31 p. m. connect ot Ware with north bound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09 
8. 16 a. m.. and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton, at 7.40 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15, 4.40, 5.14, 7 28, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 
10.45 a. m., 5 19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00. 8.50 a. m., 
12.30. 2.15, 4.20, 6,00, 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10 20a. m., 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., going 
south leave Amherst at 7.40, 10.20, a m., 12.05, 1.15.4 40, 
5.14, 7.30, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 10.45, a. m., 5.19, 8.30 p. m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north, leave Amherst at :0.20 a. m., 1.15, 7.28 p. m. 

New London Northern. 
Trains leave7 Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at .05 a. m.. 12 16, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.08. 11.50 a. m., 8.05 p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 
11.00 a. m., 8.00 p. m. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. m. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. m. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 a. m. 
to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. m., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
11 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 




mitatecL But never Equalled* 

'iffyitfa <&$?(&>(&>&> <$)rifof$>($>r!fef$> ^<^fforitorife<$> f^^fjfafifoffopfo (^f^($>($»p$>f$»«$»f^)(^>f$if$» 

Look at other bicycles if you like, but when it comes 
to buying — Columbias are first and last choice. The 
highest delight of cycling is assured only in Col- 
umbia Bicycles — 


The same price to all alike. 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Branch House or Agency in almost every city and town. If Columbias are not 
properly represented in your vicinity, let us know. 






Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year, in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS. '97. Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY. '97, Business Manager. 

ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr.. '98, As'st Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 


GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT. '98, Alumni Notes. 

WARREN ELMER HINDS. '99, Library Notes. 


Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

t,v*?tmt9. v v^Vftsust, ™\\^w.s. 


Dr. Wellington who has been seriously ill during 
the greater part of the term is now sufficiently recov- 
ered to attend college daily, though he has not yet 
resumed charge of all his classes. The doctor is 
extremely popular among the students, and is espec- 
ially esteemed by the senior division in chemistry who 
thoroughly appreciate his earnest work and his kind- 
ness to the men personally. All unite in welcoming 
him back and in wishing that no similar misfortune 
may overtake him. 

It is early in the year to begin to make financial 
appeals, and it is extremely unpleasant for us to be 
obliged to do so ; yet it has "already become a neces- 
sity. The present board having cleared the paper of 
debt naturally wish to keep it so. We are paying cash 

for each issue and will stop the paper rather than 
incur liabilities that we cannot meet. We do not beg 
for donations, but merely ask for your subscription 
payment of one dollar, certainly not an exorbitant sum 
to charge for the Life. Our business-manager is 
seriously embarassed by the failure of the Alumni to 
pay the amount due, and we earnestly hope and 
request that the Alumni will give the paper their prompt 
and substantial support, 

For some time the sophomores have been discuss- 
ing the matter of Junior Electives, and have pre- 
sented their views to several members of the faculty. 
The objections to this are that our students at the 
end of the sophomore year have not reached a point 
where they may wisely make so important a decision, 
and that the corps of instructors is too small and the 
number of class rooms too limited for carrying on work 
in accordance with such a plan. We believe, however, 
that the arranging of a limited number of elective 
courses for the junior year would satisfactorily solve 
the problem, the advantages being so numerous as to 
outweigh any objections that might arise. Mathemat- 
ics should be an elective in junior year, and if it could 
be so arranged we believe that this one change would 
be of greatest benefit. The system of elective courses 
is one with which it might be well to experiment, for 
while no harm can result from its adoption, it would 
doubtless bring us larger entering classes and awaken 
our students to a deeper interest in their work. 

The faculty has recently appointed an advisory 
board consisting of three members to have an over- 
sight over the finances of the Life, the Boarding Club, 
the Glee Club and the Index. We have been unable 
to learn from the faculty the precise nature of the 
duties that this committee is to perform, and have not 
been able to ascertain definitely whether it is intended 



to organize an advisory board on which the students 
shall be represented. We would call attention to the 
fact that the organizations mentioned above are strictly 
student enterprises, and that some of them already 
have auditors of their own. We are quite sure that 
the students would quickly resent the interference in 
their affairs by such a committee from the faculty, a 
committee in the selection of which the students had 
neither voice nor vote. On the other hand we are 
equally sure that the students would cordially welcome 
an advisory board on which at least one of the faculty 
should be elected by the students, and whose member- 
ship should include the heads of the various college 

" How many graduation theses shall a man be com- 
pelled to write ? " is a question that is just now troub- 
ling the members of the Senior class. When a man 
has chosen the department from which he intends to 
write and has begun to work upon his thesis, it is 
unjust to the student and unjust to his instructor for 
another professor to compel him to write a thesis from 
another department. As a result of this being done 
some members of the Senior class are struggling with 
three graduation theses. This is too much ! A thesis 
should represent long, thorough, original work, the 
work of nearly the whole Senior year. When com- 
pleted it should possess some merit of its own suffi- 
cient to commend it for publication. It is an utter 
impossibility for a man to prepare three theses of any 
value, and professors who compel students to such a 
course are making a grave error. The inevitable 
result will be that none of the three will be well done, 
and the time spent upon them will have been wasted. 
We sincerely hope that our faculty will consider this 
matter in a fair and true light, and that those who 
have thus overburdened students will consent to let 
men choose for themselves. 


I asked a poet, once, what single word 

His soul did prize all others above ; 
A far-off look came to his dreamy eyes, 

As, with a sigh, he softly answered, " Love." 

I put the question to a student gay. 

He smiled and said, " In pencil it is writ 
Along the margin of some dreary page, 

It is the goodly word 'Omit.'" — Ex. 

(The third of a series of articles on the senior electives.) 

The aim of the department is to adopt both the 
methods of study and the subjects of investigation to 
the special needs of the students. 

The first term is devoted to elementary work in 
political economy. Familiarity is gained with the 
facts, definitions, principles, laws, theories, doctrines 
and arguments which are fundamental to the science 
of wealth. Walker's Political Economy, abridged 
edition, is used as a text book, but is supplemented 
by exposition and criticism. The class then studies 
briefly the Industrial History of England and the 
United States, Gibbins and Wright being authorities 

The second term is devoted to lectures upon monop- 
olies, different phases of the labor question, money, 
taxation, and the economics of agriculture. During 
this term each student conducts original investigation 
of some one question of economics, under the guid- 
ance of the instructor, and writes a thesis which he 
reads before the class. 

These are some of the topics investigated by the 
classes of '95 and '96 : The Standard Oil Trust, The 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, The Pullman Car 
Company Strikes, Government Ownership of Natural 
Monopolies, The Income Tax, Our Present Tariff, 
The National Debt, Cooperation, Tenant Farmers of 
the United States, German Socialism, The American 
Farmer as a Landlord, Capitalist, Enterpriser and 
Laborer, Money, Free Coinage of Silver, Electricity 
as an industrial and social force, The Economic effects 
of Labor Saving Machinery, Abandoned Farms, The 
Sugar Trust, Should the Greenbacks be retired? The 
Single Tax. 

The student is referred to the best authorities on 
both sides of the question disussed. He is shown how 
to collect and discriminate facts ; how to state different 
economic doctrines and theories and then criticise 
them, testing them by established facts and principles ; 
how to analyze arguments and weigh proofs ; how to 
test theories and doctrines by experience as shown in 
history. He learns to perceive the problem, to state 
it, to find a solution satisfactory to himself and to 



maintain his thesis against the objections brought by 

When the subject admits of it, he is encouraged to 
investigate strikes, corporations, cooperation, etc., by 
personal inspection of actual event and working insti- 
tutions. It being taken for granted that the student 
must soon go into the practical world and strive to 
make money, the purpose is that he may go trained 
in the science of wealth so that he may go to work 

The last term is devoted to the study of the science 
of government. Lectures are given explaining fully 
the practical working of our complex system of gov- 
ernment including town, city, country, state and fed- 
eral government. Especial attention is given to the 
influence of public opinion, to our system of state 
boards, to elections, to taxation, and to the relation 
of the state to industry, trade and commerce. The 
purpose of all is to fit the student for efficient citizen- 
ship, c. s. w. 




Five hundred years ago, if you had asked your 
friends the meaning of the word " Responsibility," he 
v would perhaps have answered : " Responsibility is the 
feeling that makes me see to it that my family and 
myself are well fed, and that my coffers are filled with 
gold pieces." 

Narrow and selfish as this reply may seem, it could 
not be so considered when viewed in the light of 
public opinion existing at that distant time. " Respon- 
sibility " was then, almost entirely, a personal term. 
It applied to the intimate relation of man with man. 
Its broader meaning, as related to the existence of 
the state was but little thought of. Indeed it has been 
only within a comparatively short era that the more 
extended and more modern application of this term 
has been realized by educated humanity. 

In ancient and mediaeval times, the citizen — if we 
can name the subject by that term — had no idea of 
any responsibility existing on his part toward the ruling 
power : That is, town and the State. Born in this or 
that particular part of the earth, it was his simple duty 
to feed himself, to keep warm, and to lift up his strong 
arm in defense of the mighty king who was placed 

over him by the will of God. If he had any creed to 
govern his acts toward the ruling power it was : " My 
Country — always!" Patriotism indeed, blind as it 
may have been, was the one virtue of his jural exist- 
ence. In his eyes the King could do no wrong. The 
King was divine ; whatsoever that God-sent personage 
willed, it was always right. 

It will not be necessary to dwell upon the gradual 
change from this ancient belief to the more recent 
conception of the word under consideration. Suffice 
it to say that in the history of nearly all nations, this 
theory of "the divine right of kings " became, in 
course of time, a useless one. As the masses, the 
people, grew to be a definite and powerful factor in 
state government, this idea passed away, and the 
relation of Ruler and Subject became something 
wherein the growing responsibility of the latter was 
clearly seen. 

To day, hardly a State exists where the people do 
not have some responsibility in the government. The 
modern republic, borrowing as it does many of the 
classic ideas of self-government, is based upon the 
proposition that the de facto right of existence lies in 
the voluntary will of the people organized into a society 
known as the State. Instead of centering the inherent 
strength in the Ruler, it is placed absolutely in the 
Ruled. The Rulers possess what is known as " dele- 
gated power." Thus we can see how the term " Re- 
sponsibility " is to-day closely allied with the functions 
of the latter class. To reduce this theory to a con- 
crete statement, we may say in a word that at the 
present time the Man is the center of the State. 

Realizing the full meaning of this, and believing in 
the superiority of the republic over the monarchy, let 
us consider why this term " Responsibility " carries 
vital significance to the modern citizen. 

It is generally maintained that the real foundation 
of the State is the Home. Let the Home be a unit 
perfect and pure in itself, and the State is forever 
secure. Over this Home the man should have a 
great and ever present responsibility. Not only the 
responsibility resulting from ties of love and kin, but 
responsibility arising from the clear conception that 
the Home is the builder and the maintainer of the 
strength and integrity of the larger unit, the State. 
Thus should the man hold himself responsible for the 
moral tone of his family, for its religious tendencies, 



and more than everything else, for its general educa- 
tion. This feeling of responsibility is far in advance of 
that possessed by the father of families in past genera- 
tions. Its horizon is broader, and its purpose nobler. 

Important, however, as is the responsibility of a man 
over his family, the secret of the rightful conception 
of the duties implied in the word lies in the man's 
actual and personal relations toward the State, of 
which he is an individual and a necessary factor. 
What these relations should be is implied in the words 
of Abraham Lincoln when, upon the battlefield of 
Gettysburg, he spoke of the United States as " a gov- 
ernment of the people, by the people, for the people." 
Such a government could not exist without the 
" people's " vividly realizing the full meaning of the 
word " Responsibility." And realizing the meaning, 
it becomes the duty of the " people " to do their 
utmost in maintaining that responsibility. 

How this responsibility is to be exerted is a subject 
upon which volumes may be written. In the narrow 
scope of the present paper, however, we can point out 
only the most obvious duties resting upon every 
responsible citizen of this, or of any other country, 
where the power is vested in the general public. 

First it is the moral duty of every citizen to cast his 
ballot. This, perhaps, is the most potent method in 
which he can actually show his responsibility for the 
State in which he exists. And casting his vote thus, 
he should do it, not according to a blind and ignorant 
support of the "platform " of this or that party; not 
as a " Republican," or a " Democrat," but as a man 
who holds honest convictions and who believes in the 
principles his ballot represents. Theoretically, there- 
fore, he should hold himself aloof from all party. But 
practically, on account of causes too numerous to 
mention, such a procedure is well nigh impossible. If 
he must second this or that party, let him exert his 
strongest effort to raise that party above the mere 
" machine " which has in the past too often character- 
ized such organizations. 

Broader even than his relation to party, though 
directly connected with it, the attitude of a citizen 
toward public questions should be carefully noted. 
The citizen should acquaint himself with the general 
trend of public thought. Vulgarly speaking, he should 
be " up with the times." He should feel it his duty to 
acquaint himself with the current events of both his 

own country and others, with a view to understanding 
the various changes in public opinion. By this means 
alone can he feel the responsibility resting upon him 
for doing his best to place the State upon a higher and 
better level. 

We must not infer from this that a man should 
become what is to-day known as a " politician." It 
does not mean that a citizen should feel it resting 
upon him to enter closely into the actual legislative 
workings of his country. It does mean, however, that 
each and every intelligent subject should always keep 
himself in close touch with his sovereign state ; that 
he should realize that he is a part of the whole. It 
means that he should say of himself what the great 
French monarch said so many years ago : '• L' etate 
— c'est moi ! " h. b. 


During the past sixty-seven years the railroad has 
been born and has spread rapidly throughout all the 
states of the Union. 

The first trial of a steam locomotive in America 
was at Honesdale, Penn.; thousands of curious specta- 
tors crowded together to see this wonderful trial. 
Wonderful it truly was and who among them thought 
that in a little over half a century the United States 
could boast of a railroad in every state and a station 
in every city. 

One is filled with astonishment in considering how 
the railroads have been so miraculously increased. 
Not only does the steam railway cause inquiry but also 
the more recent electric railway, each of which " in 
some small way," brings upon the individual, the 
nation, and the whole world, a certain amount of risk, 
a certain amount of loss or gain, which gain has, in a 
large measure, helped to promote this wonderful 

The " Right of Eminent Domain " gives to a rail- 
road company the right to go where it sees fit and 
where the accommodation of the public demands. 
No matter how neatly the landscape gardener has 
laid out his grounds, no matter how convenient the 
barn is for the farmer, if a railroad company deem it 
necessary to go through the grounds of the landscape 
gardener or to have the barn moved, they can do so. 

Shouldn't there be bread exceptions to this " Right 



of Eminent Domain ?" Is it just for them to pay their 
own prices or none ? 

At the present day in the city of Boston, the foun- 
dation work of some of the largest buildings is being 
undermined. The Boston subway one of the greatest 
undertakings of the city is penetrating the very heart 
of Boston. In its course it passes through the Old 
Granary burying ground, and when the excavations 
were made, an immense crowd stood watching the 
process ; as bones and pieces of silverware were 
brought to light and were removed to some more 
secluded spot. 

The electric railway also has the right to go where 
it chooses. 

True it is that not all citizens are effected by the 
requirements of transportation but surely there are 
many whose property has been spoiled and who have 
received the railroad's price, instead of the seller's. 

In the West the railroad company builds its roads 
through the farms without putting up fences to keep 
the animals away. Often times the cows are killed. 
The result is that the owner brings suit against the 
company but finally loses because it is mostly railroad 
men that fill the jury's list. 

Yet what should these dissatisfied parties do ? 
Should they continue in complaint and discord or 
should they sign a document of approval when they 
feel and know they are not receiving the amount they 

In looking over these few instances of the " Rights 
of Eminent Domain" we can see where the public is 
favored or injured as the case may be. 

The means of transportation in our country are 
arranged more skillfully and more attractively than in 
any other country of the world. Great has been the 
expense to the company where a road is built through 
such places as the canon of Colorado, or where tunnels 
have to be dug, as through the mountains of Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia. The track is laid and when some 
of the largest rivers are reached either bridges or 
ferry boats are used bringing an immense amount of 
cost to the railroad company ; but when the work is 
finally completed and the trains move along over the 
rails, bearing freight and many people, is not this the 
time when the question of the " Right of Eminent 
Domain, should be discussed ? 

The business men of the country are usually in a 

hurry. An occasional glance at some extraordinary 
bit of scenery is sufficient for them and "to get there' 
in the " best way possible " and as " quickly as pos- 
sible " remains as the only end in view. 

The railroad is and should be adapted to the use of 
our influential men, for it is these that make the 
country and it is these influential business men that 
make the railroads. 

Are we not helping the country by sacrificing for it, 
if we can in any way assist the men, the business men 
of our land ? 

No severe check will be received by the railroad 
company if a few individuals are not pleased, no severe 
check was experienced by the Boston subway when 
the people began to talk of " Digging up the dead for 
the wants of the living;" the subway keeps steadily 
lengthening and when finished, words of praise instead 
of insult will be heaped upou the heads of the various 

Thus we see the bearings of this question of the 
" Rights of Eminent Domain." When each one is 
for it instead of being against it the severity and 
injustice which have been felt so strongly in the past 
will be lessened. W. S. Fisher. 


(The fourth of a series of articles on the senior 

Why is it that the farm as a rule does not pay 
to-day ? This is a pertinent question and if discussed 
freely might lead to the discovery of a number of 
causes all more or less responsible for thepresent state 
of affairs. But the great cause is the lack of business 
ability and a knowledge of scientific methods on the 
part of the farmer. This is where the agricultural 
department of this college and particularly the work 
of the senior course benefits the young man who 
intends to take up some agricultural pursuit as his 
life's work. 

Owing to Prof. Brooks' absence abroad the work is 
being carried out by the assistant professor, and, while 
we recognize the fact that no two instructors can give 
exactly the same course even in a prescribed schedule 
it is the aim of the acting professor to follow the 
course outlined for the Senior class by Prof. Brooks. 
The work planned, is, briefly stated, as follows : 




1, Live Stock Breeding. 

Principles of Heredity and Variation. 


Special phenomena in Breeding. 

In and In-Breeding. 

Cross Breeding. 

Correlation of Structural Parts. 

Dismission of Practical Application of Principals 

2. Dairy Farming. 

Location, Crops, Buildings and Equipments. 
Dairy breeds of Cows. 
Feeding for Milk and Dairy Products. 
Physical Properties of Milk. 
Milk Constituents. 

Production and Management of Milk. 
Pasteurization, Sterilization and Sanitary Milk. 
Cream, Butter and Special Dairy Products. 
Practical Work. 
Management of Milk. 
Milk testing. For fat, total solids, etc. 
Use of separators. 

Cream Ripening (Use of Pure Cultures). 
Butter Making. 

Pasteurizing and Preparation of Sanitary milkfor 


Breeds of Farm Animals. 

Origin, development, qualities and structural 

points of all improved breeds of horses, cattle, 

sheep and swine. 
Practical Work. 
Judging all classes of farm animals to scale of 



Animal Feeding. 

Principle of Nutrition. 

Composition and Digestability of Food-stuffs. 

Relation of Nutriments to sustaining Life and 
Producing, Meat, Work and Milk. 

Nutritive Ratio and Feeding Standards. 

Compounding Balanced Rations for Farm Animals. 
The library is well equipped with books on all of 
these subjects and a student may, outside of the reg- 
ular lectures, get a great deal of help by reading 
books along the line of work taken up in the class 

During the lectures on the breeds of farm animals, 
models showing the representative types of each breed 
are used for illustration. These models were on exhi- 
bition at the World's Columbian Exposition and were 
imported from Germany. 

The barn has a well equipped dairy furnished with 
the best dairy apparatus where practical work in the 
dairy is studied. 

The work of the year has to do mainly with animal 
industry and forms a valuable supplement to the pre- 
ceeding work in general agriculture. When we realize 
that half the husbandry in the state is concerned with 
the management of farm animals and their products 
the need of thorough training in this important branch 
is evident. It is the aim of the department to give 
thorough theoretical and practical instruction accord- 
ing to the plan outlined and to fit the student for the 
management of any branch of animal industry or 

Y. M. C. A. TOPICS. 
Regular meetings are held Sundays, 4-00 to 4-45 
f. m.; Thursdays, 7-00 to 7-45 p. m. 

Dec. 3. Christian Ideals. Matt. 5 : 1-16, 48. 
Dec. 6. How to win our country for Christ. Luke 

14: 16-24. 

" Hast thou a lover? " asked he. 

" maiden of the Rhine ? " 
She blushed in sweet confusion 

And softly faltered, " Nein." 
He felt rebuffed and knew not 

What best to say, and then 
A sudden thought came to him, 

And he pleaded, " Make it ten. 


Captain Thorn of Yale has entered Lafayette Uni- 
versity in the mining department. He will be a val- 
uable addition to their eleven. — Ex. 

G. 0. Lang, the composer of the most popular song of the 
day. "In the Shadow of the Pines " has sent us a new 
song. " Say not Good-bye. " We predict for it a larger 
sale than " In the Shadow. " It is simply beautiful, easy to 
play, melodious, and a perfect adaptation of exquisite words 
to a delightful melody. We recommend our readers to send 
for a copy. The publishers, Legg Bros. 1008 Walnut St. Kan- 
sas City, Mo., are making a special price of 25c per copy. 
To any of our readers who have not already " In the Shadow 
of the Pines, " they will send one copy of each for 50 cents' 




The time approaches when the Index is again to 
make its annual appearance before the students and 
alumni of the college. 

Of late years the rapid advance made by the Index 
Boards in the increased size of the book, the additions 
of new and striking features and the great expense 
incurred in providing finished artistic drawings has, 
perhaps, been a little too rapid, and more than the 
growth of the college would justify. Still, it has been 
a laudable desire on the part of these boards to bring 
their productions to as great a degree of perfection as 
possible, and, far be it from my purpose to argue 
against an ambition which is so praiseworthy. 

The Class of '98 in striving to keep abreast the 
times, has had to meet and overcome many difficul- 
ties. Not only the smallest class, in numbers, in 
years, it has to bring forth its book knowing that the 
sales will of necessity be small owing to the present 
small number of students in college. Then too, the 
great financial stress of the country before election 
was keenly felt, limiting to a great extent, the adver- 
tisements upon which depends in a large measure the 
financial support of the book. However, The Class of 
Ten has felt that it must not be said that it had to 
drop back to the standard of ten years ago, and in the 
face of all difficulties it has endeavored to publish a 
book on a par with former volumes. How well we 
have succeeded we leave our readers to judge. We 
trust the alumni will appreciate our efforts and we look 
to them for the sale of those books which, in more 
prosperous times, might be sold at home. 

We have, with the assistance of President Goodell, 
succeeded in compiling a thorough and strictly reliable 
list of alumni ; we are greatly indebted to Mr. Charles 
L. Flint who has kindly written an alumni communi- 
cation for the Index ; and we are especially grateful to 
Prof. Herman Babson for a literary article. 

We wish to thank President Goodell and all Alumni 
and friends who have in any way assisted us. 

We do not wish to be forward in praising our own 
production, we will not mention our numerous im- 
provements, we only trust and hope that our friends 
will feel sufficiently interested to send for a book and 
find out for themselves what we are too modest to 

— C. M. Adams '00 has left College. 

— Thanksgiving was first observed in 1621. 

— The Senior essays in the English department are 
due on Friday, Dec. 4th. 

— John Marshall Barry '97 has returned from a 
short visit at his home in Boston. 

— President Stubbs of the Washington State Col- 
lege visited this College last week. 

— J. L. Lovell of Amherst has been chosen as 
class photographer for Ninety-seven. 

— The Sophomore class in French have just begun 
their second book. The title of this new reader is 
"Chatrian's Le Consent." 

— We are glad to welcome Prof. Wellington back 
to the College again, but sorry to learn that his 
health is still impaired to a considerable extent, 

— A. S. Kinney '96 is at present in the employ of 
the Botanical department, experimenting with the 
effect of electricity upon the germination of seeds. 

— W. E. Chapin '99 is reported to be fast recover- 
ing from his accident of a few weeks since, and 
expects to return to College soon after Thanksgiving. 

— At a meeting held by the Springfield Horticultu- 
ral society Nov. 6th, Dr. G. E. Stone lectured before 
a large audience upon the subject of " Plant Growth. " 

— Dr. Stone, at the Experiment station, department 
of Pathology, is preparing a series of experiments 
regarding the relation of nematode worms to sterilized 

— Rev. Mr. Lane of North Hadley occupied the 
College pulpit on Sunday, Nov. 22nd. while Dr. 
Walker in exchange preached before Mr. Lane's 

— Mr. C. L. Flint '81 has been recently appointed 
to fill the vacancy left on the Board of Trustees of 
the College, by the death of Mr. Harwood, which 
occurred a few weeks ago. 

— An advisory committee consisting of Professors 
Maynard, Stone and Metcalf, has been elected by the 
faculty to make proper investigations concerning the 
various college organizations, 



— Hair cuts are in order now. Go early and avoid 
the rush. 

— The Senior division in Horticulture have been 
receiving practical instruction in the making of currant, 
raspberry, grape and blackberry cuttings, also in the 
latest methods of grape pruning. 

— At the Chrysanthemum show recently held at 
Northampton, the Floricultural department of the 
College was well represented, that department enter- 
ing the best exhibit of cut flowers. 

— The Senior cane committee has presented sam- 
ples of sticks for the inspection of the class ; the class 
cane has been chosen, and the committee are now 
ready to receive orders for the same. 

— Platoon drill began on Monday, Nov. 16, and 
nearly all of the officers and non-commissioned offi- 
cers of the Senior class have had an opportunity to 
show their proficiency (?) in commanding the platoon. 

— The members of the Senior division in Political 
Economy handed in their thesis subjects to Dr. 
Walker yesterday. The theses will not be due until 
some time next term ; the exact date will be given out 

— The masons have recently finished repointing 
the stonework of several of the College buildings. 
This is a much needed improvement, not only to the 
appearance of the buildings but to their lasting 

— The poorer electric lamps in many of the stu- 
dents' rooms have been replaced by new globes for 
which such students are duly thankful. Mr, Wallace, 
the College electrician, is always accommodating, 
and is very popular with the students. 

— The boarding-house is now well lighted by elec- 
tricity. Students, let this console you when you start 
out some evening to grope your way to that building, 
when it is so dark " you can't see your hand before 
your face, " We didn't have electric lights 50 years 

— Mr. R. A. Buddington, secretary of the College 
Y. M. C. A's of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 
gave an interesting talk before the Y. M. C. A Sun- 
day afternoon, Nov. 8th. The week following being 
the week of prayer for colleges, meetings were held 
in the Y. M. C. A. rooms each evening. 

— In accordance with the usual custom, the faculty 
has been petitioned by the students for a Thanksgiv- 
ing recess, which request has been granted. College 
will close Wednesday, Nov. 25th, at 10-30 o'clock, 
and open on the following Tuesday at 8 o'clock a. m. 
Monday will probably be made up, however, on the fol- 
lowing Saturday. 

— President Simms of a large college in Jamaica, 
visited this institution last week. The object of his 
visit was to inspect the Agricultural department of the 
College, with a view of establishing a like course in 
Agriculture at the College of which he is President. 
He expressed himself as very well pleased with the 
place, in every respect. 

— The Amherst Water Company has been troubled 
considerably of late by the bursting of the water main 
in two different parts of the town. Hardly had one 
leak been repaired, when their attention was called to 
another. Many of the townspeople were greatly incon- 
venienced, and especially the students at M. A. C, 
there being no water running through the pipes for two 
or three days. 

■ — It is interesting to note the various souvenirs of 
the Food Fair recently held in Boston, that one sees 
upon visiting the rooms of most of those students who 
attended that attraction. There are to be found sam- 
ples of all sorts of food-stuffs, beverages, medicines, 
soaps, face powders, also a composition which is sure 
death to the Blatta germanica and numerous other 
articles of more or less use. 

— At the annual convention of the American Asso- 
ciation of Agricultural colleges and experiment sta- 
tions held at Washington, D. C, Nov. 10th, 1 1th, and 
12th, the following members of our faculty were pres- 
ent : President Goodell, Dr. Lindsey, Dr. Stone and 
Prof. Metcalf. Dr. Lindsey read a paper before the 
Chemical society, and Dr. Stone read one before 
the Botanical society. President Goodell served as 
chairman of the executive committee. 

— The parade which took place in Northampton, 
Tuesday evening, Nov. 10th was well attended, and 
proved to be a very successful affair. About 75 stu- 
dents from the College accepted the kind invitation 
from the officers in charge of the demonstration, and 
did creditable marching at the head of the column. 
A special train was run to Northampton and back for 



the benefit of the M. A. C. cadets and any others who 
wished to attend the parade. This was the second 
parade which the students have taken part in this fall, 
and was an improvement upon the generally good 
marching done in Boston about three weeks ago, 
when the students took part in the intercollegiate 
Sound Money parade. 

— The Sound Money parade which took place in 
Amherst, Friday evening, Nov. 13, attracted a large 
crowd, both to take part in the demonstration, and to 
watch and cheer the long line of well arranged par- 
ties. The M. A. C. cadets did not march as it was at 
first expected, the reason given by some being that 
they were not assigned a place at the head of the 
column. This was not so; the students did not 
refuse to march on that account, but because they 
were placed almost at the rear of the column, and 
among inferior parties. We do not expect first place 
everywhere we go, by any means, but what we do ask 
for, is the place where we belong, — the place we 
merit as a military organization. 

— The signs of the times would seem to indicate 
that all of the ancient Aggie spirit is not yet dead. 
Various manifestations of awakening life have 
recently been seen upon the campus. Only a few 
mornings ago, we were startled at the sight of a man 
hanging from the top of one of the football goal-posts, 
by means of a rope which was scientifically noosed 
about his neck. Upon closer examination it proved 
to be only an effigy constructed upon the latest math- 
ematical principles. On the same evening the effigy 
" saw its finish, "its exit from this world being effected 
by the well known formula " K 2 -(-m=0 ". In this 
equation, K represents kerosene, and m the matches. 
Another item of importance was the incident con- 
nected with the " one hoss shay " whereby that well- 
known vehicle was escorted to a prominent place on 
the band stand. The removing of the tongue from 
the College bell by some of the Freshmen (?), though 
doubtless intended for a joke, has proved to be a mat- 
ter of great inconvenience to the faculty and students, 
and we hope it will soon be returned. 

travel for responsible established bouse in Massacbu 
setts. Salary $780, payment $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self. addressed stamped 
envelope. Tbe National, Star Building, Chicago. 

^Sotcs and (ommen-tj. 

The first instalment of DuMaurier's serial appeared 
in Harper's for October. It is entitled " The Martian." 
His death proves a heavy loss to the present world of 
literature, an artist by instinct " there is," says one 
critic " the same ease, charm and familiarity about 
his written work as about his pen sketches, you feel at 
home with them. DuMaurier speaks to his readers 
rather than writes for them." The author left a con- 
siderable fortune, the result of his late literary suc- 
cesses, to his widow and children. 

# # 

The days of the Poster are numbered according to 
recent press comments. Like all inartistic fads, the 
grotesque has arrived on the scene, and in some places 
law and order protest against what might be termed 
the extreme in vulgar pictorials. 

# # 

If rumor can be credited, Mr. Bryan, the late dem- 
ocratic nominee for president will on December first 
begin a lecture tour through the country, talking on 
non-partisan lines. Atlanta, Ga. will be his starting 
point and it is said the contract involves fifty lectures 
with a compensation of fifty thousand dollars. 

So far the war in Cuba has not made what might 
be called a decisive turn. Weyler's forces are directed 
against Maceo's troops in the western part of the 
island. Spain is making a final effort which if directed 
rightly may banish all thought of Cuba's freedom. 

Transactions between England and the United 
States about the Venesuelan boundary question has 
been referred to the king of Sweeden, Oscar II, for 
settlement, his decision will be final. 

* # 

Arrangements have been completed by the State 
Board of Agriculture for the winter program for the 
annual meeting commencing December 1st and last- 
ing three days. It is expected that there will be an 
exhibit of a large number of new varieties of apples, 
and of some interesting results of spraying by Prof. 



S. T. Maynard. A lecture will be delivered by Prof. 
F. S. Cooley entitled " Use of Pure Culture in Butter 

The football season of '96 is nearing its end. Dur- 
ing the past ten weeks the interest manifested in this 
national game has been unprecedented ; a number of 
new elevens have made their appearance on the grid- 
iron, the most prominent being the Carisle Eleven 
composed entirely of Indians. The tone of the game 
has become less brutal and accidents are not so 
numerous as in previous years. Let us hope that this 
great gain will continue its development in the right 
direction and relieve itself of the brutal and vicious 
character that it has received during former seasons. 

It is stated that the powers propose to guarantee a 
loan of $25,000,000, to be used in carrying out the 
Sultan's latest reforms. They will probably find that 
the old fellow is fooling them again and that he will not 

Poor Bacchante of Boston is doubtless very glad 
that she has won her law suit and can now appear in 
the Hub without fear of being annihilated. 



We wish to say to the alumni that our college pin 
is quite the proper thing. It looks well.fits well, and 
wears well. A notice will appear in this paper before 
the next lot is ordered to notify all who wish to buy. 
Price $2. All correspondence should be directed to 
George H. Wright, '98, No. 8 South College. 

78. — A. A. Brigham, professor of Agriculture, 
Rhode Island College of Agriculture and Mechanic 
Arts. Address, Kingston, R. I. 

'91. — The address of F. L. Arnold is No. 335 
Livingston St-, Elizabeth, N. J. 

'93. — The address of F. H. Henderson is now No. 
31 Harvard St., Brookline, Mass. 

'94. — William E. Sanderson, shipping clerk Wash- 
burn Mowen & Co's., Worcester. Permanet address, 
No. 37 Paine St., Worcester. 

'95. — The address of H, D. Hemenway is No. 416 
River Ave., Providence, R. I. 

'96. — H. C. Burrington, assistant at the Dairy 
School. Address Amherst, Mass. 

'96. — F. L. Clapp, in the employ of the Metropoli- 
tan Water Board. Address No 179 Boston St., So. 
Boston, and not 197 as was given in our last issue. 

'96. — L. J. Shepard, assistant Horticulturist at the 
Agricultural Experiment Station of the Maine State 
College, Orono, Me. 

'94. — A. H. Kirkland, assistant entomologist to the 
Gypsy Mcth Commission visited college last week. 

'96. — C. A. Nutting visited College last week. 

A Primer of College Football. By W. H. Lewis. 
This is a very practicable little book and one that is 
sure to be appreciated by the students. Mr. Lewis 
used to be one of Amherst's best players and graduated 
from there in 1892. Since then he has taken a 
course in medicine at Harvard and has played on 
Harvard's team. He treats his subject scientifically 
from the very foundation of the game and also gives a 
chapter on training. Many ofthe plays are illustrated 
from instantaneous photographs. This book is the 
gift of John R. Perry, '93. 

Have you heard the new song, " In the Shadow of the 
Pines? " It is immense! Legg Bros., of Kansas City, Mo., 
have it, and they are making a cut price of 25c. a copy. 
Take our advice and send for one. 

Who can think 
of some simple 
thing to patent? 

Wanted-An Idea 

Protect your ideas; they may bring you wealth. 
Write JOHN WEDDERBtTRN & CO., Patent Attor- 
neys, Washington, D. C, for their 91,800 prize offer 
and list of two hundred Inventions wanted. 


No, 2 Cook's Block, 

First Class flair Cutting and Shaving. 



travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped en- 
velope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 





Fire and Life Insurance Agents. 

Office, Cook's Block, Amherst, Mass. 



John Parnell, 

13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St., 

Northampton, Mass. 

travel for responsible established house in Massachu- 
setts. Salary $780, payable $15 weekly and expenses. Position 
permanent. Reference. Enclose self-addressed stamped 
envelope. The National, Star Building, Chicago. 

dlatehmakeF and Optician. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 

Barge to and from all Trains. 



Passenger to center, 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie, 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie 40 " 

3 or more passengers to Aggie, each, 15 " 

Passenger and trunk, 25 " 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 




§|here's such a Sight, graceful, chic appearance 

in its make-up that the least susceptible 

maid or matron falls in"fov£ at first sight" 

here's & stylish something in every 

line of the handsome Stedrns. which 

backed by its easy running qualities 

and true worth, (Tiake it She vog'ue 

in fashionable circles. *» \s fe b 

ished in a strikinri black 

with orortge rims.or in 
full orange i, fc s> 6 k fc 


ECStearns & Company- makers' Syracuse 'M-Y-. 



6 4 



Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09. 8.16, A. M., 2.31 p. M., Sundays 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m 
Sundays 1.30 p. m. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.16 a.m.. 2.31 p.m. Sundays at 
6.09 a. m. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2.25, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 A. m. and 2.31 p. m. connect ot Ware with north hound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09 
8.16 A. m.. and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton, at 7.40 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15, 4.40, 5.14, 7 28, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 
10.45 a. m.. 5 19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00. 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.15, 4.20, 6,00, 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20a. m., 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., going 
south leave Amherst at 7.40, 10.20, a m., 12.05, 1.15,4 40, 
5.14, 7.30, 8.40 p. M. Sundays 10.45, A. M., 5.19. 8.30 p. m 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north, leave Amherst at 10.20 a. m., 1.15, 7.28 p. m. 

New London Northern. 
Trains leave7 Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at .05 a. m.. 12 16, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.08, 11.50 a. m., 8.05 p. m. 
Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 
11.00 a. m., 8.00 p. m. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. m. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. m. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 a. m. 
to 12 m., from 1 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. m., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8^15 a, m. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
1 1 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 

«^#<*je&(§> f|w|w|v4»f|> ^<|?<£rtf|?e|je|> &<fat$h$E)f$fct$&tfe ^^<^f|>f|>efof|? <|v^<^^<f)(^r|«|v|» 


May be Imitated* But never Equalled, 

Look at other bicycles if you like, but when it comes 
to buying — Columbias are first and last choice. The 
highest delight of cycling is assured only in Col- 
umbia Bicycles — 


The same price to all alike. 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Branch House or Agency in almost every city and town. If Columbias are not 
properly represented in your vicinity, let us know. 

r$) r$»rfo r$»r$? ^tfaffarfarfa r^r$>rforfo^5rifa (^f$"><$if$}ffoffo (^f^v »$>f$»r$v$> <fat&rfo<fa^^<fo(fodr)<$b<3h 




NO. 6 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 
JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97, Business Manager. ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr., '98, Ass't Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN. '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97, Exchange. 

RANDALL DUNCAN WARDEN, '98, Athletics. GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT. '98, Alumni Notes. 


Terms: $1.00 per year in adoance. Single copies, 10c. Postage outside oft United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Students and alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears paid. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

£d! a to rials. 

We take pleasure in presenting to our readers the 
Christmas number of the Aggie Life. We have 
striven hard to make the issue one of the best in both 
size and quality, and trust that our efforts may meet 
with your approval. 

The fall term of 1896 has closed, and in glancing 
back over the time that has elapsed since college 
opened in September we cannot but be impressed with 
the fact that the college year has had a most auspic- 
ious beginning. Several events have occurred to 
interrupt college routine, yet the men have always 
returned to college punctually, and have resumed 
their work in a studious spirit. We believe that the 
students have succeeded in drawing public attention 
to the college by the creditable work done in the 
parades in Boston and Northampton during the recent 
political campaign. The students as a whole are 
beginning to take a deeper interest in the welfare of 
the college. The spirit of grumbling and fault finding 
that was so prominent during the fall term of '95 has 
disappeared, we hope, never to return. An " Era of 

good feeling " has dawned upon us, and from Senior 
to Freshman all are intent upon their work with a 
cheerful spirit. The system of Senior electives is 
giving greatest satisfaction, and encouraged by this 
success certain classes are beginning to make a 
movement toward Junior electives. This is a matter 
that should not be hurried, yet in due time we hope 
to see such a system in vogue. There have been one 
or two occurrences during the term that have tended 
to disturb the general feeling of good will. A slight 
difference of opinion between two members of the 
faculty and the students as to the justice of a certain 
matter, led to one or two harmless demonstrations 
upon the campus. If these members of our faculty 
will remember that " there are two sides to every 
shingle, however thin it may be," we believe that 
nothing of the sort will occur in the future. With 
this exception students and faculty have worked in 
closest harmony. Now after a term of close appli- 
cation, the Christmas holiday comes like an oasis in a 
desert. For a time books are forgotten, and the Yule-tide 
spirit takes possession of our lives. As you go home 
take with yon a copy of the Aggie Life with its best 
wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. 



As the greatest holiday of all the year approaches, 
and as you leave your college halls to go to your 
homes, you are probably asking yourselves. " What 
are we going to give to our friends for Christmas ?" 
It is a most worthy characteristic of our race that we 
plan as to what we shall give before we conjecture as 
to what we shall receive. At this season, if at no 
other time, we hear the precept ringing in our ears 
that " it is better to give than to receive." 

Among your friends, — and this remark is addressed 
to every student in college, — let not one be forgotten. 
Remember her who in future years will stand as your 
closest friend — your own Alma Mater. 

What can you — Senior, Junior, Sophomore, Fresh- 
man — what can you give to Old Aggie ? Have you 
ever seriously thought of that ? Has it ever occurred 
to your mind that your college stands in need of a gift 
that will make her prospects brighter, a gift that will 
enable her to place herself in the social and educa- 
tional society to which she belongs ? And has it ever 
occurred to you that such a gift will be the grandest 
thing that has ever been given to the college ? 

What is this gift ? 

It is the gift of your loyalty. Give your college that 
loyalty, freely and gladly. And with that loyalty, give 
her also your active support. Do what you can for 
her advancement ; speak a good word for her in other 
localities ; influence your friends to come here with 
you ; and last of all, treat her as she deserves to be 
treated — as the Mother who is fitting you to become 
citizens of a century yet unborn. 

There is one other point for you to consider : 

We hear a great deal now-a-days about reform. 
Are there not one or two things right here in college 
that you can reform ? Is it not possible that, in past 
years, you have been a little careless ? If you give 
your college the gift just mentioned, can you not do 
something for yourselves, too ? New Year's Day 
follows closely upon the heels of Christmas. Can you 
not let your gift to Old Aggie be followed by a reform 
along certain lines ? 

Ask yourselves a few questions ; and answer them 
throughout the year of 1897 : 

1 . Are you, or are you not making the most of your 
opportunity ? 

2. Is your standard of scholarship what you think it 
ought to be ? 

3. Is your general deportment outside of the class- 
room what you would wish it ? 

4. Are you retreating, marking time, or marching 
onward ? 


It is a pleasure to take up a copy of the new Index 
and to speak a word in its praise. It is fresh from the 
printer, as we learn from the fact that the cover is 
rather sticky as we turn the volume o'er. The editors 
guarantee that there is not a " dry page " in it. 

The book is neatly bound in red cloth, the front 
cover bearing the title ■' Index '98 " in a graceful 
design executed in aluminium. Here, as elsewhere, 
it seems to have been the aim to combine simplicity 
with artistic effect. This tendency is especially notic- 
able in the illustrations, which, though rather limited 
in number as compared with those in preceding vol- 
umes of the Index, are extremely well done, reflecting 
great credit upon the artist of the board. 

In dedicating this volume to Professor Mills the 
editors have certainly struck a popular chord among 
the students, and have honored a man who is an honor 
to our college. The portrait of Professor Mills which 
appears as frontispiece is one of the finest specimens 
of half tone work that we have seen in any college 

The present volume contains the usual class and 
society lists, a correct list of alumni, and pictures of 
college teams, glee club, and editorial boards. 

The book is conspicuous for its lack of severe 
" grinds " and " roasts," the local hits being of a very 
mild character ; yet arranged in such a judicious man- 
ner as to prove highly amusing. 

The literary features are certainly of a high order : 
Prof. Babson's story " A Breeze from Old Ocean, " 
and Dr. Flint's short essay on " Alma Mater," being 
the leading features. " A Breeze from Old Ocean" 
is bright and original and has the genuine flavor of a 
sea story. The unusual amount of verse is an indica- 
tion of a budding poetical genius among the editors. 

Turning to the editorials we find ably written articles 
upon such timely topics as " Changing the Name of 
the College," " The Need of Athletic Training," 
" Intercollegiate Drills," " The Two Years Course," 
•• The Winter Dairy School," and " Loyalty to Our 
College Paper." We especially commend these to 
our faculty, our Alumni and the trustees. 



We cannot refrain from saying that the letter from 
" A Freshman " would have been in better taste in a 
less prominent place in the book. 

The typographical work is generally good, though 
we are of the opinion that the use of a uniform size 
of type throughout the book would have been prefer- 
able to the system adopted. 

The large number of ads. shows clearly that the 
business manager is possessed of great tact and per- 
suasiveness and would seem to indicate a financial 

As a whole the present volume of the Index is 
deserving of the highest praise. We commend its 
careful perusal to students, to faculty, to alumni and 
to all who are interested in the welfare of the college. 


O'er the silent meadows, 

O'er the sleeping town, 
O'er the murmuring forest 

Pours a radiance down ; 
Tis a starry splendor 

Glorifying night ; 
Shepherds, kings, and sages 

Wonder at the night, 

See, kings and shepherds. 

Magi from afar, 
Cradled in a manger, 

Israel's morning star I 
And through parted heavens 

Lo ! the angelic throng 
Voice their adoration 

In triumphant song. 

O'er the silent meadows 

Floats the joyful strain, — 
O'er the murmuring forest, 

List ! it comes again : 
" Glory in the highest I " 

Hark ! sleeping town, 
" Peace, good will," — the blessing 

Still on earth comes down. 

Still the starry wonder 

Of that long past night 
Gleams adown the ages, 

Filling all with light ; 
And all Nature, joining, 

Swells the anthem still : 
" Glory in the highest, 

On earth, peace, good will." 

Harriet Brewer. 



He always spoke the truth. You would have 
thought so. Yes, that tall, handsome, globe-trotting 
cousin of mine never smiled at his own tales for they 
were always true. Even my grandmother believed 
them until he told the flying-fish story. Then she 
doubted all. But to-day he would tell us one we 
could not question. So we all gathered round him in 
front of the fireplace and listened as he began : 

" No doubt you all have heard much of Australia, 
but I am quite certain you do not know everything 
about that far-away country. You do not know that 
there you may find trees with leaves growing vertical 
to the earth ; there, stones grow on the outside of 
cherries ; there you find the kiwi (a wingless bird now 
almost extinct), that flys backward into its nest ; and 
there, even your beloved Yule-tide comes in the heat 
of summer. Two years ago, one sultry Christmas, 
ten young fellows and myself were prospecting for 
gold, way back in the western interior. The craze had 
stru ck us, and we had led our pack-mules through 
forest and cane-braKe into a rocky region, eighty 
miles from a settlement and three hundred miles from 
a railroad. We strung our tent at the foot of a cliff 
overlooking the claims where rumor said we should 
find the yellow metal. Day after day, we toiled with 
pick and sieve, and for three months we had worked 
from morning till night with only an occasional find to 
keep up our spirits. When one would find a three- 
ounce nugget — and how rare they were — we would 
work like beavers for several days, but the between- 
times were long and dull. 

" At mess, each man had to take his turn as 
pakeha (cook). It was a tough job, and the worst 
part of it was that no water was to be found within nine 
miles, and after going that far for it, we had to pay a 
shilling per gallon. A sharp witted half-breed had 
found the only well in the section, and Onawe Pah 
dispensed water like your medicine-man in America. 
My week as pakeha was out the night before, and Jack 
Daintrey had taken charge of the hams and bacon. 
Early Christmas morning, we found that the water in 
the barrels was almost gone, and Jack started to go 
for a fresh supply. ' I'll be back by noon, boys,' he 
said, and mounting one of the ' ponies,' he rode away, 
gaily whistling ■ The Girl I Left Behind Me.' 



" The rest of us had taken a day off, and the morn- 
ing passed slowly enough as we lounged about the 
camp, smoking our pipes, and longing for a cool 

" At twelve o'clock, we had seen no sign of Jack, 
and at one, we had begun to feel anxious. 'You 
don't suppose anything could have happened to him, 
do you ?' asked Tom Digby as he picked up his 
repeater and began pushing cartridges into the maga- 
zine. No sooner had he spoken than we heard in the 
distance the reports of several pistol shots followed by 
a hubbub of coarse cries and yells. 

" Hastily grabbing our guns, we ran down the trail, 
keeping an eye open for an ambuscade. We had not 
gone far before we met one of the mules tearing down 
the road with an arrow stuck in its flank. The trail 
entered a deep ravine, and on turning a sharp bend we 
suddenly came upon a mutilated body with an assagai 
through the breast, lying prone in the path. It was 
Daintrey. Stooping over the body I heard a whir and 
involuntarily ducked my head, barely escaping a 
deadly boomerang. Looking up we saw at least a 
hundred murderous Maori and Ponaturi rise from 
their ambush and rush upon us. Retreat was impos- 
sible. We were surrounded on every side. For a 
moment we stood stupefied, but in less time than it 
takes to tell it, we were behind a friendly barricade of 
rocks. On came the savages yelling like demons. 
What were ten Englishmen against ten times their 
number? We proceeded to show them in a most 
convincing manner. Crack! crack! crack! went our 
Spencers. Whir ! whiz ! came a shower of spears 
and arrows. They were climbing over among us. A 
huge rangitera (chief) dashed at me with uplifted 
weapon, but I shot him before the keen haul left his 
hand. Bob Barker was in the grasp of a giant Maori 
whose eyes gleamed like fire, as in the nick of time, 
Digby's knife reached his breast. Bob fought despe- 
rately, and while the blood flowed from a wound in his 
head he used his clubbed rifle with terrible effect. 
Still they came, backed by numbers. The fight was 
long and fierce ; and to us it seemed an age. The 
strain was terrible. But at last they were forced back 
where we could use our guns. A few more rounds, 
and they wavered and scattered. Their first attack 
had failed. 

" None of us were seriously injured ; one-half their 

number had fallen. We rested while we could, for 
we knew they would be at it again. They held a 
powwow and suddenly swept upon us in a mass. We 
were ready for them. This time every shot told. 
They piled themselves up in heaps before us ; they 
stumbled over the dead, struggled towards the wall 
but got no farther. In this second assault they were 
cut to pieces. Not a soul lived to tell the story. 

" That night, on the spot where he fell, we buried 
our dead comrade and erected a pile of stones over 
his grave. In him we lost a tried friend, but we had 
the satisfaction of knowing that in payment for his 
life, there in the ravine lay the bodies of a hundred 

Ernest paused, and for a moment we were silent. 
Then my grandmother laughed in her peculiar way, 
and quizzingly asked, ■' And did all the donkeys 
escape ? " 

E. M. W. 


Something was certainly the matter. The ivy 
leaves were excitedly whispering to one another. An 
early spring had brought forth many leaves, some of 
which had attained considerable size and strength, 
while others were just peeping from under the cover- 
ings of their cozy, winter beds. The trouble was this : 
— cruel Winter had not yet gone as they thought he 
had. He was only having a flirtation with gentle 
Spring. Spring in her soft and winning voice, with 
her warm breath and charming smile had won hard 
Winter for a time only. He was at first fascinated 
by her, but, repenting in his fickle old age, he returned 
to rule with his icicle scepter. He came from the 
north with a whistle, driving his wind steeds before 
him. The ivy leaves felt him and began to tremble 
and to sigh. 

Among them were two leaves, a large and small 
one, close together. The small leaf rustled from 
itself a plaintiff little sigh and shivered as the chilling 
air rubbed against its tender face. The large leaf 
heard and pitied him. She took advantage of the 
next blast of wind to softly place herself over her tiny 
neighbor. The night came on ; the cold was severe. 
She shivered and shook, and shook and shivered and 
froze the tips of her fingers. Many times she thought 
she must give up, but every time as a drowsy feeling 



came over her, she would think in time and exert a 
new effort. Toward morning she certainly would 
have had to yield had not a warm ray from the rising 
sun just then bathed her chilled form. 

Thus Winter spent his strength. Next day, wel- 
come Spring came tripping back, laughing to herself 
because she had again gained a victory over winter. 
Spring with her healing balms and refreshing showers 
soon restored the larger leaf to strength and nearly to 
her former beauty. Yet she could not wholly undo 
what that night's exposure had done. The little leaf 
which had received no injury, in a short time became 
large and strong. The great kindness which had been 
done him was ever on his mind and it was always his 
concern that no harm should come to her. 

While the spring and summer were passing, they 
never tired of telling each other of the flowers, which 
grew at their feet ; of the birds that lit in their 
branches ; of the fairies who brought them good 
tidings every night ; of Robin Goodfellow and his many 
pranks ; and of the secrets of lovers, who rested 
beneath them. How happy they were ! They con- 
fided all to each other and never a cross word passed 
between them. 

In happiness they passed the spring and summer, 
but as the autumn approached they began to think of 
what they should do. They counselled together long 
and earnestly Said one to the other, " What shall 
we do? Winter is coming." 

"Yes, I know it," answered the other. " Hard to 
think of it, isn't it ? What are you going to do ? " 

" That is what I was thinking of when I spoke. You 
remember that you kindly sheltered me, one night 
last spring, during a heavy frost. I would have frozen 
if you had not for I was young and weak. But now I 
am large and strong; larger and stronger than you. 
Let me return your goodness ; let me protect you 
from the cold." 

" No," replied the other. " No, you must let me 
cover you. You are large and beautiful. I am 
homely and deformed. You must not be so, too." 

Even as they were talking the air grew decidedly 
colder. The beautiful, strong leaf looked at his com- 
panion and saw that she was growing weak. He was 
moved with anxiety for her wel'fare and spread him- 
self over her and soothed her with calm assurances. 
But the night was Oh, so cold ! He shivered and 

shook, and shook and shivered, till it seemed that he 
would roll from his place. He felt himself failing 
fast, already his face and finger tips were frozen to a 
dull red. He exerted himself to the last and when he 
felt himself becoming numb and falling, he softly bent 
forward and kissed her, who had once been his pro- 
tectress, but who was now his care, and fell to the 

When she awoke and found her dear friend was 
gone her grief was terrible. She sighed and sighed. 
Nothing could pacify her. The fairies and all the 
forest nymphs brought warm breezes and bathed her 
swollen face. But it was of no use. Once, while in a 
passionate outbursts, he lost her hold and she too fell 
to the ground, Thus their short lives ended, each 
having lived for the other. 

You who may read this idle dream, think, whenever 
you stroll in the woods of an autumn day in search of 
prettily colored leaves and you find one dark red and 
another beautifully marked, think how the one pro- 
tected the other. c. a. c, jr. 


In the year 35 — while on my annual tour of the 
planets, I chanced to be delayed during the Christmas 
holidays at Go-Go-Ul-Osee on the great Ba-Ba canal 
of Mars. I was seeking at the time for the final 
element which was then necessary to complete the 
Periodic System devised by Newlands almost 2000 
years before. 

In the Americas it is now so common to refer to 
the inhabitants of Mars as our " missing link" that I 
shall be obliged hereafter to speak of them as such 
when I have occasion to refer to them in what follows, 
though I much prefer the name Kohl-Mahonkais, 
recently given to these interesting peopie by our 
modern American writers. 

It is perhaps unknown to many that the true expia- 
tion of the presence of this strange people in the 
planet Mars is owing to a collision which at one time 
took place between Earth and Mars. It happened just 
at that stage in the evolution of life when the animal 
kingdom had reached a degree of development repre- 
sented, as was supposed by the ■' missing link " which 
for thousands of years was wanting to complete a 



theory of evolution expounded by the ancient Darwin, 
and which was sought after for many years upon the 
Earth. The jar caused by the collision simply shook 
this animal off the Earth over upon Mars which moved 
off carrying with it some of Earth's atmosphere and 
water. The loss of these, accounts for the many deep 
depressions now found upon the surface of the Earth. 
In the process of ages, man finally made his appear- 
ance on the Earth, coming out of the sea where all 
life has originated, but the " missing link " had found 
a resting place on another planet. 

But to return, I took up, while at my leisure on 
Christmas day, an old book written in 1896 and in it 
I found some very interesting scientific views on the 
subject of what the writer calls " The Canals of 
Mars." These old writers are quite interesting and it 
is amusing to read their quaint presentation of subjects 
put forth as unquestionable facts, but which appear to 
us extremely ludicrous in their absurdities. This 
writer cannot account for the annual appearance or 
of what he believes to be canals. He suggests that 
possibly they may be a system of irrigation which the 
inhabitants of the planet are obliged to use to aid in 
the growth of vegetaion. How very wide of the mark 
he comes 1 And yet what masterly logic he uses to 
arrive at his conclusions 1 What astonishment would 
be his could he catch a glimpse of the present ! He 
would look in vain for that little Isle which furnished 
the style and fashion to the mimicing fops of his own 
time and country. The ocean of the Atlantic and her 
sister seas have long since engulfed beneath their 
angry waters the continents of the eastern hemisphere. 
His United States has been for centuries the mighty 
power of the United Americas. The bloomer girl and 
the masculine wife — jokes in his time — have had their 
day and have passed away as have the ages that sep- 
arate him from our present time. No, he could never 
believe that his canals were but openings into the 
interior of Mars by which these people ventilate their 
peculiar habitation. 

The story of the removal of this people from the 
surface to the interior of Mars is as follows : 

After being shaken from the Earth onto this planet, 
they found for some time great difficulty in breathing. 
The air was much rarer and cold was experienced to 
an alarming degree. They found they were apparently 
much lighter than they had been upon the Earth. 

When one made a step he found himself four times 
as far as he intended to advance. If he should jump 
he went so high and so far it made him dizzy. Run- 
ning was so swift that the eyesight could scarcely fol- 
low the pace. In fact no one could arrive at the place 
he was endeavoring to reach and many serious acci- 
dents resulted. When lovers attempted to kiss each 
other, they would come together with alarming force 
and a nose would be battered in or a tooth knocked 
out and the unhappy creatures would go sprawling on 
their backs. Finding that the surface of their new 
home was of a somewhat different character from 
that of the Earth and much softer and more easily 
worked, they conceived the idea of excavating a home 
beneath the surface where gravity would be greater ■ 
and cold less severe. 

To-day these bizarra people enjoy in an original 
way the bounties of nature. Five miles beneath the 
surface there is a complete excavation of the planet. 
Supports at the regular intervals hold the outer crust 
in position. Here and there are openings to the outer 
world to allow the entrance of air, but except at stated 
intervals, these are kept closed and the air is com- 
pressed to the proper density by mechanical contriv- 
ances. Hare are canals, rivers and lakes. Great 
electrical machines take the place of the sun in carry- 
ing forward the processes of the development and 
growth of plants. Vegetation is vigorous and luxuriant 
and the ciimate is delightful. 

The beauty of this world cannot be imagined. Art 
and nature have combined to make the home of the 
Kohl-Mhonkais the quaintest and most exquisite little 
garden imaginable, the ideal home of a peace loving 


(The fifth of a series of articles on the Senior 

Of all the elective studies offered in the Senior 
year by the Massachusetts Agricultural College, none 
is of more importance and value to the student than 
the study of Veterinary. It is especially valuable to 
two classes of students: First, those who intend to 
follow farming as their occupation ; second, those who 
intend to pursue further study in this line to fit them- 
selves for the profession of Veterinary Medicine and 


AGRiCULT.-., ■ 

also Human medicine. To the first class, this course 
gives a general knowledge of Veterinary, that will 
enable the farmer to give all animals under his care 
such treatment, as shall tend to prevent the occur- 
rence of disease, to acquaint him with the causes, 
symptoms and prevention of contagious diseases and 
their relation to the public health. Since more than 
one half of the farm products are derived from the 
animal industry, we cannot fail to realize the impor- 
tance of a general knowledge of Veterinary to the 
farmer and dairyman. 

To the second class, those who intend to study 
Veterinary as their profession, the course here fur- 
nishes a general knowledge of the subject, which will 
give the student a firm foundation on which to base 
further study. It is not the intention of the depart- 
ment to turn out Veterinarians for practice, for this is 
impossible with only one year's study. The aim is to 
furnish such knowledge as will be of practical use to 
the farmer and also to the student of Veterinary 

There is no line of business or any profession in 
this country which affords as great an opening as the 
Veterinary profession. During the last fifteen years, 
this science has made enormous strides in advance- 
ment and yet it is still far in the rear of the Veteri- 
nary Science in Europe. It is true that the profession 
has been degraded, by the so-called Veterinarians, 
who have taken a course of lectures from some 
"quack" and have had D. V. S. attached to their 
name ; and have then been allowed to impose on the 
public by practices often more harmful than ben- 
eficial. Such people are a disgrace to any pro- 
fession, and the law ought and undoubtedly will in 
the near future put a stop to their practice. The 
government should require that the practicing Veteri- 
narian should be a graduate of a good reliable Veteri- 
nary College. The colleges teaching Veterinary in 
this country are of a very high standard although they 
lack the scientific training given by European colleges. 

The duties of the Veterinarian are very wide. To 
him is intrusted the care of the animal industry of 
this country, and also the publi.c health in so far as it 
is related to the health of animals. It has been found 
that many of the contagious diseases are common to 
both man and animals and may be transmitted from 
one to the other directly by contact, or indirectly 

through their products. The work of the Veterina- 
rian is to prevent all this and the government should 
pass laws for the inspection of all animal products by 
reliable Veterinarians. Undoubtedly in the near 
future, the United States, like European countries, 
will need many good Veterinarians to fill positions for 
the government ; such as inspectors, in connection 
with boards of health in large cities, etc. Dr. Paige, 
who has charge of this department, graduated from 
this College in 1882 and McGill University in 1888. 
He then practiced for three years in Northamp- 
ton. He took the professorship of Veterinary Science 
at this College in 1890. He spent the past year in 
study abroad, making a specialty of the study of 
Bacteriology. The thorough knowledge and wide 
experience in Veterinary Science which Dr. Paige 
possesses, enables him to make this study one of the 
most valuable Senior electives offered by the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College. Dr. Paige has adopted 
the following plan of study for the Senior year in 

I. Hygiene : This includes measures relating to 
the preservation of health. Under this head we take 
up the special topics of water supply, ventilation, 
stable construction, foods and feeding, grooming, 
clipping, management of feet, etc. 

II. Anatomy, including osteology and myology with 
especial reference to the anatomy of the organs of 

III. General Pathology, dealing with general causes, 
symptoms and significations, diagnosis, prognosis, 
prophy laxis and general treatment of disease. The 
physiology of the blcod, circulation and respiration 
precede a consideration of the subject of inflammation, 
its causes, the changes brought about by it in the 
affected organ, the various terminations and general 
principles of treatment. 

IV. Materia Medica, including the mode of admin- 
istration of drugs, form of administration, compound- 
ing of drugs, prescription writing; together with a 
study of the sources, preparation, action and uses of 
those remedies usually employed in the treatment of 
the more common diseases of domestic animals. 
Experiments illustrating the actions of drugs are fre- 
quently made. 

V. Special Pathology. Under this head a study is 
made of such digeaseg as are of frequent occurrence 



and of importance to the practical farmer and stock 
breeder. These may include diseases of the diges- 
tive tract, including determination of age, diseases of 
the respiratory organs, the organs of locomotion, 
diseases of bones, inflammation of muscles, ligaments, 
joints, etc. Such diseases as are of especial economic 
importance, due to parasitic or microbic invasion, and 
contagious disorders of farm animals that are of inter- 
est from a sanitary point of View are also considered 
and methods of prevention suggested. 

In all cases when practicable, the work in the class- 
room is supplemented by clinical demonstrations, 
some of which are obtained from the College farm 
and some cases frcm outside are brought in for treat- 
ment or for operation. In so far as possible the 
objective form of teaching is employed. The muse- 
um is well supplied with models, skeletons, and also 
Illustrations of many diseased organs taken from 
the common domestic animals, which are used for 
illustration. It is intended to provide a course in lab- 
oratory work this winter to acquaint the student with 
the form, life-history, etc, of the common animal par- 
asites and pathogenic (disease producing) bacteria. 

The need of room for laboratory work is greatly 
felt by the department, and it is hoped that there will 
soon be a laboratory fitted up for this department, in 
which the study of Bacteriology and also clinical 
demonstrations, may be carried onto a greater advan- 
tage, than under the present cramped conditions. With 
a good laboratory fitted up with good microscopes and 
other necessary apparatus, a great deal of work could 
be carried out, which would be of much benefit to both 
the students and the farmers of this state. Speci- 
mens or work could be sent in from any where in the 
state and both the professor and the students could 
work on them and report results to those who sent 
them in. We hope to see this much needed improve- 
ment carried out in the near future. Dr. Paige, 
himself has made a special study of Bacteriology and 
has collected many pure cultures of bacteria both here 
and abroad. 

The College library furnishes us with most all of 
the standard Veterinary works for reference. The 
collection of works on this subject is only surpassed by 
those at Washington and McGill University. It is the 
aim of Dr. Paige to have the books of reference here 
so complete and so clearly surpass all other libraries 

that in the future, writers on Veterinary science will 
come to the library of this College for reference, 
rather than go elsewhere. 

The young man will do well to bear in mind, if he 
wishes to enter into a line of work that offers a good 
opening for him, that there is none better than the 
Veterinary profession ; and to this end the Senior 
course in Veterinary science at the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College, furnishes a good foundation for 
future work in that Science. 

L. L. Cheney. 

Y ■"&■■ 



The meeting held Monday, Dec. 7, for the election 
of a new football captain and manager, closed the 
football season for the year 1896. Daniel A. Beaman 
'99 was elected captain to succeed J. W. Allen, and 
R. D. Warden '98 was elected manager to succeed 
Charles I. Goessmann. 

At the beginning of the season it was thought that 
there would not be enough men who would play to 
make a team ; but later, an eleven was hurriedly 
formed, and practice began. Taking everything into 
consideration the men did well ; and, if there were any 
mistakes made, it was on account of the fact that 
there was not sufficient time to get into trim for the 
hard work that was to follow. Many of the men, who 
are excellent players, could not get out for trial prac- 
tice because of their studies. 

It is sincerely hoped the many obstacles which arose 
last fall to prevent our success will have been removed 
next year, so that nothing will hinder us from having 
a well-trained eleven. 

Mr. Beaman's effective work for the team last fall 
and his geneious and manly spirit have won for him 
the distinction he so well deserves. His being chosen 
meets the hearty approval of all. 

Let it be said that although handicapped in many 
ways by unavoidable difficulties, much credit is due 
Capt. Allen for his efforts in trying to get up a good 

As Mr. Beaman takes upon himself the responsi- 
bilities of his new position, he may feel assured that 
the best material the College affords will respond to 
the call for players in 1897. 

We wish him success and trust he will lead our 
eleven to many victories on the gridiron. 



(olleg? ^lotfj. 


-Merry Christmas. 

-A. F. Frost of Monmouth, 

Me., has entered 


— The Sophomore class completed their declama- 
tions last Tuesday morning. 

— Chapin '99 it again able to attend to his college 
duties, by the aid of a pair of faithful crutches. 

— For the past two weeks, warnings have consti u ed 
an important factor in the college mail, and yet the 
students will " cut." 

— Dr. Walker has completed a series of lectures 
before the Senior class in Political Economy, on the 
subject of " Trusts." 

— Several of the students were entertained at the 
home of Prof. Maynard, Thanksgiving eve. A pleas- 
ant time was reported. 

— Several of the students attended Gorton's Min- 
strels in the town hall last Tuesday evening. The 
local hits were pretty good. 

—A. F. Frost and N. J. Hunting both of 1900 
have joined the College Shakespearean Club, and 
Adjemian has joined the D. G. K. 

— Is the tongue of the famous bell that has of late 
ceased to speak, in the bottom of the pond, or is it on 
its way to Boston to be made into souvenir watch 
charms and paper weights ? 

— On account of injuries received while playing in 
a football game on Thanksgiving-day, Sharpe '99 has 
not been able to attend college since, but will proba- 
bly return early next term. 

— The campfire held at the Town Hall a few even- 
ings ago, under the auspices of the G. A. R., proved 
to be very interesting ; many of the students from the 
college were in attendance. 

■ — W. H. Armstrong will have charge of the Fresh- 
man class in free hand drawing next term. Mr. 
Armstrong is a good artist, and no doubt the class 
will find him an able instructor. 

— The first skating of the season was enjoyed on 
the pond Wednesday afternoon, December 2d, by a 
fair sized party. The two days following were also 
witnesses of the sport, polo coming in incidentally. 

— Governor Wolcott has accepted the resignation 
of Dr. F. H. Osgood 78, who was chairman of the 
Massachusetts State Board of Cattle Commissioners. 

— The petition sent in to the Faculty by the Senior 
class, asking that the usual department theses be 
omitted from the commencement stage was not 
granted, much to the dissatisfaction of the class. 

— The contract to furnish class canes to the Seniors 
was given to Hubbell of Northampton. The canes 
have arrived and been distributed to members of the 
class who are pretty well satisfied with their choice. 

— Many of the students spent the Thanksgiving 
vacation at their respective homes, others with rela- 
tives or friends and the remaining students enjoyed 
themselves at the college as best they could, the most 
of them faring very well. 

— For the past two weeks the cadets have been 
having battalion drill in the drill hall. The hall is 
smaller than could be wished for such formations as 
are made, but with the exception of now and then a 
pinched line the space does very well. 

— Now that Christmas is almost here, and everyone 
is trying to look cheerful and be happy, why cannot 
some of our delinquent alumni pay their subscriptions 
to Aggie Life, and by so doing make the business 
manager happy and confer a great favor upon the 

— College closes for the Christmas vacation on 
Wednesday morning, December 16, and the winter 
term begins on January 6, three weeks from that date. 
In accordance with the 85% system quite a number 
of the more fortunate students were allowed to leave 
last Friday. 

— The first dancing lesson of the winter was given 
to a number of students in the drill hall last Friday 
evening, by Prof. A. X. Petit. The class which is 
quite large already, promises to grow considerably and 
by the time the next term is well started, it will prob- 
ably be one of the college attractions. 

— We are glad to note that the newly elected foot- 
ball management has done its first duty — that of 
removing the goal posts from the gridiron — and at the 
proper time. Last year the posts spent the long 
wintry months on the campus, where from time to 
time they would remind one of the season that was 
past, pleasant perhaps — but not appropriate. 



— Because of breaks in the water mains, no water 
has come to the college buildings on several occa- 
sions and the Amherst Gas and Electric company has 
furnished lights to the buildings two or three times 
lately, and will probably begin to fulfill their contract 
with the college at the beginning of next term. 

— The crop of celery raised by the horticultural 
department this past season was as large as usual, and 
the average quality is perhaps a trifle higher than on 
most years. The warm weather which came about 
Thanksgiving time injured it somewhat, but there is 
yet a fine lot of it in storage, though it is being sold 
quite fast. 

— From among the students remaining at the col- 
lege during Thanksgiving, two foot-ball teams were 
chosen, Cheney and Eaton acting as captains, and an 
interesting game followed on the morning of that holi- 
day. The latter's team came out victorious by a 
score of 8-0. The halves were 25 minutes each, and 
there was not a bit of "scrapping." 

— The Senior debating in charge of Prof. Mills will 
begin early next term, and some interesting discus- 
sions are looked forward to. The subject of the first 
debate is, Resolved, "That Canada should be annexed to 
the United States." The speakers for the affirma- 
tive are H. F. Allen and J. L. Bartlett ; for the nega- 
tive, C. I. Goessmann and P. H. Smith. 

— We wish you a merry Christmas and a very 
happy new year. May you return in 1897 determined 
to put forth greater effort for the accomplishment of 
far better and grander results, to the satisfaction of 
your professors and especially for your own emolu- 
ment. " It is never too late to learn," but the sooner 
one learns useful things the better, for the days are 
flying fast. 

— Some of the Seniors have been aiding Prof. 
Maynard in laying out the road ways for the prospec- 
tive gardens on the hill about Prof. Cooley's house. 
The work on these plots will begin early next spring 
and most of the young fruit trees are now ready to be 
transplanted to their future location where, as types, 
they will serve as correct illustrations of the various 
types of practical and ornamental trees. 

— At the winter meeting of the State Board of 
Agriculture held at Greenfield, December 1st, 2d, and 

3d, Prof. F. S. Cooley read a paper on " Uses of 
Pure Cultures in Butter Making," and Prof. S. T. 
Maynard had on exhibition a fine lot of new varieties 
of apples, which attracted considerable attention. 
Some of the members of the faculty were present, 
and also a number of the students. 

— M. H. Pingree '99 while riding a wheel near 
the college a few days ago was bitten by a dog. As 
he passed the cur, it sprang and tore his trousers leav- 
ing purple teeth marks on his leg, and though the bite 
did not prove to be anything se.ious, it was a slightly 
unpleasant thing to think of, as the dog was thought 
to be in the first stages of hydrophobia, and was soon 
afterwards shot by a student. 

— At a recent meeting of the football asssociation 
the following officers were elected for next season : 
Foot-ball captain, D. A. Beaman '99 ; foot ball man- 
ager, R. D. Warben '98. Though the team was not 
as successful during the past season as we had hoped 
it would be, there is no doubt that Captain Allen 
faithfully discharged the duties entrusted to him, and 
we believe he succeeded in producing a very good 
team, considering the many difficulties which were 
necessarily encountered. The prospects for next sea- 
son are on the whole more encougaging for various 

— Saturday, December 5th, the Senior division in 
Botany accompanied by their genial professor, Dr. 
Stone, visited Smith College and were cordially 
received by Dr. Ganong, who is at the head of the 
Botanical department of that institution. The work 
of the young ladies in the Senior botany class was 
carefully inspected, and the neatness and accuracy 
with which they made apparatus for physiological 
experiments received worthy comment from the 
division. The well kept green-houses were also 
attractive features of the visit, and on leaving, each 
student was generously presented with a fine speci- 
men of Mimosa strigillosa. The visit was on the whole 
both interesting and instructive. 

— In the early part of the term now so fast drawing 
to a close, the Boston Evening Transcript gave birth to 
an idea which has in the past few weeks grown fully 
up to all expectations. Each Wednesday evening's 
issue of that popular paper contains a department 



which is given up entirely to notes concerning nearly 
all the more important colleges and universities in 
New England. The paper has as a special corres- 
pondent in each of these institutions some person who 
is directly connected with such, and the material he 
or she submits is published under the name of the 
institution the latter represents. These contributions 
contain, in general, the more interesting and impor- 
tant features of the work being done in the various 
colleges, and altogether adding an important feature 
to the paper. Prof. Babson who has charge of the 
space allotted to the M. A. C. has been keeping up 
his part of the department in a very creditable man- 
ner, and gives the college the prominence it deserves, 
though it may not receive it elsewhere as often as it 

— The beginning of the winter term, Jan. 6, 1897, 
will mark the opening at the M. A. C. of the short 
winter courses which have proven so successful and 
profitable at other Agricultural Colleges. These 
courses are intended to take the place of the two 
years' course, recently dropped, and beginning on the 
above date will continue for eleven weeks. They are 
designed to give the greatest good to the greatest 
number, in a short time, by such thoroughly practical 
instruction as will be most helpful to the farmer, and 
every effort is being made to make them a success. 
The dairy course is expected to prove especially pop- 
ular, since so many farmers in this state are engaged 
in that branch of agriculture, and a very practical and 
thorough course has been arranged. The well 
equipped dairy rooms offer exceptional facilities for 
practical instruction and individual practice which is 
so valuable in teaching a subject of this nature. A 
thoroughly competent corps of instructors has been 
selected to give the necessary instruction, and the 
students entering this course may be assured of being 
taught none but the best and most up to date methods 
of dairying, such as will fit them for conducting the 
business on a scientific and profitable basis. A cer- 
tificate of good character is required of each appli- 
cant, but no entrance examinations are required, and 
no tuition will be charged except to those living out- 
side the state. Great credit is due to Prof. Cooley as 
Director of the Dairy School.for his untiring efforts in 
making preparations for the opening of the course next 


The past four years have witnessed many important 
changes in college life. New ideas, new methods, 
have been introduced ; the curriculum broadened, the 
faculty strengthened. Never has the course of instruc- 
tion been so complete. With the introduction of 
electives comes the opportunity for specialization in 
that branch of science which the student wishes to 
make his lifework, With the judicious and systematic 
growth of the college library, comes the opportunity 
to ground oneself in the practical and theoretical prin- 
ciples of his calling. 

Opportunities — but a synonym for college life — grand 
opportunities now are offered to the man who is ready 
to work and eager to learn. It has been a record of 

Not alone in its educational features has the college 
shown a marked advance. Of late, an effort has been 
made towards the permanent improvement and embel- 
lishment of the college grounds and buildings. The 
new barn and entomological laboratory already attest 
this spirit of progress, while plans are being perfected 
for other structures to accommodate the influx of 
students which must come in response to the opportu- 
nities here offered. Furthermore, evidence is not 
wanting that the college authorities will use every pos- 
sible means to develop and perfect the great natural 
beauty of our college home. But we must be 

In the Horticultural department, plans for a number 
of important improvements are afoot. Chief among 
these is that of a " Massachusetts Garden," which has 
been agitated without fulfilment for several years. In 
brief the plan is this. 

That portion of the college estate bounded on the 
north and east by the road leading from the Plant 
House to Mt. Pleasant from the old creamery and on 
the west of the quince orchard and cultivated land 
shall be devoted to a Massachusetts garden, or collec- 
tion of all the trees and shrubs indigenous to this state. 
It is hoped to illustrate here the highest aim of orna- 
mental gardening — an artistic blending of artificial 
groups to secure a natural and pleasing effect. Those 
familiar with the contour of the land can readily see 
how easily it might be transformed into a beautiful 
and elaborate park. Somewhere at the hill-crest, on 

7 6 


the rolling slope, in the cosy ravine, will be fonnd just 
the place for each plant to do its best. A turf drive 
winds along the ridges crossing the ravine by a rustic 
bridge just above the old dam. The latter can be 
utilized for aquatics. 

This is the plan, whether or not it materializes, 
depends upon the judgment of the trustees and the 
generosity of the state legislature. 

In pursuing the study of fruit culture, the students 
have hitherto labored under a great disadvantage 
because of the scattered locations of both varieties and 
species about the Plant House grounds. It is proposed 
to remedy this evil as follows : 

The land east of the vineyard (a well-known land- 
mark) and formerly occupied by the pear and peach 
orchard is to be devoted exclusively to the varieties 
of fruits, specimens of each variety being planted on 
the introduction. The student will then have an oppor- 
tunity for comparison. Again, the land directly south 
of that above mentioned and formerly occupied by the 
old peach orchard, is to contain specimens of all known 
species of each fruit, from which our cultivated varie- 
ties have originated. New species and hybrids will be 
set out as introduced. An effort will be made to make 
this plot ornamental as well as educational, by turf 
drives, borders and artistic grouping of species. The 
value of such a collection to the student of horticulture, 
can be measured only by the advantages he loses 
without such aid. 

Finaliy the Col. Clark property on Mt. Pleasant, 
our recent acquisition, is rapidly assuming something 
of its former beauty. The old pasture on the northern 
side, comprising some seven acres, has been freed 
from scattering timbers, thoroughly fitted, and sown to 
rye. Next spring it will be ready to serve its purpose ; 
that of a representative commercial orchard of all the 
larger fruits. Only such varieties as are deemed most 
profitable for general market will be planted, and will 
furnish the field for such experiments in culture as 
may be undertaken. 

The remainder of the Mt. Pleasant property, com- 
prising about thirteen acres, will, for the present, 
remain substantially the same, but renewed and 
remodeled. It already contains a large number of 
very fine specimens both of trees and shrubs, though 
now suffering sadly from neglect. The old apple and pear 
orchard is being removed and also such trees as crowd 

or interfere with desirable specimens. The double 
row of pines extending from the old creamery to the 
gate and from thence northward has also been dis- 
posed of thus extending the range of vision from the 

As yet no definate plans as to the arrangement of 
this charming spot, have been formulated. Three 
ideas appear to have been uppermost in the minds of 
those who promoted the purchase : fjrst, that it be 
retained for a permanent park as a portion of the 
college grounds ; second, that it be held for the erec- 
tion of dwelling houses by members of the faculty ; 
and third, that in case our sisters should see fit to 
share with us this legacy from wise statesmanship, it 
might furnish a desirable location for an annex ; to 
which end may it be speedily proscribed. But be its 
use what it may, Mt. Pleasant cannot but prove a 
valuable investment. These are signs of growth. 


Among the many influences which come to us from 
the past, there is none, perhaps, which has taken so 
great hold on our imagination and sentiment as the 
influence which comes from chivalry. Existing as it 
did in an age of constant emotion, and in a time when 
historians were few in number, it has come about that 
many of our ideas in regard to this old institution are 
derived from mere traditions that have been handed 
down to us through the many years which have passed 
since chivalry ceased to exist. 

Chivalry was properly an institution belonging to the 
middle ages as it existed in the period between the 
tenth and fifteenth centuries. 

The word chivalry comes from a French word 
meaning horse. Thus we see how it came to mean 
" a body of warriors serving on horseback ; " and later, 
applied in a general way, it meant an order of the 
higher classes having a certain code of morals, relig- 
ious training, and social relations by which they were 

Every knight in this order was obliged to undergo 
a very severe and protracted course of training which 
began at the age of seven or eight and lasted until his 
twenty-first year when he received his title of knight. 
For the first seven years of this training the boy was 
called a valet. His duties were waiting on the lord 



and lady of the castle in which he lived, and perfecting 
himself in all the military and athletic exercises then 
known, such as the use of the bow, lance, sword, 
and battle-ax. The only weapon he was permitted to 
wear as a valet or page was a short dagger. 

At the age of fourteen the valet advanced a step 
and was made a squire. After numerous religious 
ceremonies, he was led to the altar by his parents and 
there received a military belt and sword. His training 
as a squire became more and more severe ; great 
feats of strength and endurance were required of him 
without which he could never hope to become a 
knight. He generally accompanied his lord on the 
chase or on the battle-field, carried his weapons for 
him and often took part in the fight himself, especially 
if he saw his lord in danger. The few amusements 
which were allowed him consisted in music, dancing 
and chess together with such outdoor sports as hunting 
and fishing. So much for his physical training, which 
was under the direction of the knight of the castle. 

The young knight's religious and social training was 
under the direction of the ladies of the family, and was 
as diligently attended to as his physical training. 
He was taught a high regard for the female sex, 
purity, devotion to religion, promptness, dexterity, and 
above all, — obedience. 

So rigid was this whoie course of training that it i s 
said that even the best knights generally sent their 
own sons to other nobles to be trained for fear that if 
they kept them, at home they might be tempted to 
indulge them and thus perhaps prevent the m from 
becoming model knights. It thus came about that a 
knight who was more noble or wealthy than his neigh- 
bors would have several of the sons of his acquaint- 
ances under his charge. 

At the age of twenty-one the squire was made a 
knight at the end of religious ceremonies which lasted 
two or three days. He was then ready to set out in 
search of adventure or to go into battle with his friends. 

Although at the beginning of chivalry knights were 
only those who had undergone this course of training, 
it sometimes happened as time went on that men 
were made knights and recognized as such on account 
of their valor in battle, or because of some special 
deed of bravery. It seems likely that this was one of 
the causes that led to the decline of true chivalry, for 
on account of this new custom men were placed in 

positions which their limited means would not allow 
them to support, unless they took to plundering, as 
such men too often did. 

In an age so nearly barbarous in many of its cus- 
toms it is, perhaps, hard to account for the presence 
cf such an institution as chivalry. Very little, in fact 
nothing, is certainly known of its origin, although sev- 
eral theories have been advanced. Of this, however, 
we may be reasonably sure : It did not arise from 
any sudden and radical change in society, but resulted 
from a certain condition of things out of which it grew 
slowly, as many other institutions before and since 
have grown. 

Looking back in history for the first traces of chiv- 
alry, we find that it sprang up among the Teutonic 
nations who settled in central and western Europe near 
the close of the fifth century and shortly after what is 
known in European history as " the great movement 
of peoples " had taken place. Not until near the 
middle of the tenth century, however, do we find any 
account of chivalry existing as a distinct and organ- 
ized institution. 

As early as we are able to find any traces of chiv- 
alry, we find existing with it another institution with 
which it undoubtedly had a close connection ; this 
institution was known as the feudal system and must 
have been in general use some time before chivalry 
came to be known. It is easily seen how this came 
about. After the Teutons had overrun and conquered 
Europe, naturally the first thing that was done was to 
divide up the land among the knights and nobles of 
the conquering hosts. Each knight then proceeded to 
take his allotted land and erect upon it a suitable 
castle, if such did not already exist there. Here he 
gathered round him his servants and followers' who, in 
return for his protection, paid taxes upon the land that 
was let out to them, It was this arrangement that 
enabled the knight to maintain his position ; and it was 
these knights and their descendants that afterwards 
composed " the flower of European chivalry." 
Throughout all the years in which chivalry was grow- 
ing and reaching its height, the political and social 
affairs of Europe were in anything but a settled state. 
During this period many religious and civil wars took 
place, and also those great religious military enter- 
prises known as the Crusades, in which the greater 
part of the warriors in central and western Europe 

7 8 



Besides these wars in which the knights took part, 
there were other ways in which they might distinguish 
themselves, and the most popular of these presented 
themselves in the tournament. The tournament was a 
kind of open-air entertainment under the direction of 
the nobility and included feats of strength, sham bat- 
tles, and more often personal combats between the 
knights which, though generally begun in a friendly 
spirit, sometimes ended with bloodshed and hostility. 
An ambitious knight, then, could find plenty of oppor- 
tunities for distinguishing himself, and thus gain the 
object he desired, whether it was political power or 
the hand of some fair lady. 

We are enabled to understand in some degree from 
the foregoing that chivalry was a large and powerful 
institution of the times in which it flourished and it 
follows that as such it must necessarily have had con- 
siderable influence. What this influence was, and in 
what direction it was exerted, it is not easy to deter- 
mine. By observing its connection with other organi- 
zations,and the effects which it produced, not only upon 
its followers but upon all who came in contact with it, 
we may, however, get some insight into its real value. 

While chivalry existed it was at all times an order 
of the nobility and its influences were felt by the higher 
classes rather than by the lower ignorant classes. It 
has been said that while the feudal system represented 
the political side of the Middle Ages, chivalry repre- 
sented the social side. 

The influences upon the followers of chivalry were 
many and we are enabled to get some some idea of 
them from the customs and usages of chivalry. The 
main idea of chivalry seems to have been this : to 
produce and nourish a select class of sturdy, vigorous 
people and to instill into their minds the importance of 
such moral and religious virtues as, integrity faithful- 
ness, courage, devotion to religion, purity, a high regard 
for the female sex, and especially a willingness to 
take the part of the weak and afflicted and to right 
such wrongs as existed about them. 

In looking among the followers of chivalry for evi- 
dence of this idea we meet with many exceptions and 
inconsistences. While many of the knights and 
nobles in this order were loyal to their youthful training 
we have in history examples of men who were far 
from being what their' training taught them they should 

be. We cannot wonder at this, however, for by obser- 
vation we know that in this respect human nature is 
the same to-day as it was in the Middle Ages ; and 
we should not make the mistake of judging the influ- 
ence of chivalry by the deeds of the few who are noted 
in history for their wickedness. Whatever may be 
said against chivalry, let us remember and give to it 
all that it merits as an institution which, linked with 
Christianity, stood for all that is true and good in an 
age that was so full of commotion and strife. 

H. j. H. 

The Massachusetts Agricultural College Club of 
New York will hold its Eleventh Annual Family 
Reunion at the St. Denis Hotel, Broadway and 1 1th 
streets, Monday evening, December 21st, 1896, at 
8-30 o'clock under the Presidency of Dr. Joseph E. 
Root 76 of Hartford. President Goodell, Professor 
Parker, Lieutenant Totten and others will be present 
as guests. The Choragus, Professor Harrington, will 
have charge of the music. Dinner tickets, three dol- 
lars ; please remit on or before December 16th. 

Alvan L. Fowler, '80. 
Sec. Treas,, 137 Center St., New York. 

76. — William H. Porter was elected Representa- 
tive at the recent election for the ensuing year. 

'82. — Died, Nov. 24, Ellen Bigelow, beloved wife 
of John Ashburton Cutter, M. D., of New York, and 
daughter of the late Benj. Wright of Hubbardston, 
Mass., and Mrs. Sarah Hartwell Wright of Worces- 
ter, Mass. Interment in New York. 

'82. — The Agr'l Experiment Station of the Purdue 
University has recently published a bulletin edited by 
C. S. Plumb giving a full description of the external 
and internal anatomy of the udder of the cow. Dr. 
Plumb treats the subject in a very complete manner 
and any body interested in dairying will find this a 
valuable guide. 

'88.— -The address of R. B. Moore is No. 324|- 
Franklin St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

'91. _The address of E. P. Felt is No. 15 Elberon 
Place, Albany, N. Y. 



'91. — Henry J. Field who graduated last June from 
the Cornell University Law School has been admitted 
to the Hampshire County Bar and will open a law 
office at Greenfield, Mass. 

'92. — The address of J. E. Deuel is Togus, Me. 

'92. — The marriage of Elliott Rogers to Miss Mary 
Hackett Thompson is to take place at Kennebunk, 

'93.— The address of E. H. Lehnert is No. 28 
Church St., Clinton, Mass. 

'94. — A. C. Curtis, Instructor in Higher English 
in Cheltenham Military Academy, Ogontz, Pa. 

'94. — E. T. Dickinson, a Junior in the Harvard 
Dental School has been appointed president of his 


'Twas long ago. the legends say, 
Sir Roderick gave a party gay 

On Christmas night at Lynden Hall ; 
And ladies fair and gallants tall, 
And lord and matron old and gray, 
Came, one and all. 
To Roderick's Hall. 

The Yule log blazed and burned and roared, 
And flames and sparks up chimney soared ; 
In festoons gay the holly swung, 
The mistletoe demurely hung 
From arches o'er the festal board, 
And shyly clung 
Where bright lights hung. 

The holly berries, pale and white, — 
And not, as now, so red and bright, — 
Were woven with the mistletoe, 
And hung just where — now you must know 
What surely haps on Christmas night 
If maiden go 
'Neath mistletoe. 

And when beneath this magic spray 
Fair Gladys happ'd perchance to stray, 
Up quickly stepped a gallant knight, 
And kissed her there, as was his right ; 
And all the legends truly say 
That ne'er did knight 
Give kiss so light. 

The holly berries overhead 
Grew rosy, and turned crimson red ; 
For when they saw the rosy hue 
On Gladys' cheek, what could they do 
But droop and blush ? So rosy red, 
In blushing too, 
The holly grew. 

— Charles W. E. Chapin, 



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NO. 7 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 
JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97. Business Manager. ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr., '98. Ass't Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN. '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 

RANDALL DUNCAN WARDEN, '98, Athletics. GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT. '98, Alumni Notes. 


Terras: $1.00 per year in acloance. Single copies, 10c. Postage outside of United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Students and alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears paid. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

iS 3 

During the past two seasons the Military Ball given 
by the secret societies of the College has been the 
brilliant social event of the winter. The social side 
of a student's life should not be neglected, and such 
events as the military ball aid greatly in social culture. 
We bespeak a hearty cooperation of students and 
faculty in this matter, in using their combined influ- 
ence to make the affair this winter a grand success. 

The attention of the students is called to the con- 
stitution of the Advisory Board, printed in another 
column. This constitution will shortly be brought 
before the student body at a mass meeting, and its 
insertion in the Life will enable every man in college 
to read it carefully before the question of its adoption 
shall be put to vote. The necessity for such a board 
has been felt in the past, and. •while no one can pos- 
sibly question the integrity of the managers of the 
various student enterprises, the plan to have an 
auditing committee is certainly a commendable one. 

One of our most important student organizations is 
the Natural History Society. This society was 
founded in 1884, by Messrs. Stone, Flint, Leary, 
Goldthwait, and Phelps, and since then its grov/th, 
though not rapid, has been sure. Two of the founders 
now occupy prominent positions on our faculty, Dr. 
Flint as professor of Chemistry, and Dr. Stone as 
professor of Botany, and also the head of the Depart- 
ment of Vegetable Pathology at the Experiment 
Station. The society has always made a special fea- 
ture of its winter Course of Lectures, and the series 
arranged for this term is certainly one of the best. 
The opening lecture was given by Lieut. Wright on 
the evening of Jan. 15. and his treatment of his sub- 
ject. " The Strategic Relations of the United States 
to England," was both instructive and interesting. 
The lectures will continue at the rate of one a week 
throughout the remainder of the term. Among the 
speakers are, President Goodell, Dr. Goessmann, Pro- 
fessors Lull, Stone, Flint, Mills, Babson, Paige, and 
Wellington. The mere mention of these names is a 
sufficient guarantee of the excellence of the lectures, 
and no student should allow himself to miss them. 



The opening of the year 1897 finds the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College better equipped for work 
than at any previous time in its history. Great 
progress has been made in all departments, and the 
outlook at present is highly encouraging. Among the 
improvements that the past year has witnessed are 
the completion and equipment of the new portion of 
the Insectary, the large addition to the Experiment 
Station, the purchase of the Colonel Clark estate on 
Mt. Pleasant, the establishment of the Dairy School, 
and the short Winter Course, the establishment of 
several departments of the Gypsy Moth Commission 
at the College, and the renovation of the dormitories. 
All the courses of study have been strengthened, and 
•' Progress " is the watchword of the hour. Never 
before has the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
offered such advantages to her sons. Students, try to 
show your Alma Mater that you appreciate what she 
is doing for you, and see to it that your part be done 
faithfully. Young men of the state, the educational 
advantages of this college may be yours for the ask- 
ing ! Can you afford to let such a grand opportunity 
pass unnoticed ? 


It has always been a matter of pride among the 
students to keep the work in the Military Department 
on as high a plane as possible. An opportunity is now 
presented for some of our cadets to win distinction in 
a new field, that of Military Rifle Shooting. In May, 
1897, the various institutions in which military instruc- 
tion is given, will engage in a rifle contest that will 
determine for the year the relative standing in mark- 
manship of the various schools and colleges partici- 
pating. At all these institutions throughout the country 
the shooting will be under the direction of the officer 
stationed there, and an entirely disinterested person 
will also be present at the contest. The scores will be 
telegraphed immediately to some staff officer of the 
United States Army, and the telegram will be fol- 
lowed by a detailed written report. Each college will 
have a team of ten men, and Lieutenant Wright, our 
commandant, intends to do his utmost to turn out a 
winning team. We have plenty of good material, but 
it is undeveloped. It will take long and patient prac- 
tice to become proficient, but we urge upon every 
cadet the importance of such training, and the honor 
that will accrue to himself, to the team, and to the 
college, should we win in the competition. Let every 
man do his best! 

It is well said that man is a rational being. He 
possesses that which we call mind and which may be 
the key-note of his success in life. His success or 
failure may depend upon the strength or weakness of 
this great power. It is hidden, not visible to the naked 
eye, yet its existence is as certain as the light of day. 
So long as man exists it will exist with him do its 
miracles when its normal power is unrestrained. 

But besides this power, man is the possessor of what 
we call passions. The latter by their tempting power 
have influenced human life more than the former, 
so far as facts go, notwithstanding the calamities which 
ensue by yielding to these passions, out of 100 human 
actions 80 have been prompted by these passions. It 
was not until the beginning of the present century that 
man led by his higher nature stepped forth and pro- 
claimed his freedom in thought and acts. Past events 
are enough to show that man not only is a free being 
but that he must live free. But is man free ? I am 
sorry to say that the condition of nations as a whole 
will prove the contrary. The ambition and avarice 
of man overpowering their moral and higher nature 
have robbed their fellowmen of the right to live. 
Individuals, societies and nations failing to recognize 
man's right to freedom and being exhausted by devas- 
tating wars have consented to an apparent peace. But 
the question did they succeed ? That international 
feeling which brought Europe together against Napo- 
leon Bonapart as a tyrant and oppressor seems to have 
lost all its vital energy in the chaos of the past. It 
never gives signs of showing itself again against 
another form of tyranny which is rising gradually and 
will become more dangerous than that of Bonapart, 

But what did after all result from the fierce strug- 
gles of European nations ? Concentration of power 
in the hands of two nations, England on the western 
side of Europe threatening with her fleet and Russia 
on the eastern side of Europe menacing with her 
vast force. Let me ask again has the mind of man 
overcome the weapons of his passions after these des- 
perate struggles ? We must not be moved by the 
riches and the strength of a nation and on that account 
sympathize with her but watch the principles which she 



A partial and unselfish examination is necessary in 
order to lay here the tendency of a nation and the 
character of her people. We well know that nations 
are made up of societies and these in turn of individ- 
uals. The success and power of a nation depend 
upon the individuals whom a nation produces. Some 
of these may be stronger in their passions and armed 
with shrewdness may for a time put themselves and 
their nation above the ordinary level. But I beg you 
have patience and wait to the end. What became of 
the heroes of the Roman empire ? Where has gone 
the very empire itself? Where are the invading armies 
of Alexander the Great ? What became of the Assyr- 
ian, Persian and Grecian empires ? All lost in the 
chaos of the past leaving only their records. We 
applaud their good works which satisfy our mind and 
look with contempt at other actions, performed only 
for the satisfaction of passion. Why is it that the 
modern scholar likes to deal with the life of Socrates, 
Plato, Virgil rather than with those victors whose aim 
was only to invade? It is clear that any nation which 
gives birth to heroes rich in moral views concerning 
man as man that nation not only will be the queen of 
her time but leave a lasting effect on the pages of his- 
tory Russia may have shrewd statesmen who being 
strong in passions may succeed in overpowering other 
nations. But is not that the dictum of passion to grow 
strong at the expense of the other ? Russia has pro- 
duced men who have been great in one sense of the 
word. But has Russia ever produced philanthropists 
who are interested in man as man ? You may say 
that England has shown the same tendencies and may 
mention the wars between her and this country or 
between some other nations. But would your con- 
science allow you to put England on the same footing 
with Russia? Would you do justice in concealing 
that great work which English mind has done for civ- 
ilization ? Remember her heroes such as Wilberforce 
and others in the past and Gladstone at the present, 
who is the admiration of the foreigner and the glory of 
his country. In conclusion I will add that we are liv- 
ing at a time when indifference will be a curse to the 
human race, Let us not be like the Levite and the 
priest; but be the Samaritan. ■ Put aside the idea that 
so far as Russia does not interfere with America or as 
she seems friendly you must agree with her policy and 
mode of action. Watch her works and judge whether 

they are conducted for the welfare of man as man or 
aim at the glory of the invader. You must - be sure 
that a government in protecting the rights of her 
people can do good work also to man in general. If 
you find that the motive is the birth of Ambition then 
give your verdict and think how to stop the rushing 
flood which one day may sweep your country too ! 



It is now over a month since the '98 Index was 
placed on sale. During that time the twenty-six classes 
that have been graduated from Aggie have bought 
thirty-nine books, or an average of three books to 
every two classes. The Editors made a special effort 
to have the book published on time and this is their 
reward — eight books sold to each one hundred 

The '98 Index contains the latest correct list of the 
alumni — in fact it is the only complete list which is 
available to M. A. C. graduates, but in view of the 
fact that the receipts for the sale of the books do not 
repay the money and labor expended in obtaining such 
a list, it seems advisable that future boards shall not 
attempt to sell their publication to the alumni. 

All graduates have received an announcement that 
the '98 Index is on sale. Possibly this fact has slipped 
their minds ; if so it is hoped that this appeal will 
again remind them that if the publication is to be a 
success more books must be sold. 

There are also many undergraduates who have not 
yet obtained an Index. Let every one buy at least 
one copy and in future years he will have something 
to remind him of his life at Aggie. 


Section 1. 
Article 1. The object of the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College Advisory Board shall be the promotion of the finan- 
cial interests of the following organizations, — the M. A. C. 
Boarding Club, the Reading Room, the Aggie Life, the Index 
and the Glee and Banjo Club. 

Section 2. 

Article 1. The Board shall consist of two members of the 
faculty of the Massachusetts Agricultural College — one of 
whom shall be the presiding officer, and the other the secre- 

8 4 

AGCrii; LLbtL. 

tary of the board, — to be elected by the student body at a 
mass-meeting to be held at the beginning of each collegiate 

Article 2. The term of office of said members of the 
Board shall be one year or until the election of their success- 

Article 3. Vacancies occurring in the Board shall be filled 
by election, by the student body. Members thus elected 
shall hold office for the unexpired term of their predecessors. 
Section 3. 

Article 1. The duty of the Board shall be to act with the 
President, Treasurer or Business Manager, and Auditors of 
each of the five above mentioned organizations (See Section 
1, Article 1) independently, upon all questions pertaining to 
the proper keeping of books, accounting of funds and auditing 
of accounts, thus acting solely as an advisory committee 
without assuming in any way the direction of or responsibil- 
ity for the management of said organizations. 

Article 2, Said Advisory Board shall meet with the above 
mentioned officers of each of the aforementioned organiza- 
tions at the beginning and close of each term and at such 
other times as may be deemed advisable by the Advisory 

Article 3. The accounts and vouchers of each of the 
organizations shall be open at all times to the inspection of 
the Advisory Board and its own officers. 

Article 1. The duties of the President shall be to call and 
preside at all meetings of the Board. 

Articte 2. The duties of the Secretary shall be to keep a 
full record of all proceedings of the Board in a book to be 
provided for the purpose, in which shall also be inscribed the 
constitution and by-laws of the Advisory Board. The Secre- 
tary shall also perform the duties of the President in the 
latter's absence or disability. 

Article 3. This "Constitution and By-Laws" shall be 
published in Aggte Life and submitted for ratification, there- 
after, to the student body of the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, assembled in mass-meeting, and if approved by 
majority vote of said student body, the proceedings of said 
mass-meeting shall be entered in the records of the Advisory 



A very able and interesting lecture was given last 
night by Lieut. W. M. Wright before the Natural 
History Society. A large and attentive audience was 
present. The lecture was on the " Strategic Rela- 
tion between the United States and England. " The 
Lieutenant first spoke of the relation of the two coun- 
tries in general. He then went on to say that so long 

as nations are separate there will be war. 

War affects all the people throughout the country, 
not a home or family escapes without some loss or 
affliction. Sovereigns no longer control wars. Most 
of the great modern wars were fought against the 
approval of the rulers. First in considering the result 
of war we must take into consideration the strength 
and state of affairs at the frontier. In case of war, 
with England most of the work would be along the 
Atlantic coast and the Canadian boundary line. The 
Canadian Pacific Railroad has opened up the country 
north of the boundary line to a great extent, and is in 
a measure a military road. Before the completion 
of the railroad all troops and munitions of war had to 
be carried around Cape Horn to get them at Van- 
couvre or along the western border line. The mana- 
gers of the Canadian Pacific now claim that they can 
transport troops and munitions of war, from Halifax to 
Vancouvre in seven days. 

But for all this, England cannot protect her 
boundary along the frontier from Montreal to Col- 
umbia by the Canadian Pacific as the roads run 
through a large unsettled tract of land and could be 
easily destroyed by burning bridges and tearing up 
rails in places. The eastern part of the boundary is 
much better protected by fortifications and the ease 
with which warships might be placed on the Great 
Lakes and rivers. There are also a number of large 
canals built connecting the necessary bodies of water 
together so as to form a continuous navigable space 
of water, from Atlantic to Great Lakes. There is a 
great deal in these lines when naval engagements 
mean so much. 

Canada to-day is in a much better condition for 
war than the United States, as it has better fortifica- 
tions, more armed ships on the lakes and more men 
at its immediate disposal. There is no doubt but 
that the lakes could be defended much more readily 
than the canals, which could be blown up in a very 
short time and thus stop the passage. Quebec is the 
strongest fortified site in Canada. In every war it has 
been the great object to take this fortification. In the 
future if a war should be fought with England one of 
the first objects would be, in all probability, to take 

There are a number of lines along which this cap- 
ture might be carried out. One of the most feasible 



would be to first reduce Montreal and then make 
either a quick aitack on Quebec, with picked soldiers 
and light cannon.or to reduce the fortification by starv- 
ation, a much more tedious process. Besides the 
Canadian boundary, there is the long stretch of Atlantic 
coast to defend. Whenever the attack might be 
made oar methods of to-day would in all probabilities 
be defensive. The United States has a good navy 
but it is inferior to that of England in size. England 
has the control of the sub-marine cables. It has been 
mostly English capital which has laid them. She has 
very good coaling stations quite near the United States, 
for instance Halifax and some of the West Indies. 

In conclusion the lecturer said, that while the con- 
quest of Canada might not be an impossibilty to the 
United States, it would not be so easily achieved as 
we commonly suppose, as England is in many points 
better prepared for war than we. 


(the sixth of a series of articles on the senior 


To the under classmen, but more especially to the 
Juniors, the subject of rightly choosing Senior elect- 
ives is one of great importance. It is an easy matter 
for those who have arrived at some definite conclusion 
in regard to their future work in life, to choose their 
Senior electives, but to those who are as yet undecided 
as to what they will do after graduating, this is a diffi- 
cult matter. 

The German students differ from the American 
students in that they use the college course as a 
work-shop or preparatory course for their business. 
The result is self-evident. When they graduate they 
step right into their life work and achieve wonderful 
success in all the industries. Most American students, 
on the contrary, go through college with no definite 
end in view. They graduate and are compelled to 
take the first position which they can get in order to 

Thus we see it is a great advantage to choose a 
calling, and then, to use the college course as a means 
of bringing one near to his life work. 

Prof. Clark Bell, an authority on all points con- 
nected with Chemistry orjce said, " Chemistry is the 
prolific mother of all the world's wealth." Although 
this at first may seem to be an absurd statement, if 

one will only look around and think of the various 
occupations of man he will soon arrive at the conclu- 
sion that most of them are at least benefited by a 
knowledge of Chemistry, while to the graduates of an 
agricultural college it is of the greatest importance. 

The study under question is in the hands of a com- 
petent professor and one who has had a vast amount 
of experience in this line of work. Prof. Chas. Wel- 
lington graduated from the college in 1873. He 
then took a post-graduate course of three years in 
Chemistry. He received his degree of Ph. D. from 
the University of Gottingen in 1885, and has been 
Associate Professor of Chemistry at the college 
(M. A. C.) since that time. He is a great favorite 
with the students, and by his kindness and earnest, 
persistent work he makes the course both interesting 
and instructive. 

In the elective course the end sought is two-fold : 
first, to all students is taught the meaning of Chemis- 
try, its position as a science, as a disciplinary study, 
and as an art ; secondly, those who intend to be active 
as chemists, or as workers in any allied industry, are 
instructed either in the processes of work carried on 
in connection with the great industries of agriculture 
and manufactures, or in the methods of investigation 
and teaching. Special attention is given to training 
in accurate qualitative and quantitative analysis. 

The time given to the study is two hours per day 
four days in the week, during the entire course. 

The equipment of the department consists of a well- 
furnished laboratory and a large collection of the best 
books and journals. 

The subjects are taken up as follows : 

1. General analysis. 

2. Chemical preparations. 

3. Special analysis, including that of water, fod- 

ders, milk, urine, rocks, soils, fertilizers, raw 
and manufactured products of all sorts. 

4. Critical study of current Chemical literature. 

5. Presentation, with the discussions, of reviews 

of Chemical progress. These are presented 
to the class by individual students, and much 
benefit may be derived from this work. 

6. Excursions to industrial establishments, with 


7. Connection with the American Chemical 

Society. Two members of the present 



Senior class have already become associates. 

During the course there are lectures on the subjects 
closely connected with the work and on which exam- 
inations are held. 

A student interested in any line of work may pursue 
the same as long as he wishes and perhaps reveal new 
truths to the chemical world. 

Such is the account of the course in Senior Elec- 
tive Chemistry and it would pay every one who possi- 
bly can do so to take this study, which brings its stu- 
dents into intimate knowledge of actual industrial life ; 
and which unites the college laboratory with that of the 
farm and the factory, and with the lifework of the 
business man, the teacher and the investigator. 

C. A. Norton. 


The College is to be congratulated on having 
secured H. C. Burrington '96 as instructor and sepa- 
rator man in the Dairy School. Mr. Burrington adds 
to his college and dairy training and practical experi- 
ence with separators, a keen interest in his work and 
a happy faculty of imparting his enthusiasm to the 
men under his direction. 

Among the new apparatus put in at the Dairy 
School is a Moseley & Stoddard steam turbine Bab- 
cock milk tester, The machine is of copper, and is 
fitted with reverse steam jet, a steam-gauge and speed 
indicator. This is one of the most complete and 
effective milk testers made. 

The Vermont Farm Machine Co. has sent to the 
Director of the Dairy School a full line of United 
States cream separators, billed at $400. These 
machines are on exhibition in the Dairy building and 
are to be used in demonstration work. 

A trial of the various pure-culture starters is to be 
made in the winter course in butter making this term. 
Prof. Cooley has arranged for comparisons between 
Conn's Bacillus 41, Douglass' Boston Butter Culture, 
Hansen's Lactic Ferment, and natural starters. Sam- 
ples of the butter made from cream so ripened are to 
be scored by leading expert judges. The students in 
the regular course as well as the Dairy students will 
be interested in the reports of these tests. 

Mr. Fred J. Carpenter of Waupun, Wis,, who is 
giving practical and theoretical instruction in butter- 

making this term is a graduate of the Wisconsin 
Dairy School, and a former instructor there, Mr. 
Carpenter comes highly indorsed by Profs. Henry and 
Farrington of Wisconsin and appears to be the right 
man in the right place here. 

The P. M. Sharpies Separator Co. have offered to 
loan the college one of their separators for use in the 
Dairy course. Other machines will doubtless be 
secured before the close of the term so that compari- 
sons of the merits of each of the leading types may be 

About 1000 lbs. of milk is brought to the college 
daily to give the short course men practical work in 
the manufacture of its products. It reflects rather 
adversely on the college herd that with such abuudance 
of fodder and room, only a very small part of the neces- 
sary milk is produced at home. 

Phillip Smi th '97 is giving instruction in milk test- 
ing to the dairy students. 


At a meeting of the State Legislature held at Bos- 
ton a short time ago, and in which matters appertain- 
ing to the Massachusetts Agricultural College were 
considered, the following resolution was adopted. 

" Resolved, That there be allowed and paid out of 
the treasury of the Commonwealth, a sum not exceed- 
ing twelve thousand dollars, to be expended at the 
Massachusetts Agricultural College under the direction 
of its trustees, for the following purposes, to wit , — for 
providing adequate water supply and protection from 
fire by the purchase and laying of six thousand feet 
more or less of six- inch cast iron water pipes, with the 
gates, hydrants, and hose required, a sum not exceed- 
ing five thousand, eight hundred dollars ; for construct- 
ing a reservoir to be used in emergencies, and laying 
the necessary pipes and gates, a sum not exceeding 
two thousand, five hundred dollars; for renovating and 
enlarging the greenhouse for the study of plant dis- 
eases, a sum not exceeding one thousand and five hun- 
dred dollars ; for enlarging the laboratory and provid- 
ing the necessary facilities for teaching botany, a sum 
not exceeding one thousand dollars ; for painting, 
repairing and raising the roofs of the greenhouses 
known as the Durfee Plant house, and the vegetable 
houses, a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars." 

I- = 

I S 
u. . 



« O 





The above appropriations have been needed for 
some time and are sure to be appreciated by all con- 
nected with the college. We have a good corps of 
instructors, but without necessary room and apparatus 
no professor can do himself justice in his attempts to 
give a good knowledge of his subject. Of these 
increases in the facilities for study, probably the appro- 
priation for the benefit of the Botanical department in 
charge of Dr. Stone will meet with the heartiest 
approval of the students, while that concerning the 
water supply, though of an entirely different nature 
from any of the others, will be accepted with pleasure 
and it will be a great improvement to have our water 
supply extended as much as it now appears likely to be. 
After these improvements are made we shall be pretty 
well situated. 



— Skating again. 

— Have you broken any of your New Year's 
resolutions ? 

— The Senior class has voted not to adopt the cap 
and gown for Commencement. 

— Kellogg 1 900 has not as yet returned to College 
because of an attack of measles. 

— Rev. George J. Newton of Belchertown exchanged 
pulpits with Dr. Walker last Sunday. 

— The College Shakespearean CM was photographed 
last Saturday by J. L. Lovell of Amherst. 

— J. R. Dutcher will not return to College this 
term on account of the illness of his father. 

— Several of the seniors are taking a course in 
Rural Law under Judge Lyman of Northampton. 

— Professors Maynard, Wellington and some oth- 
ers are to join the Amherst Grange at the next 

— The. Farm Department was cutting ice on the 
pond last week. It will take four or five more days to 
fill the ice-house to its full capacity. 

— On account of illness Lieut. Wright was not able 
to be present at military drill last Monday and Captain 
Barry conducted the exercises in his place. 

— One of our popular members of the Faculty, who 
rides the " Yellow Fellow" was thrown from his 
wheel last Saturday, quite severely bruising his knee. 

— Pres't Goodell was in Boston during the first few 
days of the term attending to business matters con- 
cerning the College. Prof. S. T. Maynard acted as 
president during his absence. 

— Prof. James B. Paige is very busy just now, his 
time, outside of College hours, being occupied by 
attending to the veterinary practice of his brother, 
who has been taken to the hospital on account of 
severe illness. 

— Some of the students from the College attended 
the concert given by the Mount Holyoke Glee club at 
the Congregational Church in South Hadley last night, 
and returned home early this morning after a very 
pleasant drive over the mountain. 

— The sophomore class in English will continue 
their work this term in Prof. Genung's Outlines of 
Rhetoric. The subjects, Description, Narration, Expo- 
sition and Argumentation will be supplemented through- 
out the term by lectures by Prof. Babson. 

— Last Friday evening the members of the Nat- 
ural History Society, together with a number of oth- 
ers, listened to a very able and instructive lecture by 
Lieut. Wright on the subject " The Strategic Rela- 
tions of the United States to Great Britian. " 

— The State Legislature has dealt very reasonably 
with the college in consideration of the needs of the 
coming year, as will be seen in another column in this 
issue. What we want now is money, for the purpose 
of fitting up our gymnasium ; and that will probably 
be given to us later. 

—Lieut. W. M. Wright. 2nd Infantry, U. S. A., 
and commandant of cadets at M. A. C, has been 
appointed aide-de-camp on the staff of Gen. Horace 
Porter who is to be the chief marshal of ceremonies at 
the inauguration of President-elect McKinley which 
takes place at Washington, D. C, March 4th. 

— A few days since, the trustees of the College lis- 
tened to President Goodell's Aunual Report. He 
spoke quite favorably concerning the growth of the 
institution during the past year, and the good quality 
of work being done by the students. A brief review 
of Agricultural education since the passage of the 
Land Grant bill in 1862, providing for the establish- 
ment of Agricultural colleges in every state, proved 
to be an interesting feature. The annual catalogue 
of the college will probably appear before long. 



— At a meeting of the M. A. C. Boarding club held 
at the close of last term the following officers were 
elected for this term : Pres't, R. D. Warden '98 ; 
vice-pres't, J. L. Bartlett '97 ; sec. and treas. , J. P. 
Nickerson '98; directors, C. A. Peters '97, M. H. 
Pingree '99; F.H.Turner '99 and C. A. Crowell 

— At a business meeting of the Natural History 
Society held Friday evening, Jan. 8th, the resigna- 
tion cf its president, P. H. Smith '97 was tendered 
and accepted. Mr. G. D. Leavens '97 was elected 
to fill the vacancy and Mr. H.J. Armstrong '97 was 
elected to fill the latter's position on the board of 

— During the past few days the Seniors have been 
practising flag-signalling, the Juniors have been 
instructed in the sabre drill ; some of the Sophomores 
have been taking Artillery Drill, and the Freshmen, 
have been receiving personal instruction under Lieut. 
Wright as to the proper way to aim and shoot with 
the Springfield Rifle. 

— The Freshman class has elected officers for the 
term as follows : Pres't, A. D. Gile ; vice-pres't, M. 
B. Landers ; sec, and treas., A. M. West ; class cap- 
tain, F. G. Stanley; polo captain, J. W. Kellogg; 
base base captain, J. E. Halligan; reading-room 
director, H. Baker; athletic director, W. R. Crowell; 
sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Parmenter. 

— Prof. Lull has kindly consented to lecture before 
the Natural History Society Friday evening. His 
subject will be, " The Antiquity of Man. " Prof. Lull 
will undoubtedly handle his subject in a very able 
manner and every student should be present, not only 
to show his appreciation of our instructor's interest in 
the society, but to get what good he may from the 

— At an examination held by the Civil Service 
Commission at Springfield, Massachusetts, a short 
time ago, the College was represented by two resi- 
dent graduates both of the class of Ninety-five. Mr. 
R. A. Cooley took the examination for the position of 
assistant entomologist, and Mr. E. A. White took the 
examination for the position of assistant floriculturist. 
Both have recently received notice that they have 
successfully passed their examinations, but no appoint- 
ments had been announced up to the end of last week. 

— The plan of leaving the guns and equipments in 
the armory each night after drill has lately been 
adopted. It has been thought best that the Quarter- 
master have charge of them rather than have each 
student care for his rifle himself outside of drill hours. 
Each student has his own rack with name and num- 
ber of rifle attached, from which he takes before, 
and to which he returns his equipments after each 

— The Gypsy Moth committee from the State 
Board of Agriculture has recently presented its report 
to the Legislature. The report shows the great 
amount of work that the commission has been doing 
in the last season, and it is made clearly evident that 
if this insect pest is fought during the coming season 
to any advantage, that the state must appropriate lib- 
erally to the support of the officers in charge of the 
Gypsy moth districts. 

— The resignation of Prof. Leonard Metcalf from 
the chair of the Mathematical department has been 
accepted by the Trustees of the College. The resig- 
nation does not go into effect, however, until the first 
of July, and the College will be fortunate if it suc- 
ceeds in obtaining in his position the services of as 
able an instructor as Prof. Metcalf. It is understood 
that he will enter into business with Mr. William D. 
Wheeler, M. A. C. '71, who is a successful hydraulic 
engineer and a trustee of the College. 

— The question of Junior electives has again been 
agitating the minds of our faculty. During the past 
few weeks more than ordinary attention has been put 
upon this subject and it is understood that '99 will 
next year enjoy that for which the college has been 
asking for the past few years. The efficacy of this 
new alteration in the college curriculum will be dis- 
covered only after a few years trial. But if this scheme 
is to be put into practice why not allow the present 
Junior class to elect studies next term and thus make 
some preparation for their next year's work ? 

— It again becomes our duty to throw a little light 
on the matter of removing electric lamps from the 
hallways in North College. During the past week five 
lamps have been taken out of the entries of this build- 
ing, presumably to replace those burned out in the 
students' rooms. It is evident that at least some of 
the students do not yet know the rules made by the 



college and the privileges allowed by the same. If 
your lamps become burned out, notify Mr. Wallace 
and he will replace them with new ones free of cost. 
If you will do this hereafter you will have better lights 
for your rooms and confer a great favor upon the 

— The short winter course of eleven weeks which 
has been recently incorporated into the curriculum of 
the College is already well begun. Perhaps we might 
wish for a larger number of students in this course, 
but we can scarcely expect a stronger manifestation 
of interest and appreciation of advantages from that 
which is in its infancy. Time will prove the value of 
this course and attract all the attention that it justly 
deserves, more than this it is far outside of our sphere 
to criticise the work being done in this its first term. 
We can only say that the College has liberally sup- 
plied a corps of able instructors and wish the course 
all success. 

— The dancing class under Prof, Petit is progress- 
ing quite rapidly and now numbers about twenty-five. 
On account of the Natural History society lectures 
which are held on the same evening, the time set for 
class is each week delayed until after the above meet- 
ing. A piano has been placed in the drill hall and 
lessons are by its use much more easily taught. 
Upon the success of this class depends the question 
whether we will have a military ball this winter. 
There is no reason why this popular event should not 
take place this year with as great success as it has 
for the past two years, and we look forward to it with 
considerable pleasure. 

— The annual reunion and dinner of the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College Alumni Club of Massachu- 
setts will be held at the United States hotel, Friday, 
Jan. 22, at 7 p. m. By special invitation of the com- 
mittee of arrangements the College will send a quartet 
to sing. The quartet will consist of the following 
men: J. A. Emrich, G. D. Leavens, S. E. Smith and 
C. A. Norton. The Aggie Life will be represented 
by the largest delegation that has ever been present at 
one of these meetings. It will be composed of G. D. 
Leavens, J. M. Barry, J. A. Emrich, and C. I. Goess- 
mann. These alumni dinners are looked forward to 
with great pleasure by the members, and this years 
reunion promises to be one of the best ever held. 

— While we do not care to meddle with the Busi- 
ness Manager's affairs, and put "ads" in the columns 
devoted to " College Notes," it seems proper to say 
just a few words of commendation concerning the 
1897 catalogue recently issued by W. W. Rawson & 
Co. of 34 South Market St., Boston, Mass. We 
mention this pamphlet of useful information because 
of the special value it possesses for those who are 
interested in any branch of Horticulture or Floricul- 
ture. The catalogue is larger and their stock is more 
nearly complete than ever before. In addition to the 
large list of seeds for sale the book contains fine 
engravings of the more important portions of the dif- 
ferent fields and buildings. It is well worth the slight 
trouble of applying to the above firm, from which it 
may be obtained free of cost. 

— Since the beginning of the term the College has 
been supplied with electricity, during the whole of the 
night time. The Amherst plant furnishes the lights now, 
and as there is no switch board at the power station 
the lights cannot be turned out at the College until 
the town lights are turned out. During the daytime, 
the electricity has been turned on for the use in the 
dairy school so we have had abundance of electricity, 
though of couse the lights in the College buildings are 
turned off. The town current is somewhat stronger 
than that which should be used for the lights, and 
consequently about five lamps more per night are 
burned out above the number that were used up when 
electricity was furnished from the College plant. The 
lights are 104 volt, and the average current is 116 
volts. If this strong current continues we will have to 
make a special contract with some electric works to 
furnish us with lamps. A new switch board is being 
made, however, and then we will have lights only up 
to twelve o'clock. 

— A short time ago the college received a challenge 
from Storrs Agricultural College to play a game of 
Polo at the latter's pond ; the time to be in the near 
future and to be agreed upon between the two colleges. 
So far this year very little polo practice has been had 
and if we do decide to accept this challenge, we must 
not expect victory unless good faithful" practice is 
resorted to. Whether we receive challenges from 
other colleges or not we surely have material enough 
to make up a good team and should make it our 
business as it is our duty, to have some interesting 



games before skating is a thing of the past. The Polo 
Association has held one meeting and it looks now as 
though the spirit of enthusiasm were spreading in a way 
that will bring about the accomplishment of something. 
It has been voted to levy a tax of twenty-five cents upon 
each student in college. This will bring into the 
treasury enough to purchase necessary implements and 
a guarantee for one game. Time will tell more than 
we can prophesy here, but we hope to see the matter 
pushed for what there is in it. 

— The first of a series of debates, arranged by Prof. 
Mills for the Senior English division, was listened to 
by the members of that class, last Friday mornng, 
The question, " Resolved, That Canada should be 
annexed to the United States," was well discussed on 
both sides. The affirmative was represented by 
Messrs. J. L. Bartlelt and H. F. Allen ; the negative 
by Messrs. C. I. Goessmann and P. H. Smith. The 
judges. Messrs L. L. Cheney, L. F. Clark and C. A. 
Norton, retired and after a brief consultation tendered 
their decision of the merits of the debate in favor of 
the negative. The class then voted that the merits of 
the question were with the negative. It was the gen- 
eral opinion of the class however, that the merits of 
the debate were with the affirmative. The arguments 
brought forth by both sides proved very interesting and 
instructive and many new ideas were advanced. The 
debate taken all together was well prepared and many 
thoughts were brought out that were well worth consid- 
eration. The next debate of the series will take place 
next Friday morning. The question is " Resolved, 
That Hawaii should be speedily annexed to the United 

— Since the beginning of the term the department 
of the Gypsy Moth Commission which has to do with 
the scientific investigations has been transferred from 
Maiden to the Insectary where the assistants will be 
better enabled to co-operate with Prof. Fernald. The 
Insectary is well fitted for such work and it will with- 
out doubt be easier to carry on the work here than in 
Maiden. Of course the varying work carried on by 
this commission will necessitate frequent visits to the 
infested districts and especially during the breeding 
season of this insect. The upper rooms in the Insec- 
tary have been especially fitted up and the work in 
this additional department is being carried on by Ass't 
Entomologist A. H. Kirkland '94 and A. F. Burgess 

'95, another assistant, and the department of Chemisty 
by F. J. Smith '94. During the winter there will be 
prepared and sent to all post-offices in the state cases 
showing the various stages in the the life history of 
the Moth and the broken cases will be replaced. Mr. 
Smith is conducting a series of experiments looking 
forward to discovering some insecticide which will be 
cheap and effectual and leave the foliage in a healthy 
condition, Most poisons heretofore discovered have 
been effectual but are costly and badly burn foliage of 
the vegetation sprnyed. The results of these experi- 
ments are to be published soon in a convenient form. 

— We are all of us at this time more or less inter- 
ested in and concerned with the appointing of the 
future Cabinet of President-elect McKinley. But as 
students of a college whose worthy President has been 
popularly acknowledged as one of the possible candi- 
dates to the honorable office of secretary of agricul- 
ture, we are especially interested in the make-up of 
the Cabinet. In Mr. Hoard and Mr. Brigham, Presi- 
dent Goodell has rivals against whom to compete 
would be an honor enjoyed by few men of this coun- 
try. Mr. Hoard is an ex-Governor of Wisconsin and 
editor of the well known and popular Hoard's Dairy- 
man. Mr. Brigham is a man of quite wide reputation 
and is Master of the National Grange. Both are 
very able and strong men to run against. While we 
are well aware of the abilities of these two honorable 
gentlemen we cannot but feel that Pres. Goodell with 
his valued experience would be a more able and 
desirable man for this high position. The President 
is a friend of Major McKinley and both have many 
close friends in common. We hope and trust that 
the latter will bring their influence duly to bear upon 
this important subject for we believe that they will 
not only be honoring their esteemed friend but place 
in the national chair of agriculture a man who will be 
a credit to the position. President Goodell is highly 
esteemed by the college and faculty and though they 
would be sorry to have him leave the institution, they 
would nevertheless rejoice to see him filling the posi- 
tion in question. 

— There has recently been posted upon the North 
College bulletin board the notice of a Civil Service 
examination to be held at Albany Feb. 2. The posi- 
tion to be competed for is that of Station Librarian 
and editor of the New York Experiment Station bul- 



letins. The station is located at Geneva, New York, 
and the salary is $1,800 per year. In a short time 
another examination is to be held under the Civil Ser- 
vice commission at Springfield, Mass. The vacancy 
to be filled 'is that of Assistant Chemist to the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture at Washington, the salary being 
the same as that of the above position. Perhaps it 
would not be out of place to say just a few words here 
concerning the appointing of persons to these positions. 
As would be expected Massachusetts has always taken 
a lively interest in these civil service examinations, 
and is generally represented by a goodly number of 
worthy candidates. Moreover, the old Bay state has 
supplied as many if not more young men to these 
positions of trust, honor and skill than any other state 
in the Union, and M. A. C. has certainly furnished her 
share. There is one thing concerning this examination 
however that it becomes our duty to mention and even 
to justly criticise. During the past few years these ex- 
aminations have been conducted, as usual ,and the usually 
large number of young men from the state have com- 
peted, probably more each year, but for some reason 

better known to the officers of the civil service com- 
mission than to ourselves, many of them have been 
disappointed and perhaps slightly provoked with some 
such notice as " You have passed as good an exami- 
nation as any one, but owing to the fact that so many 
young men have been already appointed from Massa- 
chusetts we think it would be unjust to the other states 
of the Union to appoint any more from that state etc." 
This seems to us to be a positive violation of the 
object intended in the establishing of this commission 
which was to fill vacancies with men of the best ability, 
nothing being intimated in its constitution in any way 
concerning the state from which such candidates should 
or should not come. This is a subject in which all as loyal 
patriots should consider in an important manner, know- 
ing that if these positions are filled with the best men 
the country in general reaps the benefits and not the 
state that fills most of these offices. If Massachusetts 
men pass these examinations as successfully as do any 
others there is no reason why they should not be 
appointed to these positions as well as men from 
other states. 

g 2 


#41 1 


On the evening of Jan. 22d at 7 p. m. the Mass. 
Agr'l College Alumni Club of Mass. will hold its 
annual meeting at the United States Hotel of Boston. 
After the meeting at which it is hoped there will be a 
large attendance there will be a banquet. A new 
feature of the occasion will be the college quartet 
which will be in attendance and furnish music through- 
out the evening, 

The Gypsy Moth Commission has moved its head- 
quarters to Amherst, consequently a number of gradu- 
ates can be found in their offices at the Entomological 
Laboratories at the college, Kirkland '94, Burgess '95, 
F. J. Smith '90, are among the number. 



Fire and Life Insurance Agents. 

Office, Cook's Block, Amherst, Mass. 

KtatehmakeF and Optician. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 

Barge to and from all Trains. 




Passenger to center 10 cents. 

Passenger to Aggie 25 " 

2 passengers to Aggie, , 40 " 

3 or more passengers to Aggie, each, 15 " 

Passenger and trunk 25 " 

Barge leave Mansion House, Northampton, at 11 o'clock every 
Saturday night. Price 50 cts. 






mitated* But never Equalled* 

Look at other bicycles if you like, but when it comes 
to buying — Columbias are first and last choice. The 
highest delight of cycling is assured only in Col- 
umbia Bicycles — 


The same price to all alike. 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Branch House or Agency in almost every citv and town. If Columbias are not 
properly represented in your vicinity, let us know. 







Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97, Business Manager. ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY, Jr.. '98, Ass't Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97. Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97, Exchange. 

RANDALL DUNCAN WARDEN, '98, Athletics. GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT, '98, Alumni Notes. 


Terms: $1.00 per year in adDance. Single copies, 10c. Postage outside of United States and Canada, 2oc. extra. 

Students and alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears paid. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

The Aggie Life desires to express its gratitude 
to the Alumni for the large number of subscription 
payments received during the past two weeks. It is 
particularly gratifying to the business department to 
receive this support after the struggle of the past few 
months. This sudden enlargement of the heart we 
regard as a most favorable symptom, and we earnestly 
hope that it may extend to all our delinquent subscribers. 

Again we would call attention to the fact that it is 
extremely trying for individual members of the senior 
class to be burdened with the preparation of several 
graduation theses. When a man has commenced his 
thesis work in some particular department, it is 
extremely discouraging to be told that he must pre- 
pare theses from other departments whether he 
wishes to or not. The invariable result will be that 
the student will be unable to concentrate his energy 
and attention upon any one piece of work and none of 
the theses will be well done. - We leave it as an open 
question as to whether or not a thesis that shall 
embody the results of a year of original work be not 
of more value than two or three superficial essays. 

In our last issue we called attention to the military 
rifle contest to be held early in the spring, and we feel 
sure that great interest will be taken in the prize drill 
to be held in Boston next May. The conditions of 
the contest will be similar to those last year, and it is 
intended to send a large squad to represent the college. 
The good work done last year should be an incentive 
to our men to make a creditable showing in this con- 
test. Last year we captured the silver medal and this 
year we must have the gold one. Practice and skill 
will tell and we urge upon every cadet the importance 
of thorough work in the military department. 

The advisory board, consisting of two members of 
our faculty, has assumed its duties, and the cordial 
relation that exists between them and the manage- 
ment of the various student organizations is proof that 
the old spirit of antipathy between the students and 
the faculty is dead. It is a significant fact that the 
students have gladly welcomed such a board and that 
they appreciate the spirit that prompted its formation. 
It might well be called " The Student's Protective 
Board," as under this system every contributor to a 



college enterprise may feel absolutely sure that his 
money will be used for the sole purpose for which he 
intended it. The present tendency of the students 
and faculty to cooperate in matters relating to the 
welfare of the college shows that whatever Aggie may 
lack in numbers, there is no lack of genuine loyalty and 
college spirit. 

For several years it has been felt that the annual 
report of the college, combined as it has been with the 
report of the experiment station, has not possessed such 
features as are best suited to induce students to choose 
the M. A. C. for their Alma Mater. The report of the 
college while correct and complete was often well 
nigh lost among the voluminous records of experiment 
station work and financial statements. It is now 
intended to issue a handsomely illustrated catalogue 
of the college that may give to the reader an ade- 
quate conception of the excellent equipment and grand 
opportunities for study furnished here. In this new 
catalogue each department will be described, and an 
outline of the work taken up given. The illustrations 
are being prepared especially for this purpose, and no 
effort will be spared to make this catalogue as com- 
plete and artistic as possible. We wish the enterprise 
success, and earnestly hope that it may serve its pur- 
pose, that of bringing large and strong classes to our 
beloved Alma Mater. 




(The Seventh of a Series of Articles on the Senior 

This most important and interesting course em- 
braces both agricultural chemistry or the chemistry 
of plant food, and organic chemistry, with reference to 
its application in agriculture and the arts. No stu- 
dent who is interested in either theoretical or practi- 
cal chemistry can afford to miss these lectures. The 
life and enthusiasm that Dr. Goessmann puts into this 
work may well serve as an inspiration to the under- 
graduate, for it should be remembered that our 
worthy doctor is one of the greatest chemists in the 

A few words as to Dr. Goessmann's career may be 
of interest. He was graduated from the University 
of Gottingen with the degree of Ph. D. in 1853. 
From 1852 to 1857 he was Assistant Chemist in the 
University of Gottingen. It was in 1857 that he 
assumed the position of chemist and manager of a 
large Philadelphia Sugur Refinery, traveling exten- 
sively in Cuba and the South in the interests of the 
Sugar Industry until 1861. In 1861 he became 
chemist to the Onondaga Salt Company, which posi- 
tion he held up to the year 1868. It was during this 
time that the doctor made his celebrated investiga- 
tions ot the saline resources of the United States and 
Canada. From 1862 to 1864 the doctor was also 
Professor of Chemistry in the Renssellaer Polytechnic 
Institute. He has been professor of Chemistry in the 
M. A. C. since 1868, and from 1882 to 1894 he was 
Director of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, also serving as Analyist for the State 
Board of Health since 1884. In 1888 he received 
the degree of LL. D. from Amherst College. 

No man has been more loyal to the College than 
has Dr. Goessmann, and the association of his name 
with this institution has been of greatest benefit to the 

The course offered consists of three lectures a 
week, and, although especially inaugurated as a senior 
elective, is open to all who desire to attend. 

The subjects discussed are as follows : 


1st. Term. 

1. History of Agricultural Chemistry. 

2. Resources of Plant Food ; Atmosphere and soil. 

3. Occurrence and Description of Commercial 
Articles of Plant Food ; Nitrogen, Sulphur, Phospho- 
rus, Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, and 
of their Chemical Composition and Commercial 

4. Home Resources of Manurial Substances, — 
Barnyard Manure, Compost, Sewage, etc. 

5. Preparation of Commercial Fertilizers, Super- 
phosphates and Compound Fertilizers. 

6. Analysis of Commercial Fertilizers. 

7. Soil and Soil Analysis. 

8. Position of Commercial Fertilizers in a Ra- 
tional System of Farm Management. 



9. Laws for the Regulation of Trade in Commer- 
cial Fertilizers. 

10. Description of Field Experiments carried on 
by the Department at the Experiment Station. 


2nd. and 3rd. Terms. 

With special reference to Agriculture, and is treated 
in the order adopted by H. C, Roscoe in 1893. 

1. History of Organic Compounds and Calcula- 
tion of the Formulae, etc. From this on, lectures 
are given on the various types of organic substances, 
and every class is represented by its type. 

In connection with the Hatch Experiment Station 
of the College, Dr. Goessmann is charged to superin- 
tend the Official Inspection of commercial fertilizers, 
and the direction of a series of field experiments inau- 
gurated by him in previous years, and students are 
welcome at all times to visit field or laboratory for 

Such a course as outlined above cannot but be of 
great benefit to any student, and the fact that it is 
conducted by so eminent a man makes it one of the 
greatest privileges of our College course. l. 


The class of '97 has made the following appoint- 
ments for the class day exercises at commencement : 

Master of Ceremonies, 

George Davison Leavens, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Class Oration, 

Herbert Julius Armstrong, Sunderland, Mass. 
Campus Oration, 

John Marshall Barry, Boston, Mass. 
Pipe Oration, 

John Albert Emrich, Amherst, Mass. 
Class Poem, 

Charles Ignatius Goessmann, Amherst, Mass. 
Campus Poem, 

James Lowell Bartlett, Salisbury, Mass. 

Ivy Poem, 

Harry Francis Allen, Northboro, Mass. 

Presentation of Gifts, 

Ceorge Albert Drew, Westford, Mass. 

Historical Review, 

John William Allen, Northboro, Mass. 

Master of Music, 

Charles Ayer Norton, Lynn. Mass. 



The readers of Aggie Life are aware of the exist- 
ance, in the college, of various organizations which 
were created and are conducted for the promotion of 
various interests here. Each of these, must necessa- 
rily have a financial department, for in this world 
nothing can exist sans argent. Unfortunately for all 
connected with the college, some of these financial 
departments have, in the past, not been conducted 
according to strict business rules. In consequence of 
this, much complaint has been heard and dissatisfac- 
tion felt. 

In order to bring about an improvement, the college 
authority drew up the " Constitution and By-Laws of 
the Massachusetts Agricultural College Advisory 

This was adopted by the Faculty, was published in 
these columns on Jan. 20, 1897 and was adopted by 
the student body, assembled in mass-meeting. The 
document is self-explanatory. According to one of 
its provisions an election of the first advisory board 
has been made and the undersigned to whom this 
trust has for the present been committed, now make to 
the students and the public their first statement, con- 
cerning the business in hand. Several sessions of the 
board have been held. The affairs of the organiza- 
tion in question have been examined, in part and a 
general plan of proceedure, in harmony with the pro- 
visions of the above mentioned document, has been 
adopted. In order to avoid misunderstanding it should 
now be noted, that the functions of this board extend 
only to the five organizations mentioned in the trust. 
Sec. 1 . Art. 1. Various other bodies in college are 
classed under the title " Athletic Organizations " and 
their affairs come under the jurisdiction of an entirely 
distinct committee or the Faculty. We now make a 
brief statement concerning Aggie Life. 

The editor-in-chief and business manager of this 
very important publication, have shown to this board 
the recent history and present condition of its finances. 
A full report of this examination cannot here be given. 
We desire, however, in the interests of all to call 
attention to the following facts. About nine months 
ago the present management assumed its charge. 
The full meaning of that statement, it would be diffi- 
cult to make clear in a few words. It then assumed 

9 6 


a very heavy money debt, which for such an enter- 
prise was well nigh crushing, a demoralized sub- 
scription list, and a bad financial credit. Those who 
know the history of the paper during several weeks of 
last spring can testify as to its outlook at that time. 
This was almost hopeless. It was most fortunate that 
at this juncture, Mr. Leavens with his excellent 
executive ability, and editorial capacity was 
elected to the chief editorial position and that Mr. 
Barry with his business foresight, self denial, hard 
work, and push was chosen as business manager. 
The situation through their efforts has been reversed 
in every respect. Before creditors, literary critics, 
friends, and enemies the results now stand in clear 
light. In recognition of this faithful work in the inter- 
est of the students, and the alumnj of M. A. C, may 
we not be allowed to ask every one who reads these 
lines to do what he can by literary contribution, by 
subscription and in other ways in support of this 
efficient bulletin of the college and college life. 

„, ... D , > C. Wellington, President. 

The Adv.sory Board J Q _ £ _ ^^ s ; cretary> 



In looking up some investigations in a particular 
line of agricultural chemistry I had occasion to con- 
sult practically all of the works in English, French and 
German which are of any particular value. After 
exhausting the resources of our own library and that 
of Brown University, I spent a few days at the 
Library of the Bussey Institution and not finding there 
all that I sought turned next to that of my Alma 
Mater. It gives me pleasure to state that I found 
our library was no longer such as many of us remem- 
ber as located in the northwest corner of North Col- 
lege, but in the line in which I was particularly inter- 
ested it probably has but few equals in the country. 
I can only say that no one who knew the College 
prior to 1884 has the faintest conception of its great 
value to the students who are now occupying our 
places. For the wonderful change which has taken 
place the College is not alone indebted to the gener- 
osity of many of the Alumni but particularly to the 
untiring devotion of President Goodell who in the 
midst of his multifarious duties never forgets to do all 
he can for the development of the Library. 

H J. Wheeler '83. 



On Jan. 22, Professor Lull gave a lecture before 
the Natural History Society, on The Antiquity of Man. 
He presented the subject of evolution in a very inter- 
esting and instructive manner. Professor Lull then 
said, that of man in prehistoric times, we can not 
speak with any degree of accuracy. We know that 
he lived ages ago, dwelling in caves, making weapons 
from stone, first with a rough surface, and later with 
a smooth. After a time, man found out how to use 
iron, gold and copper in making ornaments and weap- 
ons. At first iron and stone heads were used, being 
held in the hands ; but as an advance was made in 
education these rude devises were attached to the 
ends of sticks of wood, and were then used as spears 
and arrows, making a much more formidable weapon. 

Many of the prehistoric races were cannibals as is 
proven by marks on human bones, exhumed. They 
also practised cremation. There are very few remains 
of prehistoric man in America, the mound-builders 
being the earliest. Men in early times did not have 
domestic animals, or eat vegetable food. The early 
type of man was very low for a creature that walked. 
If man was from a common pair, they must have been of 
great antiquity, probably originating in Bomer, Japan. 
No one claims that human beings came from the ape, 
but that they both came from fie same class. 

There are two ways in which man could have come 
to America, across Behring Sea or in floes in the gla- 
cial period or on the chain of islands which connected 
South America with Asia. The theory of evolution is 
so well borne out in the lower animals that it must 
hold true in regard to man. There is a missing link 
connecting man with the ape which scientists have 
been trying to discover for a long time. They have 
found from time to time skulls and human bones which 
they tried to prove belonged to the missing being, but 
without success. 

Professor Lull also explained how climate, owing to 
changes brought about by the glacial period affected 
man in early stages. 

After the lecture he showed many primeval weap- 
ons, casts of skulls, carvings, etc. 





A very interesting and instructive lecture was deliv- 
ered before the members of the N. H. S. on Friday 
evening, Jan. 29, by Mr. A. H. Kirkland, '94. 

The speaker is the assistant State entomologist, 
and his subject was " The Gypsy Moth. " Mr. Kirk- 
land has had a great deal of practical experience with 
this insect pest, and his lecture which was well appre- 
ciated was something as follows : 

First of all the female moth lays her eggs — usually 
about an average of five hundred in number — on a 
tree, rock, or some other available place, all in a sin- 
gle nest. During the act of laying the eggs, she 
involuntarily brings her body in contact with their 
sticky surface, thus depositing over them a protec- 
tive coating of hair. Occasionally a single nest will 
bring forth a thousand or more young caterpillars, 
which having hatched at the end of two or three 
weeks' time, proceed at once to the tender foliage, 
where they feed and grow rapidly. 

At first these caterpillars eat only small holes in 
the leaves, but as they grow larger they become more 
voracious, and when present in great numbers, often 
entirely strip the trees of their foliage. From the 
first of May until about the middle of July, the cater- 
pillars cast their skins three or four times, much as a 
snake sheds its skin. Soon after its last molt, the 
caterpillar retires to some unexposed place and after 
a period of two or three weeks emerges as a full 
grown moth. 

The male moth is of a darkish brown color with 
irregular markings, while the female is of a light 
creamy color with dark markings, and somewhat 
larger than the male. 

The female moth though provided with wings does 
not fly, but emits a distinct odor which attracts the 
male moths to her and after fertilization lays her eggs 
for another brood. 

The literature that has been published concerning 
this moth since 1720 has furnished a great deal of 
useful and interesting information. 

Outside of the United States, the countries that 
have suffered the most from the ravages of this insect 
are France, Germany and Russia. 

The manner in which this insect was introduced 
into this country is rather interesting. In 1868 Trou- 

velot, a French astronomer was exiled to this country. 
Soon afterwards he imported some eggs of the Gypsy 
Moth from Europe, anticipating making a cross 
between the gypsy moth and the silk worm. His 
object in doing this was to obtain a hardier insect than 
the latter and still have one that would spin a fairly 
good quality of silk. His experiment proved a failure 
and more than this the screen enclosing the experi- 
mental insects was blown away one night distributing 
the moths to the four winds of heaven. Thus did the 
gypsy moth gain footing in this country. 

For over five years the state has been at work, 
studying how to rid itself of the gypsy moth. From 
large portions of the infested parts, this pest has been 
practically wiped out. 

Across the waters this insect is held in check by its 
multitude of parasites. But here it is not so, for we 
have only one or two species that would be of any 
value in this line. 

In an ordinary breeze a male will detect the char- 
acteristic odor discharged by a female at a distance 
of nearly half a mile. The larva of the Gypsy Moth 
feeds only during the night, and is on this account 
harder to combat. 

At the end of his lecture Mr. Kirkland stated that 
the students of this College have opportunities and 
advantages for the study of entomology second to no 
college in the world. M. H. Munson. 



It is not possible to determine positively the origin 
of man and still more difficult to determine the begin- 
ning of language. If we believe the Scriptural version 
of the beginning of mankind we must conclude that 
language was an original endowment of man ! If we 
accept the evolution theory we must regard language 
as a gradual development. Language is a science. 
Science presupposes facts and consists of classified 
knowledge and language fulfills these conditions. 
Language consists of certain sounds put together in 
certain ways and used for the expression of ideas. 
We put certain sounds together to make a word and 
agree among ourselves that this word shall stand for a 
certain object. Sounds are represented to the eye by 
letters and in this way we get written language. Since 

9 8 


language consists of the utterance of oral sounds our 
first study should be to learn how these sounds are 
used. This leads to the study of the vocal organs 
and thus language is entirely connected with the 
science of physiology. We have studied these organs 
and learned many facts concerning them in the pro- 
duction of sound and these facts go to make up the 
science of Phonetics. 

Just how the invisible and immaterial mind expresses 
itself through the physical vocal organs we cannot 
understand. The child has little control over his 
vocal organs at first but he gradually acquires the 
power of speaking words by hearing others speak them. 

Phonetic spelling consists in using characters which 
represent the sounds in a word. If this system were 
adopted the spelling of our words would be greatly 
modified. The fact that the spelling of many of our 
words differs so from the sound is explained by the 
fact that the pronunciation of words is easily changed 
but the spelling is not and consequently words which 
were originally pronounced according to their spelling 
have changed in - pronunciation which their original 
spelling has been retained. 

In studying language, as in studying any science, 
we must consider materials and structure. In lan- 
guage, materials are the words and structure is the 
grammar. Language grows, not like a plant by the 
development of some internal living force, but by out- 
side accretions. Science progresses, new discoveries 
are made and new words are needed and are coined 
to suit the occasion. 

Words are tools which we must use for we cannot 
get along without them. If new truths are discovered 
they are of value only when expressed in words. 
Words are of value not only in science but in every 
day life for we cannot get along without them. 

The study of language may proceed along several 
lines as origin, history, derivation and composition. 
The origin and meaning of words is a very interesting 
study and those who find time to devote to it will 
derive not only pleasure but profit, for a knowledge of 
the history of words enables us to use them intelli- 
gently and the ability to use words intelligently may 
prove of great value to us in many ways. 

— The Sophomore class under Prof. Metcalf, has 
recently taken up the subject of Surveying. 

Amherst, 2 ; M. A. C, 0. 

A very interesting game of polo was played on the 
M. A. C. pond Saturday, Jan. 30, between the Am- 
herst and Aggie polo teams. 

It was the first time in the history of the two col- 
leges that such a game had taken place, and although 
the game was hotly contested, no unpleasant features 
were noticeable and we hope in the future to see 
advantage taken of our pond for the mutual benefit to 
the playing of both teams. 

Amherst won through superior team work, Russell 
and Franklin's work of passing and driving for goals 
being of high order. 

Individually Aggie played well, but lack of practice 
and the absence of the regular first rush materially 
interfered with their team work. Rogers and Hooker 
played the best game for M. A. C. 

The following was the line-up : 
Amherst. M. A. C. 

Russell (Capt.), 1st Rush, Rogers 

Franklin, 2d " Hooker 

Gibbs, Centre, Eaton (Capt.) 

Foster, Half. Hinds 



Montgomery, 1st half 
Emrich, 2d half. 

Goals — Russell (2). Time — 20 m. halves. Referee — 
Warden, M. A. C.,'98. Umpire — Smith. Amherst. 

Class Games. 

After the heavy snow of two weeks ago the mana- 
ger of the polo team had a large portion of the pond 
cleared of snow, and since then the pond has been 
enjoyed by all those who love the excitement of polo. 
Several of the classes have seized the opportunity to 
have a friendly contest and incidentally to prove the 
superiority of their respective classes. '98 defeated 
'00 by the score of three to one in a game marked 
by poor team work on both sides. 

The following was the line-up : 
'98. '00 



1st Rush, 





Goals— Eaton (2), Baxter (1), Rogers. 
On February 4th, '99 defeated the Freshmen amid 
great excitement by the score of three to nothing. 


2d Rush, 









The Sophomores had by far the better team, and only 
for the efforts of Stanley the score would have been 
considerably greater. 

The following was the line-up : 

'99. '00 

Maynard, 1st Rush, Stanley 

C. W. Smith, 2d " Crowell 

Hooker, Centre, Gile 

Hinds, Half, Kellogg 

Turner, Goal, Walker 
Goals— C. W. Smith (2), Maynard (1). Referee— Emrich, 

'97. Umpire— Warden, '98. 

How They Play. 

In choosing for the different positions on the polo 
team the material is so evenly divided that one would 
find hard work to pick out from the whole the five 
best players. 

The following is a short criticism of the best 
players : 

Capt. Eaton is playing a good game at centre but 
is too much of an individual player and is inclined to 
play too much of a rush game and not remain in his 
position. Rogers is a good player and is excellent in 
driving for goals but is a little slow on his feet. He 
displays more knowledge of the game than any of the 

Hooker is an all-round player, playing equally well 
rush, centre, or half. He is the surest of the play- 
ers on a drive for goal, but has not been out regularly 
for practice and his playing has suffered materially 

Charmbury's work on last year's team could not 
be excelled but his long sickness has left its effect 
and he has not yet struck his former gait. 

Hinds at half is a stone-wall. Sometimes care- 
lessness is to blame for a misplay but on the whole 
he is all a half-back should be. 

Emrich at goal plays a steady game and he and 
Hinds together form a guard that rushers find hard 
work to pass. 

Maynard and C. W. Smith are the rushers on the 
'99 team and are not far behind the others in general 
good playing. The two together play strong team 
work and form a pair that in an emergency could 
step in and fill the positions of the regular rushers 
without the team suffering in any degree, 

What Hamlet said as to the " Play" may at 
times be true, but at this season of the year, among 
College men and women the " Dinner's the thing. " 
In Boston and in New York, as well as elsewhere, the 
alumni of our universities, colleges and schools hold 
their annual winter dinners. Somewherein one or the 
other of these towns may now be heard on almost 
any evening the joyous songs and shouts of men or 
women assembled to enjoy the feast of reason and the 
flow of soul as only those can whose hearts are wedded 
to a common purpose. They are all loyal children of 
Alma Mater. However, far apart may be their feel- 
ings in other matters of human interest, they are one 
in devotion to the evolution, development, and im- 
provement of mankind. On other days, or nights, 
they may be high church or low church or no church, 
they may be autocratic or democratic but to-night 
they are e pluribus unum. This is the noble democ- 
racy on which rest human hopes. One section of 
this body, the " Former students of M. A. C. " cele- 
brated their winter feast at the United States Hotel 
in Boston on Friday evening, Jan. 22. The only 
criticism of the occasion, which we will allow, is that 
expressed in the statement of the number present, 
sixty.five, the old boys and the young being about 
equally represented. We will hope, that next winter, 
they'll all be there. But there was a feast of enthu- 
siasm. After the indispensible indigestibles came a 
sound talk from Secretary Sessions, a ringing speech 
from President Goodell, a genuine " digester " from 
Dr. Root 76 of Hartford, Conn., a talk with a kernel 
in it by Col. Dickinson 74 of Jersey City, a most 
helpful, enthusiastic address by Mr. Carruth 75 of 
Boston and a telling speech by Dr. Lindsey '83 of 
Amherst, Mr. Leavens '97 of Brooklyn, gave an inside 
view of the College and an instructive demonstation 
of the need of more active support by " former stu- 
dents " of the undergraduate enterprises. The man- 
ner in which the Aggie Life and the annual Index is 
neglected by the " post graduates " was brought to 
light. It is believed that the echo of this address, will 
resound until active and permanent support for these 
enterprises shall be secured. Mr. Barry '97 of Boston 
made statements concerning the management of the 
Aggie Life, which were very interesting and which 
must have won friends for the paper. 



The wise man told us : 

Who does not love laughter and song, 
He is a fool his whole life long. 
Of each there was a delightful measure at this 
alumni dinner. The songs by the College Quartette 
were heartily enjoyed by all present. And for their 
delightful harmonies, thanks are extended to Messrs. 
Emrich, Leavens, and Norton of '97 and Mr. S. E. 
Smith '99 in the name of many former students. 


C©i!e^f N«>**S- 

— Heap, much wet. 

— Kaltheissesauerkrautkneipereiangelegenheit. 

— J. R. Dutcher '99, has returned to college, and 
is resuming his studies. 

— The Senior Class Day appointments will be 
found in another column. 

— John Marshall Barry '97, of Boston, has joined 
the Phi Sigma Kappa Fraternity. 

— Pres't Goodell was in Washington last week on 
business connected with the college. 

— The Sophomores defeated the Freshmen in a 
polo game last Thursday, by a score of 3-0. 

— The theses from the Seniors in the Political 
Economy division will be due Monday, Feb. 15. 

— During the past two weeks, the cadets have been 
drilled in the Bayonet Exercise, and the Manual of 

— At a recent meeting of the polo directors, J. S. 
Eaton '98 was elected captain, and L. L. Cheney '97 

— The students of the short winter course were 
pleasantly entertained at the home of Professor and 
Mrs. Maynard last Friday evening. 

— The Senior class in required English has recently 
finished reading some of Milton's best representative 
works, and will now take up Dryden. 

— Prof. Geo. F. Mills delivered an able lecture 
before the members of the Natural History Society, 
last Friday evening, his subject being, " The Science 
of Language." One might surmise from the subject 
that the lecture would be "dry," but it was handled in 
a way that made it both interesting and of an instruc- 
tive nature. 

— Some of the Freshmen, in charge of Lieut. 
Armstrong, are having rifle practice in the shooting- 
gallery, and some good records are already being 

— A bronze statue of Judge Henry F. French, the 
first president of the M. A. C, has recently been pre- 
sented to the College by his son, and will soon be 
placed in the library. 

— During the illness of the Commandant, Lieut. 
Wright, the military drill has been conducted in a 
very creditable manner by Cadet Captain Barry and 
Cadet Adjutant Leavens. 

— The Senior division in Political Economy under 
Dr. Walker, have recently finished the study of 
Gibbins' " Industrial History of England," and will 
now proceed to make a study of some phases of the 
money question. 

— Mr. E. J. Wood of West Newton, and Mr. 
James Draper of Worcester, trustees of the college, 
inspected the institution while here a short time ago. 
During their stay in town, they were entertained at 
the home of Professor and Mrs. Maynard. 

— Judge Robert W. Lyman, Lecturer on Law at 
M. A. C, delivered an interesting and practical lec- 
ture before a large number of Hampshire County 
Grangers, at Pacific Hall in this town last Thursday 
afternoon. His subject was, " Rural and Farm Law." 

— The Senior class has elected officers for the 
term as follows : Pres't. G. D. Leavens; vice-pres't, 
J. L. Bartlett ; treas., H. J. Armstrong; class cap't, 
G. A. Drew ; reading-room directors, L. F. Clark and 
C. F, Palmer; polo directors, L. L. Cheney and J. A. 

— Every two weeks somebody comes around and 
asks us " When will Aggie Life be out ? " This 
grows rather tiresome after a few months, so we will 
answer that question now, once for all. We are out 
now (about $50.00). If you don't pay that subscrip- 
tion we will be out more yet, and soon won't be able 
to be out at all. 

— Pres't Goodell addressed the members of Hamp 
den Harvest club at West Springfield, Mass., Jan. 26. 
He gave an interesting talk concerning the work, and 
present needs of the college. Such talks will prob- 
ably accomplish more for the college than the present 
newspaper advertising, and without doubt, have more 
influence upon average persons. 



— The members of the Senior class spent a pleas- 
ant evening at the home of Prof. Maynard a short 
time ago, and had the pleasure of meeting two of the 
trustees of the college. It is understood that the 
latter have received a more correct impression of the 
college during their recent visit, and that they are also 
well pleased with the manner in which the various 
departments are conducted. 

— The students in the Senior Political Economy 
division have chosen the subjects for their theses as 
follows: H. F.Allen, "Protection;" J. W. Allen, 
'• How shall the United States be provided with 
money?" L. F. Clark, "National Banks;" G. A. 
Drew, "International Bimetallism;" J. A. Emrich, 
" Trusts ; " C. I. Goessmann, " State control of Food- 
stuffs ; " J. F. Hammar, " Cooperation among 
Farmers; " C. F. Palmer, " Immigration." 

— Seated at my desk and busily writing College 
Notes the other night I was surprised to find myself in 
utter darkness which came as quick as a flash. I 
thought to myself, " Where was Moses when the 
light went out ? " I didn't say anything out of .the 
way, but it would be doing us a great favor if the 
electric company would have the lights " flashed " 
once or twice about ten minutes before they turn off 
the electricity. Light on retiring is, to us, indispen- 

— At the last meeting of the directors of the Col- 
lege polo association, a tax of 25 cts. was levied on 
each student. It is to be regretted that the students 
do not pay up their taxes more promptly, The man- 
ager of the team, Mr. Cheney, has had excellent suc- 
cess in arranging games with other colleges. The 
men have already witnessed two games on the pond, 
and we still have three more games to come. Now, 
every man ought to feel it his duty to pay his tax, and 
help support the team, for we cannot play games 
without money. 

— The Senior debate of Friday, Jan. 29, was 
upon the question, " Resolved, That Hawaii should be 
speedily annexed to the United States." Affirmative, 
J. W. Allen, and J. M. Barry; negative, J. A. 
Emrich and G. D. Leavens. The judges, H. F. 
Allen, J. L. Bartlett and P. H. Smith, Jr., reported 
the weight of the argument in favor of the affirma- 

tive ; the merits of the question were decided in 
favor of the negative. The question for debate on 
next Friday morning is, " Resolved, That party alle- 
giance is preferable to independent action." 

— One of our more active and up-to-date profes- 
sors, Dr. Wellington, has set aside the following hours 
for the benefit of any who care to consult with him 
either on matters of business or for social entertain- 
ment : In the Senior chemical laboratory, Monday 
and Tuesday, at 3-15 o'clock, or at his home, 34 
Amity St., on Wednesday evenings from 7 to 9. This 
is undoubtedly a good plan, and would probably be 
used by more members of our faculty, only for the 
fact that not enough students would take advantage of 
the opportunities to warrant the setting aside of such 
" office hours. " 

— The next lecture held under the auspices of the 
Natural History Society, will be delivered in the 
Stone Chapel at the Mass. Agr'l college next Friday 
evening by Prof. Babson. The subject which the 
lecturer has chosen is "A ' Bull's eye ' view of 
Europe," and it will be finely illustrated by a large 
assortment of views which Mr. Babson took during his 
extended tour abroad last summer. The lecturer has 
gone to a great deal of trouble and expense in taking 
these photographs, and especially in having them 
prepared upon slides ready for the use of the stereop- 
ticon. It is unnecessary for us to say that the lecture 
will be interesting for it will without doubt be one of 
the best things that the course will be able to offer. 
The small sum of admission, twenty-five cents, should 
not for a minute leave a shadow of a doubt upon the 
mind of any person wishing to make a good invest- 

— On Thursday, Jan. 28, twenty-five deputies from 
Granges in the state visited the college. Accom- 
panied by Pres't Goodell, Dr. Walker, Dr. Welling- 
ton, Prof. Cooley and Dr. Stone, they began a tour of 
inspecting the different departments. Beginning at 
the Entomological department where they were shown 
around by Dr. Fernald they proceeded to the Botani- 
cal department, and thence to the main buildings. 
Though their visit was accompanied by the hardest 
snow storm of the season they gained a good insight 
into the work being done here, and were well pleased 
with the college. Soon these officials of the granges 



will prepare lectures concerning the college and 
deliver them before their different organizations and 
we trust that they will give us our just dues. There 
is a general feeling among the officers and students of 
the college that our Agricultural population is not 
aware of the advantages offered here, and the work of 
these deputies will probably prove a great benefit to 
the college. 

— Amherst College is conducting a course of lec- 
tures, the general subject of which is ' ' College Thought 
and Public Interests." On the evening of Friday, 
Feb. 5th, Dr. Albert Shaw, editor of the Review of 
Reviews spoke upon "The New City Life in England 
and in the United States." Dr. Shaw is well known as 
an eminent authority upon political science and politi- 
cal economy, and his lecture was of deepest interest to 
all. On the evening of Washington's birthday, Feb. 
22d, Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst, D. D., will speak 
upon " Civic Righteousness in the New City." These 
lectures are held in Amherst College Hall, and while 
the centre aisle is reserved for Amherst students up 
to ten minutes of eight, all other seats are free, and 
no seats are reserved after that time. It is earnestly 
hoped that our students may avail themselves of this 
valuable educational feature. 

— On Tuesday morning, Jan. 26, a mass meeting 
of the students was called to order by G. D. Leavens, 
president of the Senior class. The constitution and 
by-laws of the Massachusetts Agricultural College 
Advisory Board — as printed in the last issue of Aggie 
Life — was read and adopted. Dr. Wellington and 
Dr. Stone were elected from the Faculty to serve 
on this board. The above representatives of the 
Faculty have examined the accounts of the business 
manager of the Life and expressed themselves as 
satisfied and well pleased with the manner in which 
the paper has been managed and also with its present 
condition. This is the first time in the history of the 
college that this scheme of having an advisory board 
has been tried and though the board has not been 
serving long, it is the general opinion of the students 
that they will be able to cooperate with its Faculty 
members in a way that will be for the best good of 
the organizations for which the Advisory board was 
established. The accounts of the other college organ- 
izations will be examinied soon. 


My love in fancy flies, 

Like moonbeams bright 
Over land and skies, 

Twinkling on the shades of night. 
Is it a star 
I see afar 
Thrills my soul and makes it glow 

With a longing, Ah ! a blissful calling, 
For the girl I know] 

1 sit for hours alone, 

The old tower clock 
With a heavy tone 

Dispels a dream of a face that mocks. 
I know not why. 
I would die 
But for a look, a shady nook, 
A place to woo, Ah! What wouldn't I do 
For the girl I know! 



At a meeting of the Yale Alumni Association at 
New York a resolution, of which the following is the 
substance, was adopted : " That Yale is willing to go 
to any extent to resume athletic relations with Har- 
vard providing the conditions named by Harvard do 
not interfere with the faculty rules of Yale University." 
If Harvard is unwilling to meet Yale under such con- 
ditions then there seems to be no way by which ath- 
letic relations can be resumed. 


It would seem that the state of Massachusetts was 
not far in arrears in doing her share towards further- 
ing the establishment of a national park system. 
Already earnest steps have been taken to secure Mt. 
Tom and a share of the Holyoke range, two unpar, 
allel sites, for this purpose. If this scheme of parks 
proves successful the department of Forestry will 
receive a great boon. 

# # 

The present sharpshooter's badge on the front of 
the collar of the service blouse would not designate 
the sharpshooter to an officer who was directing fire 
from the rear and, moreover, it is too small to be 
seen any great distance, hence the inspector-general 



of rifle practice has introduced a new design that may 
be placed on the sleeves like cheverons and thus be 
seen from the rear or flank, The device is a strip of 
scarlet cloth three inches long and wider at the ends 
than in the middle and upon this there is a rifle em- 
broidered handsomely in yellow silk. This device 
will be issued to all sharpshooters during the current 
season except to commissioned officers and will be 
worn on the left sleeve a few inches below the shoul- 
der seam. In the devices issued to distinguished 
marksmen the rifle is embroidered in gold and a line 
of gold thread outlines the scarlet cloth. Members 
of regimental teams will have the numbers of their 
regiment embroidered above the device, sharpshooters 
in silk and distinguished marksmen in gold. 



When putting in the crops for 1897, let every loyal 
son of Mac so plan as to permit his presence, here, 
during three, two, or at least one day of next Com- 
mencement. This is to be a very important harvest. 
The end of her first thirty years of usefulness will then 
be celebrated. Of the ten hundred sons now living, 
we expect then to meet here at least four-fifths. No 
one can now reckon the pleasure in store for that 
occasion. It will be the greatest gala day thus far 
experienced by our noble alma mater. At the grand 
gathering of "former students " we hope to provide 
1000 seats. May none be vacant. 

Wellington 73. 

73. — James H. Webb, instructor of law, Yale Uni- 
versity. Address No. 69 Church St., New Haven, 

75. — The address of J. F. Barrett is No. 27 Beaver 
St., New York City. 

78. — Sandford D. Foot, Sec'y Kearney & Foot 
Co., Paterson, N. J. 

'8 1 . — The address of Chas. L. Flint is No. 25 Con- 
gress St., Boston, Mass. 

'81. — E. D. Howe, Master of the State Grange. 
Address, Marlboro, Mass. 

'82. — W. H. Bishop, Professor of Agriculture and 
Biology at the Delaware College. Address Newark, 

'82. — Herbert Myrick, No. 151 Bowdoin St., 
Springfield, Mass. Editor-in-Chief of the American 
Agriculturist, New York and New England Homesteads 
and Farm and Home. 

'83. — The address of S. M. Holman is Attleboro, 

'83. — We wish to call attention to an article in this 
issue of Aggie Life by H. J. Wheeler, Ph. D. chem- 
ist of the Agricultural Experiment Station at King- 
ston, R. I. 

'85.— Joel E. Goldthwait, M. D. Address No. 398 
Marlborough St.. Boston, Mass. 

'85.— Address of E.W.Allen is No. 1718 Cor- 
coran St., Washington, D. C. 

'87. — The address of T. F. Meehan is Room 345 
Tremont Building, No. 73 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 

'88.— Herbert C. Bliss with Bliss Bros., Attleboro. 
Address No. 17 Maple St., Attleboro, Mass. 

'88. — F. F. Noyes, of the firm Noyes, Hollis & 
Moore, electricians. Address, General Delivery, 
Atlanta, Ga. 

'88.— Address of W. M. Shepardson is Middlebury, 

'90.— Address of T. P. Felton is West Berlin, Mass, 

'90. — Address of J. S. West is Geneva, Neb. 

'90. — F. O. Williams, Proprietor Mt. Toby Dairy 
and Vegetable Farm. Address Sunderland, Mass. 

'91. — The address of W. A. Brown is City Engi- 
neer's Office, Water Commissioners' Block, Bridge 
St., Springfield, Mass. 

'92. — J. L. Field, with Jenkins, Kreer & Co., Dry 
Goods Commission Merchants. Address 21 1 Jackson 
St., Chicago, 111. 

'92. — The address of Cyrus M. Hubbard is Sunder- 
land, Mass. 

'93. — Born, in Milford, Mass., Jan. 8. to Dr. H. D. 
and Mrs. Clark, a daughter, Grace Marian. 

'93. — The address of F. H. Henderson is No. 31 
Harvard St., Brookline, Mass. 

'94.— Chas. H. Higgins, D. V. S. Address Dover, 

'94.— E. H. Lehnert, D. V. S. 
Church St., Clinton, Mass. 

Office No. 28 



'95. — The Address of C. L. Stevens is Sheffield, 

'95. — Wright A. Root, recently foreman of a gen- 
tleman's farm in Onondaga. N. Y., is to take a course 
at a theological seminary at Auburn, N. Y. Present 
address is South Onandaga. 

'96. — Poole Bros., address North Dartmouth, Mass. 

'96. — The Address of A. B. Cook is Petersham, 

'96. — The address of H. T. Edwards is Port Ches- 
ter, N. Y. 

'96. — The Hatch Experiment Station at the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College has recently issued a 
bulletin on Electro-Germination by A. S. Kinney. 
The experiments have been very carefully conducted 
by Mr. Kinney, and in the opinion of experts the 
results are accurate. The work is a credit both to 
the subject and to Mr. Kinney. This bulletin will be 
sent free, on application, to any one interested in the 

(flatehmaker and Optician. 

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Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 

JOHN MARSHALL BARRY. '97, Business Manager. ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY. Jr.. '98, Ass't Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN. '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 

RANDALL DUNCAN WARDEN, '98, Athletics. GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT. '98, Alumni Notes. 


Terms: $1.00 per year id adoance. Single copies, 10c. Postage outside of United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Students and alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears paid. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 

Another proof of the loyalty of our alumni comes 
in the form of two prizes to be awarded at the next 
commencement. Twenty-five dollars is to be given 
to that member of the Senior class who shall prepare 
the best graduation thesis, and twenty-five dollars will 
also be given to that member of the Senior class who 
shall present his thesis or oration in the best manner 
upon the commencement stage. There are great 
difficulties to be met in the awarding of such a prize, 
since the papers presented will be of such a widely 
varying nature ; yet we feel sure that these difficulties 
will be overcome, and the award made in a most 
judicious manner. 

It is believed that in the organization of the " Kol- 
lege Kemical Klub," of which an account appears in 
another column, has been found the solution of a per- 
plexing problem. The opportunities for cultivating the 
social side of the student's nature have been very rare ; 
and though many experiments have been tried, none 
have proven successful. The " K. K. K," aims to 
supply the social element that is so sadly lacking here, 

and at the same time to stimulate a deeper interest in 
chemistry and the kindred sciences. A " kneipe " is 
to be held every two weeks, and once or twice during 
each term a " kommers" is to be given to the entire 
college. Dr. Wellington has been the prime mover 
in the affair, and his efforts have been ably seconded 
by Dr. Flint and Dr. Lindsey. The first " kneipe " 
proved a great success, and a prosperous future seems 

We wish to urge upon our contributors, and espec- 
ially upon those who are competing for positions upon 
the Life board, the importance of promptness in the 
preparation of their articles. After the greater por- 
tion of the paper is in press it is extremely trying to 
find that some piece of work previously assigned has 
not been prepared. Such delays and failures are a 
great inconvenience to us and to the printer, and 
greatly interfere with the " make-up " of the paper. 
The Life is a bi-weekly publication and Wednesday is 
the day upon which it is generally issued. All " copy " 
intended for publication in any number must be in the 
hands of the editorial board on the preceding Friday. 
Each contributor is also requested to sign his name in 



full, and to place beneath the name a statement of the 
number of words contained in the article submitted. 
By regarding these suggestions contributors may aid 
us very materially in our work for the paper. 

In a recent issue of the New Hampshire College 
Monthly we were pleased to note an editorial concern- 
ing intercollegiate debates. It is suggested that a 
debate or series of debates might be arranged between 
the New Hampshire State College, the Rhode Island 
College, and M. A. C. The suggestion is a good one, 
and we trust that some definite action may be taken 
in the matter. At present the institutions mentioned 
know but little of each other and of the work being 
done. We believe that the debate would aid in bring- 
ing the colleges into a closer relationship with each 
other, and in establishing a bond of friendship between 
them. We assure our New Hampshire brethren that 
we are willing to meet them half way, and that we will 
gladly cooperate with them in making any arrange- 
ments for such a contest. Here is an opportunity for 
some of our " invincible " debaters to try their powers 
in a new direction and to win fresh laurels for M. A. C. 

As loyal American citizens we naturally take great 
interest in the history of our own country, and we 
believe that the thorough teaching of our national his- 
tory should form one of the most important branches 
of modern education. It is but natural, therefore, that 
we should be interested in the recent criticisms, by the 
New York Sun and other newspapers, of the text 
books of American history employed throughout our 
southern states. These criticisms were directed 
against those books recently recommended by the 
Confederate Veteran's Association, and southern jour- 
nals have not been slow to reply. The Literary Digest 
for Feb. 20 gives extracts from these papers, and an 
impartial reader will admit the justice of their asser- 
tions. Says the Baltimore American, " The southern 
people were fighting for a principle. They now and 
have for a quarter of a century admitted that the 
question has been settled, and settled adversely to 
their contention, and they acquiesce in that settlement ; 
but they naturally object to teaching their children 
that they were traitors and rebels. Partizanship is no 
better on one side than on the other. It is only the 
truth which will make us whole." Speaking of the 
histories now used in northern schools, the Atlanta 

Constitution says, " Without giving the South credit for 
patriotic devotion to the principles of the Constitution 
or even for honesty in espousing the great cause to 
which she consecrated her treasure, these histories 
taught our children to look with disdain upon southern 
heroism and statesmanship. In order to correct these 
evils, therefore, the South has been driven into writ- 
ing history. Without reviving buried issues or pro- 
claiming a single doctrine which the arbitrament of war 
has settled, our southern historians have merely pic- 
tured in its true light the great internecine drama of 
1861-65. . . . Since the issues of the great sectional 
conflict are forever settled, shall the South in addition 
to her sufferings be denied the meager privilege of 
teaching her children that the cause for which she 
struggled, although unsuccessful, was at least patriotic 
and honest ? Surely there can be no reluctant or 
negative answer to this question." We are all well 
aware that the majority of our northern histories cer- 
tainly show a partisan spirit in their discussion of our 
great Civil War, a spirit that is as foolish as it is 
wrong. First impressions are always lasting, and the 
erroneous ideas on this subject received by a person 
while in school too often are never eradicated in later 
life. It is high time that fair and impartial histories 
should be placed in our schools. We should not hes- 
itate to give honor where honor is due, nor should we 
be reluctant to credit our southern brethren for the 
honesty of purpose and bravery of action that charac- 
terized their conduct throughout the whole of our 
unfortunate conflict. American history, as taught in 
our schools, should have for its object not the arousing 
and encouraging of sectional spirit, but the creating 
and fostering of true and unflinching loyalty to our 
united nation, and the development of steadfast Amer- 
ican citizens. 

Some of the members of the College have been 
considering the matter of promoting good will and 
sociability among the different parts of our institution. 
They invite everyone connected with the eductional 
part of the college to a social meeting with light 
refreshments in the college boarding house on Friday. 
March 12, at 8-30 p. m. It should be carefully noted 
this invitation includes all students of the college, all 
of the faculty, the entire experiment station corps, and 
all graduates and former students of the college to 



whom this may come. It is particularly requested 
that notice of proposed attendance be given to Dr. E. 
R. Flint. To cover necessary expenses a nominal 
fee of fifteen cents will be collected of those who 
attend. A good time is assured, and it is earnestly 
hoped that all will endeavor to cooperate in making 
the affair a grand success. 



The question is often asked ; " Does a college educa- 
tion pay the business man ? " Mr. Andrew Carnegie 
says, "The college man has not the slightest chance of 
entering business at twenty, against the boy who swept 
the office or who began as shipping clerk at fourteen." 
Peter Henderson, the well known authority on all 
matters relating to practical garden work makes the 
statement, " I believe a fairly educated youth would 
have far better chances for success in life, if the four 
or six years spent under the different professors of an 
agricultural college were spent in actual work of ten 
hours a day in a well conducted farm or garden." 
These statements are of great importance to us as 
agricultural college students. If they are true are we 
acting wisely in pursuing our course of study? I, for 
one, doubt the truthfulness of them. 

The college is the instrument to train the man. It 
is not designed to turn out merchants or manufacturers. 
Business and agriculture are arts and as such must be 
learned by practice. The graduate thus often appears 
at a disadvantage on leaving college ; but let us Iook 
at him a few years later. 

Suppose two men at the age of eighteen decide to 
start in business. Each has about the same ability. 
James enters college, while Henry starts as clerk in a 
store. Four years later James is graduated and enters 
the same store. In six months James has acquired 
as much business ability as Henry acquired in the first 
year. In two years he has outstripped Henry and 
will continue to do so as time goes on. In hundreds 
of cases this statement holds true, and the reason for 
it is not hard to see. James was taught to see, to 
think, and to judge for himself. If you were to choose 
between raw undisciplined soldiers and well-trained 
men, both being equally brave, you would select the 
latter every time. If you were to decide between the 

well trained athlete and untrained strength, you would 
decide in favor of the athlete. 

The advantage which a business man receives from 
college is greater to-day than ever before. There 
were never so many consolidations and systems as 
now. A man can measure tape and sell stoves if he 
has never seen the inside of a college, but to run a 
big business concern the more training a man has the 
better are his chances of success. 

Not many years ago colleges offered students Latin, 
Greek and mathematics. Now the college graduate 
may know more about things outside of these three, 
than he does about them. 

Example as well as reason is against Mr. Carnegie's 
statement. Out of sixty-five graduates living in New 
York city eighteen were found to be bankers, fifteen 
railroad managers, ten manufacturers, seven presidents 
of insurance companies and five well known publishers. 
Mr. Depew says that hundreds of college men have 
begun in these last years, at the bottom in railroad 
work, and have soon distanced the uneducated boy 
and man. To attempt a catalogue of the men who 
have thus worked their way up would be to name 
leading men in every department of life. 

For many years Germany has not only furnished a 
general education, but has offered opportunities for 
higher commercial instruction. What is the result? 
She has acquired skill and experience to-day in mer- 
cantile training that have no equal in France, England 
or America. A noted Frenchman said : " The Ger- 
mans are taking our places everywhere, and are ever 
getting ahead of the English. If we do not awake 
from our drowsiness they will annihilate us." No one 
claims that the Americans are by nature inferior to 
the Germans. The question is not that at all. It is 
a fierce contest the mastery in which, is to remain 
with the one who is the most fully equipped. 

If, as I believe, general training is the most import- 
ant factor in an education why may not a man select 
such studies as will prepare him for life's special 
work? If he is to be a merchant let him by the begin- 
ning of the junior year apply himself to political 
economy, finance, and certain kinds of law. He need 
not fear becoming narrow. His previous training will 
more than counteract this result. 

What every graduate of this college ought to be 
able to say is this : " Not only have my four years at 



Aggie disciplined my mind ; but they have contributed 
to my health and happiness, and have enabled me to 
support a family with ease." 


Long years ago — 

I watched two hands glide o'er the keys. 
They moved so slow but yet with ease, 
And in each sound there was a strain 
Which spoke of sorrow and of pain ; 
A wail of hearts with care oppressed. 
Who sighing lived and longed for rest. 

Each chord was blended rich and rare, 
By these two hands long, ghostly fair. 
I nearer drew to lay my own 
Upon the keys, but they were gone, 
And in their place I heard this strain — 
No heart can live without some pain. 

I bowed my head upon the keys, 

While around me moved the gentle breeze, 

And whispered in my listening ear — 

The heart that wins must never fear. 

I raised my head and gazed around — 

1 saw no form nor heard no sound. 

Yet on the keys beside my own 

Two phantom hands were pressed alone, 

And, spirit like, with mine they draw 

From out the keys a reverie now, 

Which seemed to me like sighing breeze 

When rustling in the poplar trees — 

Like uncaning waves on ocean side. 

As voices speaking in the tide. 

They rested quiet then moved away — 

I raised my eyes, 'twas break of day 

And they were gone. 



Article I, 

Section 1. The name of this body shall be the 
Kollege Kemical Klub, represented by the initials, 
K. K. K. 

The objects of this organization shall be the study 
of chemistry and the social advancement of the col- 

Section 2. The offices of this club shall consist of 
an honorary president, an active president, two vice- 
presidents, a secretary, a treasurer and an executive 
committee of three members. 

Article II. 

Section 1. The club shall meet once a month 
and on such dates as may be advised by the executive 
committee. Ten members shall constitute a quorum. 

Section 2. The meetings shall be divided into 
two parts. Part one shall be devoted to business and 
scientific discussion. Part two shall be devoted to 
social entertainment. 


Section I. 

Article 1. The duty J the honorary president 
shall be such as become an honorary member. 

Article 2. The duty of the active president shall 
be to call and preside at all meetings. 

Article 3. The duty of the first vice-president 
shall be to preside at meetings in the absence of the 

Article 4. The duty of the second vice-president 
shall be to preside at meetings in the absence of the 
president and first vice-president. 

Article 5. The duty of the treasurer shall be to 
collect all dues and keep an accurate account of all 
receipts and expenditures, and to render a report of 
the same when called for. 

Article 6. The duty of the secretary shall be to 
keep a record of all meetings and post notices by 
order of the president. 

Article 7. The duties of the executive committee 
shall be to make necessary provisions for all meetings, 
to be the active managers of the same. 

Section II. 

Article 1. One of the vice-presidents shall be 
elected from the Exp. Station corps. 

Article 2. Those eligible for membership shall be 
all men practically connected with the study of chem- 
istry, and all chemical students of M. A. C. above the 
second term of the junior year. Such persons may 
be elected to membership at any regularly appointed 
meeting by a three-quarter vote of the members 
present and voting. 

Article 3. All expenses shall be met by a tax 
levied on the members as occasion may require. No 
initiation fee or other regular fee shall be levied. 




A genuine German " kneipe " was held in the 
library reading-room on Friday evening, Feb. 12th. 
The invitations had been issued about a week previous 
by Dr. Wellington who deserves great praise for his 
enterprise in starting the organization, and whose gen- 
erosity in entertaining is well known. The reading- 
room was beautifully decorated, The walls were 
draped with smilax, the fire-place and mantel were 
banked with flowers, and palms and azaleas were 
massed in the corners. 

The long table presentee* -d, most attractive appear- 
ance, an indication of the sumptuous repast to fol- 
low. After singing " Deutschland fiber Alles," the 
company were assigned to their seats, and proceeded 
to do justice to the series of German dishes that were 
placed before them. Frankfurters, Kaltsauerkraut, 
and Schewerzerkase were the most favored, while 
Kaviar and Deutscher Salat were abandoned after a 
struggle. All were unanimous in their appreciation 
of the mysterious " Fluorfrappe." and it disappeared 
with marvellous rapidity. 

More German songs followed the supper, and then 
came toasts and speeches. Dr. Wellington explained 
the nature of the proposed " Kemical Klub," and his 
remarks were greeted with greatest enthusiasm. The 
proposition was that a " Kollege Kemical Klub " be 
founded with the object of promoting the social and 
intellectual side of student life here, and it was sug- 
gested that a " kneipe " be held every two weeks, and 
a " kommers " given to the entire college at least 
twice a term. The " Klub " membership is intended 
to include the senior chemists, the chemists at the 
Experiment Station, and all members of our faculty 
connected with chemistry." Dr. Flint ably seconded 
the remarks of Dr. Wellington, and a general discus- 
sion followed. Temporary officers were elected and 
instructed to prepare a constitution. This has been 
done, and the permanent officers have since been 
elected. A list of the present officers will be found 
in another column of the Life. 

More German songs were sung, and at ten minutes 
before the midnight hour the company disbanded. 
The " kneipe " was one of the most enjoyable social 
events ever held at the college, and thanks are due 
to Dr. Wellington whose generous hospitality made 
this success possible. 

Amherst 4. — Aggie 2. 

O ! fickleness of man's wisdom ! ! brevity of 
mortal foresight! O! unfaithful prophecy! Our 
much vaunted stone-wall has fallen and under the 
ruin lies buried the reputation of the sporting editor as 
an authority on players and their merits ; and yet 
before the fall, how fair and strong to look upon was 
that wall, a little slim perhaps, but who would have 
taken it for a rail fence ? 

Seriously, the last game between Amherst and 
Aggie would have been exciting and close but for the 
poor work at half and in goal on our team. The 
rushers were quick and out played the opposition in 
individual and team work. Capt. Eaton played a fast 
game and the way the ball was passed back to him at 
center by the rushers then up the field again throwing 
the opposing rushers off the scent was a goodly sight 
to look upon. Charmbury was back in the game with 
his old time form. No one could say that he had his 
equal in that game either as an aggravating 
dodger, a tantalyzing interferer. or as a vicious driver 
for goals. Only the phenominal work of Foster at 
goal whose walking development seems to be on a 
hinge which revolves at the will of the operator, pre- 
vented a heavy score. 

Amherst was weakened at half and center by the 
absence of Fosdick and Gibbs and this prevented 
Russell from playing his usual brilliant game, being 
forced to play on the defensive and to remain close to 
his own goal. 

The play was sharp and interesting, only for the 
abominable ease with which our guards stood still and 
allowed one man unaided to make goals on them. 
The following was the line-up : — 

Aggie 2. 



Eaton (capt)., 



1st Half. — Rush by Rogers, goal by Russell; rush by 
Charmbury, goal by Rogers; rush by Eaton, goal by 
Franklin. 2nd. Half. — Rush by Russell, goal by Franklin ; 
rush by Russell, goal by Charmbury ; rush by Russell, goal 
by Franklin. Time, two 20-minute halves. Umpire. 
Cheney, M. A. C. '97. Referee, Kellogg, M. A. C. 1900. 

Amherst 4. 



h. b. 




2nd' r. 


1st. r 





(the eighth of a series of articles on the senior 


Of all the courses that our institution offers there 
is none, perhaps, so widely known throughout the state 
as that of horticulture. In beauty of location, and in 
extent of grounds, no institution can compare with 
ours ; and in thoroughness of instruction we have but 
few equals. 

The first three years in this department are devoted 
to fruit culture, market gardening, and landscape hor- 
ticulture, it being the aim of the department to lay a 
broad foundation for future study in each of these 

In the senior year a course is offered in which a 
more thorough study of these subjects can be made. 

Horticulture is divided into four general heads : 
pomology, the art and science of growing large and 
small fruits; olericulture (market gardening), the art 
and science of growing garden vegetables ; floricul- 
ture, the art and science of cultivating ornamental 
plants ; landscape horticulture, the art and science of 
growing ornamental trees and shrubs with regard to 
landscape effect, 

While all of these are in a certain sense distinct, 
they are in reality ail more or less connected, and 
whoever desires to be proficient in one must have a 
considerable knowledge of the others. There is, how- 
ever, such a wide field of study and investigation, that 
in order to do justice to one branch in the limited time 
afforded in a college course, it is necessary to divide 
the work into two divisions : pomology and market 
gardening in one, floriculture and landscape horticul- 
ture in the other. 


Pomology. — In this branch it has been the aim of 
the department to combine theory and practice. In 
the first place a careful study is made of the various 
fruits, their method of propagation, culture, and fertili- 
zation. Injurious insects and fungi, with their methods 
of prevention and cure, are considered in a practical 
way. The best varieties and their adaptation to soil 
and localities are discussed. In all cases field obser- 
vation is part of the instruction. The orchards, vine- 
yards, and experimental plots, afford opportunities for 
study and acquirement of practical knowledge second 
to none in the state. 

Market Gardening. — Under this head all of the gar- 
den crops are studied. The best methods of culti- 
vation and marketing are taught in the class room and 
illustrated by field methods. Under this head green- 
house construction is taught. The various methods 
of heat and ventilation of greenhouses and cultivation 
of crops under glass are discussed, frequent visits 
being made to our own model greenhouses, where 
almost all of the various appliances are placed for 
illustration and afford a rare opportunity for anyone 
interested in this line of work. 


Landscape Horticulture. — The central idea in this 
work is to have the students become familiar with all 
the trees, shrubs, plants, and other materials used in 
the decoration of home grounds. The propagation 
and treatment required to grow these trees and shrubs 
to their greatest perfection is duly considered. The 
students study the laying out of grounds, making and 
caring for lawns, locating and making roads and walks, 
grouping of trees and shrubs, and pruning and training 
the same. Students are required to collect and mount 
specimens of as many trees, shrubs and plants used 
for ornamental purposes as possible. The equipment 
for this work consists of a large and well-grown collec- 
tion of trees and shrubs, which are planted in a man- 
ner to illustrate as many points as possible. 

Floriculture. — In this work glass structures of all 
kinds are carefully studied as to construction, heating, 
and ventilating. A good knowledge of the character- 
istics, methods of propagation and growth of all plants 
grown under glass for commercial purposes, is insisted 
upon, and students are encouraged to spend as much 
time as possible in obtaining the skill necessary to 
enable them to successfully grow the plants and flow- 
ers. Insect and fungous pests are studied in a practi- 
cal way, together with methods of prevention or ex- 
tinction ol the same. 

In this brief outline I have attempted to describe 
some of the most important features of the course in 
horticulture. Only one remains to be mentioned. 
At the head of this department is Professor Maynard, 
whose services, rendered valuable from his long 
experience in this work, the college is fortunate to 

It is his object to combine the theoretical and prac- 



tical branches of these subjects in such a way as to 
render the course of greatest interest and profit to the 
student. The professor is untiring in his efforts to 
place this department upon a high plane, and by the 
men who have chosen these branches for special 
study, his efforts are greatly appreciated. 

G. A. Drew. 


Fifth lecture in the N. H. S. course. Speaker 
Prof. Herman Babson, Feb. 12th, 1897. 

Despite the stormy weather, the illustrated stereop- 
ticon lecture entitled A " Bull's Eye " View of Europe 
given by Professor Herman Babson before the Nat- 
ural History Society was a pronounced success and 
the hit of the season. 

Mr. Babson is one of the younger professors of the 
College who has been here but a short time and yet 
is extremely well liked. His lecture Friday evening 
was an excellent piece of composition, and his delivery 
was in that pleasing tone which always charms an 
audience and holds their attention. 

During his extended tour abroad last summer, our 
enterprising professor with his camera procured over a 
hundred new and striking views of the scenery along 
the way. 

At the request of the N. H. S., he very kindly 
had these views mounted upon slides and prepared a 
most entertaining description to supplement them. 

Starting from a covered pier this side of the Atlan- 
tic, he takes us on board a Cunard liner and out upon 
the deep blue ocean. The pictures " People in 
Steamer Chairs," " The Bow," " Seasick," "The 
Stokers," give one a clear idea of the comforts and 
discomforts of a sea voyage. Typical of the nature of 
the water are " The Ocean " and the beautiful tinted 
" Sunset at Sea," and " Off Ireland " which next come 
up before our eyes. Reaching Liverpool .we take a trip 
to the celebrated English Lakes. One of these — Lake 
Windemere — reminds us of our own placid Lake 
George. The cities of Great Britain are much like ours, 
but their cathedrals and other buildings are of much 
greater historic interest. Crossing the Channel, we 
reach Amsterdam. Here everything is different, for- 
eign, queer signs, queer people, queer language, queer 
trains of cars, etc. Then begins the most beautiful part 
of the journey, through the valley of the Rhine. How 

the very mention of this river brings back to our 
minds the old, old legends and songs of the Father- 
land ! To Amsterdam, Cologne, Bonn — the birth- 
place of Beethoven — we give a passing glance. 
Along the way we see the old mediaeval castles and 
ancient cathedrals. The ruins of these crumbling 
fortresses are something grand. " Rheinfels Castle," 
the " Mouse Tower," with its grewsome legend, and 
" Weidelburg Castle," the most famous and the largest 
ruin of its kind in all Europe, are good examples. 

Next comes picturesque Germany with its quaint 
old towns and wide -famed universities. " The Luther 
House," " Potsdam," " Brocken," the exquisite valley 
of the Pegnitz, " Nuremberg," " Munich" and its fine 
shops; — all these absorb our attention. 

Four hours ride from Munich is Lake Constance. 
Crossing this clear lake, we reach Thursis, the start- 
ing point of one of the grandest excursions in the 
entire Alps : Namely to Splugen, over the " Splugen 
Pass," down to Chiavenna, a mountain town in north- 
ern Italy. 

Leaving Thursis, we enter a wonderful gorge at the 
bottom of which the turbid Nolla roars and plunges 
over massive boulders, and, at last, falls into the 
Rhine. On each side of the road we see precipitous 
lime-stone cliffs rising to the height of nearly two 
thousand feet. Here is the Colorado of Europe ! 
Safely descending the pass we reach at the very floor 
of the valley, Chiavenna, a typical Italian town noted 
for the peculiar garlic-like odors that pervade the air. 
Our route now takes us back into Switzerland to 
Eugano, while here we ascend a huge dome-like 
mountain, St. Salvadore. The air at its summit is so 
clear and sparkling that we are able to see the needle- 
point of the Matterhorn, sixty miles away, and the dim 
outlines of Mt. Blanc, a hundred miles from us. 
Returning, we leave Luzano for Lake Lucerne over 
the St. Gotthard railroad, one of the most stupendous 
pieces of engineering in the world. At Airolo, it en- 
ters a tunnel to emerge from it nearly ten miles 
farther south. 

After a delightful passage across the lake in a com- 
modious steamer, we land in the city of Lucerne. 
Here, carved in the side of a well of solid rock is the 
renowned " Lion of Lucerne," erected to the mem- 
ory of the Swiss guard that fell in the defense of the 
Tuileries. The dying lion, twenty-eight feet long, 



reclining in a grotto, transfixed by a broken lance, and 
sheltering with its paw the Bourbon lily, is hewn out 
of natural sandstone after a model by the celebrated 
Danish sculptor, Thorwaldsen. 

To complete the trip, we make a visit to the 
'•' Upper Glacier " near Grindillwald. At its terminal 
moraine we enter and follow up a tunnel over three 
hundred feet long, hollowed out of the gigantic mass 
of greenish blue ice. 

At the mouth of the glacier, breathing the clear air 
of the Wonderland and filled with thoughts of the 
Fatherland, the lecturer left us. 

E. M. Wright. 


Sixth lecture in the N. H. S. course. Speaker Dr. 
J. B. Paige. 

Those who attended the meeting of the Natural 
History Society on Friday evening, listened to a very 
practical lecture on the subject of Bacteria by Prof. 
Paige. In brief the lecture was as follows : — 

" It is the peculiarity of living matter that it does 
something. This is called a function. No matter 
how simple or complex the structure it consists of 
parts called cells. A study of a substance is the 
study of its parts. Take for example an amoeba 
which is the lowest form of animal life and place it 
on a slide. If the slide is heated its movements 
become more lively; cool and its movements are 
more sluggish. We may see him feeding, He sur- 
rounds and absorbs the food. The residue left he 
throws out at the most convenient point. He does 
everything that he needs to do but still he consists of 
but one cell. The human body consists of similar 
cells but each has its special process and special func- 
tion. Taken together they are more complex than 
the amoeba in which one cell does everything. 

Bacteria are unicellular vegetable organisms 
referred to as germs, microbes, micro-organisms, etc. 
They are like the amoeba except that they are vege- 
table. There are a few classes of bacteria which it 
might be well to mention. 

Cocci=have rounded form. 

Micrococci=have special rounded form. 

These two are very similar and are often hard to 

Diplococci=arranged two together. 

Streptococci=from little chains which stained and 
examined under the microscope show beautiful colors. 
This chain-like effect is caused by a budding process 
of reproduction. 

Staphylococci=pIump like arrangement like the 
grapes on a stem. 

Bacillus authracis=bamboo like. 

Bacillus tuberculosis=long, narrow with round ends. 

The Spirillae are very beautiful under the micro- 
scope having a cork screw form. The bacillus which 
causes Asiatic Cholera is believed to be a form of 

These bacteria are classified as to how and what 
they live on ; as motile and non-motile. The motile 
form have cilia which enable them to move. It is 
hard nevertheless to classify the genera. The lines 
are not sharply drawn since by environment we may 
change one of the above into the other. For all this 
they remain unaltered as to identity. We cannot 
inoculate an animal with one disease germ and get 
another different disease. Bacteria reproduce easily 
and rapidly, and can live under almost any circum- 
stances as they are very hard to kill. 

Bacteria have definite functions. They are 
endowed with life and do all their own work. We use 
the products of bacteria in many industries, as in the 
fermentation of wine, manufacture of butter, etc. In 
preparing soil for plants the bacteria bring about the 
decomposition of the organic matter. 

Thus we see that many are not harmful but less 
than a score are dangerous. These are called patho- 
geni or disease producing bacteria, and are wjdely 
distributed usually, occurring where man is. Many 
diseases have been studied and their causes have 
been ascertained, but the causes of the simpler 
diseases have as yet been undiscovered. 

Bacteria cause disease in several ways. 

I. Bacteria excretion or secretion forms a poison 
which has a slight or serious effect on the tissues or 
the blood. Many deaths resulting from eating canned 
food are from this source. 

II. Bacteria occur in the digestive tract. Some 
think they are necessary. When they multiply to such 
an extent that poisonous products are formed and 
absorbed we get disease and death. 

In the treatment of disease several methods have 
been tried. 



I. This arises from the fact that if bouillon be inocu- 
lated with 4 or 5 kinds of bacteria and examined after 
three or four weeks only one kind of bacteria is found. 
One has destroyed the others. It was thought to use 
this in the prevent ; on and cure of disease, but it has 
not proved practicable. In the laboratory it is suc- 
cessful, but in the human body there are other condi- 
tions to be dealt with, and the experiments have 
proved a failure. 

II. Use of Bacteria excretions has not been a suc- 
cess. The principle discovered by Prof. Koch 
depends on the fact that cultures in laboratories die out 
in time. The theory was that bacteria excrete cer- 
tain products poisonous to themselves. Koch's idea 
was to extract the poison from the cultures and then 
to use it as a preventive of disease. It succeeded in 
certain cases but the only practical result was its use 
in diagnosing tuberculosis in cattle. 

III. Inoculation with blood serum gives best results. 
The effect depends on the fact that the blood of ani- 
mals not susceptible to certain diseases has some- 
thing poisonous to germs, and that we can bring about 
an artificial immunity by getting a weak culture so that 
the serum produces a poisonous action and so neutral- 
izes the poisonous excretion of the germ. 

IV. This is best illustrated by the treatment of 
of hydrophobia. This is done by injecting into the 
patient each day a stronger virus than on the preceding 
day until virus of great strength has no effect. 

The study of the bacteria has almost revolutionized 
medical theories but much more can be learned, and 
the. man who makes some new discovery in this line 
of work is bound to win distinction. " 

C. A. Norton. 

— The polo contests upon the pond have been of 
unusual interest this winter. So far there have been 
played two games with Amherst College, two class 
games, and twice we have been disappointed because 
of the failure of a team to " show up ". We were to 
have played a game with Stores College on the pond 
last Saturday, but owing to the illiness of their captain, 
the team did not come. It is expected that the lat- 
ter will play their return game with us soon, and at 

C@lie^f fJoi?s> 

— Dry, dryer, Dry-den. 

A. M. Kramer '96 visited friends at college last 

— C. A. Peter's '97 has been spending a few days 
at his home in Worcester 

— The Junior class is taking extra work in Electric- 
ity under Prof. Hasbrouck. 

— Last Monday being Washington's birthday all 
college exercises were suspended. 

— Dr. Leonard W. Bascom of Norwich, Conn, will 
speak before the Y. M. C. A. at Commencement. 

— A. X. Petit gave an informal reception to his 
M. A. C. dancing class, in Pacific Hall, Wednesday 

— Lieut. Wright is able to be about again by the 
aid of crutches. He has been confined to the house 
for some time, and the cadets are glad to see him at 
drill once more. 

— On account of the absence of a number of the 
students from college to spend Washington's birthday 
with friends and relatives, last Sunday's services were 

— Dr. J. B. Paige '82, gave a very interesting lec- 
ture before the Natural History Society last Friday 
evening. He took for his subject, " Bacteria; how 
they cause and cure diseases ". 

— The proof for the next catalogue of the college 
has been corrected and is now in the hands of the 
printer for the make-up of what will be one of the 
most complete and best illustrated bulletins of the 
college ever issued. The report will probably be out 
in a few weeks. 

— We are pleased to note that one of our Alumni, 
Myrick '82, has taken a decisive stand for the protec- 
tion of our sugar industries. Mr. Myrick who is a 
wide awake man and a prominent editor, is a strong 
supporter of the beet sugar industry, and we hope to 
be able to give a description of his work in detail in 
our next issue. 

— The " K. K. K." have elected the following offi- 
cers : Honorary pres., Dr. CA.Goessman ; active pres. 
Dr. Wellington 73 ; first vice-pres., H. D. Haskins 



'90 ; second vice-pres., C. A. Norton '97 ; sec, C. I. 
Goessmann '97 ; treas., C. A, Peters '97 ; executive 
committee, Prof. E. R. Flint '87 ; G. D. Leavens 
'97 ; J. M. Barry '97. 

— Professor and Mrs. Maynard's home on the 
" terrace " was the scene of a very pleasant party 
last Friday evening. The occasion was a reception 
tendered to the Freshman class. After the collation 
the usual progressive games were played. The fest- 
ivities were graced by the presence of several charm- 
ing young ladies which added materially to the pleas- 
ures of the evening. The thanks of the Freshman 
class are extended to Prof, and Mrs. Maynard for 
their kind entertainment. 

— The matter of Junior and Sophomore electives 
has been decided by the faculty, though to what sat- 
isfaction to the present Sopohomore and Freshman 
classes, we will not say. Hereafter the Sophomores 
will have the option of electing German in addition to 
their prescribed studies, and the Juniors will spend 
two thirds of the time given up to Physics, in the lab- 
ratory, thus obtaining better opportunities for the Sen- 
ior year's studies. Under the existing circumstances 
it has not seemed wise for the faculty to grant the 
college Junior electives. 

— On the evening of Wednesday Feb. 17th. the 
Phi Sigma Kappa Fraternity was very pleasantly enter- 
tained by its senior members. The large college 
" pung " was hired for the occasion, and the party 
drove to Northampton, where they made Hotel Hamp- 
ton their headquarters. At eight o'clock there was 
served an excellent supper to which the hungry 
students did ample justice. After the repast came 
brief speeches and toasts. Returning, the party 
reached college just before the lights went out. A 
very pleasant time was reported. 

— Prof. Babson delivered a very interesting and 
attractive lecture before a large number of students 
at the chapel, a week ago last Friday evening. The 
professor is a first class amateur photographer, and 
his illustrated treat was " A ' Bull's Eye ' view of 
Europe ", which was well brought out by the aid of 
the stereopticon. Mr. Babson has also added to his 
popularity of late, having submitted a " Two-step " 
which he has recently composed, and which has been 
accepted by one of our largest music publishers as a 

work of considerable merit. The title of this piece of 
music is " The Commencement March ". and is dedi- 
cated to his Alma Mater, — Amherst College. 

— In our last isse we properly threw out a hint to 
the officers of the Town Electric works to the effect 
that if the electric lights at the college could be 
" winked " once or twice about ten minutes of twelve 
o'clock, it would be a great favor to the students. A 
short time afterwards, one of the accomodating direct- 
ors talked the matter over with one of our editors and 
has kixidly brought about the desired results. About 
a quarter before twelve o'clock the change of dyna- 
mos at the plant causes the lights to grow perceptibly 
dim for a few seconds after which bright light will 
continue until the current is shut off. ten minutes after 
twelve. The students appreciate this favor very 

— A bill has recently been passed by both houses 
of the Legislature appropriating $150,000 for contin- 
uing the work of exterminating the Gypsy Moth. 
The Commission having the work in charge, asked 
that $200,000 be appropriated, but the House cut it 
down to $150,000, and the senate showed a strong 
disposition to take off $50,000 more, but finally pass- 
ed the bill as it came from the House. Dr. Fernald 
spent several days at Boston in consultation with the 
committees having the bill in charge and it is largely 
owing to his endeavors that the bill succeeded in 
passing. There was considerable opposition in both 
houses, there being many who do not understand the 
destructive nature of this formidable pest, and who 
do not appreciate the excellent work that the comm- 
ission is doing. 

— A few mornings ago our attention was called to 
'• a little seecret " whereby we could avoid being late 
at the morning chapel exercises; but there still seems 
to be a lack of punctuality. It is useless to expect 
the students to get to chapel or recitations promptly 
when the college bell is not rung, and each person has 
to depend upon the varying reliability of his individual 
time piece. Besides it is no uncommon occurrence 
for professors to hold their classes a few minutes over 
time, and of course this causes delay in getting to the 
next recitation. The restoration of the old custom 
of ringing the bell would greatly diminish these evils 
and would be of great benefit to both students and 



professors who have suffered inconvenience too long 
already as a result of a foolish joke perpetrated by a 
few thoughtless students. It is not just that the whole 
college should suffer because of the misdeeds of a 
few of its members. We sincerely believe that the 
offenders are convinced of the folly of their joke ? and 
that if a new tongue is placed in the bell, it will not 
be disturbed again and our old custom of bell ringing 
will be appreciated more than ever. Considering 
that this was the first offense of the kind we feel justi- 
fied in asking that we may be allowed another trial. 


71. — William Wheeler, Civil Engineer, Boston, is 
about to open a partnership with Prof. Leonard Metcalf 
who has recently resigned from the chair of Mathe- 
matics at the Mass. Agricultural College. 

71. — Occasionally the life of the Business Mana- 
ger is made happy by a cold cash gift from some 
loyal and enthusiastic alumnus. This time it is Mr. 
Edgar E. Thompson of No. 37 Wellington St., Wor- 
cester, Mass., that has helped to make the day 
brighter and to him the editors extend their hearty 

72. — The address of S. C. Thompson is No. 950 
East 166th St., New York City. 

72. — Charles O. Flagg, Director R. I. Experiment 
Station, has charge of the Junior course in Agriculture 
at the Mass. Agr'l College, the specialty being Field 

Ex-72.— Arthur H. Nash, Downey, Cal. 

Ex-74. — W. H. Barstow, 113 Devonshire St., 
Boston. Mass., with Bowker, Gay & Wells, Real 
Estate Dealers. 

Ex-75.— E. A. Cowles, Peru, Florida, Fruit 

77. — H. F. Parker has removed his Patent Offices 
to 220 Broadway in the new twenty-five story, St. 
Paul building. 

Ex-77. — James K. Mills, Plymouth, Mass., Acto. 
Ex-'80.— C.T. Pease, 2059 Downing Ave., Denver, 
Col., Civil Engineer. 

'82.— Dr. John A. Cutter visited friends at the Col- 
lege on Feb. 26 and 27. 

'83. — Dr. Lindsey of the Mass. Hatch Experiment 
Station will give a course of lectures to the short win- 
ter course on Agriculture. 

'86. — D. F. Carpenter, teacher of Mathematics and 
English, has changed his address from 266 Carlton 
Ave. to 251 Seventh Ave, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

'88. — C. S. Crocker of the Darling Fertilizer Co. 
of Pawtucket, R. I., was in town last week. 

'88. — The address of Jonathan E. Holt is Andover, 

'90.— The address of A. N. Stowe is Hudson, 

'91.— J. B. Hull, Jr., Great Barrington, Mass., 
coal dealer. 

'91. — Henry M. Howard, address Arlington Heights, 

'91. — The home address of A. H. Sawyer is Ster- 
ling, Mass. Business address, Northboro, Mass. 

'91.— Walter C. Paige, general secretary and 
physical director of Y. M. C. A. Address, Hender- 
son, Ky. 

'92. — Judson L. Field, formerly with Marshall Field 
& Co., now traveling salesman for Jenkins Kreer & 
Co., dry goods commission merchants, 207, 209 and 
21 1 Jackson St., Chicago, III." 

'93. — The address of Edw. J. Walker is Clinton, 

'93. — The sad intelligence reaches us that Mr. G. 
B. Woodbrey ex-'93 is confined at his home, 19 Win- 
throp St., Waltham, a consumptive and beyond the 
hope of recovery. 

'93. — F. H. Henderson has removed from Maiden 
to 31 Harvard St., Brookline. 

'94. — Wm. E. Sanderson has returned to the firm- 
of W. W. Rawson & Co., 34 So. Market St., Boston, 
Mass. Mr. Sanderson is clerk of the Alumni Club of 
Mass. which is shortly to hold its annual banquet in 

'94. — H. J. Fowler, Scout for the Gypsy Moth 
Department, State Board of Agriculture. Address, 
229 Boylston St., Brookline, Mass. 

'94. — Elias D. White, removed to Albany, Ga. 

'94. — Fred G. Averell is in the Insurance business 
at Northampton. Address, Amherst, Mass. 



'94. — A. H. Kirkland, married on Feb. 2d, to Miss 
Clara B. Rice of Maiden. The ceremony was per- 
formed by Rev. Mr. Hughes. 

'95. — W. C. Brown, Omaha. Neb., care of Arthur 

Ex-'95. — Alfred Davis, Pawtucket, R. I., reporter 
on Pawtucket Times. 

'96. — The many friends of Fred H. Read will be 
glad to hear of his speedy recovery from a serious 
sickness from which he has been suffering for the 
past two weeks. Mr. Read has so far regained his 
former health as to be able to resume his classes at 
the Lyndon Institute and Commercial College of 
Lyndon Center, Vt. 

'96. — The address of Harry H. Roper is East 
Hubbardston, Mass. 


March (Two Step) by G. O. Lang, composer of "In the Shadow 
of the Pines." 

A characteristic plantation hit, with visions of the old Ken- 
tucky home that make us wish we were there. We do not 
hesitate to claim for it that it is the prettiest Two Step 
published. All readers of our paper will receive a copy from 
the publishers, " LEGG BROS.," Kansas City, Mo., at half 
price. Send 25c. for Piano copy, 25c. for Band and 30c. for or- 

(flatehmakeF and Optician. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 


5— «L 

Work Guaranteed or money refunded. Give us a trial. 

102 Main St., opp. Court House, 



Fire and Life Insurance Agents. 

Office, Cook's Block, Amherst, Mass. 

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Imitated* But never Equalled* 

Look at other bicycles if you like, but when it comes 
to buying — Columbias are first and last choice. The 
highest delight of cycling is assured only in Col- 
umbia Bicycles — 


The same price to all alike. 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Branch House or Agency in almost every city-and town. If Columbias are not 
properly represented in your vicinity, let us know. 

EJ.^JR. BE^JV^ET-T'-T, Agent. 





Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 


GEORGE DAVISON LEAVENS, '97, Editor-in-Chief. 
JOHN MARSHALL BARRY, '97. Business Manager. ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY. Jr.. '98, Ass't Business Manager. 


CHARLES IGNATIUS GOESSMANN, '97, Notes and Comments. 

JOHN ALBERT EMRICH, '97. Exchange. 

RANDALL DUNCAN WARDEN, '98, Athletics. GEORGE HENRY WRIGHT, '98, Alumni Notes. 


Terms: $1.00 per year in adoance. Single copies, 10c. Postage outside ofi United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Students and alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst. Mass. 
Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears paid. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Now that the speedy development of the electric 
road running between Amherst and Sunderland is 
assured, Life begs leave again to call attention to the 
fact that if the road could be induced to enter the 
grounds at the point where the drive to the College 
leaves the County road near the Insectary, and passing 
the College again meet the County road at the experi- 
ment station it would not only be a great accommo- 
dation to the student body but the increase in trade 
occasioned by such a convenience would more than 
repay the extra expense incurred by the lengthening 
of the route. 

The faculty has recently adopted a new system by 
which the senior commencement appointments are to 
be made, and we believe that the system is one that 
will commend itself to every student. Six men will 
appear upon the commencement platform, three of 
whom will be chosen for excellence of scholarship 
during their entire college course, and three for their 
ability in composition and oratory. The men appointed 

will be free to present whatever they see fit, an ora- 
tion or an abstract of a thesis being equally accepta- 
ble. Such an arrangement has many advantages 
over the methods of selection employed in the past, 
and it would seem that it might prove an incentive 
for work during the whole four years. The '97 com- 
mencement promises to be an unusually interesting 
one, and the several new departures to be introduced 
will be watched with interest. 

The present issue is the last that will appear under 
the direction of the '97 editors. With the next issue 
a new board will assume control of the paper, and we 
shall have become a thing of the past. The outlook 
for the paper was never more encouraging than at 
present. During the past year the paper has been 
freed from all indebtedness, and a handsome surplus 
will be turned over to the new manager. We have 
endeavored to strengthen the Life in every depart- 
ment, and some of our efforts have been successful. 
We have made many errors, but we trust that our 
readers have been charitable, and that these faults 
have been forgiven. We believe that the coming year 


AGGiK L,LtiL. 

will be the best that the paper has ever seen, and to 
the new board we extend most cordially the wish that 
success may attend all their efforts. The paper should 
be one of the best representatives of our College, and 
in all things it should seek to glorify our Alma Mater. 

Competition for positions on the Life editorial 
board closed at five o'clock on the afternoon of Fri- 
day, March 12, but owing to the large amount of 
material to be examined the election of new men can- 
not be held for several days. It is a matter of regret 
that while other classes have been striving faithfully 
for positions there has been almost no competition 
from members of the sophomore class. So excellent 
has been the work done by the freshmen that it may 
be thought best not to increase the numerical strength 
of the sophomore delegation upon the board, supply- 
ing the deficiency by electing an additional freshman 
member. This would be a radical departure 
from the customs of the board, yet there is nothing 
in the life constitution that might oppose it, and we 
are aware that it has been recommended in many other 
colleges. It would certainly seem that real merit 
should v/in whether the contestant be freshman or 

Preparations for the prize drill are going forward, 
and every cadet is interested. Concerning the prize 
drill we would offer at least one suggestion concerning 
a matter that we believe is extremely important. We 
have been informed that it is intended to send a squad 
of only ten men, six to enter the individual drill, and 
four to act as substitutes. We wish to urge upon 
those having the matter in charge the advantages to 
be gained from taking an entire company of picked 
men, from which the six men to enter the individual 
drill can be selected. This drill before thousands of 
people in Boston is one of the best possible means for 
bringing our College prominently before the people of 
the state. Those who heard the ringing cheers that 
greeted our picked company last year know that the 
public are not slow to appreciate the superior work of 
the M. A. C. cadets, and it seems a pity that only ten 
men soould be sent this year. Such a small repre- 
sentation would convey an impression -of weakness 
that v/ould be extremely injurious to our College, and 
we trust that arrangements may be made for the 
sending of an entire company. There need be no 
worry concerning expense, for the railroad companies 

will give reduced rates, and other expenses may be 
reduced to a minimum. If fifty men were willing to 
pay all their expenses to Boston and return for the 
purpose of marching in a political parade last fall, we 
feel sure that there will be no difficulty in getting the 
cadets to bear their share of the cost of the prize drill 
company's visit to the " hub. " 



For the year ending March 17, 1897. 

Liabilities, None. 


Cash on hand, $ 57 00 

Money due from advertisers, 104 00 

Bicycle. 50 00 

Money due from students, 4 00 

alumni subscribers, 124 00 

reading room association. 75 

•• foreign subscribers, 2 50 

town subscribers, 14 00 

$356 25 

The above may be termed first class resources. 

In addition to the above we have $88.25 worth of 
bills that have been handed us by previous boards. 
These bills are now in the hands of the Publishers' 
Adjusting Agency, and we have hopes of being able 
to collect a part of the same. 

The total resources of the paper amount up to 
$444.50, of which $356.25 is collectable money. 

Estimated expenses to carry the paper through to 
the end of June would be $ 1 70.00 thus leaving $274.50 
for the new board with which to begin the next colle- 
giate year. This board also desires to have the 
alumni know that the debt that had accumulated from 
the previous Boards of editors, has been paid up, and 
at the present time the Aggie Life owes nobody. 

John Marshall Barry, Business Manager. 

The above statement of the financial condition of 
Aggie Life is correct, 

C. Wellington, President, ) Mass. Agr. Coll. Advi- 
G. E. Stone, Secretary, \ sory Com. of the Faculty. 
Amherst, March 17, 1897. 

This is to certify that all bills of this office against 
the Aggie Life have been paid in full to date includ- 
ing the cost of the present issue. 

Carpenter & Morehouse. 




First Kommers ever held in an American College! 

An Enthusiastic Heeling of Loyal Alumni, Students and Professors' 


For the past few weeks expectation has been run- 
ning high. Recently a German " Kneipe " was held 
by the K. K. K. (Kollege Kemical Klub,) which was 
so great a success that it was deemed desirable to 
hold a grand " Kommers." This ancient German 
custom is a gathering of different societies into one 
grand merry-making. 

This event seemed more feasible on account of the 
many graduates of the German Universities, who are 
connected with our institution. All united in making 
the evening a typical German affair. The Boarding 
Club Hall was the scene of festivities, and was prettily 
decorated with cut flowers and potted plants. Part of 
the hall was screened off by plants, for the college banjo 
club, which furnished music for the occasion. The 
tables were profusely decorated with flowers, and the 
students were seated by classes. The repast was of a 
decidedly German flavor, Saour Kroaut, Black Bread, 
Rye Bread, Scweitzerkase. Frankfurter wurst, Coffee, 
Lemonade, but nothing stronger. 

All the student-body and many alumni and under- 
graduates were present. President John H. Washburn 
of the Rhode Island state agricultural college was the 
guest of the evening. Dr. Wellington as toastmaster, 
and as a true and loyal son of his Alma Mater, was 
the moving spirit of the occasion, and he requested 
the company, in the words of the German proverb to 
" orient themselves " and to pass into the land of the 
morning sun, Dr, Wellington further remarked that, 

while it was the duty of every man to bring as many 
freshmen as possible to the institution, there had 
recently arrived a freshman whose entrance to the 
college he himself opposed, then called on the first 
speaker of the evening, Dr. Lindsey, Sr. Amid great 
applause the jovial speaker rose and after relating 
several incidents of his college days, among which was 
the serious mishap of the loss of five teeth, in his 
former connection with the old Boarding Club, Dr. 
Lindsey made an eloquent and urgent plea for loyalty, 
and love of our mother college, and in ending, the 
Doctor requested the company to rise and join with 
him in the old " Aggie " yell. 

The banjo club here rendered a selection, " The 
Amphion March " after which the toastmaster intro- 
duced a Rhode Island " Johnnie Cake " to the com- 
pany. President Washburn who is an alumnus of the 
college, has spent several days in examining the 
methods of instruction in the different departments 
and expressed himself as wonderfully surprised at the 
advancement made since the days of seventy-eight. 
He spoke in words of praise of the work that Presi- 
dent Goodell is doing and has done for the institution, 
and paid a touching tribute to his old professor, Dr. 

Notwithstanding the fact that Dr. Goessmann had 
delivered a lecture before the N. H. S. in the early 
part of the evening and had positively refused to speak 
to the assembly, the call was so urgent for the genial 



Doctor that he had to respond. At this point the 
members of the Kemical Klub rendered " Zu-Lau- 
terbach," Doctor Goessmann's favorite song. 

The last speaker of the evening, Prof. Mills, in an 
eloquent address spoke of the many advantages to be 
gained from our curriculum. The study of life in the plant, 
in the animal, from the lowest to the highest stages, 
is the grandest, noblest occupation of man and when 
we look upon the great work which has been accom- 
plished in this century by the scientific men of the 
whole world, we should feel an increased interest in 
the great mission that the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College is destined to fulfill. In closing, the Professor 
begged to offer the sentiment — Alumni and undergrad- 
uates of the Massachusetts Agricultural college, may 
they always conserve youth in manhood. 

From time to time throughout the evening the 
K. K. K. entertained the Kommers with singing Ger- 
man songs, and at the close the entire assemblage 
rose and united in singing the good old song, " Here's 
to Aggie college " after which the first Kommers in 
the history of America was at an end. 

The following is a list of alumni and professors pres- 
ent : Prof. C. O. Flagg, 72 ; Dr. Wellington, 73 ; 
Pres. Washburn, 78; Dr. J. B. Paige, '82; Dr. 
Lindsey, '83 ; E. A. Jones, '84 ; Dr. Flint, '87 ; Prof. 
F. S. Cooley, '88 ; David Barry, F. W. Mossman and 
F. J. Smith, '90; R.H.Smith, '92; R. E. Smith, 
A. H. Kirkland and J. H. Putnam, '94 ; R. A. Cooley, 
A. F. Burgess and E. A. White, '95 ; H. C. Burring- 
ton, S. W. Fletcher, J. F. Hammar, B. K. Jones, A. 
S. Kinney and F. H. Read, '96. Dr. Goessmann, 
Dr. Walker, Professor Mills, Professor Babson, and 
Professor Hasbrouck. 

The Annual Report or Catalogue of the college has 
been issued and is now in the hands of the legislature. 
It will be distributed among the students and the pub- 
lic in a short time. The Catalogue is unquestionably 
the best the college has ever issued, both as regards 
contents and arrangement. The report of the college 
appears in the same volume with the Ninth Annual 
Report of the Hatch Experiment Station, but the first 

one hundred pages are very appropriately devoted to 
the college. Thus the old complaint that it was 
impossible to find the portion of the book relating to 
the college is silenced most effectually. 

Some of the most prominent features are the Cal- 
endar, Report of the Trustees, Review of Thirty Years, 
and the Catalogue of Officers and Students. Special 
elective courses in botany, entomology, floriculture, 
fruit sulture, market gardening, and dairying are 
offered to women ; and it is believed that the excep- 
tional advantages for study offered in these depart- 
ments will bring many young women students to the 

The outline of the work for the Winter Course 
shows how much can be accomplished in a compara- 
tively short time, and its success this year is indica- 
tive of greater prosperity in the future. 

The reports of the various departments are far more 
interesting than in previous years, and as a whole the 
catalogue represents the college in the way that we 
have long hoped to see it represented, in a way that 
is sure to bring us a goodly number of students. 

The monograph on the Spruce Gall- Louse (Cher- 
mes abietis Linn,) is extremely well done, and reflects 
great credit upon the department of Entomology. 

The Report of the Experiment Station Is so full of 
good things that it is only possible to mention a few 
of them. The report of the botanists Dr. Stone and 
Professor Smith treats of such practical subjects as, 
" A Bacterial Disease of the Strawberry," " Stem 
Rot of the Cultivated Aster," " Leaf-Spot on Ficus 
Elastica," " A Leaf-Spot Disease of the Date and 
Similar Palms," " A Leaf-Spot of the Begonia," 
" The So-called Black Spot of the Rose," " The 
Leaf Blight or Anthacnose of the Cucumber," " The 
Asparagus Rust," " The Tomato Mildew," " Chrysan- 
themum Rust," " 'Drop ' of Lettuce," " Wilt of Maple 
Leaves," and " Top-burn of Lettuce." We believe 
that this is the most interesting and valuable report of 
this nature ever issued from our station. 

In the report of the Chemist of the Department of 
Foods and Feeding appear two articles by Dr. Lindsey 
and Mr. Holland on "The Distribution of Galactan," 
and " The Philoroglucin Method for the Estimation of 
Pentosans." This is work in a comparatively new 

The Report of Dr. Goessmann who has charge of 



the department of Fertilizers contains in addition to 
the usual interesting tables, etc,, reports of a series of 
•• Experiments with ' Nitragin,' a Germ Fertilizer for 
the Cultivation of Clover and Clover-like Plants — 
Leguminous Crops. The problem of innoculating the 
soil with the nitro-bacterium suited for each special 
leguminous crop is now well nigh solved. Those who 
have studied this subject will realize the value of this 

As was said of the College Report, so may we say 
of the Report of the Station, it is the best issued for 


I was visiting my sister in one of the fashionable 
quarters in Boston with my four and a half year old 
child. My husband had been obliged to go to the 
city on a business trip, and as I had not been well, he 
took us v/ith him thinking the change would do me 
good. The house was very handsomely, but not 
extravagantly furnished. I had not visited my sister 
since she had moved two years before to her new 
home. She was very glad to see me and did every- 
thing to make my visit pleasant. I shall always 
remember the trip and its associations, but above all, 
I shall remember the spinning-wheel's story. When- 
ever I think of my vacation that story comes up in 
my mind. 

One pleasant afternoon five days after my arrival, 
I had gone, with my child, into the sewing room to 
read. I chose this room partly because it was more 
homelike and partly, I suppose, by chance. I can not 
say how long I had been there when I heard a queer 
noise from the corner where the spinning-wheel stood. 
I looked ; the spinning-wheel was turning furiously. 
I listened ; Did my ears deceive me ? Was it really 
speaking ? 

" Things have changed so ! Oh, what a lazy, 
dreary life ! How pleasant it used to be long, long 
ago ! Dear, dear, dear ! I have seen much of this 
world, more than you would think. I am rusty and 
stiff and tied up with all sorts of bows and stuff. 
Things are so different ! Dear, dear, dear ! " 

It lapsed into a thoughtful silence. I pitied the 
lonely old spinning-wheel, — it looked so out of place 
here, living in another era, long after most of its kind 
had gone to ruin ; gone to that element from which 
they had come. I had listened a few minutes, but as 

it did not speak, I expressed my sorrow for its condi- 
tion, and offered a few words of sympathy. The spin- 
ning-wheel did not answer me immediately, it seemed 
to be reflecting upon the past ; living in another cen- 
tury. Presently beginning to turn again it told me 
this story : 

" I was made many years ago, — long before you 
were born, by an old village carpenter. When I was 
finished a young man came for me and carried me 
away. He had but lately been married, and I soon 
learned that I had been made for his wife. When he 
reached the old farm-house where they lived, he car- 
ried me into the sunny living room, and, having care- 
fully placed me in a corner, went to the hall door and 
called, while I looked around me. 1 could see at first 
glance that the lot of this couple was far from the lot 
of those who live here. 1 do not mean to say the 
house was not pleasant, for it was. Everything was 
neat and tasteful and plainly showed that somebody 
tried to make home what it ought to be even if money 
was not very plentiful. In a moment the young wife 
was at her husband's side and both were praising me. 
I see her still, as though it were but yesterday, as she 
stood there before me. She was not what one would 
call pretty, but she had a pleasing face, it expressed 
so much. From the first I liked her and we spent 
many happy hours together, she singing merrily while 
she spun the flax, I whirring an accompaniment to her 

" One day, long after I had first come to the house, 
she was sitting near me sewing upon some dainty 
pieces of clothing. I studied her face a moment and 
read there that a new soul was expected in the house- 
hold, and she, like a true mother, was preparing for 
its coming, thinking meanwhile of the joy and the 
courage to do and the strength to forego it would bring. 
At first her face was radiantly bright and then I saw a 
shadow flit over it and her eyes well up. I saw that 
in all her happy expectations there was a vein of anxi- 
ety. Fluttering hopes and doubts — hopes as a love as 
yet unknown to her ; doubts of her remaining upon 
earth to enjoy that new delight — divided her breast. 
Among the echoes then, there would arise the sound 
of footsteps at her early grave ; and thoughts of the 
husband who would be left so desolate and who would 
mourn her so much swelled to her eyes and broke 
like waves. " 


AGCxjl£ L,lk< 

" Days, months and years passed. The household 
had been brightened by the coming of five little souls 
and darkened by the going of one of them. There 
had been many changes, some for the better, some 
for the worse. Time had silvered the heads of the 
husband and wife and the children had grown up and 
married and left the homestead, all except the 
youngest, a son, who had brought home his wife and 
was caring for the old folk. 

" Then came the death of the old man. It was a 
pitiful sight, 1 never care to think of it, to see the old 
lady mourn the death of her husband. All her joy 
was gone ; she seemed to care no more for this 
world. But she did not have long to bear her sorrow, 
for in a little less than a year, she too, was sleeping 
that sleep ' that knoweth no awakening. " 

" After her death came the division of the property, 
which wasn't much, only the house and farm. Two 
of the children wanted the home to remain, two wanted 
the place to be sold so that they might have their por- 
tions. As the two who wished the homestead to 
remain could not buy the shares belonging to the 
other two, it was sold. Every thing was taken away 
except one or two other things and myself. Then 
began for me a life of idleness and neglect. For a 
long time I had not been used much, only now and 
then by the old lady. Inventions and factory cloth 
had taken my place. Old, rusty and despised, I was 
banished to the attic with the rest of the rubbish, and 
then it was that I realized what a bitter thing it is to 
outlive one's usefulness. 

" In a few weeks strangers came to the farm. They 
were a shiftless lot, a father and mother, four boys 
and two girls. They had lived there two years, or a 
little over, when one day I heard an unusual stir down 
stairs, Later in the day, about noon, I heard an auc- 
tioneer selling the house. I knew instinctively what 
had happened, — a poor crop and no money with which 
to pay the interest on the mortgage. 

" No one lived in the house after that. I saw 
nobody, and nothing disturbed the solitude, except 
once in a while a mouse or a bird. So years passed 
I know not how many, until, last summer, a party of 
city people were out in the country for a pleasure ride. 
They spied the old house, came in and went over it 
as far as they cared to. They were on the point of 
leaving when one of their number a vivacious young 

girl, saw the trap- door leading into the attic and curi- 
osity getting the better of her, she clambered up, two 
others following. She found me and took me down- 
stairs, telling the rest that she was going to take me 
home. ' Spinning-wheels are all the fad,' she said. 
Now I am ." 

" Celia! Celia 1 Don't you see this child ? " I 
sat up with a start. It was my sister calling me. 

" What is it ? " said I, rising and at the same time 
dropping my book. 

" Can't you see ? This young one has been play- 
ing with my spinning-wheel and I bought it only last 
month. He has been ■ playing bicycle ' so he says. 
He has almost ruined it. I should think you might 
take better care of him than that. " 

I went over to where the wheel lay. I really could 
not help laughing. All of a sudden my dream, for 
such it must have been, came over me. I stopped, 
looked around sort of dazed and then laughed again. 
I tried to tell the little fellow that he had been very 
naughty and must not do it again, but I fear I did not 
scold him much. Somehow I couldn't. 

At dinner that day my sister told her husband about 
the spinning-wheel and how it had been used for a 
bicycle, and said she in concluding, " She took him 
away without so much as scolding him. She will 
spoil him. " 

When my sister had finished her story, I told them 
my dream. My brother-in-law thought the whole 
thing a good joke and laughed heartily. 

c. a. c, JR, 


Pres. Goodell in the annual report of the Trustees 
to the Governor, goes back over the history of 
the foundation of agricultural colleges, calls attention 
to the broad and liberal spirit shown by the Hon. 
Justin S. Morril in his bringing forth the idea of the 
Land Grant as a source of furnishing a College of 
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, with the means to 
begin its existence, and the successful efforts- of Mr. 
Morril to further endow these colleges. 

Pres. Goodell shows, very plainly and conclusively, 
the opportunities offered here, for obtaining the best 
education at the least expense. He further shows by 
the responsible positions held by our graduates as 
presidents and professors in other colleges, that the 



students do avail themselves of their privileges while 
in college. Then follows a more detailed description 
of facilities for work in chemistry, botany, entomology, 
veterinary, and our other strong departments. 

The death of Hon. Joseph A. Harwood caused a 
vacancy on the board of trustees, which was filled by 
the appointment of Chas. L. Flint of Brookline, and 
upon the resignation of Francis H. Appleton, Natha- 
niel I. Bowditch of Framingham, was appointed to 
serve the remainder of his term. The matter of the 
inadequate water supply due to the rusting of the 
pipes connecting the college with the town water 
mains is considered, tbe present situation is shown 
very clearly by Prof. Leonard Metcalf's report, which 
states that the water supply and pressure necessary to 
protect any of our buildings from fire is lacking, and 
recommends the appropriation of $8,300 to be ex- 
pended in new and larger pipe, hydrants, and other 
necessaries for an available defense from fire, includ- 
ing a reservoir to be erected on the hill by the plant 
house, the water from which could be used to tide the 
College over those periods of danger when town water 
is shut off because of some break in its main, as such 
breaks have been quite frequent during the past. 
Appropriations recommended are $1,500 for renova- 
ting the greenhouse in the experimental department 
of plant disease, $1,200 for increasing the educational 
facilities for teaching botany by providing laboratory 
room $1,000 for painting and renovating the old 

The report shows the College to be in a most ex- 
cellent condition and when the recommended improve- 
ments have been made the equipment for educational 
work will not be surpassed by any other agricultural 
college in the country. P. 



Friday evening, March 5th, was the occasion of 
the eighth lecture in the Natural History Course 
delivered by Dr. Wellington, and the large number of 
students present, departed heartily satisfied with the 
time spent in listening to the entertaining and popular 

College men are always interested in college remi- 

niscences. This was especially true on this occasion 
when the incidents in the speaker's own experience 
were detailed in a manner both pleasing and 

The speaker described his first experience in Ham- 
burg and Leipsic, giving in detail the surprises which 
he met with on his first four Sundays in the Saxon 
city. Attention was then called to a half-dozen epochs 
of the Christian Era and the causes which led to the 
establishment of the earlier universities. After 
noticing the formation of the great Austrian, Italian, 
Spanish. English and French universities, the long 
list of German universities was examined, and atten- 
tion called to the iarge numbers of their teachers and 

Then followed a description of a German university, 
its government, division of labor, and the work which 
it accomplishes. Anecdotes illustrative of the lives 
of professors and students were given. The students 
mensur was briefly described and illustrated by photo- 
graphs and its source traced to the old Teutonic code 
of honor. The social organizations received brief 
attention especially those known as the color bearing 
societies, such as the corps, which had their origin in 
the old Mannschaften of the different component 
parts of the German Empire. In the olden time these 
rendered efficient survice in the struggle for freedom 
and unity. The Burschen Schaften, which represents 
a more democratic portion of the student body, and 
further, the non-dwelling Christian associations, chief 
among which is the Wing olfian. 

A general view of the German student life was then 
taken, in which it appeared that the university with all 
its apparent freedom and laxity of discipline is made 
to follow, in the German system, a long course of 
years of severe mental and moral discipline. It would 
seem to be the idea of those in charge of German 
youth to offer in the university a crucial test to the 
ripening student, in order to determine before entrance 
upon the serious work of life the young man's fitness 
to withstand temptations, and his adaptability for the 
arduous service of the state. 

Appearances about a German University are apt to 
mislead the incautious observer from abroad, and 
while the seeing of lazy well fed corps students lolling 
about the streets with nothing to do but pull at a long 
pipe or follow the lead of the favorite Hund it must be 



remembered that < nly one-twentieth of the total num- 
ber of students belong in these ranks. The other 
nineteen-twentieths consist of the digs, the plodders, 
the hard persistent workers, who are to develop into 
the future statesmen, scholars and investigators of 
the Deutscher Vaterland. 

A number of M. A. C. students attended the 
readings by Miss Mary French Field March 1, given 
in College Hall for the benefit of the Grace Church 
Organ Fund. The program : 


Ghost Patrol, Mandolin Club 

Readings : 

Jus' 'fore Christmas. 

The Bow-Legged Boy. 


Mother and Child. 


Long Ago. 


Don't be Cross, Mandolin Club 

Readings : 

Seein' Things at Night. 

Father's Way. 

Little Boy Blue, 

The Dutch Lullaby. 

The Lyttel Boy. 

The Lamentations of Youth. 
Miss Field's readings from her father's beautiful 
poems, especially before an audience among whom he 
had lived for years, were at once specially appreciated. 
Her enunciation is natural, unaffected and in its sim- 
plicity and charm produces the very effects the 
author desired. 



Go where you will and do what you may, still you 
are always surrounded by some influence directly 
dependent upon plant life. Be it country or city the 
same bacteria threatens you, the same grass grows, 
and the same trees shelter you from the sun, 

One of the strong departments of the College, 
whose recent development is largely due to the efforts 
of the professors in charge, is the department of 
Botany, at the head of which is Dr. George E. Stone, 
a graduate of the University of Leipzic, 

Before going into detail about the Senior Elective 
Course an idea of the preliminary work of the first 
two years under Prof. R. E. Smith will be of interest. 
The Freshman during his first term at College studies 
Morphology, or the gross anatomy of plants. Starting 
with the embryo the development is traced from ger- 
mination to the complete formation of root, stem, 
leaf, flower and fruit. The student is furnished with 
actual specimens, and his work is accompanied by 
lectures. In the spring term analytical work is begun 
which includes the collecting of an herbarium of one 
hundred specimens of our common plants. Fertiliza- 
tion, especially cross fertilization, is studied in its 
many phases of usefulness. The Sophomore again 
takes up the collecting, grasses, trees, and shrubs are 
given the most attention and an herbarium of forty 
grasses is required. During the winter of the second 
year the student begins labratory work in Histology, 
corresponding in general to the course in Morphology 
followed tne first year. Here the student learns the 
microscopic anatomy of the root, stem, flower, and 
other parts of the plant, is taught the physiological 
differences of Phloem and Zylem and is also given a 
taste of the fascinating study of micro-chemical reac- 
tions. With the above work for a foundation, those 
students especially interested in Botany, begin, in 
their Senior year, with the study of the lowest forms 
of plant life and, during the fall and winter, work up 
through the Myxomycetes, Algae, Spyrogyra.Protococci, 
Bacteria, Characeae, etc ; Fungi, including moulds, 
smuts, rusts, and mildews which attack many of our 
common plants and are injurious to a great degree, 
among which may be mentioned Phytophthora infes- 
tans, (blight of potato) Ustilago Zea-Mays (corn 
smut) Phragmidium mucronatum, (rose rust) Pucci- 
nia graminis, (wheat rust) Peronospora viticola, 
(downy mildew of the grape) and Uncinula spiralis, 
the (Powdery mildew of the grape) mushrooms, both 
edible and poisonous, Mosses, Liverworts, and now 
coming to the vascular cryptogams, Ferns, Lycopo- 
diaceae and Horsetails ; next the Phanerograms, 
including the Conifers, (dines) endogenous Angio- 
sperms, (lilies, grasses, etc.) ; then the Dicotyle- 
donous plants which completes the chain and brings 
the student back to the flowering plants where he 
began his work in the Freshman year. 

The last term of the Senior year is devoted to that 



part of the science to which is now given so much 
prominence, Physiological botany. The student now, 
by actual experiment endeavors to determine and 
prove the laws governing the growth and development 
of plants. The effects of gravity, light, moisture, 
electricity, heat, chemicals on protoplasm, or the irri- 
table tissue of the plant is studied under the heads 
respectively of Geotropism, Heliotropism, Electropism, 
Thermotropism and Chemotropism. To aid in the 
Senior work the laboratory is supplied with micro- 
scopes, of such make as, E. Leitz, Zeiss, Queen, 
Baush and Lomb, and Tolles : microtomes for cutting 
microscopic sections, clinostats, micro-photographic 
apparatus, and many original ingenious devices, 
designed by Dr. Stone, for showing the phenomena 
connected with vegetable physiology. Further assis- 
tance is found in the Plant House which furnishes the 
various plants and plant diseases required during the 
course. The Knowlton Herbarium of 15000 speci- 
mens in the Museum, can be used by the student at 
any time for reference. A collection of Fungi equally 
large, recently gotten together, and systematically 
arranged by Dr. Stone, is placed in the Botanical 
department of the Experiment Station and contains 
abundant material for study. A collection of speci- 
mens mounted in formalin, handsomely preserved, 
show a great variety of natural phenomena, and is 
extremely useful in illustrating points out of season. 
Of our library and its botanical equipment we will not 
go into detail, as the works of Frank, Tubeuf, and 
other recent German writers speak for themselves. 

A science giving the student more knowledge of 
nature in general, does not exist, while the original 
work done in this department during the last two years, 
shows that the feature of specialization has not been 
neglected. C. A. Peters. 



Dr, Goessmann delivered before the M. A. C. Nat- 
ural History Society on the evening of March 12 an 
exceedingly interesting lecture, entitled " Saline 
Resources of the United States and Canada. " The 
Doctor, who is a recognized authority in the chemical 
world, was during the earlier part of his life employed 

by a salt company at Syracuse, N. Y., as chemist, so 
that actual experience made the lecture still more val- 
uable and instructive. 

The salts of any country are of great importance to 
the chemistry in that country. In this country we 
have immense deposits of substances interesting from 
a chemical point of view principally salines, coal, and 
lime. In many cases the salines are scattered so 
that transportation would consume a large part of the 

The first establishment was begun at Syracuse, N. 
Y., and was at one time owned by Indians. Later 
the State of N. Y. controlled the salt enterprise and 
taxed the output and plants. Other factories were 
started here but to obtain uniformity in their product 
united themselves into one corporation, The Syra- 
cuse brine comes from the Upper Silurian strata in 
connection with blue clay and schales of alluvial ori- 
gin, and is covered with gravelly deposits. 

The brine is recovered by boring tubes and the salt 
is thus forced up in solution, sometimes from a depth 
of 350 ft. It is then evaporated in two ways, viz., 
solar heat and by boiling. The Syracuse brine con- 
tains besides common salt, calcium chloride, magne- 
sium chloride, calcium sulphate, bromine, and iodine 
combinations, and protoxid of iron. The two objec- 
tionable salts are magnesium chloride and calcium 
chloride and they must be reduced as much as 

Solar evaporation i. e., by heat of the sun is very 
slow. Calcium and magnesium chlorides being so 
hygroscopic must be protected from moisture of 
atmosphere, so that during the nighttime and in rainy 
weather covers are placed over the long, shallow ves- 
sels containing the brine. The turbid appearance of 
the brine is due to sesquioxide of iron and later the 
needle-shaped crystals of gypsum appear. The clear 
supernatent liquid is drawn into another vat, and the 
iron and gypsum left behind in large amounts. The 
magnesium and calcium chlorides do not separate but 
increase in relative per cent. These substances 
interfere with the solubility of the salt and gypsum. 
Alum is used to remove the calcium chloride, and the 
glauber salt will produce the same effect, by forming 
gypsum and common salt. The magnesium chloride 
can be half precipitated by sal soda in a neutral solu- 
tion, and then a washing with concentrated sodium 



chloride and sodium carbonate solution will yield a 
reasonably pure product. A brine of 28% solids may 
not contain over 12% common salt. 

Brine must be evaporated uniformly and slow evap- 
oration is better than rapid because it gives the crys- 
tals a better chance to form perfectly and free from : 
mother liquor. Whatever the quality of brine a good, ! 
careful process of manufacture will give a good relia- ; 
ble product. 

Ocean brine will produce a good salt, often fit for j 
table use. The salt water near the shore is richer in, 
salines than that in mid-ocean. The Mediterranean 1 
sea is extremely rich in salines because of its narrow 
outlet, warm climate causing rapid evaporation, and i 
close proximity to surrounding countries rich in salines. 

Rapid evaporation is carried on in large iron kettles 
of 500 gallons capacity — by heat derived from bitumi- 
nous coal. The crystals are imperfect owing to their 
adherence to mother liquors. The dairy salt should 
be of the purest quality or it will impart an objection- 
able flavor to butter. The dairy salt must be free 
from the chlorides of calcium and magnesium and all 
other salts. Our best dairy salt is manufactured in 
England by slow evaporation by aid of steam in large 
pans holding the brine so that the crystalization is 
almost perfect. 

Saline deposits are supposed to be the result of the 
invasion of marine waters in the various ages of the 
earth's formation. The so-called mineral springs are 
in close resemblance to the mother liquors of the 
saline evaporation. The lime was due to the pres- 
ence of doicmitic lime stones. The old ocean was 
supposed to have contained chloride of calcium hence 
its appearance in the saline deposits. The presence 
of sea water in the interior cavities of the earth caused 
chemical changes with the earthy minerals hence the 
variety of compounds met with. It was thought to 
have taken no less than 1 6000 years under the natural 
conditions in the earth for the brine so held to evapo- 
rate and crystalize in the manner in which it is found 
in Stassfust, Germany. 

Saline deposits and brine wells were discovered in 
Canada across the Lake Huron from Michigan, 
containing from 25^ or more of actual sodium 
chloride in solution. Examination proved it to be 
continuous with the U. S. deposit and the mother 
liquors of the factory and the natural spring across the 

lake were, chemically speaking, identical. 

In Michigan a bounty of 2 cents was given to man- 
ufacturers, and in N. Y. there was a tax of 2 cents on 
salt, so that the Michigan salines were worked to a 
great capacity in some places. 

The saline deposits in Nebraska show a far differ- 
ent treatment than any others in the United States. 
There is no chloride of calcium in Nebraska brine 
which proves that the deposit must have been the most 
recent as it is like our present ocean which contains 
no chloride of calcium. Other saline deposits are 
found in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kansas, and 
Kentucky, and yield products of uniform oceanic com- 
position. The only salts in the Nebraska brine were 
gypsum and sodium chloride. 

In Germany the salts on the upper layers of the 
deposit were discovered accidentally by a chemist to 
contain 15% or more of actual potash. This fact 
having been realized, the government at once 
started the great fertilizer business so characteristic 
of that country and from which the United States 
draws her supply. 

With a few concluding remarks the speaker closed, 
and the meeting adjourned. h. 

Henry L. Pratt of Worcester has recently com- 
pleted a new greenhouse and gardeners' lodge, built 
from plans drawn by our professor of Horticulture, S. 
T. Maynard. The house combines every feature of 
excellence which an experience in practical floricul- 
ture and greenhouse work could suggest. The lodge 
consists of basement, the main room above and the 
attic. In the lower story is the Gorton hot water 
heater used to warm the house. Above this an 
attractive room 20 feet wide by 25 feet in depth, 
which furnishes an ideal place for a whist party or 
other entertainment, while leading out of this room to 
the south is the house proper, consisting of three 
sections, two 20 feet square, and the third 20 by 25 
feet, Each compartment is fitted to be run at a 
different temperature, thus making it possible to ac- 
commodate tropical and ornamental plants requiring 
considerable v/armth as well as the tender lettuce 
requiring a much lower temperature. Benches, and 
frame of Cypress, a double span roof, 15x20 inch 
glass, and floors of polished cement complete the data 
and make a house both highly ornamental and 
extremely practical. C. A. P. 




We have heard much of late about that excellent 
accompaniment of college life known as " college 
spirit." The writer feels that he must beg leave of 
his fellow students to say a word in its praise. We, as 
an institution, are standing on firm ground. There is 
no longer that feeling of unrest, the " college blues," 
which has been so noticeable here during the past few 
years. It is a thing to be proud of, this happy, jovial, 
goodfellowship feeling which has come among us. 
From whence this beneficent power came we cannot 
positively say, but how and why it came are very 
evident. It has been the result of the combined, 
unrelentless efforts of our faculty and some of our 
most influential men. They have done nobly and are 
still doing nobly in fostering that loyal feeling which is 
so necessary for success. We as a body and individ- 
ually are grateful to them. The reason why we are 
entering upon so prosperous an era is plain. After 
every storm there must be a lull, after every battle, 
peace, and after every panic, calm and prosperity. 
So we have passed through our ordeal and are now 
gliding smoothly on our course. 

Of the many things which have had their influence 
in dispelling the clouds of unrest, the writer can not 
say too much in commendation of the excellent course 
of lectures the professors have delivered this year. If 
any member of the faculty may feel that his efforts 
have not been appreciated let it suffice them if I repeat 
a remark which I have heard from many of the stu- 
dents : — "I wish we might have lectures twice a 
week." Comment is unnecssary. May the good 
work continue. 

Another infuence for good is the request of our 
faculty that an advisory board be appointed by us from 
among their number to confer with the heads of the 
various college organizations. The result of such an 
act has been felt even at this early day in the impetus 
which " boys a little older grown" have given us. 

Before this article shall have appeared we shall 
know what a " Kommers " is and what we think of it. 
I will say but little in regard to it, but refer you to 
another column of this issue. The writer must say 
though, that, as the name signifies, it is of German 
origin, that its aim is high and honorable and that he 
thinks there is no better way to promote loyal college 
spirit than by assembling the men and having a good 

But there is one association of our college in which 
the fellows and faculty ought to take a little more inter- 
est, and that is the Athletic association. We have 
good material, but from the lack of training and con- 
centrated work we have gained almost nothing. We 
have, nevertheless, a bright outlook. Our men are 
doing excellent work practising base ball at even this 
early season. It is the duty of every man to add his 
little in bringing our team to as high a degree of per- 
fection as is possible. No man, who can play at all, 
has a right, if he can possibly assist them, not to do 
so. He ought to feel that the team cannot do without 
him. If we could all have the ambiiion to aid this 
organization, the results would far over-reach our most 
sanguine hopes. Men, do your duty by your college ! 
Make every minute you are here tell ! 

Never before has the college stood on so firm a 
basis. Everything is in a prosperous condition. We 
now lack only quantity, not quality, of students. Do 
you ask how this state of affairs can be changed ? 
The only one sure way of correcting the circumstances 
is by individual pioneering. No amount of advertising 
can ever accomplish the result and fill our dormitories. 
That method is good and necessary but nothing is so 
powerful as personal work. This must be done by 
every man, wherever he may be, and wherever he can. 
Go home this vacation and let people know where you 
come from. Tell your friends of the unexcelled scien- 
tific education we offer at so moderate a cost ; and in 
every way, by every means prevail upon them to give 
us a consideration. Stop ! for a moment, men, and 
think. If each man when he goes home will appoint 
himself as a committee of one to solicit at least one 
to try the examinations next spring, think what the 
result would be ! I entreat you to use your influence 
to build up your Alma Mater and make this glorious 
institution still more giorious. If we do not speak the 
praises of our own college, who will ? Will men from 
other colleges? No ! Then it lies with you ! You 
make the college what it is ! You will make the col- 
lege what it is to be ! You are responsible for its 
prosperity ! Men, I appeal to your manhood and your 
love for your Alma Mater, to make this most worthy 
institution occupy the place it deserves among the 
schools of learning in this state 1 If this college does 
not prosper let every man consider that the fault was 
his. Let our watchword be " Long live our Alma 
Mater!" C. A. C, Jr. 




Henry Drummond was born in 1851 in Sterlingshire 
near the battlefield of Bannockburn, and there spent 
the early days of his life amid influences which tended 
to develop the finest qualities of character. 

His father was a wealthy merchant of great culture. 
The two were wrapped up in each other, until 
four ar five years ago when death carried the father 
off, at the age of seventy-eight. The father's hope 
was that Henry should be an ordained minister in the 
Free Scottish church, and if those who had been in 
the habit of calling him an ordained minister should 
hear it denied, they would be greatly surprised. Yet 
such was the case, he was never ordained, although 
he had completed a theological course. He felt that 
he could do more good in the world by some other 
means than preaching all the time. 

His education began in his native town and from 
there he went to Crieff Academy. After receiving 
this course of study he entered the University of 
Edinburgh and from here he went to the University of 
Turbingen in Germany. He studied theology and 
science together, and besides this he did a great deal 
of active religious work among his fellow students and 
later among the poor classes in the British towns. 

His desire for investigation led him to study the 
construction of theology and geology. When twenty- 
two years old, he made his first appearance before the 
new College Theological society of Edinburgh and 
read a paper on Spiritual Diagnosis in which he indi- 
cated a point thoroughly characteristic of his subse- 
quent teaching. He declared that regular work of the 
pulpit ought to be supplemented by constant dealing 
with individuals with reference to their spiritual life. 

When Mr, Moody first went to Edinburgh he soon 
recognized Drummond's power, and persuaded him 
to accompany Mr. Sankey and himself on an evangel- 
ical tour through the United Kingdom. For two 
years he shared the labors with them, and the benefits 
of that experience, revealing as it did to the young 
man all sides of human nature, cannot be too highly 

At the end of the two years he returned to his studies 
at Edinburgh University. That summer he went on 
a geological expedition, and v/hile there he assisted a 
friend in holding meetings; although not a professional 

teacher of theology, he was as good as he was on 
natural science. 

In 1877 he made his first visit to this country, his 
object being a geological tour through the Rocky 
Mountains. In 1883 he made his famous African 
expedition. In 1887 he visited this country again, to 
assist in the meetings held during the " World's Student 
Conference held in Northfield, and it was at this time 
that he aroused the student body of the United States 
to such a high degree, that the student volunteer 
movement was started, which now has the names of 
thousands of men and women signed to follow up 
Christian work. 

In 1893 he again visited this country to help Mr. 
Moody in his evangelical campaign held in Chicago 
during the World's Fair. Although a sick man at the 
time, he came over to try to spread the gospel to all 
people of the world, and the amount of good he accom- 
plished can never be estimated. This is just one 
incident to show the character of the man, for if he 
could do good he was never wanting. 

Ten years ago his most famous book, " Natural law 
in the Spiritual World " was published. A great 
many people shook their heads as they read parts of 
it and would tell other people of its weak points. Nev- 
ertheless it seems as though everyone has read this 
book, for every little while a new edition has to be 
rushed out as quickly as possible. 

Professor Drummond took up evolution where Dar- 
win left off, and he was about the only man to-day who 
was an authority on the subject. His chief line of 
work was in biology, and he was quoted everywhere on 
this subject. 

He was a very modest man. It was almost impos- 
sible to get him to talk on his favorite topic, but if one 
wished to get knowledge from him, they only had to 
to take him off for a walk on the mountains, and there 
he would begin unintentionally and talk of the different 
rock formations, and of botany. He once told me 
that the finest region for study he had ever visited was 
from the Holyoke mountain, up the Connecticut river 
valley to Brattleboro. The finest glacier marks he 
ever saw, he said were on the ledge of rock in front of 
Congregational church in Northfield. He found some 
of his finest geological specimens in Leverett. 

On Thursday, March 1 1th, he passed away after a 
life full of love, and usefulness. He had been sick 
for three or four years suffering from a broken down 
constitution. In him the world looses one of the 
noblest and purest lives of the century. S. 



£ollef|? fiotfj. 

— For a year, we, too, have held our own, 
Good seed in season, we have sown, 
We've had our fun, and now we're done, 
May the Life still prosper when we're gone. 
— What's the matter with the " Kommers " ? 
— Two of the trustees, Messrs. French and Bow- 
ditch visited the college a few days ago. 

— We understand that there is a new Freshman at 
the home of one of our popular resident alumni. 

— The college pulpit was occupied last Sunday by 
Rev. J. F. Gleason of South Amherst in exchange 
with Dr. Walker. 

— Fisher '98 was called home suddenly last 
Thursday because of an unfortunate accident in which 
his father suffered quite severely. 

— Baxter '98 was obliged to leave college for a few 
days, a short time since, on account of illness ; he has 
however, returned.and is resuming his studies. 

— Dr. Walker has been delivering some very inter- 
esting lectures before the Political Economy division 
during the past week on " The Economics of Agricul- 

— The members of the Senior division in Horticul- 
ture are making some elaborate drawings of green- 
houses, paying especial attention to the modes of con- 

— The members of the Natural History Society 
listened to a very able lecture given by Dr. Goess- 
mann in the chapel last Friday evening on the sub- 
ject, "The Saline Resources of the United States 
and Canada." 

— An emporium has again been opened in college, 
and the students are beginning to give it quite a rea- 
sonable patronage. The genial proprietor of this 
new establishment is J. F. Lewis '00. Mr. Lewis is 
increasing his stock rapidly, and finds ready pur- 

— The Committee on Farm and Horticultural 
Departments from among the Trustees, will meet at 
the college on Friday, March 19 ; the Committee on 
the Experiment Station Department on the following 
day, after which, — and on the same day, — there w 
be a full meeting of the Board. 

— There are at present about forty cadets drilling 
as candidates for the squad that is to represent the 
college in the competitive prize drill to be held 
between several New England Colleges and Univer- 
sities, at Boston some time in May. 

— Mr. W. H. Armstrong '99, who has very satis- 
factorily conducted the course in free hand drawing 
offered to the Freshman class the past term, has been 
engaged by the faculty to take charge of this depart- 
ment next year. Mr. Armstrong is a man who has 
excellent ability along this line, and the class under 
his method of teaching has done some very good 

— While we are always glad to note any change in 
the character of a student for the better, we cannot 
but suggest to those students occupying the back rows 
of seats at Chapel, that they omit their recent demon- 
strations of piety at morning prayers. The chapel is 
not the place for the development and execution of 
the humorous side of a students nature. 

— Mr. Wallace has begun the work of furnishing 
the entrances to our college buildings with incandes- 
cent lights. Two have already been put up and the 
work will probably be completed when we return next 
term. Our buildings will then present a much pleas- 
anter appearance at night, and the need of these 
lights is sure to make their convenience appreciated 
by the students. 

— The candidates for the base-ball team under 
Capt. Emrich are putting in some good practice in 
the drill-hall six days in the week. Lieut. Wright has 
kindly consented to coach the men three days each 
week, and with good training the material on hand 
ought to be capable of forming a good base-ball team. 
However, it is a trifle early in the season to say, with 
any degree of certainty, just what success is in store 
for Aggie for the coming season on the diamond. 

— One of. the members of our Faculty suggests to 
the formation of a college law and order league, for 
the purpose of suppressing some of the harsher of 
jokes perpetrated by some of the students. Whether 
such a movement is necessary or not, we will not say 
but we hope the gentlemen who borrowed the case of 
" soda " from Mr. Boynton's wagon a few days ago 
will return the empty bottles with money for the miss- 
ing contents of the same, and it will be all right for 
this time only. It is no more than right that, " he 
who dances should pay the fiddler." 



— The Y. M. C. A. has elected the following 
officers for the ensuing year : Pres't, W. S. Fisher 
'98; vice-pres't, F. H. Turner '99; rec.-sec, H. 
Baker '00; corr. sec, W. E. Chapin '99 ; treas., M. 
H. Pingree '99. 

— On Thursday evening, March 11, Mr. and Mrs. 
A. H. Kirkland tendered an informal reception to the 
Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity, of which Mr. Kirkland, of 
the class of '94, is a member. The happy young 
couple were pleasantly surprised at the presentation to 
them of a valuable gift, which came from the frater- 
nity. Music was followed by a collation, and the 
party departed at a proper hour all having spent a very 
pleasant evening. Miss Kirkland, a sister of the 
above, assisted in receiving and entertaining the 
young men. 

— The last Senior debate of the term was held in 
the President's recitation room last Friday morning, 
March 12. The question was, ' Resolved, That the 
Jury System should be Abolished." P. H. Smith 
and H. F. Allen spoke on the affirmative, and G. D. 
Leavens and J. W. Allen on the negative. The 
debate proved to be one of the most interesting held 
by the class during the term. The judges reported 
the weight of argument in favor of the affirmative, 
and the class voted on the merits of the question, in 
favor of the negative. The first debate of next term 
will be on the question, " Resolved That the Govern- 
ment should own and operate the Railroads." 

— During the past two terms there has been more 
or less work for the Faculty in deciding questions 
relative to Senior electives. It is unfortunate that a 
student should not have selected, by the end of his 
Junior year, the studies that he will pursue his Senior 
year, and be of the most use to him in after life. 
But the fact is, that this is frequently the case, and 
the Faculty are thus brought in the matter and after 
some trouble along this line the faculty has made the 
following rule : In special cases change from one 
elective to another may be made by Seniors not later 
than the end of the first month of the fall term. This 
is subject to the consent of the faculty. 

— On the evening of Saturday, March 13, the 
Senior division in Botany, together with those post- 
graduates who are pursuing courses in this study, were 
delightfully entertained by Dr. Stone, who is at the 

head of the department. The party went to Spring- 
field where they repaired to a private room at Hotel 
du Henking, and were treated to an excellent dinner 
in which the celebrated German dishes played an 
important part. Later, the party attended the Court 
Square theatre where they witnessed Chas. Hoyt's 
latest and best play, " A Stranger in New York." 
The party returned on the special evening train, 
after a most delightful and entertaining time through 
the kindness and generosity of the Doctor. 

— Pres't Washburn of the Rhode Island Agricul- 
tural College, who is a loyal son of Aggie and a mem- 
ber of the class of 78, visited his Alma Mater during 
the latter part of last week. The main object of his 
visit was for the investigation of the several depart- 
ments of the college, for any good methods which he 
might consider of advantage to our younger sister 
institution. During his visit at the college the stu- 
dents had the pleasure of listening to a few words of 
Mr. Washburn. It is indeed encouraging to those 
connected with the college in any way, to hear such 
words of commendation and words indicative of the 
rapid progress of our institution as came from the lips 
of one of whom Aggie is justly proud. Pres't Wash- 
burn carries back to his college the good will of his 
Alma Mater and leaves behind him new inspiration for 

— Lieut. Wright has purchased some new and val- 
uable instruments, and we now have a Drum and 
Bugle corps of twelve cadets, six drummers and six 
buglers. As might be supposed, the practice upon 
these instruments, and especially the bugles, neces- 
sitates the tearing of the air and the floating through 
it of a great deal of music (?). Realizing this, the 
Lieutenant has set aside for practice upon the corps 
instruments the hours from 12 until 1, and from 6 
until 7 each afternoon. Notwithstanding this com- 
mendable action on the Lieut's, part, the buglers blow 
themselves and their instruments at nearly any and 
all times of night and day. This noise out-of-hours 
is exceedingly annoying to those who have studying to 
do, and it would be obliging the students very much if 
the practice could be confined as above ordered. 

— Prof. S. T. Maynard attended the third annual 
meeting of the Massachusetts Fruit Growers' Associa- 
tion, held in Worcester, last Wednesday and Thurs- 



day, March 10 and 1 1. This association, though only 
in its infancy, is already doing a great deal to further 
the interests of the fruit growers of the Old Bay State. 
There was a large attendance at the meeting, growers 
being present from all parts of the state, and some 
very interesting discussions concerning fruits followed. 
Prof. Maynard introduced before the meeting a reso- 
lution against the proposed legislation concerning the 
disease of the peach tree so familiar to all growers, 
and as well known as the "yellows." The object of 
the above bill is for the purpose of eradicating all 
trees affected with this disease. This would oblige 
all owners of such trees to cut down and burn the 
same. It is unnecessary to say that it would be a 
very hard measure to impose upon our fruit growers, 
and it would also be an unjust measure. This pecu- 
liar affection of the peach tree has been known to 
occur in America for at least a century, and during 
that time it has ravaged many, and in fact most of 
the finest orchards of the country. Not until the 
germs of this disease can be isolated and seen under 
the microscope can it be proved contagious, and this 
has never been done. After this disease is proved to 
be contagious, there will be time enough then to con- 
sider its dangers. 


If ever a man's name should become immortal, it 
should be one who has used his every effort to ad- 
vance nature. 

For this reason alone, I would ask that his life and 
books be read, circulated, and acted upon by every 
reader who is interested in such works. Although 
nearly a complete set of Abbot's works is in our 
library, I will mention only a few of them. 

In the spring of 1889 Abbot published " Days Out 
of Doors." The chapters number twelve, which 
represent the months of the year. In the first chap- 
ter "Anixi gischuch " or the " Squirrel Moon," as the 
Indians called it, beautifully describes the habits of 
the winter birds and animals, then the spring months 
come when everything is bright and fresh from the 
April showers. From the .croaking of frogs to the 
shrill whistle of the Whip-poor-will, summer is thus 
hailed by every pleasing detail ; the petals of the spring 
flowers are carefully observed and the insects that 
visit them are described in a very interesting and 
delightful manner. 

The rustling corn and the amusing times of husking 
it represents, November, December with its flurries 
of snow and hanging icicles, leaves a reader with a 
very favorable impression. In fact, it surprises one to 
see how finely such a subject can be polished. 

Five years later the book entitled " Travels In a 
Tree Top," where from a real tree top this very 
author sees and describes the surrounding objects, but 
particularly the birds ; crows, hawks, and such little 
" friends " as came near him. 

The variety is ever changing. From different situa- 
tions, an immense amount of pleasing literature is 
ever coming before the reader's eyes. From the 
coming of the birds in spring to the dead leaves of 
autumn, one finds the book very fascinating. 

His last book " Notes of the Night" has been 
recently added to the library. The book itself is a 
thing of beauty, bound in a neat, attractive manner. 
Like the preceding books, the author closely confines 
himself to nature. 

Difficult it is to give one an idea of such an author, 
and more difficult it is to bring one into an intimate 
acquaintance in a few words, and the books stand as 
a proof of themselves. 

In closing, a few more books might be mentioned. 

" A Naturalist's Rambles About Home," " Outings 
at Odd Times," and "A Colonial Wooing." 



Dr. Flint, as one of the original founders of our N. 
H. S. society, stands very intimately related with the 
interests and purposes of the society and of course as 
an old member his lecture was of more than usual 
interest. Dr. Flint is, moreover, a scholar of wide 
range. Not confined to the realms of chemistry, he 
takes pleasure in the facinating researches of the 
naturalist and especially, as a student in geology, he 
has worked with the best teachers of Europe. But 
Dr. Flint's greatest delight is the study of the Chinese 

The lecturer chose as his subject for the evening, 
evidences of an evolution in the Cephalopods which 
are established from the remains of shells and fossils 



in the various geological periods of the world's history. 
And from this evidence, derived from a highly organ- 
ized invertebrate, we are able to form another strong 
link in the great theory of evolution. 

Dr. Flint first explained a misconception of the 
theory which is very often conceived. Evolution does 
not teach the change of one form into another but, a 
separation of one generalized form into several special- 
ized forms. 

The origin of life has been discussed for ages and 
evolution, though faulty in many places and too often 
broken from the direct line to be anything but a theory, 
is however, the one theory which has withstood the 
test of scientific investigation. The law of heredity 
is its most powerful opponent and one must therefore 
turn back to the very beginning of life and trace the 
extremely slow process of the various changes. 

Cephalopoda, meaning " head-footed " and repre- 
sented to-day by the Devil fish, Cuttlefish, Nautilus, 
and Squids are of a very early origin and at one time 
probably were the most abundant creatures in the 
ocean attaining a length of six feet or more. Occa- 
sionally specimens have been found of this creature, 
which resembles in a measure the modern Squid, 
preserved in the rocks with the ink sack and contents 
intact, and drawings of these extinct animals have 
actually been made with their own ink, 

In tracing the evolution of the Cephalopods from 
the meagre proofs spared to us from the various 
upheavals which the surface of the earth has passed 
through, we first notice that the animals bore a shell 
or outside bony covering and also that this shell was 
divided by simple septae having a ventrally placed tube 
or syphon running throughout the shell. As we follow 
on down the line of progression we perceive that the 
septae grow more and more complex and that the 
syphon moves up to occupy a dorsal position, more- 
over, the shell, which was at first straight, begins to 
curl until finally the coils coalesce. Following on 
down to our present day we find that many of the 
forms have lost their original outside shell and have 
grown instead an internal bony structure. This is 
conclusive evidence of an advance in type and shows 
one of the many evidences which are found in geology 
of an evolution of form and variety. 

The lecture was pleasingly illustrated by specimens, 
which Dr. Flint has gathered, for the most part, him- 
self and pointed out clearly the various changes through 
the succeeding geological periods. 

It is perhaps interesting to know that the modern 
Cephalopoda are rapidly becoming extinct and scientists 
are compelled to seek now-a-days for the half digested 
specimens in the stomach of the whale. 


Messrs. Editors: — The writer has been an inter- 
esterested reader of almost every number or Aggie 
Life since its first appearance, and he desires to ex- 
press his satisfaction with the present high standard 
of the paper, and to congratulate the present board of 
editors upon the courage they have shown in the face 
of many discouragements, and upon the success which 
has attended their efforts. The disposition shown at 
one time to find fault with everything and everybody 
connected with the college, has been stamped out, 
I trust, forever, and in its place one notices honesty of 
purpose, an earnest effort to advance the true interests 
of the entire student body, and a thorough loyalty and 
genuine enthusiasm for the best good of our Alma 

The writer has been thinking how the field covered 
by the present paper might be enlarged and improved, 
and begs leave to offer a few thoughts for the consid- 
eration of the incoming board of editors. 

In the first place, it seems to the writer that the 
paper ought to reflect, rather more than it does, the 
agricultural character of the institution. While it is 
not claimed that our College is in any sense a purely 
technical school of agriculture, it must be acknowl- 
edged that agriculture occupies a prominent place in 
the curriculum of the institution, and that at least a 
portion of the students are desirous of securing the 
full advantages of the agricultural instruction. One 
very seldom notices however, any agricultural topics 
discussed, or any references made to agricultural inves- 
tigation, in the columns of the Life. Endeavor to 
talk with students in the advanced classes relative to 
the work of our own or other experiment stations, 
and their minds appear to be perfectly blank on the 

It might be claimed that a knowledge concerning 
work of this character is not to be expected of under- 
graduate students. This however, I must deny. It 
certainly is not to be expected that such students will 
be able to possess a thorough mastery of the work 
accomplished or in progress along any line of agricul- 
tural investigation. I believe however that the young 
men in the advanced classes, should have a general 
knowledge of the work undertaken by the experiment 
stations of our country, and furthermore that they 



should possess in a greater degree, a desire to become 
familiar with the advanced agricultural thought of the 
day. I would suggest as a step in the right direction, 
that an agricultural department be established in con- 
nection with Aggie Life to be in charge of a student, 
who is espedialiy interested in agriculture. Let the 
bulletins of the experiment stations, the experiment 
station Record and other pamphlets issued by the 
Department of Agriculture, as well as the catalogues 
of the different agricultural colleges of the country, 
come to his table. I do not mean to say that he will 
have time to read all of these publications. He will 
be able at least to note the many different lines of 
investigation undertaken by the experiment stations, 
and the character of the courses of study offered by 
institutions similar to our own. Whenever he sees an 
investigation that in his judgment would prove espec- 
ially interesting, let him read and master it, and then 
put the gist of the work into small space for the col- 
lege paper. It is very important that he master the 
experiment, and be able to tell its character and 
results in his own language, otherwise he will get no 
benefit himself, and the article will fail in its effect 
upon the reader. The young man who undertakes 
such work, will be surprised at the benefit he receives. 
It will teach him to think for himself, which after all is 
the true aim of education. It will also give him the 
spirit of investigation, and enable him to impart it to 
others. The editor of this department should endeavor 
to induce his fellow students to aid him in the work 
by writing brief reviews of sundry articles and investi- 
gations. The corps of workers at our local experi- 
ment station most certainly ought to assist in this 
work. I am free to confess that in time past many of 
those workers have fallen far short of the ideal scien- 
tific investigator, having been utterly lacking in scien- 
tific enthusiasm, I believe we are now witnessing the 
dawn of a different spirit among undergraduates, post- 
graduates, and experiment station workers, a spirit 
which cannot fail to be of permanent good to everyone. 

J. B. Lindsey, '83. 




This department of the Experiment Station is under 
the supervision of Dr. Lindsey. There is a barn which 
is devoted to this work, and also a laboratory. Two 
assistants are needed continually to carry on this work. 

The chemical work is divided into two divisions — 
A, Control work, B, Investigation. 

By " control work " is meant the analyses of cattle 
feeds, dairy products, and waters sent by farmers and 
others to the station for examination. Such substances 

are tested free of cost, and results reported, and also 
such information as considered advisable. 

By " Chemical Investigation " is to be understood 
the comparative study of different methods employed 
in analyses, as well as inquiries into the more exact 
nature of various organic substances existing in differ- 
ent agricultural plants. 

Studies in three directions of work are in progress, 
and investigations into the most reliable method for 
the estimation of true starch, as distict from sub- 
stances of a similar nature. 

Considerable time is also being given to methods 
for the determination of Pentosans, for their occurrence 
in agricultural plants. Many digestion experiments 
have already been, and others soon will be carried 
out for the purpose of ascertaining the amounts of 
these substances that ordinary farm animals are able 
to digest. Two experiments in this direction have 
already been published in scientific journals. 

Galactan, a hemi-ceilulose, closely allied to the 
pentosans has been known to exist in various agricul- 
tural plants for a considerable length of time, but until 
the recent investigations carried out by this depart- 
ment, its quantitative estimation in all the more com- 
mon agricultural plants had never been undertaken. 
This work recently completed by Mr. E. B. Holland, a 
graduate of the College and a very able chemist, has 
shown this substance to have a much less distribution 
than the pentosans. As high as 10% however has 
been found in seeds of white clover, and also in the 
seeds of the blue lupine, as high as 15% has been 

Both pentosans and galactans belong to the carbo- 
hydrates and are deposited in the cell walls of plants 
and seeds. They are included under the general 
head of " Non-nitrogenous extract matter." The 
object of this work is to find out the individual sub- 
stances included by this term. While the work is by 
no means complete, considerable light has already 
been thrown upon the true nature of such substances. 
Work of this character is meant to reveal the nature 
and peculiar characteristics of many carbo-hydrates 
which have been heretofore unknown and which exist 
in ordinary agricultural products. 

A series of experiments relative to the value of cot- 
ton seed feed has just been completed at the feeding 
barn. This feed is a mixture of hulls and cotton seed 
meal, which is fed quite extensively in the South as a 
substitute for hay. Southern shippers have been 
endeavoring to place it in the Massachusetts market, 
and it became the duty of this department to carry 
out some experiments to test its value as compared 



with hay. While results as yet have not been worked 
out, observations make clear that it will produce 
nearly as much milk as an equal quantity of hay. It 
probably would not be wise for the average farmer to 
purchase this as a hay substitute, but milkmen in the 
vicinity of our large cities who have to buy all their 
feed, might find it to their advantage to use a portion 
of this material in place of hay. 

Some experiments have been recently started for 
the purpose of ascertaining the value of salt hay. It 
is found in large quantities on the salt marshes along 
our Massachusetts coast, especially along the shore 
towns of Essex, Plymouth, and Barnstable counties. 
This material can be purchased for one half the cost 
of English hay, and farmers desire to know its feeding- 
value as compared with English hay, as well as the 
best methods of feeding it. Ten tons were shipped to 
the Experiment station last autumn, comprising five 
distinct varieties. A sample of each lot has been 
analyzed, and comparative tests are now being made 
on a herd of twelve cows. An effort will be made to 
note the flavor, if any, which this material imparts to 
butter and milk, and how best to feed to reduce the 
flavor fo a minimum. 

Digestion experiments with sheep are also in prog- 
ress in order to ascertain the amount of the several 
ingredients in salt hay that animals are capable of 
digesting, for it is a recognized fact, that other things 
being equal, feeds have a nutritive value in proportion 
to the amounts of the several ingredients which ani- 
mals are capable of digesting and assimilating. When 
these tests are completed it is hoped that a more 
exact knowledge will be had of the value of this hay. 

At least six months will be required before any pos- 
itive results can be expected, so that the experiments 
will not be completed until early summer. 


74.— Dr. J. M. Benedict, No. 81 North Main St., 
Waterbury Conn. 

74. — A. W. Dickinson, of the company Dickinson, 
Thompson & McMaster, No. 1 Exchange Place, 
Jersey City, N. J. 

78. — Dr. John H. Washburn, president of the 
Rhode Island state agricultural college, spent several 
days of last week in studying the methods under which 
the different departments of our college are working. 
Dr. Washburn joined us in the " Kommers " of last 
Friday evening and gave a few short anecdotes of 
events which happened while he was a student here, 
which were heartily appreciated by all. 

'82. — Dr. John A. Cutter of New York made a 
flying visit at his Alma Mater a short time ago. 

'82. — Up to the present time there have been no 
reliable books on Tobacco Culture, and outside of 
tobacco growing regions, there exists only a vague idea 
of that industry. Herbert Myrick, M. A. C, '82 and 
editor of several agricultural journals, has in com- 
pany with Dr. J. B. Kiilebrebrew, prepared a complete 
treatment of the subject under the title of " Tobacco 
Leaf." This book consists of over 500 pages and is 
profusely illustrated by 150 original engravngs. It 
describes everything connected with tobacco, (except 
the habit), from the origin of the plant to the finished 
product found in the cigar shops. The facts set forth 
in this work are based on careful and accurate exper- 
ments and are not merely guesses. It discloses more 
secrets of the trade in all its branches than were ever 
before published. This volume will without doubt be 
of great benefit to all tobacco growers. 

'88. — Address of Francis H. Foster is Andover, 

'91. — The address of H. M. Howard is changed 
from Arlington Heights to West Newton, Mass. 

'93.— H. C. Davis. R. P. C, Atlanta, Ga. 

'94. — Address of A. J. Morse is St. Austins School^ 
W! New Brighton, N. J. 

'94. — On Feb. 27, C. F. Walker read a paper on 
the "Application of Iodic Acid to the Analysis of 
Iodides " before the Chemical club of Yale University. 

'95. — C. W. Crehore, Chicopee, Mass. 

'95. — The address of C. B. Lane is Agricultural 
Experiment Station, New Brunswick, N. J. 

'95. — The good old class of '95 will be able to 
boast of at least one minister. Wright A. Root is 
going to take a course in the Theological seminary at 
Auburn, N. Y. 

'96. — F. H. Read has been spending a part of his 
vacation in Amherst. 


The Tripod is an interesting publication. 
The Oak, Lily and Ivy contains some good editorials. 
The Recorder has a number of able and instructive 



exchanges like The 

We are always pleased to receive, The Concord 
High School Voice. 

Would that we had more 

The University Cynic is a very wide awake and up to 
date paper. 

The Vermont Academy Life contains an interesting 
story, "His First Love." 

The Golden Rod has a very complete exchange 
department and is worthy of imitation. 

The Beech Grove Oracle, issued by the students of 
of the Berkshire School is a neat little sheet. 

We are glad to receive The Brunonian. especially as 
it always contains some very original stories. 

Each department of the McGill Fortnightly is well 
filled with good material. 

The Holy Cross Purple is a nicely gotten up monthly 
which we are glad to have on our exchange list. 

The Senior is published by the Senior class of the 
Holyoke High school. It is one of the newest of our 
exchanges and we welcome it with pleasure. 

One of our most attractive appearing exchanges is 
The Student's Pen and its contents are fully in keeping 
with its appearance. 


The Milton Orange and Blue, Milton, Mass. 
The High School Record, Ellsworth, Wis. 
Tid Bits, Cohoes, N. Y. 
Journal, Pittsburg, Mass. 
Phi-Rhonian, Bath, Me. 
Vedette, Janesville, Wis. 
The Times, River Falls, Wis. 
The Budget, Salem, Mass. 
Tabula, Oak Park, 111. 
Egypti, Cairo. Ill 

High School Register, Omaha, Neb. 
Pulse, Aurora, 111. 
The Journal, Dexter, Me. 
Monthly Visitor, Haverhill, Mass. 
The Academy, Troy, N. Y. 
High School Advance, Salem, Mass. 
High School Opinion, Ottawa, Kans. 
Sagamore, Brookline, Mass. 
D. H. S. Item, Dorchester, Mass, 
Cherry and White, Williamsport, Pa. 
High School Recorder, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
The Olio, Jacksonville, Fla. 
The Tattler, Port Huron, Mich. 
High School Argus, Harrisburg, Penn. 
High School Junto, Easton, Penn. 
Holy Cross Purple, Worcester, Mass. 
The Ephor, Beloit, Wis. 
Panorama, Providence, R. I. 
The Spectum, Fargo, No. Da. 
N. H. College Monthly, Durham, N. H. 
The Cantonian, Clarinda, la. 

Epsilon, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Essex School Journal. Lawrence, Mass. 

The Chronicle, Hartford, Conn. 

The Wisconsin Times, Delavan, Wis. 

The Flash Light, Delavan, Wis. 

The Quill, Hinsdale, N. H. 

High School Record, Sioux Falls, la. 

Santa Maria, Freeport, 111. 

The Lake Breeze, Sheboygan, Wis. 

Talks and Thoughts, Hampden, Va. 

The Seminary Opinator, Kingston, Pa. 

Normal Thought, Buffalo, N. Y. 

The Calendar, Buffalo, N. Y. 

The Stule Review, Dayton, 0. 

High School Advocate. Needham, Mass. 

High School Bulletin, Dedhatn, Mass. 

The Gem, Springfield, Mass. 

The Arms Student, Shelburne Falls, Mass. 

Latin and High School Review, Cambridge, Mass. 

Earlhamite, Richmond, Ind. 

High School Gleaner, Pawtucket, R. I. 

Western University Courant, Allegheny, Penn. 

The Recorder, Springfield, Mass. 

Dorchester High School Item, Dorchester, Mass. 

School Visitor and Libraiy Bulletin, Worcester, Mass. 

Concord High School Voice, Concord, Mass. 

Colby Academy Vocie, New London, N. H. 

Chauncey Hall Abstract, Boston, Mass. 

E. H. S. Recorder, Lynn, Mass. 

The School Record, Newburyport, Mass. 

Beech Grove Oracle, Pittsfield. Mass. 

Pendulum, Bernardston, Mass. 

Reflector, New Britain, Conn. 

Distaff, Boston, Mass. 

Viewpoint, Hopedale, Mass. 

Academic, St. Albans, Vt. 

Oracle, Bellows Falls, Vt. 

Go/den Rod, Quincy, Mass. 

H. S. Bulletin, Lawrence, Mass. 

Lyman School Enterprize, Westboro, Mass. 

Tuftonian, Medford, Mass. 

The Cadet, Nashville, Tenn. 

The Radiator. New Haven, Conn. 

The Fence, New Haven, Conn. 

High School Review, Hartford, Conn. 

The Oracle, Bangor, Me. 

The Calendar, Buffalo, N. Y. 

The Clarion, Oxford, Me. 

Riverview Student, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Springfield Recorder, Springfield, Mass. 

The Tabular, Torrington, N. Y. 

The Skirmisher, Bordertown, N. J. 

Polytechnic, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Phoenix, Swarthmore, Penn. 

Deleware College Review, Newark, Del. 

Phreno-Cosmian, Mitchell, So. Da. 

The Spectrtor, Columbia University, N. Y. City. 



Boston Law School Magazine, Boston, Mass. 

High School Styles, Brockton, Mass. 

E. H. S. Record, Boston, Mass. 

The Racquette, Portland, Me. 

The Tripod, Roxbury, Mass. 

Oak, Lily and Ivy. Milford, Mass. 

The Senior, Holyoke, Mass. 

The Minute Man, Concord, Mass. 

The Tech., Boston, Mass. 

The Clarion, Boston, Mass. 

Latin School Register, Boston, Mass. 

University Cynic, Burlington, Vt. 

College Life, Emporia, Kans. 

The Amulet, West Chester, Pa. 

Lynn High School Gazette, Lynn, Mass. 

Student's Penn, Pittsfield, Mass. 

The Review, Lowell, Mass. 

High School Herald, Westfield, Mass. 

French American College, Springfield, Mass. 

Roxbury Enterprise, Roxbury, Mass. 

Amherst Student, Amherst. Mass. 

The Breeze, Ashburnham, Mass. 

Brunonian, Providence, R. I. 

Hermonite, Mt. Hermon, Mass. 

The W. P. I., Worcester, Mass. 

Mt. Holyoke, South Hadley, Mass. 

Vermont Academy Life, Saxton's River, Vt. 

Willistonian, Easthampton, Mass. 

The I. A. C. Student, Ames, la. 

The Philosophian Review, Bridgeton, N. J. 


The Nut Culturist, by Andrew S. Fuller. This is 
the first work of its kind ever published in the United 
States. It contains illustrated descriptions of all com- 
mon nut-trees and many new varieties, the conditions 
under which they flourish, and the best methods of 

Why should not these valuable nut-bearing trees be 
planted upon roadsides or wherever shade or ornament 
is desired, and become a practical source of profit to 
the owner ? 

A History of Inventions, Discoveries and Origins; by 
John Beckmann, translated from the German by 
William Johnson. The value and popularity of this 
book is shown by the fact that this is its fourth edition. 
It is written in a style to interest both the casual reader 
and the student. It was first published in the latter 
part of the eighteenth century. In the last edition 
many additions and corrections were made to bring it 
up-to-date, so that in this direction, it is now as it has 
been for the past century, the standard. 

Parakites. By Gilbert Totten Woglom. A treatise 
on the making and flying of tailless kites for scientific 
purposes and for recreation. Kiteflying is one of the 
oldest of pastimes having been practiced nearly three 
thousand years. It is probably of Malaysian origin. During 
the past few years many people in this country have 
been experimenting with tailless kites or parakites as 
they are called. The author of this book, who is a 
druggist in New York city, has taken up the study of 
kiteflying during his leisure hours and has been one of 
the most successful of these experimenters. He has 
made kites which have risen to the height of six thou 
sand seven hundred feet. At the time of the dedica- 
tion of the Washington Memorial Arch in New York 
on May 4, 1895. a flag ten feet in length was sus- 
pended in the air at an altitude of one thousand feet. 
The future seems to hold many interesting possibilities 
in this direction. 

Economic Entomology. For the farmer and fruit- 
grower, and for use as a text book in agricultural 
schools and colleges. By John B. Smith, Sc. D. 
Being one of the latest and most practical works on 
this subject, this book will find an important place in 
preparing a foundation upon which more extended 
study may be based. It will be especially useful to 
those who, not having time to go deeply into the study 
of insect pests, still wish to obtain some practical 
knowledge of their structure, classification and habits, 
as well as the most effectual means of checking or 
destroying them. 

Grasses of North America. By W. J. Beal, M. A., 
M. S., Ph. D. The second volume of this valuable 
work has just been added to our library. Although it 
is now nearly ten years since the first volume was pub- 
lished, the delay is compensated for by the recent 
additions and extensions made to this part. All 
grasses found in the United States and northward and 
many in Mexico are classified and fully described. 
Each genus is also illustrated. In all, nine hundred 
and twelve species are included, making it the best 
and most complete thing of its kind yet published. In 
the back of this volume is a chapter on the geograph- 
ical distribution of grasses. 

A History of American Literature. By Fred Lewis 
Pattee. It is interesting to study, in such a book as 
this, the vise and development of the literature of a 
nation. Such a study requires a knowledge of the 
fundamental principles governing or influencing its 
production. A true estimate of a writer cannot be 
formed by simply reading one or two of his productions ; 
so a history of this kind, however complete, needs to 
be supplemented by general reading along the lines 
which the wide experience of the author indicates. 



NO. 11 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

[erms $1.' per year in advance. Singly copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Randall D. Warden. '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Alexander Montgomery, Jr., '98. Business Manager. 

Frederick H. Turner, '9 
George H. Wright, '98. 
Avedis G. Adjemian, '98. 
William H. Armstrong, '99. 
George F. Parmenter. '00. 

', Ass't Business Manager. 
Willis S. Fisher, '98. 
Warren E. Hinds, '99. 
Charles A. Crowell, Jr.. '00. 
James E. Halligan, '00. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed to Aggie Life, Amherst. Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

bt.Wt.fHtl >• WSS.VASIM^ **\tt\t*V 


Y. M. C. A. 

Athletic Association, 
Foot-Ball Association, 
Base-Ball Association. 
Musical Association. 
College Boarding Club, 
Reading-Room Association. 
Ninety-Nine Index, 

W. S. Fisher, Pres. 

J. S. Eaton. Sec. 

R. D. Warden. Manager. 

J. S. Eaton. Manager. 

. C. A. Norton. Manager. 

J. P. Nickerson, Sec. 

L. F. Clark, Pres. 

J. R. Dulcher, Manager. 

I stand in life's gloaming, 
Watching brave youth sublime. 

Striving to make footing 
Upon " the sands of time. " 

As waves of the ocean. 

Dash in upon the rock; 
Life's cares with fiercest motion 

Surge in with ceaseless shock. 

And some who seem ablest 
The tempest to withstand. 

Are swept with the feeblest 
Out upon the quicksand. 

A hard sand for footprints — 
Is the sand of the sea ; 

And our mortal imprints, 
Make but faint marks to see. 

— Sabaneeter. 

Gentlemen, we make our bow. For the first time 
— well no — we have often taken off our hat to some 
overly critical feminine friend who, perchance, hap- 
pened to be looking the other way and therefore cut 
us dead ; but, to the general public however, we 
stand on a high bluff and bow very low for the first time. 
It is customary for each new editorial board to do 
this, only some do it in a different way ; to wit : — 
With this issue of The Life a new board assumes 
the control of affairs. It shall always be our endeavor 
to keep up the excellent standard set by our predeces- 
sors who, etc. This is one way, ours is another, We 
like our way because it is honest. We are going to 
be an experiment, may be we shall keep up the stand- 
ard and may be we shall not ; be that as it may let us 
state at the outset that we are true and loyal sons of 
the M. A. C, and though younger sons, still, we shall 
always stand up for the college which we believe to be 
not second to any of its kind. If this sentiment does 
not strike a popular chord we are prepared to argue it 
at any time after June 23, after which date we shall 
be found, who knows where. Gentlemen, you will 
notice a few changes in passing over Life's pages. 
We have taken her for better or worse and we pro- 
pose to exhibit her frailties fortnightly so long as we 
are able to furnish her with pin-money. She will 
sometimes be adorned with stories — often perhaps, 
rather far fetched, which shall simply represent the 
stretch of her imagination. Sometimes she will be 
in a merry mood, but this only when her income has 
been increased either through the charity of a liberal 
patronage, or a considerable rebate of his wage by the 
printer's devil. Occasionally she will be sad and then 
jn subdued strains, the smouldering passion of her 
heart will burst forth in slow, musical rhymes which 
won't create any disturbance or make any noise and 



if you are not fond of these outbreaks just remember 
what we have to bear. This, then, is a forerunner of 
what you may expect ; we don't claim to be good, we 
don't set before us any standard to which we shall 
endeavor to attain, but when we are gone let them put 
on our tombstone — gone up in the combustion of 
burned out endeavor. 

During the Easter vacation we had the pleasure of 
being present to observe the maneuvers of the " Tech" 
battalion in its armory in Boston. While we should 
hesitate to pick the winners, at this early date, of the 
battalion prize drill in May, still, we cannot but notice 
the improvement over last year at this time. The 
men apparently are more earnest and painstaking in 
their work and the officers are unquestionably better 
qualified to command ; and yet, we have a high 
regard for Brown " Regulars " and we await the out- 
come with no little interest. So far we can permit 
ourselves to stand on the outside and look on with 
unjealous eyes. But as competitors for the individual 
prizes at the May drill we are deeply concerned. 
Last year we had the good fortune to capture the sec- 
ond individual prize, surely our ambition should be for 
a higher honor this spring. It is hardly needful to 
mention the time, the careful training, and the un- 
bounded enthusiasm necessary to present a suitable 
standard of excellence in the manual of arms and 
bayonet exercise, such as will compare favorably with 
Harvard, Brown, and " Tech " drillers. We hope 
and expect that the men who are chosen to represent 
the college in this event will do their best for them- 
selves and their Alma Mater. The drill is not to be 
so long and uninteresting as last year. The battalion 
maneuvers are to be in close order, and the individual 
squads representing each college are to be cut down 
to six men, thus allowing more time for music and 
dancing. All things taken into consideration, every- 
thing seems to point to a grand success and good 
time at the Intercollegiate Prize Drill this year. 

An illustrated catalogue, in addition to the regular 
college catalogue, has this year made its appearance 
for the first time. We wish to make known our 
appreciation of this endeavor on the part of the 
authorities to accomplish a great need, which has 
never, heretofore, been successfully overcome. We 

believe that the beneficial results of this venture will 
be evidenced from the start. That the importance of 
placing before the public a condensed and concise cat- 
alogue containing information such as will be of direct 
interest to the young men seeking after a college 
training, will be recognized, the venture found to be a 
success, and the success repeated ; the present cata- 
logue is a very comprehensive piece of literature con- 
taining articles from each of the departments in col- 
lege, setting forth the aim of the department, and the 
methods adopted to accomplish results. We would 
direct the attention of our readers (especially our 
alumni) to the fact that a careful perusal of this cat- 
alogue by members of the graduating classes in the 
high schools would undoubtedly result in an increased 
respect for the work the M. A. C. is endeavaring to 
accomplish, and might result in enlarging the loyal 
band of Aggie " rooters." The book is fully illustrated 
with line and half-tone engravings, containing pictures 
of several of the college teams and organizations. 
Pictures of many of the college buildings are also 
among the illustrations, which together with a brief 
mention of the organizations and enterprises of the 
student body make a very attractive budget of 


In a book published in London last week, some 
remarkable claims on behalf of Hindu science and 
civilization are made. The author, a learned prince 
of India declares that in the "Science of Life," 
which is the oldest Brahmin book on medicine, nearly 
all the best modern methods of medical diagnosis and 
surgery are described. Some of the grandest discov- 
eries of the western world, such as vaccination, anes- 
thesia and all antiseptic surgery were practised many 
centuries ago. The circulation of the blood as well 
as abdominal and cranial operations performed only 
within the last fifty years are described as having 
been done in the land of Buddha. 

Such claims tend to shake our self esteem as the 
wisest and most highly inventive people of the world. 
It is our boast that " we are the heirs of all the ages in 
the foremost files of time." It is not an old thing 
however, for us to be told that light travels from East 
to West. We speak of Asia as the cradle of the race 



and so it undoubtedly was. We need not be surprised 
therefore, if, as Asia becomes better known and its 
antiquities are more closely examined, we should find 
that much of the knowledge of the West was familiar 
when the world was young. 

There are certain lines on which we acknowledge 
the ancients as our superiors. These are poetry, 
painting, sculpture, architecture, the drama, and almost 
everything that relates to beauty. Tell a poet that 
his lines remind one of Homer and he becomes your 
friend forever. Or say to a painter that his work 
compares well with that of Raphaels' and he considers 
it the greatest compliment possible. Cinderella and 
her slipper and many other nursery rhymes are as old as 
history itself. Of the forty odd plays of Shakespeare 
ten are historical. The remainder he did not stop to 
invent but took them from the Italian novelists who in 
turn had borrowed them from the East. 

A few years ago it was thought that there had been 
no ancient glass factories, but the Pompeian excava- 
tions have revealed a workshop full of ground glass, 
window glass, cut glass and colored glass. These 
inhabitants of Pompeii could do even more than this. 
They were able to melt and pour glass and make it 
of such consistency that when thrown against stone, 
it would not break but merely bend and could after- 
wards be hammered into its original form. 

Microscopes of immense power were known in 
Egypt. The Greek pirate Mauritius had a marine 
telescope by means of which he could sweep the 
entire sea to the very coast of Africa. Pliny states 
that Nero had a ring, the gem of which he used in 
observing the sword play of the gladiators in the Arena. 
This is a style of opera glass unknown to us moderns. 

It is impossible for modern artists to mix paints 
that will hold their color for one hundred years. 
Pompeii has been buried for eighteen hundred years. 
Yet when the walls of one of its houses are dug out 
the royal purple flames out with a far richer color than 
any we can produce. 

Sheffield steel is an English boast, but it will not 
bear the atmosphere of India. The Damascus blades, 
used in the Crusades, are as bright and keen to-day 
as they were eight centuries ago. Hindus throw hand- 
fuls of floss silk into the air and cut it in pieces with 
their fine-edged sabres. There is no steel in western 
work shops of that quality. 

There are huge blocks of stone in the pyramids so 
heavy that our machinery can not take them from their 
position and deposit them on the ground, so extremely 
hard that our modern instruments can not cut them. 
The Egyptians quarried them and carried them one 
hundred and fifty miles through the sand apparently, 
without difficulty. 

Railroads date back to Egypt. We find, also, a 
painting of a ship filled with machinery which scien- 
tific men say was propelled by steam. Four hundred 
years ago the first spinning wheel was introduced into 
Europe. There is conclusive proof that it existed 
2000 years before. 

Solomon's Temple was situated on an exposed hill 
and was guarded by a system of lightning rods similar 
to Franklin's. 

We plume ourselves on our canals, but Ancient 
Palestine had many magnificent ones. It is doubtful 
whether, notwithstanding Macadam, we build any bet- 
ter roads than the Romans built. We have not yet 
discovered a perfect way of ventilating either our public 
buildings or our private houses ; but the exploration of 
the pyramids in Egypt shows that those Egyptian 
tombs were ventilated in the most scientific manner. 

We are forced to admit that the chemistry of the 
most ancient period had reached a point that we have 
not approached at the present day. Of one hundred 
developments of this wonderful science known to the 
Nineteenth century, ninety-nine have been anticipated 
by the ancients. Our chemistry, however, is not 
hidden in the cellar or dungeon, nor is it seeking to 
turn everything to gold. We have a chemistry, labor- 
ing with the farmer, and assisting the miner to sepa- 
rate the gold from the dross. 

The ancient Egyptian and Hindu learning was 
monopolized by the priests. They wove together the 
real and the unreal pursuing the rainbow and disdain- 
ing the priceless gems which abound in the earth 
beneath. Their mistake may have been natural but 
it was the error that paralyzed the world. To-day we 
seek a more noble learning, a learning concerning the 
whole living universe of God. A learning that con- 
quers nature, liberates mankind from the drudgeries of 
endless toil, bringing with it a spirit of general inquiry 
and a hope of a great and grand improvement of 
mankind. ;. n. 


O listen to the patter of the gentle April showers, 
Arousing all the grasses, resurrecting all the flowers, 
Awakening all nature with their heaven-given powers. 

For April fair has come again, a livelier season bringing. 
We see the grass grow green again, we hear the birds a-singing, 
And all the world is happy now, with joy and gladness ringing. 

We see the little scaly buds, all turning into leaves. 
And Nature wears a sunny smile, while granting her reprieves. 
And nothing is unhappy now, and nothing mopes or grieves. 

There's a warm and pleasing fervor, smiling in the jolly sun, 
And he seems to feel complacent when his daily work is done, 
For he knows he's made earth brighter while his lengthening course he run. 

There's a new and freshening vigor in the clear and balmy air, 
And the breezes soothe our senses with a fragrance rich and rare, 
And we love to watch earth's features as she daily grows more fair. 

We see the rapid changes now, transforming all the trees, 
The tender leaves unfolding and a-waving in the breeze, 
They seem to know our pleasure and they seem to try to please. 

And birds in every tree and bush are pouring forth their notes, 
They sing the joys of spring-time as if they'd burst their throats, 
Through every pasture, field and wood their cheering music floats. 

And grass and flowers are springing up in every nook and glen, 
And many a noble blossom waves in haunts unknown to men, 
There's a new surprise awaiting us in every field and fen. 

We hear the merry ripple of the over-flowing rills, 
As they rush along the upland or tumble down the hills, 
To seek the distant ocean and to turn a thousand mills. 

Then turn thy thoughts to nature's joys, all care and trouble scorning, 
Wake with the birds, go out and see the glories of the morning, 
Rejoice with me on all these charms, this pleasant world adorning. 

Where grass is green and skies are blue and all is joy and gladness 
Should man alone exception be and burdened be with sadness 
Thinking of sordid, weighing cares which drive men's minds to madness f 


The truest measure of success is neither wealth nor fame, 
For happiness is more than power or celebrated name. 
Then let us make true happiness our highest noblest aim. 

H. F. Allen. 




" Gambling — well yes, but to the rise of a couple 
hundred shares of stock, I owe the beginning of my 
success and in a measure, the reputation for shrewd- 
ness and foresight which 1 am credited with to-day." 

So spoke uncle Jack, seated before our cosy fire- 
place one evening, out at college, where he had inci- 
dentally dropped in to learn why I had sent up to the 
city so many unreceipted bills. '.' And my foresight," 
jokingly continued my uncle, " tells me Harry, that 
unless you spend a great deal less on some little maid 
up here you will land shortly some where in the city 
with a high desk before you and a pile of ledgers to 
keep in order." 

" Oh ! well how about that couple of hundred," 
asked my room-mate, poking the fire. " Well, young 
men," said my uncle, slowly lighting a cigar, "if I 
relate this incident to you, it shall be with the express 
understanding that under no consideration must you 
act in the future with the belief that you too will make 
a lucky strike as 1 did. Let me give you the advice 
of twenty years on the stock exchange, and let me 
say that I have seen men, many men happy in the 
love of a true and loving family come upon the floor 
of the exchange and howl and cry in the strength of 
their young manhood and I have seen these same 
men in a few weeks or months or possibly a few years, 
old, gray, ruined, begging on the streets. Why man 
think of it, think of those poor children and of that 
ruined happy home. I tell you no man has any busi- 
ness with the pit unless he is unmarried with no one 
to care about him or what he does or what becomes 
of him," and uncle gradually dropped into a deep 
revery. I thought of something 1 had once heard 
spoken of when I was a child, but presently uncle broke 
out, " why, I was going to tell you of my first broker- 
age deal wasn't I ? What an old fool I am, but hon- 
estly boys, keep out of stock broking." 

" I was at that time one of the clerks of the old 
Bentley Banking Co., and was employed in going to 
and from the office to the exchange with memoranda 
for our broker. This was before the day of the 
" ticker " and all information had to come through the 

"One day old Bentley called me up hastily and 
said, — ' Take these two hundred shares over to the 
exchange and tell Dobbins to get rid of them at 49. 

They're not worth the paper they are on.' They 
were some P. Q. & S. shares that the bank had taken 
on an old debt, and rumor had it that the old road was 
bankrupt and was shortly to close down." 

" Well, I reached the exchange safely and was 
awaiting for Dobbins when my eye fell on a scrap of 
paper lying at my feet, mechanically I stooped to 
pick it up. You bet I was wide awake in a moment!" 

•■ Buy in P. Q, & S. at low figures. 

(Signed) Chrittenden." 

" It flashed upon me in a moment what the rail- 
road magnate's intentions were. When Dobbins 
came up a little later I told him to watch P. Q. & S. 
and find out who was buying it up if he could, and 
then I hastened back to the bank and rushed into old 
Bentley's private office all out of breath. ■ Why, 
what's up,' said the old man, 'anything wrong?' No 
but I want you to hold on to these shares of P. Q. & 
S. for thirty days and I'll be responsible for the result, 
I replied." 

" Well, well, what are your reasons? Can you 
offer us any explanations ? This stock is utterly worth- 
less yet Dobbins tells me that there is some poor fool 
buying it in at 49, and if we miss this opportunity we 
shall never realize a cent on the old Piatt debt." 

" Not being willing to give the source of my infor- 
mation. I just said, Mr. Bentley, I am convinced that 
in thirty days you can sell this stock out at 80. I am 
not prepared to give my reasons, but may I ever be 
disgraced if my information proves incorrect. ' All 
right, all right, it will save some poor devil from 
squandering his money on worthless stock at any 
rate,' and Bentley took the stock and put it away." 

" The anxiety and wretchedness I passed through 
during the next two weeks is a burden on my memory; 
it was increased by the fact that Dobbins was unable 
to find who was buying up the P. Q. & S. though the 
fact that some one was buying it at a very low rate 
made me feel confident that what I had seen was no 

" Well, at the end of thirty days P. Q. & S. began 
to rise. Slowly at first then with a jump it went up to 
90. Bentley & Co. sold out at this figure." 

" A few days afterwards old Bentley sent for me. 
Well boys its time for you to turn in," and uncle rose 
to go. " I'll say good-by now as I go upon the early 
train to-morrow." 



■• Say, won't you kindly give us the rest of that 
little deal," and my room-mate planted his six feet 
two of bone and brawn, in front of the door. 

" O ! the old man handed me a check for two thou- 
sand and promised me a raise the first of the month. 
Goodnight, gentlemen." 

@tes and ^ommefvtf, 

Some time ago challenges for a triangular athletic 
meet to be held this spring between the State Agricul- 
tural colleges of Rhode Island, Connecticut and Mass- 
achusetts were accepted by us. The time is passing 
rapidly, still we have seen no evidences of any prepar- 
ations for such a contest. Some organization must 
be made and the sooner good earnest training is 
begun the better will be our showing at the meet. 

* # 

The Commandant, Lieut. Wright, has very recently 
received an invitation from Major General Grenville 
M. Dodge, Grand Marshal of the Grant Monument 
Inaugural Parade, for the battalion of Clark Cadets 
to take part in the exercises in New York City on the 
morning of April 27. We thank the General very 
sincerely for the honor confered upon us and would 
like exceedingly to help him if we could in this matter. 
It would no doubt be a great addition to his forces 
could he number the Aggie battalion among his 
regulars. However, as we are all to have our hair 
cut within a few days General, it would be imprudent 
for us to leave home, lest we become exposed to the 
hot winds of Long Island. 

# # 

The outlook for baseball this year is bright with 
promise. More interest is taken in the game than 
there has been for some time. This was shown by the 
large number of students v/ho devoted most of the 
day April 10 to improving the condition of the dia- 
mond. Our thanks are also due to Mr. Jones, the 
Superintendent of the farm, for his generous assistance 
with teams. Now that all turf has been removed 
from the diamond we may look for better work and 
fewer errors from our infield. Lieutenant Wright 
has signified his willingness to coach the team and 
v/e hope now that he has returned from the South he 

will at once take the team in charge. At the present 
time, we see no reason why our team should not be 
considerably stronger than that of last year. Many of 
last year's players are on hand and they should profit 
by their experience. We want to see more compe- 
tition for the team. Let everyone come out and prac- 
tice and so help the team and develop his abilities. 
A man doesn't know what he can do until he tries. 
Let us go on the diamond this year to win ! 

The Eastern question is a volcano stored with an 
unextinguishable fire that has never ceased to emit its 
lava and threaten its surroundings with horrors. It has 
been the question that has exhausted Europe and yet 
remains without a solution. It has represented itself 
to the world in different epochs and caused great dam- 
age to the progress of civilization. One day it is the 
question of a single nation, at another of a number of 
nations. We are watching day and night the clouded 
horizon and never see a sign of the coming sun. 
Crete to-day is the theatre of the scene. Aided by 
Greece she is trying even at a great cost to come out 
of the chaos into which she has been crippled. Long 
ago Crete made efforts to be independent. The island 
is inhabited by a tribe which is purely Greek in religion 
and blood. On account of the last troubles, disap- 
pointed by the uncertain and dangerous policy of 
Europe they applied themselves to arms, and made 
an appeal to Greece to come to their help. Greece 
listened to their cry and her step brought about the 
present crisis. Now the volcano is again on fire 
threatning with great danger. Europe will do well to 
make a call to her good and unselfish sense which is 
the only remedy of moderating the eruptions and sav- 
ing thousands of human lives. 

The following games have been arranged, and still 
more are expected for the first half of May if satis- 
factory arrangement can be made : 
April 24, Hadenville at Amherst. 
April 28, Northampton Y, M. C. A. at Northampton. 
May 5, Northampton Y. M. C. A. at Amherst. 
May 8, Williston at Easthampton. 
May 17, Mt. Hermon at Mt. Hermon. 
May 26, Williston at Amherst. 
May 29. Worcester Polytechnic Inst, at Worcester 
June 5, Worcester Polytechnic Inst, at Amherst. 





" Did I ever have a serious accident ? Well, yes, 
once, when I was brakeman on No. 613. "Blue 
Eyes " was running then. Poor fellow ! It broke 
him all up. I'd like to know where he is now. " 

This was the answer to my query, " Did you ever 
have a serious accident ? " that a brakeman on an 
east bound train gave me. We had been delayed 
some twenty minutes by a hot box, and during the 
time it took to cool and repair it, I picked up a 
conversation with him. He was a pleasant, talkative 
fellow and seemed not indisposed to a social chat. 

Of course I did not know who " Blue Eyes " was, 
but I thought that he must have referred to an engi- 
neer, so asked — " Blue Eyes" did you say? Who 
was he may I ask ? " Oh, yes " replied he, " No cer- 
tainly you would not know him. He was an engineer, 
as you guessed rightly, on No. 613 and it was 
he that caused the accident, or rather, it was the sight 
of a woman. " 

" A woman, " said I, by this time thoroughly 

" Yes, a woman. If you would like to know about 
it I'll tell you. " 

" Yes, yes, " said I. " I would like to hear it very 
much. " 

" All right, but I'll have to go back to when I first 
saw " Blue Eyes, " so that you will understand. But 
it's dirty and noisy out here, let's go inside, the back 
seat is empty, and we have a long run before the next 
station. " 

Acting according to his suggestion we went within. 
By this time the train had got well under way and 
was going at a fair rate. We had been standing on 
the rear platform of the last car, and the cinders and 
noise were very disagreeable. After we had become 
seated he began : 

" I think it was seven years ago when I first saw 
" Blue Eyes, " — yes, seven years ago this March for 
I was on No. 67 then. His right name was Harvey 
Abbott, but we never called him that. At first we 
boys called him " Blue Eyes " in derision and after- 
wards when we came to know him better we called 
him by the same name from habit. Queer how a 
nickname will stick to a fellow even after he has out- 
grown it. 

" We, that is those of us who were waiting for our 
trains, were sitting around the car-house seven years 
ago, when a tall, well-built fellow, of twenty-two came 
in. He seemed taken back a little at first sight of so 
many of us, but he pulled himself together and said to 
a fellow sitting next to me, " Where is the ' boss? " 

" ' Out, ' says Jim curtly. 

" ' When will he be in ? ' he asked. 

" ' In a few moments ; sit down and wait." 

At that moment the ' boss ' came in and Jim says 
to him, nodding his head towards the ' super, ' 
" ' There's yer man.' " 

" The fellow went over to where he was directed 
and began to talk to the ' super. ' We had a fine 
chance to see him. He was tall, broad-shouldered 
with a dark complexion, all except his eyes which were 
blue. I had never seen a fellow with such eyes before. 
They were handsome. They may have been that 
way naturally, or it may have been because of his 
black hair, black eye-brows, and mustache, that made 
them look so blue. We could not help speaking of 
them and many of us joked about the ' man with baby 

" We learned next day that he was to run No. 594 
in Tom Hurley's place. This made us mad. 
We knew it was Tom's fault, he had no business to 
get drunk, but Tom was a favorite and a union man, 
this fellow v/as not. So you see " Blue Eyes " from 
the start was left in the cold and made the butt end of 
many a joke. He aggravated us by his sort of indif- 
ferent air, taking all the jokes in a matter of fact way 
and passing them off with a good natured remark. 

" Things had gone on in this way for about a year 
when one morning as we were sitting around the car- 
house talking. Billy Sawyer, " Blue Eyes' " stoker, 
spoke up and says, 'Is " Blue Eyes " here ? ' No, he 
seldom comes in with us now-a-days. 

" 'Boys, ' continued Billy, 'We're treating him d — 
mean ! I see more of him than you do and I tell you 
he's the best fellow I know of. He's mighty good to 
me ; I believe he'd do my work for me if he could, 
He feels it, boys, and it isn't fair play. Tom Hurley 
was to blame, not him. I, for one, am going to stop 
right here and treat him like a man, that's all there is 
about it. ' 

" Billy walked slowly across the room with his hands 
in his pockets and went out by the rear door." 



" Nothing was said, but I know some others felt 
the same way as Billy felt. One by one we got up 
and went out to do some work that didn't need to 
be done. 

" Truly we had treated the fellow mean. I don't 
believe any of us, 'cepting Billy, ever spoke to him 
first, or at all if they could help it, leastwise I didn't. 
He hadn't done anything to us, we had nothing against 
him only that he took Hurley's place. I guess, though 
we were a little jealous because he was thought to be 
as trustworthy a man as the company had. 

" Next morning as we came around, for we were 
running day trains, " Blue Eyes " came up as usual 
and passed on to his cab. He never came into the 
waiting-room now. At the same time one of the men 
came from the opposite direction and greeted him 
with a sheepish ■ good morning.' I bet '• Blue Eyes" 
was surprised for Joe was his worst enemy. Joe col- 
ored some and looked around out of the corners of his 
eyes to see if any one was looking. 

" All went well for five or six days and we were 
just beginning to know " Blue Eyes" when one morn- 
ing he did not show up. 

[To be continued.] 

(of leg? f\iot?s- 

— Baseball ! 

— See my new golfies ? 

— The drum and bugle corps is improving (?) 

— '97 have had their military picture taken by 

— Hubbard '99 has been absent for a few days on 
account of sickness. 

— Lieut. Wright has returned from his trip South, 
greatly improved in health. 

— Several undergraduates have applied for positions 
on the Gypsy moth field force. 

— The members of the Junior class have been 
elected as members of the K. K. K. 

— Our base ball field has had its annual overhauling, 
and we are now waiting for the game. 

— Again our College bell calls us to our duties and 
let us trust this tongue will ne'er be swiped. 

— C. A. Boutelle, brother of A. A. Boutelle '99 
passed successful entrance examinations for next fall. 

— '99 kindly sent a representative to court for 
violating the bicycle law. Yours truly, 

For Five Dollars. 

— Pipes for laying the water main have come. A. 
F. Cadwell, New Britain. Conn., has been given the 

— Prof. S. T. Maynard is planning several Horti- 
cultural trips for the Senior division in Horticulture 
this spring. 

— Prof. Cooley lectured before the Blackstone 
Valley Agricultural Society Saturday, April 10, on the 
Ensilage System. 

— Milton Whitney, Chief of Division of Soils, will 
aid the College in a few weeks to start several scien- 
tific experiments. 

— Prof. Brooks has engaged passage for his return- 
ing trip. He will leave London August 16, arriving 
home about the 25. 

—Prof. F. S. Cooley has bought the Albert Ball 
farm comprising 36 acres. This land adjoins C. H. 
Kellogg's farm on the north. 

— The Amherst officials would gladly make one 
more of our popular Profs, suffer could they only find 
the owner of the yellow wheel. 

— The Junior class has elected the following offi- 
cers : Pres't, C. G. Clark ; vice pres't, C. N. Baxter ; 
sec. and treas., A. G. Adjemian. 

— C. A. Smith, Leach and Howes of the short 
winter course, having secured the highest three marks 
of the class were awarded certificates. 

— W. S. Fisher attended the conference of the 
presidents of the Y. M. C. A. of Eastern United 
States held in Boston from April 8-11. 

— George H. Wright, owing to the recent death of 
his sister has been obliged to leave College but hopes 
to resume work with his class next fall. 

— The Junior Flint six have been chosen as follows : 
A. G. Adjemian, C. N. Baxter, W. S. Fisher, J. P. 
Nickerson, A. Montgomery and R. D. Warden. 

— The bust of Henry Flagg French which was pre- 
sented to the College by his son has been mounted in 
a conspicuous place in our Library reading-room. 



— The Senior six that speak Commencement time 
are G. D. Leavens, H. J. Armstrong, H. F. Allen. 
J. L. Bartlett, C. A. Peters and C, I. Goessmann. 

— The Junior class made an investigation trip to 
the Amherst Gas works April 13. A good time was 
experienced as well as valuable instruction received. 

— The free hand drawing exhibitions are proving 
quite attractive. Great credit is due Mr. Armstrong 
and the Freshmen for this remarkable advancement. 

— The Seniors have elected the following class 
officers : Pres't, J. L. Bartlett ; vice pres't, C. F. 
Palmer; secretary, L. F. Clark; treas., H. J. 

— At a recent meeting of the Senior class it was 
voted to add a new officer, that of class policeman. 
Mr. L. L. Cheney of Southbridge was elected to this 
worthy office. 

— The Sophomore ten who are to speak before the 
faculty are W. H. Armstrong. J. R. Dutcher, W. E. 
Hinds, G. C. Hubbard, H. E. Maynard, B. H. Smith, 
S. E. Smith, F. H. Turner, C. M. Walker and E. M. 

— The Sophomores have elected the following offi- 
cers : Pres't, D. A. Beaman ; vice pres't, B. H. 
Smith; sec'y, C. W. Smith; treas., C. E. Stacy; 
class captain, M. H. Pingree ; sergeant-at-arms, A. 
A. Boutelle. 

— The Freshmen ten who are to speak before the 
the faculty are A. L. March, F. G. Stanley, C. A. 
Crowell, Jr., A. C. Monahan, W. R Crowell, H. 
Baker, A. L. Frost, N. J. Hunting, G. F. Parmenter, 
and J. W. Kellogg. 

— The Senior debate for last Friday was : Resolved, 
that the Federal Government should own and operate 
the railroads of the U. S. Affirmative, C. I. Goess- 
mann, L. F. Clark ; negative, J. M. Barry, C. F. 
Palmer. The debate was won by the affirmative. 

— At the last regular meeting of the M. A. C. 
boarding club R. D. Warden resigned and J. S. Eaton 
was elected his successor. Also the following direc- 
tors ; Vice pres't and 2nd director, J. L. Bartlett; 
sec'y and treas. 3rd ." J. P. Nickerson, 

4th '■ C. A Peters, 

5th " M. H. Pingree, 

6th " F. H. Turner, 

7th " C. A. Crowell, Jr. 

— " Sad to relate " but nevertheless true that the 
bicycle law is to be enforced to the letter by request 
of (?) the citizens. Therefore when two of our Profs, 
suffer we wish to remind them , — that they have our 
deepest sympathy. 

— A new orchard is to be started by several mem- 
bers of the Senior Horticultural division. It is to 
take the place of the old peach orchard. It will con- 
sist of all the latest varieties of fruits. Between every 
few rows driveways well be made. 

— The Senior flower-bed committee consists of 
John Marshall Barry, chairman ; George A. Drew, 
James L. Bartlett, John W. Allen and Herbert J. 
Armstrong. The committee have prepared elaborate 
plans and it is understood that they will have an excel- 
lent design. 

— The Dingley Tariff which has placed a duty on 
books and apparatus from foreign ports has caused a 
protest of forty-eight colleges represented by Pres't 
H. H. Goodell. The ways and means committee 
have been so notified and Mr. Gillett has been sent 
in person to see that the duty be withdrawn. 

— The committee on farm voted to keep on with 
the experiment with the western cattle, to breed up a 
healthy herd and to develop a milking herd. They 
also voted to sell ten, and not to exceed fifteen ani- 
mals and to replace by grades of milking strains ; 
these to be kept isolated from the western herd. 

— The trustees chose at their recent meeting in Am- 
herst the sight for the emergency reservoir between 
the cellars of the barn and the house of the Colonel 
Clark property. The reservoir is to contain 150000 
gallons. It is to be of circular form 50 feet in diame- 
ter and 10 feet in depth. Plans for laying the water 
pipes as prepared by Prof. Metcalf were accepted and 
he was appointed engineer for the College. The follow- 
ing committee was appointed to oversee the work and 
also the building and repairing of the green houses : 
Pres't H. H. Goodell, W. R. Sessions, W. Wheeler, 
E. W. Wood. The engineer was authorized to 
advertise for bids at once. 

Harvard has furnished 75 college presidents. Of 
this number 22 have been presidents of their alma 
mater and four have presided over the sons of old 




One of the most important fertilizers for legumi- 
nous plants is the germ fertilizer nitragin. This fer- 
tilizer is a pure culture of the bacteria which live on 
roots of leguminous plants. 

Hellriegel and others have given information con- 
cerning the growth of clovers, beans, etc. 

It is very important for the farmer to make cer- 
tain that he has enough of these bacteria in his soil ; 
otherwise he will have to buy fertilizers. If these 
bacteria are absent from the soil the plant cannot use 
atmospheric nitrogen. Hence this is the reason why 
every leguminous plant can thrive without manures. 

The original way of applying this nitragin before 
pure cultures were made in the labratory, was to col- 
lect a certain amount of earth from soil bountifully 
supplied with these bacteria, (which could be told by 
the thriftiness of the previous crop) and inoculating 
them in the new field. 

It must be remembered that each leguminous crop 
has its own particular species of bacteria ; so that by 
simply inoculating with earth you get a number of 
strange bacteria some of which might be unsuited to 
the crop. The pure cultures made in the laboratory 
avoid this. Each species of bacteria are grown sep- 
arately in a nutrient medium of legumes so they can be 
applied to the individual crops to which they belong 
without any difficulty. Therefore better results are 

This pure culture is brought into contact with the 
seed that is thoroughly soaked with the nitragin. 

The moistened seed is put in condition to sow by 
mixing it with dry sand. These bacteria are harmless : 
that is, they will not produce disease. 

Buying a bottle of this culture does not place one 
at such a disadvantage as handling a large amount 
of soil containing the germs. Special attention must 
be taken to use the germ fertilizer (for the species of 
Legumes) specified on the bottle. At present our 
supply of nitragin comes from Germany. The most 
reliable manufacturer is, Farbwerke Vorm, Meister 
Lucius & Bruning. 


AMENDED, APRIL 9, 1897. 
When a student is admitted with conditions to 
the Freshman Class or to any advanced class on 
entrance examinations, he shall be examined, in 
those studies in which he is conditioned, at the 
middle of the term of such entrance and, if he fails 
to pass, he shall be re-examined two weeks before 
the end of the term. If he fails to pass the last 
examination he may be dropped from the college 
at the end of the term, but such action shall not 
be taken without a vote of the Faculty. 

When a student's average in each of four or 
more studies in the term falls below 65 per cent, 
he shall be dropped back into the succeeding 

When a student is conditioned in one, two or 
three studies at the end of a term he must be 
examined, upon the study or studies in which he 
is conditioned, on the day preceding the opening 
of the term following that in which the condition 
was imposed. If he fails to pass this examina- 
tion he must, at the appointment of the instructor 
take another examination ; but this examination 
must take place within two weeks after the open- 
ing of the term. Meanwhile the student must 
attend all college exercises, and recitations in all 
studies in which he is not conditioned, his atten- 
dance upon those in which he is conditioned 
being at the option of his instructor. If he fails 
to pass his examination he may be dropped back 
into the succeeding class, but such action shall 
not be taken without a vote of the Faculty. 

When a member of the Senior Class is not able, 
because of illness or for any other reason, to pass 
one or more of his examinations before Com- 
mencement, his degree shall be withheld until all 
his conditions are made up. 

Any student who absents himself from an 
appointed examination without sufficient cause 
will not be entitled to another examination. 
C. S. Walker, 

Secretary of the Faculty 




78. — Chas. E. Lyman, Middlefield, Conn. 
'83.— C. W. Minott. 17 Park Ave.. West Somer- 
ville, Mass. 

'91. — John B. Hull, Jr., formerly of Stockbridge, 
Mass., has changed his address to Great Barnngton, 
Mass., where he is in the coal business. 

'92.— W. Fletcher, Chelmsford, Mass. 

'92. — Congratulations are sent by Geo. E. Taylor, 
Jr. to the retiring Board of Editors of the Life on their 
meritorious work and the excellence which the paper 
has attained. 

'94. — P. E. Davis. Address changed to 28 County 
St., Taunton, Mass. 

'95. — Maurice J. Sullivan, married to-day at Mil- 
ford, Mass., to Miss Margaret A. Droney of .Milford. 
The couple will move to Littleton, N. H. where Mr. 
Sullivan has the entire charge of the farm of J. J. 
Glessner of Chicago, 111. 

'96. — W. B. Harper, Manager of The Specialty 
Advertising Association, 44 Nahant St., Wakefield, 

'96. — Present address of James L. Marshall is 
Worcester, Mass., care of Osgood, Bradley & Son. 

'96. — F. E. DeLuce spent a few days in town last 


The Lake Breeze has a large exchange list. 
The W. U. Cowant has a very handsome souvenir 

Some of our exchanges cannot imagine what gave 
rise to our name Aggie Life. 

" Pop's Little Girl " and the other bright articles 
makes the March Mount Holyoke an unusually inter- 
esting number. 

He called her Lily, Pansy, Rose, 
And every other flower of spring ; 
Said she, " One in his senses knows 
One person can't be all of those, 
Hence, you must Lilac everything." 

— Ex. 

At a recent meeting of the student body at Wil- 
liams it was decided to put the management of athlet- 
ics in the hands of a committee of nine, composed of 
three faculty, three alumni and three undergraduate 

In summer she's beside the sea ; 

Her skirt but reaches to the knee, 

Her lissom limbs disporting free, 

Save for a stocking. 

In winter when the crew runs by, 
With blushing cheek and downcast eye 
She turns her head and whispers, " My! 
How shocking! " 

— Yale Reccrd. 

The pensive light 
Of a Cuban night 

Is in her languorous eyes; 
And in her smile 
The tortured isle 

Recalls its captives' sighs ! 
A Cuban queen — 

Uncrowned as yet — 
She looks across the sea, 

Where shall forever rise or set 
Her star of Liberty 1 

— Four O'clock. 

Round the Year, a series of short Nature Studies. 
By Professor L. C. Miall, F. R. S. The subject 
matter of this book was suggested by interesting 
natural events which came under the notice of the 
author during the year of 1895. It will be of inter- 
est not only to every student of Natural History but 
to the casual reader as well. Common subjects are 
taken which have never before been treated in a 
popular way. While much practical and scientific 
information is given, it is written in such a free and 
easy style as to make it extremely intereresting. 

Life in Ponds and Streams. By W. Furneaux, F. 
R. S. G. S. In this we have another interesting 
work on Natural History taking up the aquatic repre- 
sentatives of Entomology and Zoology. But little 
attention has been given by naturalists to these forms 
of life ; something more conspicuous and attractive 
being preferred. Still nearly all the great divisions of 
the animal world have their freshwater representa- 
tives. It is evident that in a small book but a few of 
the most typical species of these groups can be dis- 




cussed. The text is very fully illustrated by over 
three hundred illustrations besides eight fine colored 

Degeneration. By Max Nordau. This book is 
translated from the Second Edition of the German 
work, and is dedicated to Caesar Sombroso professor 
of psychatry and forensic medicine at the Royal Uni- 
versity of Turin. The author was a student under 
the eminent scholar and professor and has in his work 
broadened the subject into a vast field of research. 
This book has created more comment than any other 
published for a long time. 

Vegetable Gardening. By Samuel B. Green, author 
of Amatuer Fruit Growing. Professor Green is a 
graduate of Mass. Agricultural college in the class of 
1879 and is now professor of horticulture in University 
of Minnesota. He wrote this treatise primarily as an 
aid in his classroom work. It is one of the first books 
published on the subject of Agriculture of the North- 
ern Mississippi Valley and being illustrated is a very 
complete manual. Most of the ilustrations are original 
and are taken from photographs made by Mr. R. S. 
Mackintosh of the Minnesota Experiment Station. 

The Reds of the Midi. An episode of the French 
Revolution translated from the provincial of Felix 
Cras by Catharine A. Janvier. In all French history 
there is no more inspiring story than the march to 
Paris, and doings in Paris of the Marseilles Battalion, 
made up of brave and resolute men. The leading 
motive of the author is to do justice to a body of men 
that history has treated very unfairly. The Marseilles 
Battalion which took such a prominent part in the 
French Revolution has been generally slandered and 
described as a band of cut-throats. And so the 
author has tried to bring out in his novel the hidden 
bravery of this band of men. 

The College Year-Books and A thletic Record for the 
Academic Year 1 896-97 has just been published. It 
is compiled and edited by Edward Emerson, Jr. The 
Year book contains an alphabetical catalogue of all 
American universities, colleges and schools, confering 
a degree and enumerated in the report of the U. S. 
Bureau of Education. Uuder the name of each 
college is given the number of professors, students, 
record of athletics, fraternities, publications, college 
yells, colors and in fact all matter concerning each 

to ride the Columbia bicycle — the acknowl- 
edged standard of bicycle excellence — com- 
bining in the highest degree every essential 
quality of design and construction. The 
oldest riders, the best riders, the intelligent 
wheelmen of the country ride 

to all alike 

Hartford Bicycles, second only to Colum- 
bias, $"5, $6o, $50, $45. Strong, hand- 
some, serviceable and at prices within 
reach of everyone. 

POPE fvlpG- GO., Hartfofd, Conn. 

Greatest Bicycle Factories in the World. Branch 
house or dealer in almost every city and town. 

Send one 2-cent stamp for handsomest bicycle cata- 
logue ever issued. Free by calling on any Columbia 

(flatehmaker and Optieian. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated watchwork. 


63 A] 


«S-At Reasonable Prices. -ffi» 


AMHERST, MASS., MAY 5, 1897 

NO. 12 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada. 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Randall D. Warden, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Alexander Montgomery, Jr., '98, Business Manager. 

Frederick H. Turner, '99, Ass't Business Manager. 
George H. Wright, '98. Willis S. Fisher, '98. 

Avedis G. Adjemian, '98. Warren E. Hinds, '99. 
William H. Armstrong, '99. Charles A. Crowell, Jr., '00. 
George F. Parmenter. '00. James E. Halligan, '00. 


Raise the flag-staff ! 

Senior Prom, this year? 

" Drill ye terriers, drill ! 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed to Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 


Y. M. C. A. 

Athletic Association, 
Foot-Ball Association, 
Base-Ball Association. 
Musical Association, 
College Boarding Club, 
Readmg-Room Association, 
Ninety-Nine Index, 

W. S. Fisher, Pres. 

J. S. Eaton. Sec. 

R. D. Warden, Manager. 

J. S. Eaton, Manager. 

C. A. Norton, Manager. 

J. P. Nickerson, Sec. 

L. F. Clark, Pres. 

J. R. Dutcher, Manager. 

All out for Track Athletics ! 

On the river of life 

Are you loafing, 
Simply floating, floating, floating 

With the tide. 

In the springtime of youth 

Are you sighing, 
Only trying, trying, trying 

To be sad. 

The world is not dreary. 

Life is moving, 
Ever proving, proving, proving 

Bright and gay. 

All creatures of the earth 

Are a'singing, 
Voices ringing, ringing, ringing 

Clear and loud. 

Come, arise, move onward, 

Time is flying. 
You are dragging, dragging, dragging 

On behind. 


Gentlemen, in our maiden issue I believe we 
promised to be funny whenever circumstances were 
rife, but, on further consideration we have decided 
that at present it is entirely unnecessary on our part 
to attempt humor so long as the intensely amusing, 
ridiculously humorous and intensely funny class of '00 
graces this institution with their presence. If you 
have thus far failed to make their acquaintance, lie 
iovv and wait your opportunity. Commonly your best 
chance for meeting them socially is at 1 a. m., which, 
we understand is their hour at home. 

We would like to impress upon those who are 
graced above the ordinary with an ability for writing 
humor or poetry ; or, who have some old manuscript 
stories lying about which have been repeatedly returned 
— with thanks — by unscrupulous magazine editors, 
that we, recognizing the degeneration of the modern 
magazine, would be pleased to print anything sent in 
to us for the improvement of literature in general and 
for our own reputation and good in particular. We 
make this appeal hoping that it will be taken in the 
right spirit and that it will succeed where heretofore 
argumentation or persuasion have always failed. 

How quickly fashion changes. Last year we were 
accustomed to see the Seniors each Sunday afternoon, 
when the sky was fair, sail out in all their glory with 



skirts flying like a full-rigged schooner out of ballast. 
This year the fad seems to have run its course and the 
only remains of a once popular cap and gown is 
observed in the special styles of female adornment 
which are occasionally seen on attractive visitors on 
Sunday afternoons. We are glad that this is so 
because we admire the cap and gown of the present, 
while we cannot but feel sorrowful for the man or men 
who would add to their dignity and impressiveness by 
means of this awkward and what would seem to us 
rather passe* custom of an earlier period of civil- 

Again, again, and again. Why will they always 
persist in mixing up the M. A. C. with Amherst ? We 
are unaware that the Amherst students are accus- 
tomed to call themselves " Aggies," and we are very 
sure that we do not wish to be known as Amherst men, 
not but what we have all due respect for our neighbors, 
but, that we wish to reserve for ourselves alone the 
honor of being one of the very best drilled battalions 
from among the various intercollegiate military depart- 
ments. To whose blunder the mistake of printing 
Brown, Amherst, and M. I. T. upon the intercollegiate 
drill poster is owing we are unable to ascertain, but 
we wish to call particular notice now, and in the future, 
that it is the Massachusetts Agricultural College which 
is interested in this Boston Prize Drill affair, and not 
Amherst. Amherst has no military department what- 
ever connected with the institution and we feel sure 
that if the public would recognize this fact it would 
save much confusion and ill feeling between the two 
colleges. The town of Amherst has located within its 
vicinity two colleges, widely differing in name and 
purpose. Amherst College, known chiefly as a clas- 
sical institution and supported by private funds is 
located centrally in the main part of the town, while 
the Massachusetts Agricultural College which is a 
state institution founded and supported by the com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts, and which deals with 
the natural sciences, is located one mile from the 
center of the town in as beautiful a spot as is perhaps 
to be found anywhere in the Connecticut valley. It is 
unfortunate possibly that the two colleges should have 
been located in the same town, but under the circum- 
stances there is no reason whatever for the names so 
often being confused. 



" That seemed strange because he v/as always so 
prompt. He did not come the next day nor the next. 
We began to get worried and Billy was sent to see 
what was the matter. In fact we did not know where 
he lived but Billy happened to remember that ' Blue 
Eyes ' had spoken of a certain street once, so he went 
there and inquired of many houses before he found 
the right one. 

"It seems that he had gone home on the night we 
last saw him, and, as the mistress said, appeared all 
right, ate his supper and went down for the mail. She 
said that she did not see him when he came back, but 
she thought that he must have returned about an hour 
later. He did not come down to breakfast the next 
morning, so she went up to see what was the matter. 
She found him tossing on his bed in a high fever and 
sent for the doctor. When the doctor arrived and 
questioned him, all he would say was, ' I have received 
very bad news.' 

" For two weeks he lay there on the verge of 
insanity. Something, evidently, was troubling his 
mind. He talked of such strange things ; sometimes 
he was making love to some one, sometimes he would 
curse and swear, then he would cry and moan. He 
had absolutely no appetite and it was almost impos- 
sible to get him to take anything. 

" But of course this could not continue forever. At 
the end of a month he was back to work, a little paler 
and sadder, yet to the boys he was ' Blue Eyes ' just 
the same although the name had a new meaning, now. 
From this time on he was our truest friend ; he helped 
us in every way that a man could. 

" It was about five years from the time when ' Blue 
Eyes ' first began to run an engine for us, or four years 
from the time of his sickness, that the accident part of 
my story comes in. We had stopped at a station in 
southern Vermont, the twenty-second of October two 
years ago, when all of a sudden the train gave a fear- 
ful bound. At the time I was helping a woman to the 
platform. We were knocked in every direction, a 
young man near me got his leg crushed under the 
wheels, and a girl was cut severely about the head. 
All was excitement ; there was the train speeding 
away at a fearful rate, here were we with many 
injured passengers. I was so amazed and horror- 



stricken that I could do nothing but gaze helplessly, 
first at the fast disappearing train, then at the confused 
scene around me. As I stood there undecided just 
what to do, I saw, to my great surprise, the train slowly 
backing around the curve up to the station. All of us 
who could rushed to the cab to see what had been the 
cause of the runaway. We found ' Blue Eyes ' in a 
high state of excitement. We questioned him, and 
so did the officers, but it was of no use, all he would 
say was that he had had a fainting spell. 

" Billy had stepped upon the platform for something, 
I forget what, when the accident occurred and was left 
behind with the rest of us. Thus, you see, there was 
no witness of the cause. 

" We could do nothing. Poor ' Blue Eyes ' was 
taken away by the sheriff to await his trial, which, 
when it came off, let no more light upon the subject 
than we already had. When he was asked to give 
his story, he said, ' 1 do not know how it happened 
except that I suddenly felt faint and reeled. Before 
I fell I had the lever in my hand and 1 must have let 
on the steam by my fall. I got right up, though, but 
it took me some minutes to realize what had happened 
and to stop the train ; then I came back.' 

" As they could not prove that it was anything more 
than mere accident for which he was not really respon- 
sible, he was acquitted. The company offered to take 
him back, in consideration of his past services, but he 
positively refused saying, ' No, I can never run an 
engine again ; 1 have lost all confidence in myself. It 
is of no use.' 

" We saw very little of him after that. He seemed 
to have something on his mind and did not care to talk 
with any one. One day, though, we were much 
astonished to see him come around in the morning as 
he used to, and come over to us and say, 'Well, 
boys, I think I'll try my luck somewhere else. You've 
all been good to me. Goodby.' 

" With an attempt at a smile and with tears filling 
his big, blue eyes, he shook hands with us all and left. 
I have never seen him since and it may be that I shall 
never see him again." 

The brakeman took off his cap and ran his fingers 
thoughtfully through his hair. 

" It was always a mystery to me, the cause of that 
accident," went on the brakeman after a pause, '• until 

one night, a year later, as Billy and I were talking it 
over, he said to me. ' Did you ever know why " Blue 
Eyes " had that fainting spell ? ' 

" No,' says I, ' Do you ?' 

" Yes, he told me about it one day just after the 
trial. We were talking together when he burst out 
suddenly with, ' Bill, I've been thinking I'd like to tell 
you something. I have never told any body yet, but 
if I could tell you I think I'd feel better. My home 
is in Maine near Bar Harbor. I used, when a boy. to 
go over there every day and sell vegetables to a large 
hotel. I kept this up till I was twenty, when something 
happened that has made my life what it is, oh, so 
lonely !' 

"'I always went over about seven o'clock, and 
returned about eleven o'clock in the morning. It was 
a pretty hard pull from our shore, especially if the 
tide wasn't running right. I generally towed behind 
me another boat full of stuff. 

" ' One day as I was rowing slowly back, I heard a 
loud crash behind me and at the same time felt a sharp 
pain in my head. What happened next I do not know, 
in fact I did not know what had happened until many 
hours afterwards. 

" • The next thing that I remember was the sound 
of a woman's voice. I tried to rise, but the attempt 
caused a severe twinge of pain and I uttered a cry. 
Then I heard that same voice say, ' He has come to.' 
At the same time I felt a firm yet gentle hand placed 
upon my forehead and heard a man say, ' Do not 
move, be calm. You are all right now, you have had 
a little accident, that's all.' 

" ' My mouth was so dry that I could hardly speak ; 
but I managed to murmur, ' Water, water!' Imme- 
diately a spoon was at my mouth. I took the con- 
tents, at the same time looking up. I shall never 
forget that face. Oh, that I had not seen it ! Her 
eyes were tear stained, but they had such a look in 
them that they touched me deeply. No girl had ever 
bent over me with such a tender look of sympathy.' 
Never before had I seen a face so full of compassion, 
nor do I expect to again. 

" ' I was very weak and could not talk much, and 
after asking a few questions, I fell asleep from exhaus- 
tion, from which sleep I did not awake until the next 



" ' When I awoke I was alone. It took me some 
moments to collect my senses enough to recall the 
things the doctor had said. I could not have been 
awake more than a minute or so, when the door opened 
softly and the doctor, the girl, and my uncle came in, 
followed by another man, whom I afterwards learned 
was the girl's father. He, not noticing that I was 
not asleep, said, " Doctor, how is he ?' For answer 
the doctor pointed to me." 

" ' Then my uncle stepping forv/ard, gently brushed 
back my hair, saying, " Well, well, Harvey, hard luck 
my boy ! You had a narrow 'scape of it." 

" ' I tried to smile, and said in a weak voice, " What 
— is — the — matter. ' ' 

" ' We were watching the bathers,' said the girl's 
father, ' and I did not see you till it was too late. I 
tried to steer clear of you, but could not. We struck 
your boat amidships, and the prow of my yacht hit 
you on the head. You went right over like a stone, 
but as good luck had it, my man caught you and 
hauled you in. If he had not had presence of mind 
enough for that you would have drowned. We brought 
you here and called a doctor. You are at the hotel 
and this is my room. I am," — but I guess I won't 
mention his name, — ' and this is my daughter.' 

" ' As he spoke the word ' daughter ' he placed his 
hand on the girl's shoulder, and as she glanced shyly 
at me, a beautiful blush spread over her cheek, fading 
slowly as she dropped her eyes. 

" ' Three days later I was carried home. I really 
hated to go for I enjoyed the young girl's company 
very much. She was in and out continually, asking 
if there was anything she could do for me. But I did 
not lose her entirely as I thought I should for next 
morning she came over to see how I was, she said, and 
to inqure if the journey had proved too much for me. 
And not only did she come that morning but she came 
nearly every morning while I was sick. 

" • After I got well her father forbade her to see me. 
She was a rich man's daughter ; I was a poor boy. 
But, ah, it was too late ; the mischief was already 
done. She cared for my company and I was unhappy 
without hers. When v/e found we could not see 
each other openly, we saw each other secretly. Our 
trysting place was the open sea, and scarcely a day 
passed that we did not meet each other ; she in her 

little row-boat, I in my skiff. And thus we spent 
many happy hours. As long as we saw each other 
we were happy and we cared little for what others 
might say. 

" ' All went smoothly for two months and our friend- 
ship deepened into love, when our happiness was sud- 
denly blighted by her father getting wind of her lonely 
trips. He became thoroughly angry and came in 
search of me. He found me in the garden in my old 
clothes, and if he had tried he could not have caught 
me looking worse. 

'•' I need not repeat what passed between us, but 
suffice it to say, that, before he left he told me never 
to see his daughter again. 

" ' I did not obey him, though, for I saw her next 
day, as we had agreed the day before. We planned 
a future in which we were both to take a very active 
part. She promised to be mine, and I in return, told 
her I would be true and as soon as I got a position, 
would come for her. 

" ' But all our plans have come to naught. As 
soon as she got home she was sent to a boarding 
school for a year, and then abroad for another year. 

" • I did not progress as rapidly as I had hoped to, 
and besides it was not until a month before my sick- 
ness that I located her. Then I sent a friend with a 
letter to her. I, somehow, could not go myself, and 
I did not care to send it by mail fearing that it might 
be intercepted. 

" ' The letter was never delivered, for my messenger 
learned that she had just been married. His was the 
sad letter that caused my sickness. 

" ' No doubt you wonder what all this had to do 
with my fainting turn four years later. It was this: 
while we were there at that station I saw her. She 
flashed upon my thoughts so quickly and unexpectedly 
that a most terrible, sickening sensation passed through 
me. I lost my control and pulled the lever. 

■" That is all, you know the rest. At times I can 
hardly bear my own thoughts, especially when I think 
that she believes me false.' 

" That, sir, is a sad story, you'll agree," said the 
brakeman in conclusion, " and that is the only accident 
with which I was ever connected." 



>gie ¥er§f, 



Up from the plain sweeps the southern breeze. 
And my cheek its warmth and freshness feels. 
And I watch it sway the new-leaved trees. 
And the languor of summer over me steals. 
And I sit and dream and gaze to-day 
Over the hills and far away. 

The story I meant to read is forgot, 
And the lessons I ought to learn, cast aside, 
And the hours pass by but I heed them not, 
And still in the selfsame spot I abide, 
And I sit and gaze for my thoughts to-day 
Are over the hills and far away. 

Over the hills and far away, 
The great world stretches, mysterious, unseen, 
With its bustling towns and its cities gay, 
And its rivers and mountains and valleys serene ; 
0, there's many wonderful things they say, 
Over the hills and far away. 

Over the hills and far away, 
I read of the glorious things that are done. 
'Tis the place where the great and the learned stay. 
And where fame and fortune and power are won. 
And I'm not content, for I long to stray 
Over the hills and far away. 

But time rolls by and the world moves on, 
And the years of youth will soon be past. 
And the longed-for day at last shall dawn, 
And my longed-for chance shall come at last. 
And then I shall pass to the fields that lay 
Over the hills and far away. 

Over the hills and far away 
There's a world of sorrow and sadness and pain, 
There's many to worry and trouble a prey, 
And many who struggle a crust to gain ; 
0, there's many a one who is tired of the fray, 
Over the hills and far away. 


And the great and the wealthy, where are they, 

Are not they happy, not they content ? 

Over the hills and far away, 

With their loads of care they are bowed and bent, 

And they fret and fume each weary day, 

Over the hills and far away. 


Over the hills and far away. 

I shall play my part as others have done, 

And I shall be weary and tired as they, 

When fame or fortune or power is won. 

For I then shall be wrinkled and old and and grey, 

Over the hills and far away. 

Over the hills and far away, 
When age comes on and my work is o'er, 
I shall love to linger on boyhood's day, 
When I had no care or, trouble to bore. 
And to think of the time ere I longed to stray 
Over the hills and far away. 

Over the hills and far away, 
Each willing man has a duty to do. 
There's a part that is given to each to play 
And his will must be strong and his heart must be true. 
But if his work be faithful the Lord will repay. 
Over the hills and far away. 

H. F. Allen. 

They say the tax they've put on bikes, 

Arouses wheelmen's choler, 
Deep in their pocket-books it strikes 

And clutches many a dollar. 
The man that writes such nonsense 

Is very weak on fac's, 
What causes all their kickin' 

Is the other kind of tacks. 

'Tis now the frowning batsmen at the watchful pitcher glare, 
'Tis now they send the leather sphere a'whizzing through the 

And as amidst the wild applause ; they round the bases roam, 
They think of that old saying " There's no place like home." 

H. F. A. 




At Amherst, April 27 ; Hayd6nville 5, M. A. C. 4. 

The first practice game of the season has been 
played and now we have had a chance to test our 
strength as a team and to see our weak points. Sev- 
eral of the men were playing their first game and so 
were handicapped by inexperience , nevertheless, 
they did some good work. 

Neither side did much at the bat and this seems to 
be our weakest point. Errorless playing may keep 
the score low, but it alone can never win the game. 
We need lots of good solid batting practice. 

Eaton had scarcely recovered from a two v/eeks 
sickness, still he pitched a good game as several of 
Haydenville heaviest batters can testify to their sor- 
row. But the strain told on him in the last two 
innings. We must remember that last year this 
same team defeated us by a large score while in this 
game they won only after a hard struggle. 

Till 3b. 
McCarty c. 
Moakler 2b. 
Ryan lb. 
Kating s.s. 
Hennessey l.f. 
Dumphrey r.f. 
Murphy m. 
Sheehan p, 






1 I 



M. A 











Emrich 2b. 






Warden 3b. 





Hinds l.f. 


Chapman s.s. 



Eaton p. 


1 1 


Hooker m. 



Halligan lb. 




Rogers r. 



Crowell c. 




M. A. C. 

4 4 27 19 4 

2 3—5 
2 10 0—4 

Northampton Y. M, C. A. and hard luck proved to 
be a little more than our team could handle on April 
28. Great disappointment was expressed when it 
was learned at the last moment that Hooker could 
not be on hand ; for besides being a good reliable 
fielder he was one of our best batters. There can be 
little doubt that if he had been present the game 
v/ould have been ours. Then in the sixth inning 

Warden had the misfortune to strain his ankle in try- 
ing to reach home and he was obliged to leave the 
game. Eaton's pitching did not compare with that 
of the previous game. Warden, Chapman and 
Eaton did the best work for Aggie and Tobin and 
Carver for Northampton. 







Kelley c. 




Tobin r.f. 






Spooner s.s. 




Clark r.f. 




Carver 3b. 





Sheldon l.f. 


Couch m. 

Preston lb. 



Phelps p. 






M. A. 











Emrich 2b. 




Warden 3b. 





Rogers 3b. 


Chapman s.s. 





Hinds l.f. 

Crowell c. 




Eaton p. 






Rogers r.f. 

West r.f. 

Halligan lb. 




Stanley m. 










Y. M. C. A. 




M. A. C. 

1 1 



The game with Mt. Hermon on Monday was the 
poorest exhibition given thus far this season by the 
college team. Through the first and until the fifth 
inning our team was in the lead and indications were 
that Aggie was going to win out at a gallop but in the 
last of the third, with five runs to the good, the ever 
distressing combination of unfortunate mis-plays 
commenced and before the Hermonites had finished 
their picnic five runs were safely balanced opposite 
our lead on the score cards. This is the record of 
the inning: A base on balls, a stolen base, a sacrifice, 
two hits to right, a foul catch back of first, a passed 
ball, a base on balls, a two bagger, a wild throw to 
first, and a fly out to left. 

After this the boys still had an opportunity to win. 
In the fourth Aggie scored one run and Mt. Hermon 
went out in order. In the fifth one more run was 
added to our total but in the last half Hermon made 
five runs on errors, a two-bagger, a hot grounder, a 
base on balls, a two-bagger, and an error. In the 


[ 55 

sixth after two were out Hermon scored three runs on 
two bases on balls, a hit, an error, and a hit. The 
inning closed with a high fly to third. 

The remainder of the game was but a continuation 
of the agony except in the first of the eighth when we 
would have had at least one run but for a mistaken 
decision of the umpire. With Emrich on second, 
Chapman lined out a beauty about six feet inside the 
right foul line, but the umpire would not allow it and 
fortune did not smile on us again. 

Eaton was hit the hardest of any game he has ever 
pitched, striking out only two men. For Aggie 
Crowell, Emrich and Halligan did the best batting 
while Stadie, Fowler and Maylott played best for Mt. 
































































A B. 




























































Mt. Hermon 



3 2 




2 1 





A maiden fair — a comely youth — 
He spoke his love and lo 1 

The maiden straightway " sat on ' 
And her reply was " no. " 

Another maiden — another youth — 
His love he did confess : 

The maiden soon did sit on him, 
But her reply was " yes." 


-Williams Weekly. 

^olle^t j^otfs- 

— Extra drill 1 

— Herbariums for sale cheap. 

— Chapman '99 has joined the D. G. K. Society. 

— J. S. Eaton was sick during the Easter recess. 

— S. W. Fletcher '96 has returned from a visit at 

— W. S. Fisher spent Easter and Patriot's Day at 
home in Ludlow. 

— Mr. Wallace was in Boston a few days during 
the third week in April. 

— P. H. Smith attended Easter services at the 
North church, Springfield. 

— E. F. Desmond of Springfield visited B. H. 
Smith during the Easter recess. 

— C. F. Palmer and H. F. Allen went on a horti- 
cultural trip to Mr. Palmer's home last week. 

— The Phi Sigma Kappa had their annual frater- 
nity picture taken the twenty-seventh by Lovell. 

— Prof. Babson lectured before the " Traveller's 
Club " last Saturday evening on his European travels. 

— Mr. Butler of Sunderland exchanged pulpits with 
Dr. Walker last Sunday. He was very interesting 
and those who heard him would gladly hear him 

— Six more specimens have been added to the 
Zoological museum lately. Five were donated and 
one was purchased. Mr. C. G. Clark '98 presented 
two of the birds. 

— A public telephone has been placed in the read- 
ing room under the charge of the Reading Room 
Association — a good way to save postage providing 
the other end pay the bills. 

— The B. U. application blanks are being issued by 
the President to those members of the Senior class 
desiring them. All these must be filled out and sent 
in with the usual fee on or before May 20. 

— The College base ball team did itself credit with 
Haydenville the 24th. Although the score 5-4 was 
in their favor, it was one of the best games played on 
the diamond for the opening season. 



— Mr. S. M. Sayford, who was to speak before the 
Y. M. C. A. the 25th, was suddenly called out of 
town by telegram the Saturday previous. 

— The tennis courts have received their annual 
over hauling. Now, the tournament is in order. A 
great deal of interest was taken in the game last 
spring and we would urge the directors to hurry the 
thing along. 

— Sunday walks seem quite the thing of late. 
Although the Freshmen cut church too, the Seniors 
were absent first. Doubtless these walks are very 
pleasant although rather tiresome the last half as they 
sometimes measure over thirty miles. 

— In the New England Homestead, dated April 24, 
1897, is to be found the familiar photograph of Dr. 
Goessmann. In the the same issue the subject of 
" Ins and outs of the Analyses of Fertilizers," is 
treated through correspondence with H. T. Faure of 

— Still another game brings great credit to our 
College base ball team. The game with Northamp- 
ton Y. M. C. A. was a good one resulting 4-3 in their 
favor. The game seemed ours but time told, and 
again we lost a victory, but we have great hopes for 
the future. 

— College exercises were suspended during Easter 
and Patriot's day, there being no church services 
held Sunday except the Y. M. C. A. in the afternoon. 
Some went out of town, others visited the neighbor- 
ing churches, while others made it a day of rest and 

— At a College mass meeting held last Thursday 
morning the plans of the athletic meet with Storr's 
were discussed. Mr. J. S. Eaton was elected Cap- 
tain and Mr. J. J. Armstrong was elected business 
manager. Prof. R. S. Lull has generously offered 
his services in training the men for the coming meet. 

— The Senior debate last Friday was, " Resolved, 
that intercollegiate football promotes the best inter- 
ests of colleges." The affirmative were : L. L. 
Cheney, C. A, Peters ; negative, J. A. Emrich, H. J. 
Armstrong. The judges appointed by Prof. Mills 
were C. I. Goessmann, L. F. Clark and J. L. Bartlett. 
Their decision was that the negative brought out the 
best points on the question. 

— Hon. Milton Whitney from the department of 
Agriculture in Washington, D. C. lectured before the 
College on " Relation of Climate to Soils," illustrating 
the lectures with stereopticon views. Thirty-two 
plates were used showing diagram drawings and the 
proportions of soil grades throughout the different 

— Mr. Asa Kinney, who has been experimenting 
with electricity on plants, has received very favorable 
criticisms on his bulletin in Electrical Review, Electri- 
cal Engineer, Scientific American, Popular Science 
Nature, California Fruit Grower and the Garden and 
Forest — a good way to make Aggie known to the 

The Chapel bell was ringing 

As some freshmen started out, 
On a Sabbath morn in April 

To catch a string of trout. 
Yet something in their outfit 

Seems to queer them for a time 
For instead of trout to please them 

They had bug juice on their line. 

— Freshmen ! Freshmen ! " When will ye cease 
your tortures." Your minds seem to be full of 
wheels, and to perch them in some lofty place seems 
to be your only wish. When it comes to spoiling 
a two hundred dollar (?) chaise and two seventy-five 
dollar wheels, it seems as if you would cease to be 
such an annoyance, to say nothing of getting "fired." 

And it won't be very long 
Before we hear the little song 
Of the electric as it goes a humming on. 
Yes, we are living in hopes that our Commence- 
ment will be made more pleasant by electrical trans- 
portation for our tired and aged friends. How con- 
venient the electrics will be to bring up our trunks 
when the terms open. 

— A preparatory competitive drill was held Thurs- 
day afternoon, April 22. Eighteen cadets were chos- 
en to practice for the drill in the Tech. Brown and 
Aggie military contest. Lieut. Wright has offered 
the sum of ten dollars for the Aggie student 
who wins first prize, and five dollars to the winner 
of the second, and if we get both the prizes the 
Lieutenant will give fifteen dollars. Drill practice 
will be held every Wednesday and Friday evenings at 
seven o'clock. 


J 57 

— Wagons have gone up lately. 

— Rather than to shock our commencement friends 
and alumni too much, the College note editor takes 
great pleasure in announcing that the interior of the 
" Hash-house " has been papered and painted. Into 
our renovated dining rooms will be ushered, manners 
and politeness which shall hold permanently. Here 
such gatherings as the " Kneipe " will be held, and 
here we shall also expect all our friends to eat with 
us commencement time. 

— A most beautiful and perfect picture of Rev. 
Wm. H. Hatch has been presented to the Hatch 
Experiment Station Library. Representatives Hatch 
was the prime mover in the passing of an act by 
which Congress — since March 2, 1887 — has granted 
$15,000 yearly for support of Agricultural colleges and 
since 1890 another bill was passed to increase this 
amount $1000 per year till it amounted to $25,000, 
from this time there should be appropriated, $25,000 

— The farm department has recently bought of the 
American Implement Harrow Company a combined 
corn-cultivator, harrow, grain-drill and grass seeder. 
With the present tests it has proved valuable ; a 
machine that no farmer can afford to do without. A 
Syracuse Swivel Sulky plow has also been purchased 
of the Syracuse Co., also a new fertilizer distributor 
with modern improvements which works more satis- 
factory than farm implements of its class usually do, 
bought of M. Morse & Co. A three horse cutaway 
harrow has also been added to the present list of new 
implements, bought of Higganum Mfg. Co. 


June 20, Sunday, Bacclaureate sermon by Dr. Chas. S. 
Walker. Address before College Y. M. C. A. 

June 21, Monday. Flint prize oratorical contest, Junior class. 
Burnham prize speaking, Freshman and Sophomore 

June 22, Tuesday. Tri-decennial day, 9 a. m. Salute of 30 
guns. 10 a. m., Drill. 2 p. m., Tri-decennial exercises. 
8 p. M., Reception by President and Trustees. 10 p. m., 
Commers of Alumni and Students in Drill Hall. 

June 23, Wednesday, Commencement Exercises. 

June 24 — 25, Thursday and Friday, Entrance examination. 

latch fe^pf rsmf n% Jta^tion 


A brief description of some of the instruments in 
use at the observatory : 

The Barometers. Two barometers are in use at the 
station, the Standard and Draper self-recording barom- 
eters. By the former tri-daily observations are made 
of the pressure of the atmosphere, while the latter 
gives a continuous record for one week. The charac- 
teristic feature of the Draper barometer is the fact 
that the axters of the barometer, instead of being rig- 
idly fixed are supported by spiral springs fastened to the 
frame to which is also attached the top tube, the upper 
end of which is enlarged somewhat. The recording 
pencil is attached to the lower cistern and by it fluc- 
tuations in the barometric pressure reduced to freezing 
are directly recorded on the chart which has a uniform 
lateral motion and is actuated by clockwork. An 
increase in pressure causes some of the mercury to 
run from the lower cistern up into the inverted tube 
thus decreasing the weight of the lower cistern which 
with the recording pencil is consequently automatically 
raised by the tension of the springs, while a decrease 
in pressure has the opposite effect. 

Thermometers. Space prevents our giving a detailed 
account of the thermometers, which latter consist of 
standard, wet and dry bulb, and maximum and mini 
mum thermometers. 

The Aoemoscope records automatically the direction 
of the wind and consists essentially of a weather vane 
to the lower end of it and attached to a cylinder car- 
rying a chart. Against this chart rests a small pencil 
actuated by clock work which thus traces the varia- 
tions in the direction of the wind. 

The Aerometer. The total wind-movement in miles 
is recorded by a cup aerometer, the revolving hemis- 
pherical cups being at the upper end of a vertical 
shaft extending through the roof of the tower while the 
recording apparatus and reducing mechanism is at the 
lower end, in the room. 

The Sun Thermometer. The daily sunshine is 
obtained by means of a metallic thermometer on the 
roof, which by a system of multiplying levers gives an 
automatic record in the room below. 

The Rain Gauges. The rainfall is obtained by 
means of standard United States signal service rain 




7 1 . — Jabez F. Fisher, employee at Parkinson 
Manufacturing Co. 

75. — The gift which Herbert S.Carruth has given to 
the college library is two of the latest works on Wash- 
ington, by Wilson in which he endeavors to idealize the 
ideal man and the other by Ford who takes just the 
opposite view. 

76. — News has been received of the death of Mr. 
George Urner from fusion of blood on the brain. 

'81.— Dr. Chas. E. Boynton, 501 Larkin St., 
New York, N. Y. 

79. — Samuel B. Green, Professor of Horticulture 
in Univ. of Minn., has just issued a very valuable book 
on the growing of vegetables for marketing and home 

Ex-'82. — Frank E. Chipman, Salesman, Boston 
Book Co., 15 1-2 Beacon St., Boston. 

'82. — Fred'k G. May, real estate, 66 Adams St., 

'84. — Luciano J. de Almeida, Planter, Estacao de 
Formosa. E. T. Rezende a Bocaina, E. S. Paulo 

'88. — Vicount Yatara Nishima is now employed in 
the Foreign Dep't of Imperial Japanese Telegraph 
Co., Tokio, Japan. 

Ex-'88. — James S. Parker, Professor of Mathe- 
matics, St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H. 

'94. — A. H. Kirkland has just issued a very inter- 
esting work on the life and habits of the toad and its 
usefulness for the destruction of injurious insects. 

'95. — Stephen P. Toole, Gardener and Florist, 
estate of G. H. Flint, Brighton. 

•95. — Harold Frost was in town last week, Office 
21 South Market St., Boston. 

Ex-'96. — Alfred Glynn, Jr., who was recently 
killed in Worcester, Mass., was a member of the 
class of '96, School of Agriculture. 

'96. — Harry T. Edwards, now in the office of 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Publishers, Boston. 

'96. — The present address of Francis Edmund de 
Luce is 256 President St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ex-'97. — Charles A. Ranlett is now with John 
Wallace, Real Estate and Insurance Agent, 53 State 
St., Boston. 

E>$C H&ns|es. 


He won, you say ; the other lost. 

But what is it to gain, 

And what to lose ? 
Can that which brings but pain 
Be counted as a victory 7 
And is it loss to choose 
A humbler path that leadeth to the door 

Where man finds happiness 
Forevermore ? 

— Dartmouth Literary Monthly. 


A pious-looking stranger came 

To Grave-Yard Gulch one day : 
He preached a sermon, stole a horse, 

Then quickly went away. 

They caught him ; strung him up, and then 

(As though 'twere not enough.) 
They said they had not killed a man, 

But simply " hung a bluff." 

— University Cynic. 


Said a biker to a farmer, 

" Did a lady wheel this way ? " 
Said the farmer to the biker, 

" I'll be hanged if 1 can say, 
From the outfits they are wearing 

From the mountain to the sea, 
Whether the biker is a woman, 

Or whether 'tis a he. " 

— Ex. 


What shall we drink? she sweetly said ; 
Name it yourself my pretty maid. 
Champagne, 1 guess, will do for me ; 
Oh guess again, my dear, said he. 



J 59 


The Birds of Montreal. By Earnest D. Wintle, 
associate member of the American Ornithologists 
Union. This list of birds has been published after a 
study for the past fifteen years of the bird life on the 
Island of Montreal and a few of the neighboring 
islands. Up to this time there has been no complete 
list of the Avifauna of this part of the country. The 
description of each bird contains a complete history 
in brief of its life from time of arriving until it leaves. 

Principles of Plant Culture. An elementary treatise 
designed as a text book for beginners in Agriculture 
and Horticulture, This treatise is published by E. S. 
Goff, Professor of Horticulture in the University of 
Wisconsin. This book has grown out of the author's 
experience in the lecture-room and laboratory and is 
intended for students who have had only a limited 
instruction in Botany. The book is illustrated with 
many fine engravings. 

English Essays from a French Pen. By Woodrow 
Wilson and illustrated by Harvard Pyle and Harry 
Fenn. The frontispiece is an engraving from the 
famous Anthenaeum portrait of Washington by Gilbert 
Stuart. This life is written in story form and 
although fully portraying the life of this great man it 
is not hard reading as so many historical lives are. 

The Relation of Literature to Life. By Charles Dud- 
ley Warner. This paper which gives the name to 
the book was prepared and delivered at several of our 
universities of introductory to a course of five lectures 
which insisted on the value of literature in common 
life. While some of the others may have been pub- 
lished in some of our large magazines they have been 
revised by the author and published in this interesting 

The True George Washington. In every country 
boasting of a history, there may be observed a ten- 
dency to make its leaders or great men superhuman. 
The author in this work has portrayed Washington as 
a great man, a great American. In many cases the 
descriptions are from the pen of Washington himself, 
taken from old records and manuscripts. This life 
by Paul Lincoln Ford is fully illustrated and is one of 
the best lives ever written of Washington. 



Boston & Maine, Southern Division. 

Trains leave Amherst going East for Ware, Oakdale, South 
Sudbury and Boston at 6.09, 8.16. a. m., 2.31 p. m., Sundays 
6.09 a. M. 

Returning leave Boston at 8.45 a. m., 1.30, 4,00 p. m. 
Sundays 1.30 p. m. 

For Worcester 6.09, 8.16a.m.. 2.31 p.m. Sundays at 
6.09 a. M. 

Returning leave Worcester at 9.15 a. m., 2.25, 4.58 p, m. 

6.09 a. m. and 2.31 p. m. connect at Ware with north bound 
trains on the Ware River Branch of the B. & A. and the 6.09, 
8.16 a. m.. and 2.31 p. m. connect with south bound trains on 
the same road. 

Trains leave Amherst going West to Northampton, at 7.40 
10.20 a. m., 12.05, 1.15. 4.40, 5.14, 7 28, 8.40 p m. Sundays, 
10.45 a. m., 5 19, 8.30 p. m. 

Returning leave Northampton at 5.55, 8.00. 8.50 a. m., 
12.30, 2.15, 4.20. 6,00, 8.20 p. m. Sundays, 5.55, 10.20a. m.. 
7.35 p. m. 

Trains connecting with the Connecticut River R. R., going 
south leave Amherst at 7.40, 10.20, a m., 12.05, 1.15,4.40, 
5.14, 7.30, 8.40 p. m. Sundays 10.45, a. m., 5.19. 8.30 p. m. 

Trains connecting with Connecticut River R. R., going 
north, leave Amherst at 10.20 a. m., 1.15, 7.28 p. m. 

New London Northern. 

Trains leave Amherst for New London, Palmer and the 
south at 7.05 a. m.. 12 14, 5.57 p. m. 

For Brattleboro and the north at 9.08, 11.50 a. m., 8.05 p. m. 

Trains leave Palmer for Amherst and the north at 8.20, 
11.00 a. m., 7.10 P. M. 

Trains going south connect at Palmer with B. & A., trains 
for the east and west. 

North bound trains connect with Fitchburg R. R. for the 
east and west. 


The President will be at his office at the Library from 2 to 
4 p. M. every day except Saturday and Sunday. 

The Treasurer will be at his office at the Botanic Museum 
from 4 to 5.30 p. m. on Wednesdays, and on Saturdays from 
3 to 5-30 p. m. 

The college library will be open for the drawing of books 
from 2 to 4 p. m. and from 6-30 to 8 p. m. every day in the 
week except Saturday and Sunday ; on Saturday from 8 a. m. 
to 12 M., from 1 to 4 p. M. and from 6-30 to 8 p. M. ; on Sun- 
day from 12 to 3 p. m., for reference only. 

Amherst College Library will be open from 8-45 a. m. to 6 
p. m. and from 6-30 to 9-30 p. m. except Sundays and the 
Holidays. M. A. C. students may obtain the privilege of 
using this library by applying to Pres Goodell. 

Mails are taken from the box in North College at 7-15 and 
1 1 a. m. and 4 and 6-15 p. m. 

The zoological museum will be open daily at 2-15 p. m. 
except Tuesdays and Sundays. 



Btotehmake? mi Optician. 

Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
and complicated zvatchwork. 

Dnni D 

00L pjOlg 



John Parnell, 

13, 15 & 17 Pleasant St., 

Northampton", Mass. 



flgj-At Reasonable Prices..©* 

50 YEARS* 



Anyone sending a sketch and description may 
quickly ascertain, free, whether an invention is 
probably patentable. Communications strictly 
confidential. Oldest agency for securing patents 
in America. We have a Washington office. 

Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive 
special notice in the 


beautifully illustrated, largest circulation of 
nuy scientific journal, weekly, terms 13.00 aj 
S1.50 sis mouths. Specimen copies and 
Book on Patents sent free. Address 

MUNN & CO., 
361 lirondwnv. New York. 

belong to the limited and distinguished class 
of men with trained and cultured minds. 

beiong to the limited and distinguished class 
of great mechanical creations. 



Standard of the World. 

toall alike " "'" ' ' "■■■'■'™" '■ i.i«i-«i«— ' »- 

Hartford Bicycles, second only to Colum- 
bias, $75, $6o, $50, $45. Strong, hand- 
some, serviceable and at prices within 
reach of everyone. 

POPE impc CO., HaPtfopd, Conn. 

Greatest Bicycle Factories in the World. Branch 
house or dealer in almost every city and town. 

Send one 2-cent stamp for handsomest bicycle cata- 
logue ever issued. Free by calling on any Columbia 





Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms SLOP per year in advance. Single copits, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Randall D. Warden, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Alexander Montgomery, Jr., '98. Business Manager. 
Frederick H. Turner, '99, Ass't Business Manager. 
Willis S. Fisher, '98. 
Warren E. Hinds. '99. 
Charles A. Crowell,' Jr., '00. 
James E. Halligan, '00. 

George H. Wright, '98. 
Avedis G. Adjemian. '98. 
William H. Armstrong, '9 
George F. Parmenter. '00 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed to Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 


Y. M. C. A. 

Athletic Association, 
Foot-Ball Association, 
Base-Ball Association. 
Musical Association, 
College Boarding Club, 
Reading-Rcom Association, 
Ninety-Nine Index, 

W. S. Fisher, Pres. 

J. S. Eaton. Sec. 

R. D. Warden, Manager. 

J. S. Eaton. Manager. 

C. A. Norton, Manager. 

J. P. Nickerson, Sec. 

L. F. Clark, Pres. 

J. R. Dutcher. Manager. 

As the winds blow, thoughts blow, 
Over the land and the sea ; 

Giving the Universe 

Knowledge, gloriously free. 

As the sun shines, love shines, 
In the hovel and the court ; 

And the humblest lover 

Laughs, and enjoys the sport. 

As the rains fall, cares fall, 

On every weary soul ; 
Sorrow follows sorrow 

Through life, ending with the goal. 

But as after each rain, 

The buds and the flowers. 

Are brighter and fresher, 
With nature's dowers. 

So sorrows and cares, 

Shall eft-soon depart, 
Leaving the sufferer, 

A softer, mellower heart. 


A General Catalogue of the officers and students of 
the Massachusetts Agricultural College since the 
opening of its doors in 1867 has recently been issued 
by Pres. Goodell. It contains a complete list of all 
persons connected with the institution, during the thirty 
years of its existence, with their present occupations 
and addesses. The book has been compiled with the 
utmost care and contains more than seventy pages of 
names and addresses. Illustrations of the present 
college buildings, are plentiful, and are sure to be of 
especial interest to the old graduates. A summary 
giving the total number of graduates and non-graduates 
living and dead, and a classification of the men found 
in the different walks of life are of especial interest. 
We are sure that this little volume will prove of 
inestimable value to all friends of the college. 

The track team under the able coaching of Pro- 
fessor Lull has made considerable improvement dur- 
ing the past week. The short and long distance 
runners were given a few valuable hints by Professor 
Nelligan of the Amherst track team, who has very 
kindly offered the use of Pratt field for training pur- 
poses. Several of the men who have come out show 
considerable ability so far and, with careful training, 
should break some of the college records. Perhaps 
the most promising of these are : Saunders, '00, who 
is reputed to be very fast on the bicycle ; Dutcher, '99, 
Gile, '00, and Emrich, '97, on the dashes; and Capt. 
Eaton, '98, and Maynard, '99, on the long distances. 
There are several promising shot and hammer men, 
and to these Coach Lull is giving a great deal of his 
attention. In the jumps, Capt. Eaton, Goessmann 
and Emrich, '97, are making the best showing and 
should make some new records. Definite arrange- 
ments have been made with Storrs for the meeting at 
Willimantic, and, from the present outlook, we would 
venture to predict a successful meet, with a fair share 
of the prizes falling to Aggie contestants. 

1 62 


Do you belong to the K. K. K.? Well! You should 
have attended the " Kneipe "several evenings back. It 
was a great treat, one that few people are fortunate 
enough to have in the courseof their natural existence. 
A Chinese " Kneipe " or banquet composed entirely of 
Chinese dishes ; and not only dishes, but food also was 
served to the assembled company gathered around Pres. 
Wellington. It is largely owing to the efforts of Dr. 
Flint, who is an epicure on Chinese food, that the 
society was made acquainted with the various dishes 
which are common with our Celestial cousins over the 
sea. The first part of the evening, according to custom, 
was given over to subjects of interest to science, while 
later the party was entertained by Chinese selections 
rendered by Dr. Flint on a queerly constructed Chinese 
instrument. We shall refrain from any attempt to name 
the various dishes served, but we unite with the prevad- 
ing sentiment of the assembled K. K. K. in pronouncing 
" chop soi " and other " soi's " very palatable dishes. 
We have dried pumpkin seeds, " li-che " nuts and 
Chinese incense on exhibition at this office. Open to 
all the curious. 

On to Boston, is the watchword ! Friday night we 
shall look from the galleries round the great Mechan- 
ics Hall auditorium and we shall hope to find, not only 
our dearest friend, but a large enthusiastic and eager 
crowd of loyal Aggie students and alumni. Last year 
what was more encouraging to the little band of Aggie 
soldiers, sweltering amid the parries and lunges, alone 
with the enemy on the vast floor of the hall, than the 
sharp, crisp and inspiring Rah ! Rah ! Rah-rah-rah \ 
A-g-g-i-e ! sounding loud above the cheer and echoing 
back and forth from gallery to gallery, infusing 
confidence and strength in our gallant little band. 
We hope this year that there will be even a larger 
body of loyal supporters than last. There is every 
indication of a greater success than that which was 
gained last May. Two first and two second prizes are 
to be given. Again, Harvard has failed to enter this 
year, leaving only three competitors for the four prizes. 
And the squad under the able direction of Lieutenant 
Wright has reached a high point of efficiency and has 
made an improvement over the work of last year. 
While there will be in all probability only six com- 
petitors chosen from the present squad yet after 

careful consideration the officers in charge have 
decided this to be a fair representation for the various 
colleges, and so the rest of the squad which goes from 
here will have the honor of representing the M. A. C. 
battalion in the " Dress Parade " where they shall be 
the center of attraction for all eyes. It is, therefore, 
no little honor to be chosen as a representative for the 
College, whether in the larger squad, or one of the 
fortunate six, and worthy of every effort on the part of 
the men to become competitors for military honors 
for the glory and aggrandizement of their Alma Mater. 

We are fast approaching the close of the third 
decade of the existence of our grand old college with 
her beautiful green velvety lawns and fine old elms 
which cast their shadows across them ; and at the 
approaching commencement season we are about to 
celebrate its thirtieth anniversary. These have been 
years of growth and progress. Rapid strides have 
been made in all departments of science, and at the 
present time we can truthfully say " there is no insti- 
tution in the land which affords better facilities for 
obtaining a more thorough general and scientific edu- 
cation than this. Her faculty is composed of men 
most thoroughly fitted for their positions and we are 
proud to read the names of Prof. Goessmann, one of 
America's best chemists, Prof. Fernald, famous as an 
entomologist, and of Prof. Stone our great botanist 
and biologist Fortunate in her strong faculty, we 
are proud to read that 75% of her children have 
become men of prominence in all parts of the world. 
We must not forget to mention our genial President 
who has so acceptabely filled this important position 
for eleven years. All honor is due to the man who has 
stood at the helm longer than any other president save 
one. Much has been said and written in recent years 
of new departures. It is proposed to inaugurate a 
new departure at this approaching commencement. It 
has to do with that banqueting hour when after satis- 
fying the demands of the inner man there is supposed 
to be a feast of reason and a flow of soul. Instead of 
the usual alumni dinner there will be given a German 
" Commers " which will be served at 10 P. M. June 
22. At this festive hour College and class songs 
and yells will be given and patriotic speeches will be 
the order of the evening. It is hoped that by this 



means a stronger bond of sympathy may be formed 
between the old graduates and those who are soon to 
join their ranks : that greater patriotism and a stron- 
ger feeling of loyalty shall be encouraged for the 
grand old college which has done its work so faith- 
fully, w. H. A. 


" Do you know him ? " 

" Yes. " 

" All right, there won't be any need then of my stop- 
ping him now, but I may want him by and by. " 

" Aren't you going to give that back to him ? " 

" Maybe, after I use it for awhile. " 

" What's up now ? You don't think you have a 
clue ? " 

" That's just it. See this coin here has an imper- 
fect stamp upon it and furthermore I don't believe 
the government made it. " 

" You don't ? " 

" No I do not. I've had it in my mind right 
along that there was some swindling going on and I'm 
going to trace where this came from if I can. This 
is the third one of these imperfect half-dollars that 
has fallen into my hands. You know I had some 
experience with a counterfeiter some years back." 

" Say, old chap, you're a smart one, that's all I can 
say. " 

" Smart or no smart I'm going to stop this thing 
if there is anything in it. " 

The foregoing dialogue took place between two 
brother detectives as they were walking down one of 
the main streets of New York City. To the outside 
world they were reporters ; but to the circles of 
detective secrecy they were two of the ablest detec- 
tives in that great metropolis. 

The conversation had been caused by the picking 
up of a half dollar which a man had just dropped in 
passing by. The finder, a detective, held it for a few 
moments in the palm of his hand and then carefully 
placed it in his pocket with the question with which 
this story opens. 

When the detective reached home that evening he 
made notes, as was his custom, upon the occourrences 
of the day and then read them over to himself. 
" Hum " said he in conclusion, " we didn't do much 

today ; but I think that find a lucky one. I wonder 
if I had better see that fellow Randolph, who dropped 
it. Yes ; no, I don't believe I had. Yes, I'll go and 
see him but I won't say anything about the coin till j 
sound him : he might know more about it than he'd 
care to tell. Let me see, — I want a house don't I ? " 
and he chuckled to himself at the thought. 

Having come to this conclusion, he locked up his 
diary in a little safe in which he kept a few other 
valuables, — detective outfits, detective letters, reports, 
and the like, — and went to bed. 

Eleven o'clock the next morning found him walk- 
ing leisurely towards the firm of Ralph P. Randolf, 
Real Estate and Broker. He intended to become 
acquainted with the- man in a business way : that is 
he was going to pretend he wished to buy or lease a 
house out of town. 

With this aim in view he entered the office and 
asked if Mr. Randolf was in. 

No, Mr. Randolf was not in ; but he was expected 
back every momement. Would the gentleman be 
seated and wait ? 

Yes, the gentleman would wait and so sat down 
in the proffered chair. Nothing could have pleased 
him better. Now he could, perhaps, get some idea 
of the business of the man he was to track. 

A half hour elapsed before Mr. Randolf returned. 
In the meantime five other persons had come in, two 
of whom were still waiting ; the other three appar- 
ently business men, went out, saying they would return 
later. As the broker entered, the detective stepped 
up to him and said : 
" Mr. Randolf, I believe." 

" Yes," said he. 

" I wanted to know," continued the detective, " if 
you had a good, out-of-town house to lease or sell." 

Certainly, he had many houses both to lease and 
sell and was only to glad to make arrangements to 
show them to him. They decided that they would 
first go to lunch and then to see the houses. 

During the drive out the detective had an excel- 
lent chance to become acquainted with the broker. 
He even learned a little of his private life. They saw 
three houses, two of which did not suit the detective, 
but the third he thought deserved his consideration. 
He would think it over and call upon the broker the 
next day. Thus he not only had an excuse for seeing 



him the next day, but also for many days following. 

He watched the broker carefully and after a week, 
or a little over, had about reached the conclusion, that 
the man had not come by the money illegaly, when 
one day he learned something that made him change 
his mind and alter his course a little. It was the 
fact that Mr. Randolf when a boy was apprenticed to 
a silver-smith ; but, as the occupation proved rather 
distasteful to him, he turned his attention to the more 
congenial employment of brokerage and real estate. 

" Ha, ha " thought the detective, " you do know 
something about silver after all. Perhaps I may still 
find out that you know a thing or two about that coin. 

I guess I'll look at one or two more houses, — just 
for a little diversion." 

The detective kept en the alert for any stray word 
or look which might indicate that he was on the right 
track. It was slow work ; but he had a great deal 
of perseverance. Something, moreover, told him 
that he was persuing the right course. It was not, 
however, till after about six months had passed that 
he considered he had sufficient evidence to make an 
arrest. But on that night preceding the day on which 
he was to perform the painful duty of accusing the 
broker of counterfeiting, other and greater deeds had 
taken their effect. 

As the detective, at eight o'clock the next morn- 
ing was riding to the police headquarters to take out 
a warrant for an arrest, he bought a morning paper. 
On opening it the first thing that met his eye was the 
glaring headline : — 

" Tragedy and Robbery in High Life. 

One of New York's First Business Men Commits 

Alleged that he has embezzled $100,000. 

Last night the well known and respected broker, 
Mr. Ralph P. Randolf, of this city committed suicide 
by strangulation. Little is yet known of his affairs 
and the reasons for such an act ; but it is illeged 
that he has used other people's money to the amount 
of $100,000. Mr. Randolf leaves a wife and three 
children, two girls, aged sixteen and twenty-one, and 
a son aged nineteen. He and his family have moved 
in the first society of New York and " etc. etc. 

" Whew " whistled the detective, •' you don't say ! 
No need of arrest now. His folks will have enough 
disgrace to bear without my showing this up. There 

is no need of making their suffering any worst even if 
they may have been somewhat to blame ." 

On entering the office he went up to the captain 
and said, showing him the paper. " Here Cap." 
read this ?" 

" Yes," replied the captain. " Was he any relat- 
ion to the fellow you're to call on to-day ? " 

" The very same one. " 

" What, you don't say ! Well, well, well. " 

" I don't think," continued the detective, "I'll carry 
this any farther." 

" No," answered the captain laughing, " he 
would'nt give you much satisfaction now, I'll admit." 

" Seriously, captain it wont do any good to do any- 
thing about it now, and it would only be a cruel blow 
to his family and I can't do it. It is bad enough to 
accuse the man himself, let alone his family ; but 
now he is gone, what is the use of tormenting his 
wife and children with the fact that he was a counter- 
feiter also? 

No, I won't do it. I have a wife and girl at home 
and I know what it would be to them if I was to go 

"You're right, Phil ; keep it to your self and nobody 
will be the wiser " said the captain thoughtfully. 
" God knows they have enough to bear without our 
making it worse. Yes keep it to your self." 

And he did. 

Aggie Freshmen, 12; Amherst High School, 11. 

The first Freshman game was played on the cam- 
pus, May 5, and resulted in a victory for the home 

With few exceptions the game was well played. 
Both sides batted heavily and errors were common. 
The game was exciting from the start, and at the end 
of the fourth inning it looked as though the Freshmen 
were going to lose as the score stood 6- 10 in the High 
School's favor. In the next inning the Freshies pounded 
Clutia all over the lot, scoring six runs. Then in the 
sixth inning with three on bases and none out, High 
School only succeeded in scoring one run, owing to the 
quick fielding of the freshmen college nine. Only six 
innings were played as the varsity then took the 

The features of the game for Aggie were the field- 



ing of Gile, the batting of Baker and the all around 
playing and base-running of Capt. Halligan and 
Crowell. For the High School Pomeroy and Fisher 
played well. 










Baker, 1 





Crowell, c 








Halligan. 2 








Atkins, r 










West, p 






Gile. 1 




Rogers, 3 












S B. 




Alwood, 3 






Pomeroy, c 







Clutia. p 






Phillips, 1 





Baker, r 





McCoy, 2 






Faneuf, 1 





Fisher, s 






Morse, rn 









Aggie Freshmen, 






Amherst H 







Aggie, 9 ; Williston, 7. 

The fourth game of the season was played at Wil- 
liston, May 8 and resulted in a victory for Aggie. 

In the first four innings Williston made all her runs, 
making four in the first and one in each of the suc- 
ceeding three innings. Emrich began the fun in the 
third by cracking out a beauty single. He stole sec- 
ond and was advanced to third by a wild pitch, scoring 
on Crowell's fly to right. Hinds received a base on 
balls and then came a pretty double steal by Crowel' 
and Hinds. Chapman came to the bat and lined the 
first ball pitched for a two-bagger between centre and 
left sending Crowell and Hinds home. 

Several Williston players tried to steal second, but 
owing to Crowell's superb throwing they were nailed 
in their tracks. Emrich was beautifully backed up 
on these throws by Chapman and Peters. Chapman 
received great applause by a beautiful catch over 
Emrich's head which would have meant a run had he 
not been there. Peters made two pretty stops over 

Emrich again started the fun in the seventh by 
making a single and stealing second. Warden was 
presented with a base on balls ; Crowell made a sac- 
rifice forcing Warden at se - cond and advancing Em- 
rich to third. Hinds was the next man up. He had 
a determined look on his face and he was equal to 
the occasion for he cracked out a three bagger 
between centre and right, which would have been a 

home run but for the tennis courts in the lower part 
of the field. This hit brought in two runs making the 
score 6-5 in favor of Williston. Chapman's turn came 
next and he hit the ball to short. Ely the first base- 
man muffed the thrown ball. Chappy stole second and 
third, for the catcher and third-baseman were easy. 
Clark fanned the air three times and Halligan made 
a base hit over third sending Chappy in. He also stole 
second and third and was left there as Peters could 
not connect with the ball. 

After this inning Eaton's arm became limbered up 
and he pitched his usual steady game. Williston's 
heaviest batters were retired in one, two and three 

In the ninth with three men on bases and only one 
out Flower came to the bat. He hit the ball to short 
and Chapman picked it up and threw it home, and 
Crowell threw to first executing a neat double play 
which ended the game. 

The features of the game were the batting of Hinds 
and Chapman, the steady pitching of Eaton, and the 
all around work of Capt. Emrich and Warden. 

In justice to our own team we would say that the 
work of Umpire Rosa was far from satisfactory and 
that he played a very important part in several of the 
strike outs and plays. 








Emrich, 2 







Warden, 3 






Crowell. c 







Hinds, 1 





Chapman, s 






Clark, r 



Halligan. 1 





Peters, m 




Eaton, p 












Pond, p 







Riddell, r 





Taylor, m 






Flower. 2 






Roberts. 3 





Turtle, s 






Ely, 1 





Goodrich, 1 



Milton, c 











6 7 








Wiiiiston. 4 1 1 10 

Aggie, 8; Mt. Hermon, 7. 

On Monday May 17, Mt. Hermon vs. Aggie, the 
latter winning in a closely played game. 

In the first inning Aggie made five runs. Emrich 
started the ball rolling by making a single between 
short and third. Warden flied out to centre. Hinds 

1 66 


cracked out a base hit putting Emrich on third. Then 
Hooker rapped out a single scoring Emrich and driv- 
ing Hinds to third. Then Chapman stepped to the 
plate and '99 gave him a cheer. Two strikes were 
called on him and the next ball pitched he drove to 
centre. Luckily this ball went through the centre 
fielder's legs, scoring Hinds and Hooker, and by this 
time Chappy was holding down third base. Crowell 
was out to first on a grounder, Chappy scoring on a 
throw to first. Halligan kept up the fun by making a 
single over third and Peters closed the inning by a hit 
to Conklin. 

In the first two innings Mt. Hermon did not suc- 
ceed in scoring any men but in the third, they made a 
run on a two bagger by Fowler, a base on balls to 
Robertson, and by Stadie's fly to Hooker. Then 
came the fatal fourth inning. 

Thompson opened up the inning by a corking two 
bagger along the third base line. Then Fowler came 
to the bat and placed the ball to right garden for a 
base hit. Robertson flied out to Hinds and Stadie 
banged the ball to Hooker who muffed it after a hard 
run. Thompson and Fowler scored. Riggs proved 
to be a good waiter and was given a base on balls. 
Ketchum cracked out a single between short and sec- 
ond scoring Stadie. The next three men — Miller, 
Hurst, and Conklin — were presented with a base on 
balls, scoring Riggs, Miller and Hurst. The score 
now stood 7-7. 

In the second inning we scored two runs. Emrich 
hit the ball to right garden for a base. Warden sent 
up a high foul to Robertson. Hinds made a base hit 
and Hooker landed the ball over second, scoring 
Emrich and Hinds. We made a run in fifth by a hit 
to third by Halligan, Fowler throwing wild to first and 
Halligan crossed the plate making the score 8-7. 

After this inning no runs were made by either side, 
there being some great fielding done by both teams. 
The features of the game were the steady playing of 
the team at critical moments and the absence of 

Emrich, 2 
Warden, 3 
Hinds. 1 
Hooker, m 
Chapman, s 
Crowell. c 
Halligan, 1 
Peters, r 
Eaton, p 

























































Thompson, 2 







Fowler. 3 







Robertson, c 




Stadie. 1 




Riggs. s 




Ketchum, m 






Mllier, r 



Hurst, 1 





Conklin, p 









4 5 



8 9 






Mt. Hermon, 








We are more than pleased to see the unusual flood 
of college spirit which is now manifesting itself among 
the students. It comes with a melodious (?) accom- 
paniment of tooting horns, rattling drums, singing 
bells, and booming guns which stirs the latent enthus- 
iasm in the heart of every hearer. It is an element 
in our college life which is essential to the success of 
our teams and to the prosperity of our Alma Mater. 
We believe that one of the legitimate results of this 
will be seen in larger entering classes, for just as 
surely as enthusiasm wins for itself followers in the 
business world, so surely will it attract more young 
men to this institution. Let everyone take a personal 
interest in the success of our teams, let them have 
your earnest, whole hearted support and then will we 
more frequently win the victories for which we are 

Last Friday the Committees on Agriculture, Educa- 
tion, and Military of the state legislature made their 
annual visit for the inspection of the college. This 
visit is always lamented (?) by the students because 
it deprives us of the privilege, so dear to the heart of 
each of us, of attending recitations on that day but we 
are consoled by the fact that these visits are always 
in the end, productive of good to us. There is no 
more forcible way to impress upon our legislators any 
need of our college than to have them come here and 
see what we are doing with our present facilities and 
the greater opportunities for better work which would 
be opened up to us by the addition of some needed 
equipment. Accordingly, President Goodell signified 
to his visitors his intention of calling upon them soon 
for an appropriation to provide a suitable laboratory 



for the study of Vetrinary Science together with a 
building in which diseased animals could be confined 
while being studied. 

* * 


Our new water system is an improvement which 
has long been needed and we are sure that it will be 
greatly appreciated when it is fully completed and in 
running order. Much inconvenience has been caused 
in the past by the sudden and sometimes wholly 
unexpected cessation of our regular water supply. 
So we have willingly jumped ditches and seen our 
grounds dug up, thinking only of the good time com- 
ing when we will no longer be obliged to go without 
water for more than two days in succession ror to go 
down to the brook to perform our morning ablutions. 
The reservoir on Clarke Hill has ample capacity for 
all probable demands and in case of fire when the 
Pelham supply is shut off it would be of inestimable 

— Commers ! 

— Hurrah for the Freshman base ball team. 

— Seniors were well represented at Chapel last Sun- 
day, Why? 

— W. R. Crowell '00 and S. E. Smith '99 suffered 
severely from ivy poison last week. 

— N. J. Hunting '00 is sick with the measles. 
" How many times have you had 'em ? " 

— W. E. Chapin '99 spent Sunday with his friends 
in Chicopee. 

— The flag pole has been recently painted and once 
more the " Stars and stripes" float over the College 

— C. M. Walker '99, a former member of the 
Amherst High School '97 assisted in the musical 
program in the entertainment last Wednesday night. 

— On account of the rain last Wednesday the base 
ball game with Northampton Y. M. C. A. was post- 
poned until sometime later. 

— The new rooms of the Phi Sigma Kappa frater- 
nity have been finished and the first meeting in their 
newly extended quarters was held last Saturday night. 

— Rev. Dr. Leonard W. Bacon of New Haven 
will address the Young Men's Christian Association, 
Sunday evening at eight o'clock, of commencement 

— The Senior class is fortunate in securing Rev. Cal- 
vin Stebbins to preach the Baccalaureate sermon as he 
is one who will adapt himself to the circumstance in 
an able manner. 

— The executive committee of the K. K. K. has 
chosen John Marshal Barry as business manager of 
the Commers which will take place Tuesday night of 
Commencement week. 

— The eighth day of May records a victory for the 
Aggie baseball team in a game with Williston. The 
score being 9-7. The game, though full of errors was 
an exciting contest from beginning to end. 

— Several of the students have worried fearing that 
the College grounds will not look as neat as usual, on 
account of the laying of waterpipes, but the wurk is 
nearly completed and will be finished at the time 
stated by the contractor. 

— The catalogue of all the students who have ever 
been connected with the College, since its origin, has 
been issued within the last few days, and great praise 
is due President Goodell for his untiring efforts to 
make it such a valuable directory. 

— The Freshman base ball team defeated Amherst 
High School team, May 7, by a score of 12-11. The 
game consisted of eight innings and was very excit- 
ing, especially in the few last innings. With a little 
encouragement the team would develop a good deal. 

— Rev. Calvin Stebbins addressed the College 
students last Sunday. An unusual large attendance 
was present. Mr. Stebbins held the attention of all 
in an interesting manner and undoubtedly some of the 
impressions will remain lodged in our memory for 
some time. 

— The Wild West Exhibition, which will be given 
at Holyoke, Sat. May 22, is divided into three distinct 
departments, each one important and extensive enough 
to be a complete show in itself. They are the repro- 
duction of scenes and incidents from actual life among 
the Indians, cowboys and pioneer frontiersmen, a Con- 
gress of the Rough Riders of the World and a Mili- 
tary Alliance of the picked cavalrymen of England, 
Germany, France, Russia and the United States. 

1 68 


— Mr. J. M. Barry has also been on a practical 
gardening trip. His work covered fifteen acres in the 
vicinity of Buzzard's Bay and through reports, Mr. 
Barry did very excellent work, both in the selection 
of varieties of shrubs, and also in the elaborate designs 
in which the shrubs were placed. 

— Prof. Maynard seems quite partial to his Horti- 
cultural division. Last Friday in company with Mr. 
Leavens, Mr. Barry, Mr. Drew and Mr. Bartlett, the 
professor visited the grounds of Dr. Goessmann pay- 
ing particular attention to the ornamental trees and 
shrubs. Several trips previous to this one, have been 

— Immediately after the drill last Friday morning, 
two picked nines, known as " Hot Dogs " and " Tril 
by-ites " played an eighth inning game. The battery 
for the former was Eaton and W. R. Crowell, for 
the latter E. M. Wright and R. D. Warden. Lieu't. 
Wright umpired. The delicate footed nine won by a 
score of 12-6. 

— The 1900 caps made their appearance the first 
Friday in May after the victory over the Amherst 
High School base ball team. They are dark blue in 
color with two red zero's on the front. The hat is of 
pleasing style, pretty and neat in appearance and ser- 
viceable. We congratulate " naughty naught " on 
their good taste. 

— The following Freshmen spoke before the faculty 
last Friday afternoon : Howard Baker, Charles A. 
Crowell, Warner R. Crowell, -James W. Kellogg, 
Allen L. March, Arthur C. Monahan, George F. Par- 
menter, Francis G. Stanley. From this list C. A. 
Crowell, A. L. March, G. F. Parmenter and F. G. 
Stanley were chosen to speak on the Burnham Prize 
Four next commencement. James W. Kellogg was 
chosen as substitute. 

— A week ago Monday two terrible windstorms 
came upon the College. The first one was about 
two o'clock and lasted for a few minutes only, but the 
velocity of the wind was great enough to bend the 
Meterological flag staff and blew over a tree near the 
Drill Hall. The speed of the wind was 65 miles an 
hour. The second storm came in time to dismiss us 
half an hour early from drill. The rain came down 
in torrents and although the wind was strong, no par- 
ticular damage was done. 

— Decoration Day this year, will truly mean a holi- 
day to every Aggie Student. In previous years we 
have marched beneath the boiling sun until we were 
nearly baked and so thirsty we could hardly drink 
soda(?) In spite of the honor and congratulations, — 
we feel this year like seeing the rest drill. Out of the 
whole battalion only one responded as willing to go 
and thus it seems advisable that we let others share 
in the heaps of honor that are so certain to be brought 
upon those who participate in the parade. 

— The Sophomores who spoke before the faculty 
last Thursday afternoon to contest for the Burnham 
Four were : W. H. Armstrong, J. R. Dutcher, W. 
E. Hinds, G. C. Hubbard, H. E. Maynard, B. H. 
Smith, S. E. Smith, F. H. Turner, C. M. Walker, 
E. M. Wright. Those who were chosen by the Fac- 
ulty are : W. H. Armstrong, W, E. Hinds, H. E. 
Maynard, E. M. Wright. This was the choice made 
by the faculty, though unquestionably but for a tech- 
nical decision of the judges Mr. Dutcher's rank as a 
speaker would entitle him to first place. 

— Bearing in mind that there was no military ball 
last winter and fully realizing that the Seniors are not 
to have their usual Commencement promenade, " a 
few of the desirous" held an " Assembly " in the 
Drill Hall on the evening of May 6. The patronesses 
were Mrs. H. D. Haskins and Mrs. E. A. Jones. 
Smith College, as usual was was well represented as 
also was the Amherst High School, Miss Buffum's 
School and ladies in the neighboring vicinity. The 
dance order included twenty dances with waltz and 
two-steps alternating. The main object of the affair 
was to have a pleasant social time, and secondly to 
give the financial profits to the athletic association. 
At a late hour the dance order was completed and 
the electric light warning capped the climax to the 
third extra. 

Last Friday the legislative committee made their 
annual visit to the College. About eight o'clock, the 
usual time for morning prayers, the commitfee assem- 
bled with the students in the chapel. Following this 
exercise the military department turned out its pretti- 
est, consisting of battalion drill, signaling with flags 
and heliograph and execution of the manual and bay- 
onet exercises by the Boston Preliminary Prize Squad. 
The visitors seemed especially pleased with the firings 
executed by the battalion which truly did do itself credit. 



Several visited the meterological department and later 
a trip was taken to the barn. The committee seemed 
well pleased with all that they saw and if they were 
thoroughly pleased with our President's remarks at 
Chapel time we trust they will see that we have the 
Veterinary building suggested by him, if they get into 
the legislature next year. 

English hay 

Standard. 1 
Flavor, 50 
1 Grain, 25 
j Salt, 1 
! Color, 10 
General ap- 
pearance, 5 5 

47.5 47 43 
25 25 25 
10 10 10 
10 10 10 

Black grass 

I 11 in 

44 47 47 

25 25 25 

10 10 10 

10 10 10 

Fox gras 





48.5 49 
25 25 

10 10 
10 10 






During the past winter season, a series of milk ex- 
periments have been in progress at this station with 
salt-marsh hay, to determine its value when compared 
with a good quality of English hay. The marsh hay 
has a distinct salt-sea flavor and smell. Animals as a 
rule will take one feeding a day with evident relish. 
In addition to the above experiments, which are still 
in progress., we have endeavored to note whether this 
hay imparted any objectional flavor to the milk and 

The experiment was divided into three periods 
of about 9 days each, and each of the 12 cows were 
fed as follows : First period, 5 pounds of wheatbran, 
2 1-2 pounds of Chicago gluten meal, 2 pounds of 
corn meal, and a good quality of first cut English hay 
ad-libitum. After a week had elapsed, the cream was 
churned from three successive days. In the second or 
salt hay period, 12 pounds of black grass (salt) were 
substituted for a like amount of English hay. Another 
variety of salt hay was used in place of the black grass 
in the third period. 

The salt hays were fed after milking. Precautions 
were taken to keep the milk as clean as possible, and 
it was removed to the dairy room immediately after 
being drawn from each cow, and cooled by being im- 
mersed in ice water. 

Three different parties to whom the milk was sub- 
mitted could detect no objectional flavor. Samples of 
each of the 9 lots of butter.were sent to Mr. O. Doug- 
las of Boston, who together with another party, scored 
them as follows : 

55 555 555 

Total. 100 97-5 97 98 94 97 97 98.5 99 97 

Mr. Douglas comments as follows on the butter 
received from the third or fox grass period : "I 
scored this butter myself, and had several good judges 
score after me, and the majority decided in favor of 
it as slightly the best of the three samples." " You 
must have had some new milch cows to have been 
able to make any such butter at this season of 
the year." 

The facts were that 9 of the 12 cows had been in 
milk from 6 to 10 months, and the other three about 
3 months. The cream was raised by the Cooley 
process. Mr. F. W. Mossman took charge of the 
cream, and made the butter. 

While no one will deny that certain feed stuffs are 
liable to impart an objectional flavor to dairy products, 
the above experiment serves as an illustration of what 
can be accomplished by using proper precautions in 
feeding, and by the application of scientific principles 
in the care and manipulation of the resulting product. 
The writer is of the opinion that by far the larger part 
of the bad flavor gets into milk or butter after milKing 
rather than during the progress of milk formation. 


The coming commencement at the college promises 
to bring together a large number of former students. 
The exercises of commencement week will possess 
more than ordinary interest, The baccalaureate 
sermon is to be. preached by the Rev. Calvin Stebbins 
of Worcester, a clergyman widely known for his large 
views of life, as well as for his ability as a preacher. 
Tuesday, tri-decennial will assuredly be full of interest 
to everyone. The military drill will take place in the 
morning contrary to the general plan of recent years. 
At 2 p. m. occur the tri-decennial exercises. A 
speaker of recognized ability will deliver the principal 
address. Every loyal M. A. C. man should attend 
this gathering. 

It is understood that the graduating class are pre- 



paring a novel program for their class day exercises 
at 3-30 p. m. Class reunions will take place between 
5-30 and 8 p. m. to be followed by the President's 
reception. Alumni! We should show our appreciation 
of the grand work accomplished for our institution by 
President Goodell, by our personal presence. The 
Commers at 1 p. m. will be a fitting climax to the day's 
exercises. Th is will probably bring together the largest 
number of former students ever witnessed here. Trus- 
tees.faculty, alumni, non-graduates and undergraduates 
will unite in kindling a mighty wave of enthusiasm 
for the future good of M. A. C. 

Old students should come back to see what the 
college is capable of doing to-day. The younger men 
should return bringing with them the enthusiastic 
spirit of their college days. Every one should make 
an effort to stand on Aggie soil once again, and 
renew his allegiance to his Alma Mater. 

J. B. Lindsey, '83. 

The latest and perhaps the silliest college yell is 
that adopted by a college at Ouachita, Ark. It is as 
follows : 

" Boom-a-lacka, boom-a-lacka, 

Bow, wow, wow, 
Ching-a-lacka, ching-a-lacka, 

Chow, chow, chow. 
Boom-a-lacka, ching-a-lacka, 

Who are we ? 
Who's from Ouachita ? 

We, we, we. 
Whoo-ra, whoo-roo, 

Dipla. diploo, 
Ri, siki. hi. 

Hot, cold, wet or dry, 
Get there Eli. 

Ouachita fly high." 

The Buffalo Kindergarten has caught the craze, 
and has evolved the following " yell " : 

" B, a, bay ; B, y, bee ; 
Muzzer's precious kids are we ! 
Enie, meenie, minie, mo ! 
Kindergarten ! Buffalo ! ' ' 

—N. Y. D. T. 


"Queer things will happen sometimes" he said, 

As low he bent over the lass; 
But she answered quickly with twinkling eye, 

"That explains how you came to pass. " 

— Hat vard Lampoon. 

70.— Granville A. Ellis. Publisher, 53 Chaun- 
cery Lane, London W. C. Eng. 

72. — Julio J.Delano, Merchant, Esmeralda 11, 
Santiago, Chili, S. Amer. 

75. —Richard S. Stearns, Lawyer 224 Wash. St., 

'85. — Isaac N. Taylor, employ, San Francisco Gas 
and Electric Co., 229 Stevenson St., San Francisco, 

'86.— C. F. W. Felt Chief Engineer of the Gulf 
Colorado and Santa Fe, Ry. 1038 miles of road, Gal- 
veston, Texas, March 3, was elected member of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, being the first 
M. A. C. graduate to secure this honor. 

'86. — Joseph F. Daniels, Art Instructor State Nor- 
mal School, Greely, Col. Address 1202, 11th St., 
Greely, Colorado. 

'87. — Wm. H. Cadwell, sec. and treas. of the 
American Guernsey Cattle Club. Treas. for Peters- 
boro Creamery Co., Proprietor of " Clover Ridge 
Farm," Petersboro, N. H. 

'89.— Mark N. North, M. D. T. Harvard Vet. 
School '95, Vet. Surgeon, Corner Bay and Green Sts., 

'90. — George B. Simonds, Student, Eastman's 
Businesss College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

'91. — Willard W. Gay, Landscape designer and 
planter, Melrose. 

'91. — Frank L. Arnold, 351 Turingston St., Eliza- 
beth, N. J. 

'92. — Edward T. Clark, Farmer, Granby. 

'95. — Harry E. Clark, Farm Supt., Agawam. 

'95. — Charles M. Dickinson, Seattle, Washington, 
S. A. C. 

95. — H. D. Hemenway, Mt. Auburn, Mass. 

'95. — E. A. White has accepted a position as 
Landscape gardener on the estate of C. C. Griscem, 
Haverford, Penn., under the supervision of Mr. W. 
H. Manning of Boston. 

'96. — F. E. DeLuce, Employ of G. P. Putnam &. 
Son, Book dealers, N. Y. City. Address 256 Presi- 
dent St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



A History of American Literature, by Fred Lewis 
Pattee. Professor of English and Rhetoric in the 
Pennsylvania State College. This work is designed 
as a text-book for schools and colleges. In the prep- 
aration of this history of the use and development of 
American literature the author has traced clearly the 
influence of race, environment and time, on the peo- 
ple of our country. 

Ice Work Present and Past, by T. G. Bonney Pro- 
fessor of Geology at the University College London 
and fellow of St. John's College. Books of this kind 
seem to be written in most cases, more with a view to 
advocating some particular interpretation of the facts, 
than of describing the facts themselves. But in this 
work of Professor Bonney, he discribes and gives 
greater prominence to the fact of glacial geology. 
This work is illustrated by sketches by the author. 

The Science of Nutrition, by Edward Atkinssyn Ph. 
D. The author has studied the subject very carefully 
and has also invented a contrivence which he calls 
the Aladden Oven. In this treatise he fully describes 
the workings of this oven and its slow cooking in 
relation to nutritive values of food material. Diagrams 
of this oven are given and tables of value showing 
workings of same. 

The Mind of the Master, by John Watson D. D. 
(Ian Maclaren) Those who have read Beside the 
Bonnie Brier Bush and The Upper Room will be 
particually interested in this work of so popular an 
author. In this book he gives us a very simple and 
interesting description of the mind and character of 
our Lord. 

A Text-Book of Pathological Anatomy and Pathogen- 
esis, by Erest Ziegler, Professoi of pathological 
anatomy in the University Tribingen. This work is 
translated for English students by the scientist Donald 
MacAlister M. A. M. D. This very valuable work 
is combined from three volumes into one large one 
and is very valuable as a reference book. It is fully 
illustrated from microscopic sketches. 

A History of Gardening in England. This is a com- 
plete History of Gardening from a very early date 
down to the present time by the Hon. Alicia Amherst. 
The author discribes gardening in the thirteenth cen- 
tury in a very interesting way and continues down to 
the present time. The book is very fully illustrated 
with old cuts as well as engravings of some of the 
modern gardens of note. 


If you ask a maiden for a kiss 
And she tells you " no," 
Kiss her twice 
Or even thrice 
E'er on your way you go. 

But if you ask her for the same, 
And she tells you " nit." 
'Twere better far 
Than peace to mar, 
To take your hat and "git." 

— Yale Record. 


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NO. 14 

Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 pep year in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Randall D. Warden. '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Alexander Montgomery, Jr., '98, Business Manager. 

Frederick H. Turner, '99, Ass't Business Manager. 
George H. Wright, '98. Willis S. Fisher, '98. 

Avedis G. Adjemian, '98. Warren E. Hinds, '99. 
William H. Armstrong, '99. Charles A. Crowell, Jr., '00. 
George F. Parmenter. '00. James E. Halligan, '00. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed to Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 


Y. M. C. A. 
Athletic Association, 
Foot-Ball Association, 
Base-Ball Association. 
Musical Association. 
College Boarding Club, 
Reading-Room Association, 
Ninety-Nine Index, 

W. S. Fisher, Pres. 

J. S. Eaton, Sec. 

R. D. Warden, Manager. 

J. S. Eaton, Manager. 

C. A. Norton, Manager. 

J. P. Nickerson, Sec. 

L. F. Clark, Pres. 

J. R. Dutcher, Manager. 

Remember June 22 ! 

Come to Commencement ! 

Commers Tuesday Night 


Last week we had a little variation from our usual 
drill. When it comes to real fighting, the question is 
not " Can the men execute the manual without an 
error," but, " Do they know how to conduct themselves 
while under fire so as to expose themselves to the least 
risk while making the most of every possible opportu- 
nity to advance on the enemy." So the formation of 
" Extended Order " seems to be of more than ordinary 

We understand that there is some prospect of a foot- 
ball association being formed between the New Eng- 
land state colleges. Delegates from all these institu- 
tions met in Boston a short time ago to discuss plans 
and see what could be done in the matter. We hope 
that arrangements may be perfected in time for next 
season. It would undoubtedly be a good thing and we 
are sure that as far as Aggie is concerned it would 
prove a great benefit. It would give us a regular 
series of games to play, which would stimulate our 
efforts on the gridiron. It would strengthen the exist- 
ing bonds of brotherhood and bring us more closely in 
touch with our sister colleges, and this we need. If 
the football union should prove a success, as we hope, 
the plan might be extended so as to include baseball 
and track athletics. 

The college year is fast drawing to a close. Just 
two weeks and then good-bye to books, good-bye to 
professors and good-bye to the old college. Most of 
us shall return again in the fall ; but one class will 
leave the old familiar scenes never to return again as 
students. Henceforth they must educate themselves 
in the great open school of the world. Then they will 
find that their most diligent instructor is the great 
teacher experience, experience which is so often sharp 
and severe in her teachings. Four years have passed 
away among scenes which necessarily must have 
grown dear to the men continually surrounded by 
their potent charms, they certainly must have 
impressed themselves more or less familiarly upon 
their beholders, and thus it is with no small feeling of 
regret that every graduating class departs from its col- 
lege home, feeling that sentiment of love which in 
after years is to make true and loyal alumni. Surely 
every one will unite in a toast of good luck for the 
future happiness and prosperity of the class of '97. 

i 7 4 



Certainly it is no small pleasure with which we 
welcome the beginning of a new era in the future 
development of track athletics at this institution. Now 
that our track team has won her first victory on the 
field of the cinder path, let it mark the beginning of 
an annual victory over sister colleges in an annual 
athletic meet. Let it be the means of commencing a 
new and determined agitation among our alumni for 
the completion of our own athletic field which is so 
essential to the future success of all branches of ath- 
letic sport at the M. A. C. The college is under 
great obligation to Prof. R. S. Lull who has spent 
every effort to have the team well trained for the sev- 
eral events. Much is also due to the kindness of 
Professor Nelligan and to the members of the Am- 
herst track-team, who very generously allowed our 
men the privileges of their track and the benefits of 
their experience in training. The meet was practi- 
cally a walk-over for Aggie the team winning eight 
firsts and seven seconds with a total of sixty-nine 
points out of a possible one hundred and eight. 
Unfortunately most of the dashes were run in the rain 
and on a muddy track which accounts for non-appear- 
ance of the official time. 

At the competitive prize drill in Mechanics Hall, 
Boston, Friday night, May 21, the soldier boys from 
Brown scored a victory over Technology and M. 
A. C. In the very opening of the program one of 
their boys captured the first prize in the competitive 
drill in the manual of arms and firings. In the next 
event, the bayonet drill the same man took the sec- 
ond prize. And then to make a clean sweep they 
took the chief issue of the evening, the battalion drill. 

The evening opened with music by the Salem 
Cadet Band, followed by the individual competitive 
drill in the manual of arms and firings. Six Brown 
boys, who drilled according to the new manual of 
arms and firings, were the first to take their stand 
upon the floor. After them came twelve men, six 
from Technology and six from M. A. C, who drilled 
according to the old manual of arms and firings. All 
did good work but it seemed as though the Aggie boys 
had a little the advantage of their opponents in the 
snap with which they executed the commands. 
The boys then went out amid the cheers but returned 
immediately, there being two left in the squad from 

each college. There was an intense interest shown 
in this part of the drill and " this round " to quote a 
Boston newspaper, was a hard struggle for supremacy 
between Adjt. Williams of Brown and 2nd. Lieut. C. 
A. Norton of Amherst. The former won. 

During the intermission which followed the Salem 
Cadet Band rendered another selection. Then came 
the bayonet drill in which we were undoubtedly 
roasted, various reasons were given such as our man's 
positions being incorrect and so forth, but Norton's 
work was excellent here, and it seems too bad that he 
could not have gotten a prize for his positions were 
according to competent judges absolutely correct. 

The next performance of the evening, the battalion 
drill, was a grand sight, and one in which we could not 
take part. Brown first made her appearance headed 
by their excellent university band. They made a 
splendid show and their soldierly appearance deserves 

When the " Tech " boys came in the difference 
between the two battalions was at once visible in that 
they lacked that prompt and snappy obedience to 
orders which the Brown boys possessed. But it 
would be be unfair to say that they did not do well for 
they most certainly did. 

The drill of the evening was completed by the pre- 
sentation of the prizes by his excellency. Gov. Lippitt 
of Rhode Island.who spoke of Adjt. A. R. Williams in 
high terms, as being a direct decendant of Roger 

The six men from this college who drilled, were : 
C. A. Norton, Hinds, Peters, Warden, Montgomery 
and Emrich. 

Our boys did excellent work and deserve much 
credit for their efforts. 

The successful ones of the drill are as follows : — 
First prize, Manual of Arms and Firings, Adjt. A. R. 
Williams, Brown ; second price, Lieut C. A. Norton, 
M. A. C. 

First prize, Bayonet Drill, Sergt. L H. Turner, 
Technology ; second prize, Adjt. A. R. Williams, 

Battalion Drill was won by Brown. 

The judges were : Capt. Frank H. Edwards, 1st. 
.nfantary, U. S. A. ; 1st Lieut. E. St. J. Greble, 2nd 
artillery, U. S. A.; and 2nd Lieut. Johnson Haywood, 
2d, artillery, U. S. A. 



The professors of military science in the competing 
colleges are : Capt. C. H. Murray, 4th cavalry, U. S. 
A., Brown University ; Capt. John Bigelow, Jr., 10th 
cavalry, U. S. A., Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology ; Lieut. W. M. Wright, 2d infantry, U. S. A., 
Massachusetts^ Agricultural College. 

next October 2d, this college began in the words 
of its founders, ' first, to make intelligent, thoroughly- 
educated men, and secondly, to make practical agri- 
culturists." The institution then consisted of a 
faculty of four, namely, William S. Clark, Levi Stock- 
bridge, Ebenezer S. Snell and Henry H. Goodell, 27 
freshmen, 383 acres and the following four buildings, 
the chemical laboratory, then about one-third its 
present size, South College, the plant house, and the 
botanic museum. 

That date falls near the beginning of a vigorous 
forward movement in education. The teachings of 
Tyndal and Huxley and Darwin were agitating all 
intelligent minds. Every true Philistine wanted to 
know for certain whether his ancestor used to hang 
up by an elongated coccyx, or, as he himself did, by 
his neighbor's ledger. Liebig had just finished his 
life work and had placed the study of agriculture on a 
scientific basis. His chemical laboratory at Giessen, 
the first of its kind, had been copied in every seat of 
liberal learning. People were fast relinquishing the 
idea that a certain border line had been fixed by the 
Creator, beyond which no man might venture in his 
study of Nature's secrets, " Life-force," the bug-a- 
boo of ages had become a mere fiction, and although 
even until some years later than our " commence- 
ment," a much respected teacher reiterated to us " of 
the real life-force we can know nothing," the boys 
believed " he meant it for a joke." 

As a result of the new teachings, and of increasing 
competition in all the industries, there was, thirty- 
years ago, east and west, an imperative demand for a 
deparature from the stereotyped methods of educa- 
tion. Attempts were repeatedly made to introduce 
the study of crops, of animal industry, field culture, 
the chemistry of every-day-life, mining and practical 
mechanics, into colleges already established. Bu,* : 
those institutions generally prefered to turn away 
from the actual demands of the situation, and to spend 

their energy in the good old way of declining and con- 
jugating defunct words, and of repeating a priori 
imaginings, rather than to soil their fingers in the 
dissecting room, the tilled acre, the laboratory or the 
work shop, and by such means to lay foundations for 
actual life. 

The reform was bound to come, no opposition 
could restrain it, and so separate institutions were rap- 
idly established in which the new education should be 
given. Among them were the Agricultural Colleges 
of the United States, founded by the act of Congress 
whose purpose was " to promote the liberal and practi- 
cal education of the industrial classes in the several pur- 
suits and prof essions in life." 

The youth of to-day can have little idea of the long 
and severe struggle which this end necessitated. The 
beginning was really with the man " first in war, first 
in peace, and first in the hearts of his country-men" 
and many an American nobleman has assisted in the 
work. In 1850 the president of the Massachusetts 
senate, Marshall P. Wilder, procured a state commis- 
sion for Dr. Edward Hitchcock, president of Amherst 
College, to visit the agricultural institutions of Europe 
and to report upon them. Soon afterward and as a 
result of his work the Massachusetts Board of Agri- 
culture was established. 

In 1856 the " Massachusetts School of Agricul- 
ture " was incorporated. Lack of funds prevented its 
development until 1860, when it received a vigorous 
impulse and was located in the city of Springfield. At 
this juncture the civil war broke out and smothered 
the project. In 1862 the United States Congress 
gave to each state 30,000 acres of public land for 
every one of its members of congress, for the endow- 
ment of colleges of agriculture and the mechanic arts. 
Our college was founded on this act. Its beginning 
and its success are admirably told in the college cir- 
cular and the general catalogue recently issued by 
President Goodell. In the catalogue, a beautiful 
souvenir of the college and the product of great labor, 
every former student will find a brief record of his 
attendance here, and his present situation. It is 
hoped that every man who has ever been connected 
with the institution will read these two pamphlets and 
ithen plan to spend Tuesday, June 22, at Amherst. 
This day has been set apart, to be celebrated in a 
manner entirely new to the college. It is to Tri-decen- 



nial day and will mark the progress in industrial educa- 
tion of a third of a century. The program has been 
widely published, in so far as it can be, but the proof 
of the pudding is in the eating and it cannot be eaten 
unless you are here. 

On this day all the boys will be present. Old times 
will be discussed and old friendships renewed. New 
times will be planned and many new friendships 
formed. The men of this college are " a peculiar 
people, zealous of good works." " Ye are a chosen 
generation " appointed to exemplify the results of one 
of the most notable experiments in modern education, 
established on the doctrines of the great teachers of 
the century. It will pay you to come back and com- 
pare notes with the old boys, exchange new ideas, and 
see how the new boys live. Levi Stockbridge hopes 
to give the grip to every mother's son who has ever 
been here, and to tell them all about old times. You 
will surely not be the one to disappoint him. 

C. Wellington. 


Along the shores of Long Island, bordering the 
sound, are many homesteads, long since gone to ruin. 
Only the rotten tumbled down buildings, over grown 
with briars and underbrush, remain, of the early 
settlers who shortly abandoned the sandy, unproductive 
soil of the Island for the main land. 

While knocking about one vacation among these 
relics of the hand hewed, hand pegged architecture of 
our forefathers, I chanced one day to stumble upon 
one of the most antiquated structures it was ever my 
fortune to meet. It lay in a gully almost impregnable 
from its over growth of poison ivy, grape vines and 
cat briar. From its situation it offered a study to the 
imagination and gave evidences of mystery. The 
gully wound around a hill and opened upon the 
sound with as pretty a little harbor, secret hidden 
among the rocks, as the most skeptical of free-booters 
could wish for. I recalled the traditions of Capt.Kidd, 
who it is said buried a great part of his treasures 
among the rocks and gullies which line this coast. 

Led on by a natural curiosity, I forced my way 
through the tangled undergrowth and stood before a 
low building in the last stages of decay. There were 
evidences of a once well beaten path running in the 
direction of the sound, and just below the house were 

the remains of a small landing which indicated - that 
there was at one time awater communication between 
the house and harbor. I tried the door. It was 
fastened, but yielded with a rusty creaking sound 
to a slight force. Shaded as it was by the 
tangled wilderness of nature, silent, musty and 
decayed, the old house made an impression on my 
nerves such as I suppose is an indication of the 
supernatural, or, as formally called, spirits and ghosts. 
I seemed to feel the wrath of Kidd and his crew as 
they danced hither and thither waving their ghost like 
weapons. The very air seemed full of the curses of 
the disturbed spirits. However as I was bent on dis- 
covering gold, if there was any to be found, I made a 
tour of inspection of the old hovel, and this is what I 
found; Money? Well no, or I shouldn't be found 
round here, but I did find a collection of 
curiosities or a curious state of affairs, which ever 
you like. The house v/as empty and evidently had 
not been inhabited for many years. I climbed to the 
garret without finding anything beyond the natural 
accumulation of odds and ends which always accom- 
pany a long existence. In the garret the first thing 
that caught my eye was a delapidated tackle arrange- 
ment for hoisting signals through a trap door in the 
roof. This, said I to myself is becoming interesting, 
let us investigate ; so I cast about in the dark recesses 
of the garret for other indications of a past history 
for the old house. Not far away between the joists 
and an old chimney I discovered a rusty old spy glass. 
Ha! said I, more proof. 

Mounting a rickety ladder to the trap-door, I pushed 
up the cover and stood with my head just above the 
ridge-pole. Here was a clear view of the sound for 
miles and miles, and -I could imagine old Kidd with 
his spy glass sweeping the horizon hour after hour 
awaiting the approach of some richly laden merchant- 
man and then running up the signals of warning to his 
faithful followers hidden in the cosy little bay. 

I went down into the cellar confident that I should 
find a keg of money, or at least some indications of 
burried treasures ; but the cellar appeared much as 
other cellars, except that the former occupants evi- 
dently had been accustomed to use their cellar as a 
storage place for boats. 

Recalling the evidence which I had found outside 
of a water communication between the house and the 



bay, I made a careful investigation, and found, sure 
enough, that boats had been floated by means of a 
set-back from the sound, at some former time, right 
up to the cellar door Here was another link of evi- 
dence and now if I could only find a cave opening out 
of the cellar for the storage of contraband goods, I 
should have a clear case that this had once been the 
abode of Kidd or of his associates. 

I returned late that afternoon with all the exultation 
of a man who has made a new discovery. I felt sure 
that I had unwittingly stumbled upon an ancient 
retreat of a band of Pirates and hoped with the assist- 
ance of one or two of the neighbors to return in the 
morning and investigate the premises, feeling sure that 
our efforts would be rewarded by the discovery of gold. 

With this intention I called on Mr. V. early in the 
evening and told of my afternoon's experience and 
asked if he knew anything of the old house. 

"That house," said he, " has had a story." " Old 
John," (John was an Indian who had lived in the V. 
family for years) "remembers hearing many stories 
from his people about mysterious happenings up in 
the old ravine. 

But now-a-days the house has lost its mystery. 
Lately it has been empty, but six or eight years ago 
there was an old gentleman from Brooklyn who came 
up here in the summer and lived in the old house. 
He was very fond of the water and kept a small dory 
which at high tide could be floated from his cellar 
door down to the sound. 

You must come around sometime and hear some 
of John's stories." 

[To be continued.] 

As a result of a movement started by members of 
the athletic board of this college a meeting was held 
at Young's Hotel, Boston, on May 29, to consider the 
matter of forming a league in athletic sports between 
the state colleges of New England. The colleges of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and 
Connecticut were represented. Maine had also 
intended to be represented but owing to unavoidable 
circumstances her delegate was unable to be present. 
After a general discussion as to the advisability of 
forming a league, the following agreement was formu- 

lated for submittal to the various colleges. This it 
was thought, would be sufficient for the first year at 
least, after which, if the league proved a success, a 
regular organization and constitution could be arranged. 
If a majority of the colleges ratify this proposed 
arrangement, then football and baseball games will be 
arranged and. if possible, a track meet. 

Title. This organization shall be known as the 
"Athletic League of New England State Colleges." 

Membership. The following institutions shall be 
eligible to membership : University of Maine, New 
Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts, University of Vermont. Mass. Agricultural Col- 
lege, Rhode Island College of Agriculture and the 
Mechanic Arts, and Storrs Agricultural College. 

Government. The affairs of the league shall be 
governed by a committee composed of one represen- 
tative from each college. This committee shall meet 
at such times as may be mutually agreed upon and 
transact all necessary business. 

Eligibility to Athletic Teams. No man shall take 
part in any league game or contest who is not a reg- 
ular student at the institution which he represents. 
Previous to every such game or contest the manager 
of each of the opposing teams shall furnish the other 
with a list of the members of his team, together with 
a certificate from the president of the college that all 
such members are regularly enrolled students of the 

Officials. No person shall act as referee or um- 
pire or fill any important official position in any league 
game or contest, who is in any way connected with 
either of the contesting colleges. This rule may be 
disregarded, however, by mutual agreement, in the 
case of linesmen and other subordinate officials. 
Arrangements for officials for each game shall be 
made by the contesting colleges. 

Expenses, Gurrantees, etc. Guarantees and similar 
financial arrangements shall be made for each game 
between the contesting teams, it being understood 
that the home team will pay the entire expense of the 
visiting team so far as possible. Calculations of 
expenses shall be made on the basis of 15 men for a 
foot ball team and 12 for base ball (including 
manager). Any manager who desires to carry a 
larger number than this must do so entirely at his 
own expense, 



Schedule of Games for Foot Ball and Base Ball. 

1 . Conn. vs. R. I. 

2. Maine vs. N. H. 

3. Mass. vs. winner of 1 . 

4. Winner of 2 vs. winner of 3. 

Rules. The usual intercollegiate rules shall govern 
all games and contests. 


The game between Williston and Aggie on the 
campus May 26, resulted in a defeat for the home 
team by a score of 22 to 8. 

Owing to the lack of practice, Aggie played a very 
loose game. In the first inning Aggie succeeded in 
making three runs : Emrich waited for a base on 
balls, Warden made a hit over second and Hinds 
followed with a hit to right. Hooker flied out to left, 
scoring Emrich. Chappy knocked a light fowl which 
Whiton squeezed. Then Crowell lined out a single 
over second sending Warden and Hinds home. Hal- 
igan fanned the air three times, retiring the side. 
After this inning Aggie could not seem to find the 

Williston played a loose game in the field, and, had 
the home team been playing their usual game, they 
would have won easily. 

Crowell played a fine game behind the bat, while 
Ely.Tuttle and Goodrich played the game for Williston. 

The score : 


A. B. 


1 B. 

S. B. 

P. 0. 



Pond, lb 







Riddell, r 





Taylor, m 





Roberts, 3b 






Tuttle, s 







Ely. p 






Goodrich, 1 





Whiton, c 







Livermore, 2b 







A. B. 


1 B. 

S. B 

p. o 



Emerich. 2b 






Warden, 3b 








Hinds. 1 




Hooker, m 





Chapman, s 







Crowell, c 






Halligan. lb 





Peters, r 



Eaton, p 





1 2 3 






















- 8 

The freshman looked into the sky, 

And slowly shook his head, 
' When one looks at those other stars, 

How shall one feel," he said. 

— Hmvard Lampoon. 


On Monday, May 31, our athletic team defeated 
the Storr's team by a score of 69 points to 39. The 
summaries : 

100 Yard Dash. 
1st, Dutcher, M. A. C. 
2d, Mansfield, S. A. C. 

220 Yard Dash. 
1st, Dutcher, M. A. C. 
2d, Mansfield, S. A. C. 

Hurdle Race. 
1st, Eaton, M. A. C. 
2d, Gile, M. A. C. 

Mile Run. 
1st, Maynard, M. A. C. 
2d, Bidwell, S. A. C. 

High Jump. 
1st, Webb, S. A. C. 
2d, Eaton, M. A. C. 

Broad Jump. 
1st, Beardsley, S. A. C. 
2d, Emrich, M. A. C. 

One Mile Bicycle Race. 
1st, Saunders, M. A. C. 
2d, Colburn, M. A. C. 

Shot Put. 
1st, Eaton, M. A. C. 
2d, Stanley, M. A. C. 

Throwing 16 lb. Hammer. 
1st, Stanley, M. A. C. 
2d, Baker, M. A. C. 

Pole Vault. 

1st, Webb, S. A. C. 
2d, Mansfield, S. A. C. 

Mile Walk. 

1st, Smith, S. A. C. 
2d, Cheney, M. A. C. 

440 Yard Dash. 

1st, Eaton, M. A. C. 
2d, Beardsley, S. A. C. 



The following is a true statement of the expenses 
for four years of 52 weeks each of a recent graduate 
of this college : 


Fall Term. 


Room Rent, 

Term Bill (text books, etc.), 

Subscription to College Paper, 







Winter Term. 

Term Bill, 
Room Rent, 







Spring Term including summer vacation. 

Board, $60,70 

Room Rent, 9.49 

Term Bill, 3.25 

Sundries, 14.49 

Freshman Night Excursion, 5.00 


Total $208.93 


Fall Term, 


Room Rent and fuel. 

Term Bill, 

Pocket lens for plant analysis in Botany, 

Subscription to College Paper, 

Instruments for Mechanical Drawing, 



Winter Term. 


Room rent and fuel, 

Term bill, 

Drawing instruments, etc., 










Spring Term through summer vacation. 

Board, $42.46 

Room Rent, 5.05 

Term bill, 2.00 

Sundries, 19.24 


Total $247.73 


Fall Term. 



Index publication, special tax, 

Class excursion in Market Gardening, 


Winter Term. 


Term bill including room rent, lights, labora- 
tory taxes, text-books, etc., 










$78 80 




summer vacation 



Term bill, 





Total $283.88 


Fall Term. 


Term bill, 


Subscription to college paper, 


Winter Term. 

Term bill, 

Spring Term to Commencement only. 

Term bill including college diploma 
Boston University diploma, 
Class photographs, 















Class photograph album, 9.00 

Cap and gown for use at Commencement, 6.25 

Special class taxes for Commencement exercises, 14.00 
Sundries, 17.31 

Total $266.42 

Freshman year, 
Sophomore year, 
Junior year, 
Senior year, 

Grand total for whole college course, 





— " It's all up with'em now, boys !" 

— " Rumors of war are in the air." 

— What are you going to take next year '98 ? 

— The Senior vacation commences next week. 

— Prof. F. S. Cooley spoke before the Y. M. C. A. 
two weeks ago last Sunday. 

— Rev. Mr. Gaylord addressed the students last 
Sunday in exchange with Dr. Walker. 

— Mrs. Maynard is intending to give a lawn party 
to a few of the students next Friday afternoon. 

— S. E. Smith went home two weeks ago to assist 
in the singing at the ordination of his home minister. 

— G. C. Hubbard '99 was initiated into the Alpha 
chapter of the Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity last Satur- 
day night. 

— C. F. Palmer has also been a victim of dog- 
wood poison. " Guess it would be a good idea for us 
to learn just what dogwood is." 

— Prof. Mills addressed the pupils of the Amherst 
High School last Thursday morning on " The advan- 
tages of being citizens of Amherst." 

— In spite of the stormy evening a week ago Thurs- 
day night about forty assembled to enjoy the " Charity 
Ball." The usual persons were present and every 
one had a fine time. 

— At a joint athletic meet with Amherst a week 
ago Friday afternoon, the Aggie team won three firsts. 
E. B. Saunders won first in the bicycle race, breaking 
the Amherst college record by twenty seconds. J. 
R. Dutcher won the remaining two victories, in the 100 
yard dash and 220 yard dash. 

— The bug nets have again made their appearance 
and the art of catching bees and wasps without getting 
stung has practically commenced, yet several spec- 
imens have made their fortunate escape. 

— The Boston prize squad of the Aggie delegation 
went to Boston two weeks ago Friday in charge of J. 
M. Barry. The second medal was awarded to C. A. 
Norton in the execution of the manual and firings. 

— The Sophomore Burnham four have selected the 
following declamations : W. H. Armstrong, Surren- 
der of Burgoyne ; H. E. Maynard, Patriotism; W. 
E. Hinds, Battle of Monmouth ; E. M. Wright, Web- 
ster's Speech. 

— Prof. King of the Wisconsin Univ. who has just 
issued a very interesting work on "Soils," and Mr. 
Adams their superintendent were sent here this week 
by the trustees of the University to look at our library 
and barn buildings. 

— The speakers of the Burnham four and the titles 
of their declamations are as follows : C. A. Crowell, 
American Flag ; A. L. March, Assault on Fort Wag- 
ner ; G. F. Parmenter, Speech of Titus Quinticus to 
the Romans ; F. G. Stanley. Spanish Armada. 

— Mr. Wallace desires to give notice once more 
that all students in the college dormitories should bring 
their burned out lamps to him, for an exchange of 
new ones, as the old ones can be made over at one- 
third the cost thus saving quite an item of expense. 

— Once more the Senior flower bed graces the 
grounds in front of South College. The bed is of a 
very artistic and pleasing design. In the center is '97 
in large plant numericals. It is unquestionably 
the best design that has ever adorned this sacred 

— Another electric light has been placed on the 
outside of South College. This one is directly over 
the middle entrance on the south side while another one 
has been placed over the president's entrance on the 
east side. North College also has one at the west 

— W. S. Fisher attended the Springfield Pomona 
Grange meeting at Granby last Wednesday afternoon. 
The subject of the afternoon session being " The bene- 
fits derived from the Mass. Agricultural college. The 
debate was all on the affirmative side and the time 
devoted to this discussion was well taken up. 



— This year our representative to the Boston Uni- 
versity was sent on the basis of the best scholarship 
during the four year's course. Mr. G. D. Leavens 
was the honored person and a week ago today ad- 
dressed an audience of 6000 at the B. U. commence- 
ment exercises on "A Practical View of Education." 

— According to Webster, the word " roast " has the 
following definition : " To cook by exposure to 
radiant heat before a fire ; to cook by surrounding 
with hot embers," but the sense in which the Prize 
Drill at Boston brings it into use is, that the Aggie 
squad were not judged by their merits and that we 
deserved far more than we received. 

— The Junior class have about finished their Flint 
prize orations. The following is a list of the speakers 
with their subjects : Avedis Adjemian, " Europe and 
Her Rulers " ; Charles Baxter, " George W. Curtis " ; 
Willis Fisher, " A Gift of the Nineteenth Century" ; 
Alexander Montgomery, "Gen. U.S.Grant"; John 
Nickerson, " Cuba " ; Randal Warden, " Arbitration." 

— The Y. M. C. A. are making an extra effort to 
get a large number of delegates at Northfield to 
the World's Student Conference this year than ever 
before. It seems that we ought to be able to get at 
least ten men to attend this conference for the whole 
length of time (June 25 to July 4). The expense to 
the delegate will be small and may it be that the 
desired number will go. 

— The college reservoir is at last completed. Pres- 
ident Goodell made a final inspection last Friday. 
The pipes are all laid with the one exception where it 
crosses the brook leading into the Aggie pond. 
Nothing at present will be done about making the 
connection with North College. The work when fin- 
ished will furnish to the college a great accommoda- 
tion, especially when the town water is shut off. 

— The new M. A. C. flags consist of the three white 
letters placed on maroon felt. The flags are very attract- 
ive, being twenty-four inches long and 10 inches wide, 
and are made to tie on to a cane in cases of emer- 
gency. W. H. Armstrong '99 deserves the praise of 
getting them out. A very brief notice of the College 
commencement was given in the New England Home- 
stead two weeks ago. By such means all alumni should 
hear of our elaborate commencement plans and feel 
it their obligation to help carry these plans out. 

— Two weeks ago President Goodell in company 
with Prof. Fernald and A. H. Kirkland went to Som- 
erville to inspect a moth which has recently broken 
out as a great pest. The name of the insect is 
Euproctis chrysorrhoea. The committee immedi- 
ately reported to the Board of Agriculture on the 
Gypsy moth, birds and insects. An interview with 
Governor Wolcott was also granted. The commit- 
tee with Dr. Howard (who is Chief of the Entomo- 
logical Department at Washington) after the hearing, 
desired that they should send to him a paper setting 
forth the facts regarding the moth and recommending 
what ought to be done. The following day the paper 
was sent in asking for $10,000 with which to destroy 
the pest. 


The unusual attractions offered this year added to 
the annual ones promise to bring a very large number 
of men back to the College. Means are being taken 
to make every man feel welcome and fully repaid for 
his trouble in coming. It is needless to mention here, 
all the features, but a few may be noticed. 

President Goodell, Doctor Goessmann, and Profes- 
sor Maynard will offer a cordial greeting to all. The 
new men of the faculty will be glad to meet all former 
officers and students. An examination of the im- 
provements in building, and grounds, especially the 
recent ones, is alone worth a trip across the country. 
The latest one, a most excellent system of water 
works is just completed. Professor Stockbridge of 
Amherst and President Atherton of State College, 
Pennsylvania, are to speak on Tuesday on the old and 
the new in education. These addresses will be of 
very great interest. An unprecedented number of 
class and fraternity reunions will be held. The 
alumni meeting on Wednesday morning will be a very 
important one. 

A special feature is to be the singing by former 
and present M. A. C. students. Former musical 
organizations are expected to re-organize and to exe- 
cute their old programs. 

The banquet on Tuesday evening will bring together 
the largest number of M. A. C. men ever assembled. 
Tickets to this have been placed at a very low figure, 
so that no undesirable margin of profits may remain. 
There are a few seats still untaken, but in order to 

I 82 


secure one, application should at once be made to 
Mr. Nickerson. On the arrival of all through trains 
at the B. Sz. M. station, an agent of the Associate 
Alumni will be present, who will impart information to 
all inquirers concerning exercises, board and lodging, 
transportation and so forth. An information office, a 
free parcel room and reception rooms will be found at 
the College. Do not forget that Amherst now has an 
electric street railway. The first trips were made 
last Friday. Direct conveyance can be had by this 
means to all points on Pleasant street, between the 
B. & M. station, and Factory Hollow in North Am- 
herst. The college boarding club offer meals at low 
rates, and a well furnished cafe will be situated in 
South College. Dan Hart will receive at the usual 


1st The baccalaureate sermon, Sunday, June 25, 
will be preached by some one outside of the faculty, 
Rev. Calvin Stebbins of Worcester having been 
selected. His sermon will be on " The duties a man 
in the present owes to the future." 

2d The President's address to the senior class, 
Monday morning will be omitted. 

3d The battalion drill will be held on Tuesday 
morning instead of the afternoon, and class day exer- 
cises will occupy its place on the general program. 

4th Instead of an alumni dinner, with its formality 
and set speeches, there will be a commers in the 
evening directly after the usual reception. It will be 
an occasion of bringing together trustees, college and 
former members. Let mirth, fraternity and song 


72. — We wish to correct a mistake in our last 
issue regarding the appointment of C. F. W. Felt '86, 
chief engineer of the Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, 
as being the first M. A. C. graduate to receive the 
honor of being a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers. S. C. Thompson was first to 
receive this honor being elected Feb. 8, 1889 and 
is still a member of high standing. 

75. — Francis G. Parker, was reported as 

drowned. Can any one supply date of his death ? If 
so kindly forward it at once. 

Ex-'80. — Dr. Wm. E. Walker, Practicing Physi- 
cian, Springfield, Utah. 

'82. — Charles S. Plumb sailed for Europe, June 4, 
where he is to visit the Agricultural Experiment 
Stations of the continent, also, those of England and 
the Island of Jersey. 

'85. — The last number of the New York Medical 
Record, contains an abstract of a paper by Dr. Joel E. 
Goldthwait, Boston, on the treatment of " Deformi- 
ties of the Knee, resulting from ■ Tumor Albus.' " 
This paper was read at the Congress of American 
Physicians and Surgeons held in Washington, D. C, 
May 4, 5, 6, 1897. 

'86. — The Appalachians to the number of twenty 
or thirty visited college last week and also this week. 
Among them was Richards B. Mackintosh of Pea- 
body, and his wife. 

'89. — Robert P. Sellew, who has been acting 
agent for The Cleveland Linseed Oil Co., has now 
charge of the business, represented by that firm in 
the Eastern states. 

'91. — Invitations of the wedding of Walter A. 
Brown to Miss Stella H. Price of Iowa City. la., 
have been received. 

'92. — Announcement was made June 2 of the mar- 
riage of H. E. Crane to Miss Charlotte E. Sargent, 
both of Quincy, Mass. 

'92. — H. B. Emerson and Miss Elizabeth Ellen 
Sutliff were married June 7, at Schenectady. N. Y. 

'92.— G. B. Willard, Waltham, Mass. 

'94.— H. Preston Smead, Box 990, Hartford, Conn., 
employed at the Handicraft Farm. 

'94. — The American Journal of Science contains 
an article by C. F. Walker on the " Application of 
Iodic Acid to the Analysis of Iodides. 

'95.— H. B. Read, Westford, Mass. 

'95.— Arthur B. Smith, 177 La Salle St., Chicago, 
111., Insurance Agent, Hammond, Fay and Sheldon. 

'95. — Harry E. Clark, Superintendent of Farm at 
Agawam, Mass. 

'96. — W. L. Pentecost has been appointed Assistant 
Agriculturist at Storrs Agricultural Experiment 




A college is of little value or much, according to 
whether it is supported by a few indifferent friends or 
by a strong and aggressive body of backers. Which 
kind of a college shall ours be during the next decade ? 
This question shall be answered by the alumni. 

The work of trustees, president, faculty and stu- 
dents must be supplemented by their cooperation. It 
is often said that the alumni are interested in the 
college,but they can give it no special thought because 
of their own business interests which must receive 
their undivided attention. 

The life of a man is of little worth, at the summing 
up, save for what he has done toward the elevation of 
his race, for the education of himself and his fellows- 
Whatever other interests may engage the intelligent 
citizen, that which should be paramount with him, is 
education. Every man should have a college to which 
he gives loyal and constant support. Any business 
must be advertised by peculiar methods adapted to 
the particular end in view. A college must be adver- 
tised by its alumni. If each former student, or even 
one in every ten, would take the slight trouble of 
directing the attention of the young men in his vicin- 
ity to his own college, it would be successfully adver- 
tised. An excellent field for such work is among the 
scholars of the high schools. Any information can be 
quickly obtained by sending a postal card to the col- 
lege. The results which some of the alumni have 
accomplished in this way are most praiseworthy. 
What the College now needs is 100 just such men among 
its former students in this state who will send one 
man each to M. A. C. next September, 

Former Student. 


A recent bulletin, issued by the Dairy Department, 
advises that during a thunder storm, milk be placed in 
the smallest refrigerator in the house, so that it will 
not have room to turn. — Cornell Widow. 

There was once an old salt from Dundee, 
Who had both legs shot off while at sea ; 

But he'd say with a wink, 

'•One advantage, 1 think 
Is my trousers can't bag at the knee." 


There are in the German universities 2000 foreign 
students, of whom more than 400 are American, a 
larger number than of any other country except 

In an address before the students of Harvard re- 
cently, Mr. Lehmann said in regard to university 
training : The office boy doubtless earns more money 
at twenty-one than the Master of Arts does at twenty- 
five. But look at him at forty, with a listless atten- 
tion, a mind vacant of all material of amusement, and 
not one thought to rub up against another, while, he 
waits for the train. 


Over 4,000 vacancies. Faithful service guaranteed. Book 
with free plans, 10 cents. Blanks free- Address, 

Southern Teachers' Bureau, Louiscille, Ky. 


Books, Stationery, Athletic Goods. 

We cater especially to the student trade. Our stock of Paper, 
Covers, Note ISooks, larccst and best. Our prices lowest. 


A. B. CALL, 

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For Low Prices and Good Quality of Goods go to 


The}' make a specialty of 


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Laundered Shirts, Dress Shirts, 
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Prompt skillful attention given to all fine 
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iSTAt Reasonable Prices..®)' 

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Anyone sending a sketch and description may 
quickly ascertain, free, whether an invention is 
probably patentable. Communications strictly 
confidential. Oldest agency for securing patents 
in America. We have a Washington office. 

Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive 
special notice in the 


beautifully illustrated, largest circulation of 
any scientific journal, weekly, terms $3.00 a year ; 
S1.50 six months. Specimen copies and Hand 
Book on Patents sent free. Address 

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Send one 2-cent stamp for handsomest bicycle cata- 
logue ever issued. Free by calling- on any Columbia 
dealer. E, R. BENNETT, Agent. 



AMHERST, MASS., JUNE 22, 1897 


Published Fortnightly by Students of the Mass. Agr'l College. 

Terms $1.00 per year in advance. Single copies, 10c. 

Postage outside United States and Canada, 25c. extra. 

Entered at the Post Office as second-class mail matter. 


Randall D. Warden. '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Alexander Montgomery, Jr., '98. Business Manager. 

Frederick H. Turner, '99, Ass't Business Manager. 
George H. Wright, '98. Willis S. Fisher, '98. 

Avedis G. Adjemian, '98. Warren E. Hinds, '99. 
William H. Armstrong, '99. Charles A. Crowell, Jr., "00. 
George F. Parmenter. '00. James E. Halligan, '00. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should 
be addressed to Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. 

Aggie Life will be sent to all subscribers until its discontinuance is 
ordered and arrears paid. 

Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
notify the Business Manager. 

<i*,9,?tUViA V'i&'t. Y*\mv*.%. 


Y. M. C. A. 

Athletic Association, 
Foot- Ball Association, 
Base-Ball Association. 
Musical Association, 
College Boarding Club, 
Reading-Room Association, 
Ninety-Nine Index, 

W. S. Fisher, Pres. 

J. S. Eaton, Sec. 

R. D. Warden, Manager. 

J- S. Eaton, Manager. 

C. A. Norton, Manager. 

J. P. Nickerson, Sec. 

L. F. Clark, Pres. 

J. R. Dutcher, Manager. 

Remember June 22 ! 

Come to the Commers ! 

Commers To=Night S 


With this issue of the paper the Editors close their 
sanctum for a long summer's rest, rest that shall con- 
sist for the majority of ten hours of labor for the 
Pater. Probably those who are compelled to read 
this organ of college news and sentiment will be 
pleased to hear this, feeling that they will thus be 
spared for a time the monotony of our diction. How- 
ever, we shall bear no ill will because this is so, but 

j only beg to remind that it makes us tired occa- 
sionally to send out several hundred slips, — your sub- 

! scriptions are due — and get so very few plunkers in 
return. Nevertheless now that all the old alumni are 
back once more amid these familiar scenes, we shall 
endeavor to wake up and probably can be materially 
aided in keeping awake, next year, by a renewal of 
your subscription to the Life, and a purchase of the 
'98 Index, in which publication we are also deeply 

It always gives us great pleasure to hear of any 
successes which our graduates meet with in the per- 
formance of their various duties. Recently our 
notice has been called to the Toledo Weekly Blade 
which quotes as follows : " One of the very best bul- 
letins yet issued by any Experiment Station is No. 
46 of the Hatch Experiment Station of the Mass. 
Agr'l College on the food, habits, and economical 
value of the American toad, prepared by A. H. Kirk- 
land." Also the Electrical News contains a tribute to 
the exhaustive series of experiments on Electro- 
Germination recently made at the Mass. Agricultural 
College by Asa Kinney. It goes on to say, " Nowhere 
else have experiments been so extensively and care- 
fully carried out and we shall hope at an early date to 
publish a resume of this interesting work." August 
de Candolle in a private letter, speaks of the very 
interesting and remarkable paper on Electro-Germi- 
nation and publishes an abstract of it in the " Archives 
des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles." From the 
Agricultural Journal, Cape Town, Africa, comes the 
note, " We hail with pleasure the first report of our 
entomologist, Chas. P. Lounsbury. It abounds in 
just the information needed." And so it goes, too 
innumerable to record. The scientific works of our 
graduates contained in books and pamphlets would 
reach, in numbers, into the hundreds. 



A very valuable specimen has recently been 
brought to our notice, a specimen that is very rare 
and aged. It comes from a collection of curiosities 
now in the possession of President Goodell, but form- 
erly belonging to his father. Although it is not pre- 
served in alcohol it is something generally a boon 
companion of the bottle, and at first sight would be a 
bad recommendation for its former honorable posses- 
sor. Now-a-days it is often said, if a college man is 
found with playing cards in his hands you may be 
sure he is on the road to damnation. A playing card 
is just what this is and President Goodell informs us 
that this was with his father in Dartmouth college in 
1816. On one's inspecting the card as it is handed to 
him he sees a queen of diamonds which is very simi- 
lar to the queen of diamonds of to-day. He idly 
turns it over, and on the back becomes initiated to 
the mysterious rites of the old playing card. It seems 
that in the days when Webster and all our great 
statesmen attended college it was customary to print 
the schedule of exercises on the backs of playing 
cards. This one reads : — 

Surgery, Medicine, Anatomy, 
Chemistry, By 
Nathan Smith, M. D. 
Cyrus Perkins, M. D. 
Reuben D. Mussey, M. D. 
Dartmouth College, Oct. 1816. 
For Mr. William Goodell. 
Have we made any advance over the customs of 
eighty years ago ? We leave our grandmothers and 
the new woman to fight it out. 

The college team has just closed one of the most 
successful seasons of its history. The team began 
practicing in the Drill Hall about the middle of the 
winter term and continued until the vacation. It 
has been as strong as any for several years and 
has made a very creditable showing, having won three 
out of the seven games played. Aggie opened the 
season by playing the strong Haydenville team and 
were only beaten after a hard struggle by a score of 
5-4. Most of the games played were closely con- 

tested and had we had any kind of luck the number 
of games won would be much larger. The batting 
and the base running of the team was noticeably weak ; 
while the fielding was very good, we out-fielding most 
all our opponents, One fault of this season's work 
was that there were not enough games played and they 
were played at such intervals that the team lost inter- 
est. If more games could be arranged for next sea- 
son and have them played about twice a week, greater 
interest would be shown and we think the men would 
practice more. If we are going to play ball why not 
play with college teams instead of semi-professional 
teams as we have done this year? There is no credit 
in beating a minor team ; in fact, it lowers the stand- 
ard of the college. Now if we play college teams 
even if we are beaten, it extends the name of the col- 
lege among other students. Next season we should 
develop a good team as only one member is going to 
leave. Class games seem to be of great interest and 
they seem to afford more pleasure than college games. 
Now why can't we arrange a series for next spring not 
only to see which is the championship class but to 
develop material for the college team? We have 
good material for next year, and let every man come 
back determined to stand higher in his class than ever 
before, and to raise the standard of our athletics in 
every way he can. 



One evening about ten days later, not knowing just 
what to do with myself, I took advantage of Mr. V.'s 
invitation and called on him to hear some of the old 
Indian's stories. I have always taken a great deal of 
interest in the traditions of that fated race, and, 
except roaming in the woods, nothing ever gives me 
greater pleasure than to talk to any stray Indian who 
chances to stroll into our neighborhood. I remember 
that when a boy, an old Indian and his squaw pitched 
a tent about a mile from our house. I used to watch 
them by the hour at their fascinating work of basket 

But I have wandered from my story. When I 
reached Mr. V's house, who should I meet but old 
John himself. 

" Ugh, " said he with a broad grin, " How, how. " 
" Hello John," said I, " Where is Mr. V.?" 



He answered in a mixed dialect of English, French 
and Indian, which I shall not try to repeat, that his 
master was in the yard back of the house, and 
pointed at the same time with his long, bony forefinger 
in that direction. 

I went as he directed and found Mr. V. seated in 
a chair, tipped back against the house, leisurely 
smoking a cigar. 

" Oh, 'tis you, is it? " said he. " Come take a 
seat and have a cigar. " 

" No," said 1 drawing some of the weed from my 
own pocket, " don't believe I will, Thank you just 
the same. I'll have a seat though. " 

" Yes, and this is a good comfortable place too. " 
Then after a few remarks upon the weather and so 
forth, I said : 

'•You remember that a week or so ago I spoke to 
you about an old house I ran upon, and that you told 
me to come around sometime and hear a few of 
John's stories, don't you ? 

" Yes, and so that's what you've come for I wonder 
where the old fellow is. " 

" I saw him as I came in. " 

"All right, we'll have him here in a few minutes. 
He'll be only too glad to wag his tongue, if he is in 
the right mood, but if he is not, one might as well try 
to make a dummy speak. Ho, John ! 

" Ye-es. " came the answer." "Come here, I 
want you. " Immediately the old fellow made his 

"Here John," said Mr. V. "This gentleman 
wants to hear some of your stories. " 

The old Indian literally grinned from ear to ear and 
wrinkled his face in such a manner that his little black 
eyes could hardly be seen. I offered him a cigar, 
which he refused, but instead drew forth a large 
home-made pipe from one of his capacious pockets, 
squatted upon the ground and began to fill it. 

" Come, come John, " said I, '■ I want a story. " 

" Ugh, " grunted he, evidently pleased. " How 
about that old house in the cove ? " asked I for a 

" That house, " replied he, in his broken dialect 
between the puffs of smoke, " has been there as long 
as I can remember, and that is seventy years and 
over. I once lived there a few weeks. I don't know 
much about it ; but my people say that the evil spirit 

has the place, and that once or twice there had been 
seen coming up the harbor a boat which would van- 
ish as suddenly as it had appeared. 

" One who saw the boat once told me that it hove 
in sight around the bend and made straight for the 
shore under full sail. When it was two hundred 
yards from land he heard a rushing sound on board 
the ship as the furling of sail, and at the same time 
the mast of the ship were as bare as the day she left 
the docks. The craft came on and landed safely on 
the low sandy beach. He started down the shore to 
take a look at the vessel ; but it was no longer to be 
seen ; every part of the beach was clear. 

" I never saw the phantom ship myself, but I have 
sometimes heard rollicking songs and loud laughter 
in the old cove when out fishing at night on the sound. 

" One night while I was living at the old house, I 
heard a noise outside and started out to see what was 
the trouble. From the door I saw a line of seven 
men coming towards the house. As they neared the 
door I stepped back and grabbed a knife. They did 
not notice me but marched quietly by into the house. 
I heard them go down cellar and that was all I ever 
saw or heard of them. Next day I searched the 
house ; but everything was the same. " 

" Say John." said I, " what did you have to drink 
that day. " 

He looked at me blankly for a moment as if he did 
not catch my meaning, then his eyes snapped and, 
clinching his fists he mumbled something in an under 
tone to which Mr. V. and my self laughed boisterously 
much to the discomfiture of the old Indian. 

No amount of persuasion would induce him to con- 
tinue, nor would he ever again finish his story . 


The game between Aggie and Bay State on the 
campus, June fifth, resulted in a victory for the home 
team by the score of 16-9. It was a very uninterest- 
ing game the fielding of the visiting team being loose. 

The home team batted remarkably well ; in fact, 
it was the best that has been done so far this season. 

The fielding of Aggie was not as good as usual 
and had we fielded well the number of runs scored by 
the Bay State team would have been considerably 

1 88 









Emrich, s 







Warden. 3b 







Hinds, 1 





Hooker, m 





Courtney, 2b 





Crowell, c 






Halligan. lb 





Peters, r 





Eaton, p 












McCarthy, s 






Purcell, c 






Meehan, 2b 







Foley, r 




Martin, 3b 




Cantwell, m 



Hennessy, 1 



Laundry, lb 





Wall, p 



N. Y. 

C. A. 9, AGGIE 8. 

Aggie met Northampton Y. M. C. A. at the Driving 
Park, Friday June 11, and was defeated by the 
above score. 

The game was very closely contested thoroughout 
and it was not until the last inning that the game was 
out of doubt. 

We played a steadier game than usual and the 
team work was very apparent. The base running 
and the batting was a great deal better than in the 
previous games. 

The features of the game were the steady playing 
of Aggie and the pitching of Phelps for Northampton. 







Warden, 3b 






Dutcher, r 






Chapman, s 





Hinds, m 






Eaton, p 






Crowell, c 







Halligan, lb 






Courtney. 2b 





Colburn, 1 


. M. C. 









Tobin, 2b 






Rolley, 1 





Keach, m 





Burke, c 





Phelps, p 






Crooks, lb 





Carver, r 





Spoon er,*s 













&t\d ( 



As the term draws to a close, the interest shown by 
the students in certain departments of the college 
takes a sudden boom. The Freshmen have worked 
hard all through the term in the preparation of their 
herbariums, and especially during the past week or 
two have they been collecting some of the most lus- 

cious specimens imaginable from a limited area some- 
where in front of the Stockbridge house. But these 
never appear in their herbariums. Then the Sopho- 
mores have been studying horticulture and they are 
naturally deeply interested in thelargest, best, and 
most toothsome varieties of early berries. They have 
undoubtedly heard the old saying that " Experience is 
the best teacher." Probably nowhere in the state is 
there a larger collection of the most luscious of berries 
and so the task of selecting the best is eagerly wel- 
comed by the members of this class. Still we fear 
their well-meant efforts are not fully appreciated by 
some of those who have charge of this work. Finally 
the Juniors, for of course the Seniors never indulge, 
have been searching in all concievable places for rare 
species of bugs and beetles of bright colors. It is 
really remarkable how many big red specimens of the 
family Rosaceae they have found beneath the spreading 
leaves of the forbidden strawberry bed. 

The evening singing in front of South College is 
something new and deserves to be continued. What 
can be more pleasant than to sit there in the waning 
twilight and sing rollicking college songs or songs of 
home and country. It will be one of the most pleasant 
recollections of our college course. 
* * 


As the ocean is never still, but is continually rising 
and falling in long heavy swells, and when your boat is 
in the trough of one wave, you know that the crest of 
the following one will soon bear you aloft, so it is with 
the course of every college. There come to it seasons 
of prosperity and seasons of adversity. One cannot 
always ride on the crest of the wave. While we have 
been weakened numerically during the past few years, 
we have been continually strengthened in educational 
facilities and opportunities. We believe that our friends 
must agree with us that the course of studies here has 
never been so broad ; that our equipment has been 
very greatly increased and that our faculty has never 
been stronger. These things can have but one result : 
the prosperity of our college. There are unmistakable 
signs that the tide has turned in our favor. One of 
these is the large number of applications which have 
been made fot examination this week. Another is the 



spirit that to-day prevails among the students and 
alumni. We all feel it, and realize that a new day is 
dawning for Aggie. 

To-night Aggie is to hold her first commencement 
commers and we must all appreciate the novelty of 
the affair when we know that this is the second gath- 
ering of this kind ever held in this country. Extensive 
preparations have been made to make it a ringing suc- 
cess and to show our Alumni and friends that we are 
still very much alive. This is the first of the great 
gatherings of Aggie men and we hope it may be repeated 
often in the future. It is in a large measure due to the 
tireless, self-sacrificing work of Dr. Wellington and 
Dr. Lindsey that such an event is possible, and for 
their generous efforts we thank them. 


Massachusetts Agricultural College 
Headquarters Clark Cadets. 

No^S} Amherst, Mass., June 22, 1897. 

I. The following appointments and promotions of 

cadet officers and non-commissioned officers are 

hereby made and will be obeyed and respected 

I. Cadet Sergeant, Randall D. Warden, to be Cadet 

1. Cadet Sergeant Major, Alexander Montgomery, 

Jr. to be Cadet Captain Company " A." 

2. Cadet Sergeant George H. Wright to be Cadet 

Captain Company " B." 

1. Cadet Sergeant Willis S. Fisher to be Cadet 1st 

Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

2. Cadet Quartermaster Sergeant John P. Nickerson 

to be Cadet 1st Lieutenant Company "A." 

3. Cadet Sergeant Charles N. Baxter to be Cadet 

1st Lieutenant Company " B." 

1. Cadet Sergeant Clifford G. Clark to be Cadet 2d 

Lieutenant Company " A." 

2. Cadet Color Sergeant Julian S. Eaton to be Cadet 

2d Lieutenant Company " B." 

1 . Cadet Sergeant Avedis G. Adjemian to be Cadet 

Color Sergeant. 

2. Cadet Corporal Frederick Harvey Turner to be 

Cadet Sergeant Major. 

1. Cadet Corporal Edwin M. Wright to be Cadet 1st 

Sergeant Company " A." 

2. Cadet Corporal Dan Ashley Beaman to be Cadet 

1st Sergeant Company " B." 

1. Cadet Corporal John R. Dutcher to be Cadet 

Sergeant Company " A." 

2. Cadet Corporal George C. Hubbard to be Cadet 

Sergeant Company " B." 

3. Cadet Corporal Albert A. Boutelle to be Cadet 

Sergeant Company " A." 

4. Cadet Private Warren E. Hinds to be Cadet 

Sergeant Company " B." 
1. Cadet Private Melvin H. Pingree to be Cadet 
Quartermaster Sergeant. 

1. Cadet Private B. H. Smith to be Cadet Corporal 

Company "A." 

2. Cadet Private Howard E. Maynard to be Cadet 

Corporal Company " B." 

3. Cadet Private William A. Hooker to be Cadet 

Corporal Company "A." 

4. Cadet Private Howard S. Courtney to be Cadet 

Corporal Company " B." 

5. Cadet Private James W. Kellogg to be Cadet 

Corporal Company " A." 

6. Cadet Private George F. Parmenter to be Cadet 

Corporal Company " B." 

7. Cadet Private Alfred D. Gile to be Cadet Corporal 

and Drum Major. 

8. Cadet Private Warren R. Crowell to be Cadet 

Corporal and Chief Drummer. 

9. Cadet Private Arthur F. Frost to be Cadet 

Corporal and Chief Trumpeter. 

Cadet Officers recommended from the Senior class 
of the Massachusetts Agricultural College by W. M. 
Wright, 1st Lieutenant U. S. A., to the Adjutant 
General U. S. Army and to the State Adjutant General: 
Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant, Geo. D. Leavens. 
Cadet 1st Lieutenant, H. J. Armstrong. 
Cadet 2d Lieutenant, H. F. Allen. 

When lips are cherry-red, 

When eyes are blue, 
' Visions of loveliness " 
I think, don't you ? 

When eyes are cherry-red, 
And lips are blue. 
'Some one's been on a bat 
I think, don't you ? 

— Columbia Moningside. 

i go 



The work in which the college has taken the most 
active part naturally distributes itself in the depart- 
ments of agriculture, botany, chemistry, horticulture, 
and entomology, and the men who have led the way 
in research and whose names have become house- 
hold words in this State are William S. Clark, Levi 
Stockbridge, Charles A. Goessmann, Samuel T. May- 
nard and Charles H. Fernald. 

After the lapse of nearly a century and a half, 
President Clark took up the investigation of Hales in 
regard to the circulation of sap. By an ingenius 
arrangement of mercurial gauges devised by Prof. S. 
H. Peabody, he was enabled to measure the sap, find- 
ing that in the case of a black birch it represented, at 
its maximum, the pressure of a column of water 
84.77 feet in height. His most notable experiment, 
however, was the measuring of the expansive force of 
the growing cell in plants. Seeds of the mammoth 
yellow Chili squash were sown in the plant house, and 
its roots carefully measured. They were found to 
aggregate more than eighty thousand feet in length, 
and for over a month must have increased at the rate 
of one thousand feet per day. A growing squash was 
then placed in an iron semi-cylindrical harness or bas- 
ket of strap iron firmly riveted together. Upon the 
top of the harness, and parallel with the axis of the 
cylinder and the squash, was fastened a bar of iron 
with a knife edge to serve as the fulcrum of a lever 
for the support of the weights by which the expansive 
force was to be measured. The following table shows 
the weight of iron lifted by the squash in the course of 
its development : 









August 2 1 , 

60 pounds 



69 " 



91 " 



162 " 



225 " 



277 •• 



356 " 



500 '■ 



1100 " 


1200 " 


1300 " 


1400 " 


1700 " 


2015 '■ 

October 3, 

2115 " 

The experiment was terminated by the weight of 
two and one-half tons breaking through the rind. The 
squash weighed at the close 47 1-4 pounds ; its rind 
was three inches thick and unusually hard and com- 
pact. Never was the growth of a squash watched 
with greater interest. Thousands came from all 
parts of the country to see it. One enthusiastic pro- 
fessor sat up nights with it, another was moved to 
make it the subject of a poem, and the late Presi- 
dent Seelye declared that he positively stood in awe 
of it. These experiments are all matters of record, 
and have been described at length in the college 

Levi Stockbridge published in 1879 and 1880 the 
results of extended experiments and observations 
made for determining the relations between soils and 
water. By means of a lysimeter (an instrument for 
measuring drainage) built in the field, he secured 
figures showing the amount of water which the soil 
loses by drainage. The amount was proved to be 
insignificant in most soils. 

In the same year he showed that the average tem- 
perature of the soil is about 6° F. higher in the night 
time than that of the air above it ; and as a conse- 
quence the formation of dew, at least on objects near 
the earth, results from the condensation of vapor of 
water from the earth instead of from the air, as was 
previously believed. 

On the basis of analysis of crops, previously made, 
he constructed formulas for fertilizers for each of the 
common crops. He then demonstrated that if a 
given acre unfertilized would produce a stated amount, 
by the application of the special manure for that crop, 
a definite increased yield could be guaranteed. The 
publication of these statements revolutionized the use 
of fertilizers, leading the farmers to a more extensive 
use of all kinds, and to a more intelligent application 
of them. 

Samuel T. Maynard's best work is in the men he 
has trained and put into the field. Twenty-five mar- 
ket gardeners and twenty-eight florists and landscape 
gardeners may fairly be placed to his credit. His 
bulletins on testing of fruits and vegetables and his 
spraying calendars — telling how and when to spray to 



keep off the attacks of insect pests and fungous 
diseases — are eagerly sought, and an extra edition is 
almost invariably required to supply the popular 

Charles H. Fernald has always been at the front in 
every emergency. Twenty-three thousand copies of 
his bulletin on bovine tuberculosis, when the question 
of legislation was first agitated, were disseminated 
among the farmers. When the gypsy moth so unex- 
pectedly made its appearance, he identified it at once 
as a European pest of an unusually destructive char- 
acter, and forty-five thousand copies of his bulletin, 
carefully describing it and making known the proper 
remedies, were put into the hands of the tax payers 
of the then infested district. He has already sounded 
the alarm respecting the brown-tailed moth and will 
soon issue a descriptive bulletin. His pupils are 
already taking first rank. One is entomologist to the 
Gypsy Moth Commission ; a second is assistant to the 
State Entomologist of New York, and a third has 
been selected by the British government to go to 
Cape Town, Africa, as an economic entomologist. 

Charles A. Goessmann has been connected with 
the College for nearly thirty years, joining the faculty 
a few months after it was opened for the admission 
of students. He very soon called attention to the suc- 
cess of the beet sugar industry in Germany and France, 
and as the result of a series of experiments on the 
College grounds, made the prediction that " with care 
in selecting good seeds and with a fit soil, it is quite 
apparent that the sugar beet promises with us as good 
results as in Europe." From the success already 
attained in California and Nebraska, and the agitation 
now going on looking towards the extension of the 
industry, it is becoming evident that this prediction 
will be realized in the near future, and the United 
States will become a producer of its own sugar. 

In the Tenth Report of the College (1872) he gave 
an elaborate exposition of the past and present knowl- 
edge of plant nutrition. The results of analyses of 
various fertilizing substances sold in Massachusetts 
were presented, and attention was called to the need 
of a fertilizer law for the control of the sale of these 
materials. Mainly through his efforts this law was 
secured, and in 1873 ,the first report made to the 
State Board of Agriculture. A successful farmer 
has recently said that, had the College done nothing 

more than protect the farmers from fraud in the sale 
of these articles, it would still have been worth a 
large part of what it has cost the State. 

Professor Goessmann instituted a series of investi- 
gations on the salt marshes in the vicinity of Marsh- 
field, and demonstrated that with the sea water once 
diked out, and with a suitable system of drainage — in 
order to remove the excess of saline deposits — many 
of these tracts of practically waste land could be made 
to produce large crops of hay and other farm crops. 

He has devoted much attention to the chemistry 
of fruits. A great many varieties have been analyzed, 
and these results together with many actual experi- 
ments have proved that potash, especially in the form 
of sulphate, has a very beneficial effect, not only in 
increasing the quantity but also the quality of the 
resulting product. This teaching has now a very gen- 
eral application among fruit growers. More recent 
experiments have also called attention to the advan- 
tage of particular combinations of plant food on the 
growth and character of vegetables and tobacco ; also 
to the most economical way of supplying farm crops 
with the costly element nitrogen, and to the value of 
different forms of phosphoric acid. Numerous other 
experiments have also given the farmers of the State 
a vast deal of information relative to the value of differ- 
ent fodders and concentrated food stuffs in the eco- 
nomical production of beef, milk, and pork. 

At the request of the Department of Agriculture at 
Washington, the meteorological division has under- 
taken a series of observations on the relation of soil 
temperatures and moistures to the growth of corn, 
which promise to be of great interest. The temper- 
atures are taken with mercurial thermometers at dif- 
ferent depths — from two inches to six feet — below 
the surface. The soil temperature and moisture are 
determined by an electrical instrument specially 
devised for the purpose, depending upon the well 
known principle that with decrease in moisture con- 
tents the electrical resistance increases. 

Since the establishment of an agricultural experi- 
ment station in the State, there have been published 
twenty-one annual reports and two hundred and two 
bulletins on a great variety of subjects, aggregating 
1,700,000 copies and 106,722,000 printed pages. 
These have all been distributed without cost, in 
accordance with the law of Congress establishing 
experiment stations. 



£©l!e£? (SSotfs. 

— Professor William P. Brooks resumes his work 
in the fall, after a year spent in study in Germany. 

— Mr. C. F. Walker '94 graduated and received 
the degree of Ph. D. in the post graduate course at 

— The Q. T. V. fraternity will hold its annual re- 
union and banquet in its remodeled rooms in North 

— The class that graduated last year expect at least 
twenty men bacK. Their reunion will not be held 
until next year. 

— The class of '95 expects fifteen men to its reunion 
which will be held in Pacific Hall Tuesday afternoon 
at half past five. 

— The class of '82 will hold its reunion this year. 
They will meet at the home of Dr. Paige, Tuesday 
afternoon at half past five. 

— The D. G. K. society held its annual reunion 
and banquet at their society house Monday night 
directly after the speaking. 

— The Aggie baseball team played their final game 
with Northampton Y. M. C. A. a week ago Friday 
and were beaten by the score 9-8. 

— The College Shakespearian Club held its annual 
reunion and banquet at Pacific Hall after the Burn- 
ham prize speaking, Monday evening. 

— J. F. Barrett, who graduated in the class of 75, 
and who is at present a traveling salesman, will be 
toastmaster at the Commers Tuesday night. 

— Announcement is made of the marriage of Prof. 
Hasbrouck to Miss Carrie Van Valinof Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., to take place, June 30, at 6 o'clock p. m. 

— Mr. E. H. Sharpe who has been at home on 
account of poor eyesight has returned to college and 
will take up his work with his class next year. 

— The '97 quartet furnished the music at the ser- 
vices last Sunday morning ; the regular quartet 
singing at the Y. M. C. A. exercises in the evening. 

— A very fine lot of strawberries is being picked 
this year. More land than usual has been given up 
to this crop and probably we will have the largest 
amount of berries that we have had for years. 

— The class of '92 has had a plate mounted over 
the fireplace in the library reading room with the fol- 
lowing inscription : " Tower Clock Presented by '92," 

— Prof. Fernald will soon publish a bulletin on the 
brown tail moth (Euproctis chrysorhoea), the Euro- 
pean caterpillar pest in the eastern part of the state. 

— The electric cars made their first trial trip last 
Wednesday. Owing to the debris and dirt on the 
tracks the journey was made very slowly yet success- 

— The Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity held its annual 
reunion and banquet in its newly extended quarters 
last Monday night. About forty of the graduates were 

— We are glad to see so many of our alumni back 
this commencement, yet we trust that they will 
have such an experience as will cause them to come 
back every commencement. 

— Nearly all of the Seniors remained at college 
during the Senior vacation and rested(?). Some 
continued work on their studies and others were 
occupied at the plant house. 

— Mr. Charles S. Howe 78, who is professor of 
Mathematics in the Case School of Applied Science 
at Cleveland, Ohio, made a visit at the college a 
week ago last Sunday and Monday. 

— Prof. Herman Babson was married last Thurs- 
day night. Prof. Hasbrouck will be married during 
the vacation and both professors will bring their wives 
here at the opening of the new year. 

— One of the severest rain storms since 1869 
visited this vicinity a week ago Thursday. About 
four and one quarter inches of rain fell nearly equal to 
the total amount of fall during the entire month of 

— The new feed law will go into effect July 1. 
During the summer the old position of the chemical 
laboratory will be remodeled in order to accomodate 
the increased work involved in the analysis of con- 
centrated feed products. 

— The photographs of the six Presidents of our 
Agricultural Colleges in New England very neatly 
adorns the outside page of the New England Home- 
stead AaXzd. }une 12, '97. Pres't Goodell is among 
them and has a most excellent likeness. 



— The library during the last year has increased 
seven hundred and sixty-five (765) volumes. It now 
numbers 18,065, and forms a most excellent working 
library in the sciences. It is particularly strong in 
entomology, botany, agriculture and veterinary. 

— The faculty for next year remains the same, with 
the exception of Professor Leonard Metcalf, who with- 
draws in order to re-enter the profession of civil engi- 
neering in Boston. His place has not yet been filled. 
In him the college loses a gentleman and a professor 
who is at the top of his profession. 

— Although every one will notice the fine stone 
bridge crossing the brook east of the college, the 
paper would not do itself justice to let this matter pass 
by unnoticed. It is certainly a great improvement 
and some marble ornament mounting this stone struc- 
ture would be a worthy present of some generous 

— The Freshmen had a splendid time June 11, 
when they experienced their first mountain day. The 
trip extended to Mt. Tom. Prof. R. E. Smith accom- 
panied them and many valuable specimens were 
found. The class reached home about seven o'clock, 
fully repaid for the loss in recitations and other college 

— The class of '98 enjoyed their Junior supper in 
" Hamp " a week ago Saturday night. A. B. Call 
catered. The trip over and return was taken in a 
barge, and could the generous donors, the Freshmen, 
have seen them, they would have been very favorably 
impressed with their appreciation of keeping up this 
" good old time " custom. 

— An entire new water system has been laid through 
the college grounds, more than a mile in extent, fur- 
nishing all the buildings with adequate protection 
from fire, and an emergency reservoir holding 150,- 
000 gallons of water has been constructed on the 
property formerly owned by President Clark and 
recently acquired by the college. 

— Colonel Hughes inspected the college battalion 
June 8. The Senior class were examined in the morning. 
In the afternoon the drill consisted of extended order 
movements and the inspection of the entire battalion. 
Col. Hughes asked nearly every cadet some questions 
relating to the war department which were answered, 
as a whole, quite satisfactorily. 

— The Y. M. C. A. is to be represented at North- 
field by more members than usual this year. The 
following men are expected to attend the conference : 
W. S. Fisher, A. G. Adjemean, S. E. Smith, W. H. 
Hooker, W. H. Armstrong, E. H. Sharpe and E. F. 
Hull. The class and college banners will greatly 
assist in the making of a good showing. 

— The following Seniors will speak upon the com- 
mencement stage Wednesday morning on the follow- 
ing subjects ' Charles I. Goessmann, War in its 
Influence upon Progress; George D. Leavens, A. 
Practical View of Education ; James L. Bartlett, 
Roads, — a measure of civilization; H. F.Allen, A 
Perplexing Problem ; Herbert J. Armstrong, Public 

— The department of Foods and Feeding has re- 
cently received for chemical analysis a sample from a 
lot of butter made at the Conway Massachusetts 
Creamery and shipped by the department of agriculture 
to England. It is the object of the secretary of agri- 
culture to place upon the English markets representa- 
tive lots of American butter put up in different forms 
and sizes in order to call the attention of the British 
public to the quality of the American article. This 
lot of butter will also be scored by experts. 

— A lawn party was held June 1 1 at the home of 
Mrs. Prof. S. T. Maynard. About four o'clock in the 
afternoon the friends and invited guests began to 
arrive. Several games were played. The most 
important being archery, tennis, and croquet. Between 
five and six o'clock cake and ice-cream was very 
neatly served. Later a trip was taken to Mt. Pleas- 
ant to view the sunset. The delegation consisted of 
M. A. C. students and members of Smith College 
and Amherst High. About fifty were present. 

— Mr. W. H. Armstrong has offered a set of Bryce's 
Commonwealth to that member of the Freshmen 
class who will present the best freehand drawings at 
the end of the year. An exhibition was held last week 
and the work shown represents hard work and some 
natural ability. The judges were : Prof. C. H. Fer- 
nald, Prof. L. Metcalf, Dr. G. E. Stone, Dr. J. B. 
Paige, Pres. H. H. Goodell, and Prof. R. S. Lull, R. 
E. Smith, P.B. Hasbrouck and S.N. Taylor of Purdue 
University. After due deliberation the prize was 
awarded to E. K. Atkins 1900. 



— The Life would call the attention of the visiting 
alumni to the library. Since you were here there 
has been presented a handsome bust of Senator Morrill, 
who assisted in getting the land grants for the agricultural 
colleges; also a picture of Mr. Hatch which has 
been mounted over the books pertaining to the Hatch 
Experiment Department ; the bronze bust of Presi- 
dent French in the library reading room also deserves 
attention. A valuable list of books might be given 
yet a little inspection will show wherein advance- 
ments have been made. 

— Gifts received during the year worthy of especial 
mention have been, seven volumes of the Jeypore 
Portfolio of Architectual Details, presented by His 
Highness the Maharajah of Jeypore ; seven volumes 
of Hough's Mounted Woods ; a bust of Senator Justin 
S. Morrill, author of bill establishing colleges of Agri- 
culture and the Mechanic Arts; portrait of Colonel 
Wm. Hatch, who was the author of the bill establish- 
ing agricultural experiment stations in the country ; 
and a bronze bust of Judge French, first president of 
the college, modelled by his son, the noted sculptor, 
Daniel C. French, and by him presented to the 

— The June numbers of the Review of Reviews con- 
tains a very interesting article concerning the college. 
The title of the subject that attracts our attention 
being "An Agricultural Editior." Mr. Herbert 
Myrick '82 well deserves the praise " that he has 
made a place in journalism and has gained influence 
through the exercise of native energy and a rare talent 
for organization." Four allied agricultural papers are 
edited or conducted by Mr. Myrick namely, The 
American Agriculturist, the Orange Judd Farmer, N. 
E. Homestead and the Farm and Home. In connection 
with the article is a picture of Mr. Myrick as he is 
viewing over some of his publications. 

— We are always interested in the welfare of our 
professors and especially so in vacation time. Dr. 
Walker will be present at the graduation of his son at 
the Yale commencement. The remaining part of 
the vacation he expects to be at home. Prof. Lull 
goes soon after commencement to Cold Spring Har- 
bor, Long Island, where he will study in the Biological 
Laboratory and also do some collecting for the same. 
Dr. Goessmann expects to be at home most of the 
time during the vacation. Dr. Flint goes to Clifton 

soon after commencement, for his vacation. Prof. 
Mills expects to be in Amherst during most of the 
vacation except two or three weeks in August. Direct- 
ly after commencement Dr. Wellington will go to 
New Hampshire for two or three weeks' rest and then 
expects to be at home the rest of the time. 

— At the Chemical Department of the Hatch Ex- 
periment Station the control work on official fertilizers 
has now commenced, and throughout the summer 
months the work of analyzing fertilizers will be pushed 
as rapidly as strict adherance to the best chemical 
methods will permit. The fertilizer law of Massachu- 
setts has been in operation for nearly twenty-five 
years and the practical results of it to the farmers of 
the state cannot be estimated. When originally 
passed by the Legislature it formed a protective 
measure that has been copied in substance by states 
throughout the Union. From time to time, as occa- 
sion has demanded, the Massachusetts law has been 
altered and revised to suit the needs of the times, and 
to-day it stands as one of the most perfect of its kind 
in the United States. Under this law samples of fer- 
tilizers are collected each spring comprising the 
various brands sold in the state. During the present 
season about four hundred fertilizers have been col- 
lected, the collections being made in every section of 
the state, Springfield, Worcester, North Adams, 
Lowell and Taunton might be named as the centers of 
the trade. But let it not be understood that fertilizers 
are only sold in the larger towns, for hundreds of 
agents are found among the farmers all through the 
country towns and villages. A glance into the fertil- 
izer room of the Station laboratory is sufficient to 
show what the practical working of our law means. 
Ranged about the four sides of the room are narrow 
shelves, one above the other, all closely packed with 
small glass jars filled with fertilizer samples to be used 
for analysis. These jars are labeled, a careful record 
made of the contents of each, and when analyzed the 
results are published in special bulletins. The analyses 
of these fertilizers are made with the utmost care. 
Only methods of recognized excellence are used and 
the " short cuts " in chemical analysis that are some- 
times resorted to in fertilizer manufactories where 
only approximate results are cared for are never 
countenanced in our laboratory work. Every chemist, 
however, is allowed freedom in the manipulation of his 



work so long as it does not effect the method principle 
and therefore often brings slight changes into his work 
that are peculiar to himself. But the analysis of com- 
mercial fertilizers does not alone constitute the work 
of the Chemical Department. Each year several 
hundred samples, comprising ashes, by-products, and 
all kinds of material that might be of value as fertil- 
izers are received, carefully recorded and analytical 
determinations made upon them. Besides this con- 
siderable special work is done on lines of investigation. 
A large part of the past winter has been spent in the 
study of the inorganic constituents of the tobacco leaf 
as affected by different systems of fertilization. Com- 
plete inorganic analyses have been made of between 
thirty and forty samples of tobacco leaf and consider- 
able work has been accomplished on the fire holding 
capacity and the burning qualities of the same. The 
results have been most interesting and instructive and 
are of great value to tobacco growers in this vicinity. 
This work closes a series of experiments that have 
been conducted by the Station for several years, the 
results having been recently published in Bulletin 
No. 47. 

The following is a list of books written by former 
graduates of the college : 

John C. Cutter 72 

Beginner's Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene. 
Comprehensive Anatomy, Phosiology and Hy- 
giene for schools, colleges, etc. 

Edward G. Howe 72 

Systematic Science Teaching. 

Samuel T. Maynard 72 

Practical Fruit Grower. 

Landscape Gardening as applied to Home 

Frederick A. Ober 72 " Knockabout Club Series." 
Camps in the Caribees. 
History of Mexico. 
Travels in Mexico. 
The Silver City. 
Montezuma's Gold Mines. 
Adventures in the Everglades. 
Adventures in Spain. 
Adventures in the Antilles. 
Adventures in North Africa. 
Adventures on the Spanish Main. 
Adventures in Search of Treasures. 
In the Wake of Columbus. 

Frederick A. Ober 72 

Life of Empress Josephine. 

About 200 magazine articles. 
David P. Penhallow 73 

Botanical Collector's Guide. 

Mechanism of Movement in Cucurbita, Vitis, etc. 

Trees and Shrubs of Northern Japan. 

Tables for the use of students and beginners in 
vegetable histology. 
Cecil C. Peabody 75 


Steam Boilers. 
Horace E. Stockbridge 78 

Rocks and Soils, their origin, composition and 
Samuel B. Greene 79 

Amateur fruit growing. 

Vegetable gardening. 
Henry E. Chapin '81 


Levi R. Taft '82 

Green-house construction. 

William N. Tolman '87 

Manual of Guard mounting. 
Frederick H. Fowler '87 

Synoptical and Agricultural Index of the Agricul- 
ture of Massachusetts, 1837-1892. 
Charles P. Lounsbury '94 

Monograph on the Orthezia. 

Clarence D. Warner '81 

Herbert Myrick '82 

How to co-operate. 

Money crops : how to grow and how to feed them. 

Charles S. Plumb '82 

Biographical Index of agricultural scientists. 

Indian Corn Culture. 


'82 — Julio Delano, Merchant Esmeralda, II San- 
tiago, Chili, S. A. 

'82. — D. C. Dana, Brick Manf., Lancaster, Mass. 

'85. — Isaac N. Taylor, with San Francisco Electric 
Co., 229 Stevenson St., San Francisco. Cal. 

'85.— Edwin W. Allen, Ph. D., Univ. of Goettingen 
'90, Vice Director, Office of Experiment Stations, 
Dept. of Agr., Wash., D. C. 1718 Corcoran St., 
Washington, D. C. 



'85.— Joel E. Goldthwait, M. D., 378 Marlboro St., 

'85. — Benoni Tekirian, Chemist and Partner Y. T. 
Matzoon Co.; 51 Rush St.. Chicago, 111. 

'85.— Chas. S. Phelps, Prof, of Agr'l., Storrs Agr'l. 
College, Vice Director Agl. Experiment Station, 
Storrs, Conn. 

'87.— Fred. H. Fowler, Chief Clerk, Sec. of Board 
of Agr. Commonwealth Building, Boston. 

'87. — Wm. Tolman, Civil Engineer, 20 Court St., 

'87. — Firmino de S. Torelly, Stockraiser, Cidade 
de Rio Grande de Sul, Brazil, S. A. 

'87. — John J. Shaughnessy, Lawyer, 175 Main St., 
Marlboro, Mass. 

'87.— Herbert J. White, Pastor Bethany Baptist 
church, Roxbury, residence 79 West Cottage St., 
Roxbury, Mass. 

'88. — Edward H. Belden, Elec. Engineer, Supt. of 
Meter Dept., Suburban Light & Power Co., 1 Mul- 
berry St., Roxbury, Mass. 

'88. B. Luther Shimmer, Stockraiser, Mt. City 
Park Farm, Bethlahem, Pa. 

'88.— George. W. Cutler, M. D., Prof, of Physical 
Culture, University of Missouri, Colnmbia, Mo. 

'88. — Francis Foster, Civil Engineer, Mass. High- 
way Commission, Andover, Mass. 

'88. — Frank E. Noyes, Elec. Engineer, Noyes, 
Hollis & Moore, Atlanta, Ga. 

'88. — George E. Newman, Supt. of Creamery, 
Compoo, Barbara Co., Cal. 

'88. — Yataro Mishima, Imp. Jap. Post and Telegraph 
Office, Mita Shikokumachi, Shiba Tokyo, Japan. 

'90. — Chas. H. Jones, Asst. Chemist, Agr'l Exp. 
Station, Burlington, Vt. 

'90. — Henri D. Haskins, Asst. Chemist, Hatch 
Exp. Sta. M. A. C, Amherst. 

'90. — John S. West, Clergyman, Geneva, Neb. 

'91. — Walter Brown, Civil Engineer, City Engi- 
neer's Office, Springfield, Mass. 

'91. — Charles S. Crandall, Botanist and Horticul- 
turist Agr'l. Exp. Station, Fort Collins, Cal. 

'92.— Sam'l 0. Towle, D. V. S., Harv. Med. '92, 
Veterinary Surgeon, Needham, Mass. 

'92. — Royal P. Davidson, Commandant of Cadets, 
Sec. and Treas. Northwestern Military Academy, 
Highland Park, 111. s_ 

'92.— R. H. Smith, Asst. Chemist at the Hatch 
Exp. Station, M. A. C. Amherst, will start for Ger- 
many to begin studies at Goettingen in the fall. 

'92. — Charles Tyng, Metalurgical chemist, Victoria, 

'93. — Luiz F. Tinoco, Sugar Planter. Campos Rio 
Janeiro, Brazil. 

'93. — Kohachi Yamamura, Yehimeken, Japan. 

'94. — John Austin, studying Theology and Philos- 
ophy, Paris, France. 

'94. — H. J. Fowler, Scout, Gypsy Moth Dep't of 
Mass. State Board of Agri'l, 229 Boylston St., 

'94. — Thaddeus F. Keith, Chemistry, Spring 
Water Bottling Co., 477 Main St., Fitchburg, Mass. 

'94.— Archie H. Kirkland, M. S.. M. A. C., '96 
Entomologist. Gypsy Moth Dep't, Board of Agr'l, 

'94. — Saburo Ono, address Ono, Echezen, Japan. 

'94. — Erastus J. Starr, Teller, 1st National Bank, 
Spencer, Mass. 

'94. — Dana W. Robbins, Ass't Civil Engineer, 
Town Engineer's Office, Brookline, Mass. 

'94. — George E. Smith, State Cattle Commission, 
Pittsfield, Mass. Address, Sheffield. 

'95. — D. C. Potter, Landscape Gardner, Fairhaven, 

'95 School of Agriculture. — E. W. Capen, Mana- 
ger Stony Brook Poultry Farm, Stoughton, Mass. 

'95 School of Agriculture. — Announcement was 
made June 3, of the marriage Williams Eaton to Miss 
Clara A. Weeks of Amherst. 

'95. — Shiro Kuroda, Buyer of Japanese Goods, 
Motoshige Chi, Nagoya, Japan. 

'96. — Newton Shultis, with Mark Shultis, Grain 
Shifter, Chamber of Commerce Building, Boston. 

'96. — George Tsuda, Editor of The Japan Agricul- 
turist, Azabu, Tokyo, Japan. 

'96. — S. W. Fletcher won, over fifteen applicants, 
a Fellowship in Horticulture at Cornell University. 
He will begin his studies in fall. 

'Q4. — C. F. Walker, who will receive the degree of 
Ph. D. from Yale University the coming Commence- 
ment, has been appointed Assistant in Chemistry 
in the Academic Department of Yale. Address, after 
October 1, Kent Chemical Laboratory, New Haven,